15-859: Algorithms for Big Data, Fall 2021
- Instructor: David Woodruff
- Lecture time: Thursdays, 3:05pm-6:00, GHC 4303
- TA: Taisuke (Tai) Yasuda
- David's office hours: Mondays, 10:30-11:30am ET, GHC 7217, or by appointment
- Tai's recitation: Fridays, 4-5pm ET, on Zoom Zoom (will be recorded - ask Tai for the recording if you can't make it)
- Tai's office hours: Wednesdays, 6-7pm ET, on Zoom
- Piazza site: piazza.com/cmu/fall2021/15859/home
Grading
Grading is based on problem sets, scribing a lecture, and a presentation/project. There will be no exams.
General information about the breakdown for the grading is available
here:
grading.pdf
Latex
Homework solutions, scribe notes, and final projects must be typeset in LaTeX. If you are not familiar with LaTeX, see this introduction.
A template for your scribe notes is here:
template.tex
Lectures
- Lecture 1 slides,
video
(Least squares regression, subspace embeddings, net arguments, matrix Chernoff)
Scribe Notes 1 and 2
- Lecture 2 slides,
video
(Subsampled Randomized Hadamard Transform, Approximate Matrix Product, CountSketch)
Scribe notes 3
Scribe notes 4
- Lecture 3 slides,
video
(CountSketch, Affine Embeddings, Low Rank Approximation. Also, some of sketching-based preconditioning - see next week slides)
Scribe notes 5
Scribe notes 6
- Lecture 4 slides , video (Sketching-based Preconditioning, Leverage Scores, Distributed Low Rank Approximation)
Scribe notes 7
Scribe notes 8
- Lecture 5 slides,
video (Coresets, Distributed Low Rank Approximation, L1 Regression)
Scribe notes 9
Scribe notes 10
- Lecture 6 slides,
video1,
video2 (L1 Regression, Data Stream Model)
Scribe notes 11
Scribe notes 12
- Lecture 7 slides
video (Norms and Heavy Hitters in the Data Stream Model),
Scribe notes 13
Scribe notes 14
- Lecture 8 slides
video1,
video2 (Heavy Hitters Continued, L0 Estimation, Information Theory)
Scribe notes 15
Scribe notes 16
- Lecture 9 slides,
video (Streaming Lower Bounds, Gaussian Width)
Scribe notes 17
Scribe notes 18
- Lecture 10 slides,
video (Adversarially Robust Streaming Algorithms)
Scribe notes 19
Tai's Recitations
Problem sets
Course Description
With the growing number of massive datasets in applications such as machine learning and numerical linear algebra, classical algorithms for processing such datasets are often no longer feasible. In this course we will cover algorithmic techniques, models, and lower bounds for handling such data. A common theme is the use of randomized methods, such as sketching and sampling, to provide dimensionality reduction. In the context of optimization problems, this leads to faster algorithms, and we will see examples of this in the form of least squares regression and low rank approximation of matrices and tensors, as well as robust variants of these problems. In the context of distributed algorithms, dimensionality reduction leads to communication-efficient protocols, while in the context of data stream algorithms, it leads to memory-efficient algorithms. We will study some of the above problems in such models, such as low rank approximation, but also consider a variety of classical streaming problems such as counting distinct elements, finding frequent items, and estimating norms. Finally we will study lower bound methods in these models showing that many of the algorithms we covered are optimal or near-optimal. Such methods are often based on communication complexity and information-theoretic arguments.
References
One recommended reference book is the lecturer's monograph
Sketching as a Tool for Numerical Linear Algebra.
This course was previously taught at CMU in the following links. In Fall 2020, all lectures were recorded with Panopto, which you have access to:
Fall 2017
Fall 2019
Fall 2020
Some videos from a shorter version of this course I taught are available here:
videos . Note that mine start on 27-02-2017.
Materials from the following related courses might be useful in
various parts of the course:
Intended audience: The course is indended for both graduate students and advanced undegraduate students with mathematical maturity and comfort with algorithms, discrete probability, and linear algebra. No other prerequisites are required.
Maintained by David Woodruff