Publications

Top citations to Bruce McLaren's Publications & Patents

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    2019

    2019 Journal Articles

  1. Richey, J.E., Andres-Bray, J.M.L., Mogessie, M., Scruggs, R., Andres, J.M.A.L., J. Star, Baker, R.S, & McLaren, B.M. (under review). More confusion and frustration, better learning: The impacts of erroneous examples.  Submitted to Computers & Education.  (Journal article #33)

  2. Holstein, K., McLaren, B.M., & Aleven, V. (under review). Co-designing a real-time classroom awareness tool to support teacher-AI complementarity.  Submitted to the Journal of Learning Analytics. (Journal article #32)

  3. 2019 Peer-Reviewed Conference, Workshop, and Symposium Papers

  4. Harpstead, E., Richey, J.E., Nguyen, H., & McLaren, B.M. (2019). Exploring the subtleties of agency and indirect control in digital learning games. To be presented at the 9th Annual Conference on Learning Analytics & Knowledge Conference (LAK19). To take place in Tempe, Arizona, March 4-8, 2019.  [  pdf  ] 

  5. Richey, J.E., McLaren, B.M., Andres-Bray, J.M.L., Mogessie, M., Scruggs, R., Baker, R.S. & Star, J.R. (submitted).  Confrustion in Learning from Erroneous Examples: Does Type of Prompted Self-Explanation Make a Difference? Submitted to the 20th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education.  To take place in Chicago, Illinois, June 25-29, 2019.

  6. Holstein, K., McLaren, B.M. & Aleven, V.  (submitted).  Designing for Complementarity: Teacher and Student Needs for Orchestration Support in AI-enhanced Classrooms. Submitted to the 20th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education.  To take place in Chicago, Illinois, June 25-29, 2019.

  7. Wang, Y., Nguyen, H., Harpstead, E.  &  McLaren, B.M.  (submitted).  Learning and enjoyment in an educational game: Does order of play matter? Submitted to the 20th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education.  To take place in Chicago, Illinois, June 25-29, 2019.

  8. Albacete, P., Jordan, P., Katz, S., Chounta, I-A and McLaren, B.M.  (submitted).  The Impact of Student Model Updates on Contingent Scaffolding in a Natural-Language Tutoring System. Submitted to the 20th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education.  To take place in Chicago, Illinois, June 25-29, 2019.

  9.  

    2018

    2018 Journal Articles

    None

    2018 Peer-Reviewed Conference, Workshop, and Symposium Papers

  10. Holstein, K., McLaren, B.M. & Aleven, V. (2018). Student learning benefits of a mixed-reality teacher awareness tool in AI-enhanced classrooms.  In C. Rosé, R. Martínez-Maldonado, H.U. Hoppe, R. Luckin, M. Mavrikis, K. Porayska-Pomsta, B. McLaren and B. du Boulay (Eds.). Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education (AIED 2018). LNAI 10947 (pp. 154-168).  Springer: Berlin. Won the Best Paper Award (in a tie with one other paper)  [  pdf  ] 

  11. Nguyen, H., Harpstead, E., Wang, Y. & McLaren, B.M. (2018).  Student agency and game-based learning: A study comparing low and high agency.  In C. Rosé, R. Martínez-Maldonado, H.U. Hoppe, R. Luckin, M. Mavrikis, K. Porayska-Pomsta, B. McLaren and B. du Boulay (Eds.). Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education (AIED 2018). LNAI 10947 (pp. 338-351).  Springer: Berlin.   [  pdf  ] 

  12. Holstein, K., Yu, Z.,  Sewall, J.,  Popescu, O., McLaren, B.M. & Aleven, V.  (2018).  Opening up an intelligent tutoring system development environment for extensible student modeling.  In C. Rosé, R. Martínez-Maldonado, H.U. Hoppe, R. Luckin, M. Mavrikis, K. Porayska-Pomsta, B. McLaren and B. du Boulay (Eds.). Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education (AIED 2018). LNAI 10947 (pp. 169-183).  Springer: Berlin.   [  pdf  ]

  13. Albacete, P., Jordan, P., Lusetich, D., Chounta, I-A., Katz, S. & McLaren, B.M. (2018).  Providing proactive scaffolding during tutorial dialogue using guidance from student model predictions. In C. Rosé, R. Martínez-Maldonado, H.U. Hoppe, R. Luckin, M. Mavrikis, K. Porayska-Pomsta, B. McLaren and B. du Boulay (Eds.). Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education (AIED 2018). LNAI 10947 (Part II, pp. 20-25).  Springer: Berlin. [  pdf  ] 

  14. Holstein, K., McLaren, B.M. & Aleven, V.  (2018).  Informing the design of teacher awareness tools through causal alignment analysis. In J. Kay and R. Luckin (Eds.). Proceedings of the 13th International Conference of the Learning Sciences (ICLS’18)(pp. 104-111). Won the Best Student Paper Award  [  pdf  ]

  15. Holstein, K.,  Hong, G.,  Tegene, M.,  McLaren, B. M.,   Aleven, V.  (2018).  The classroom as a dashboard: Co-designing wearable cognitive augmentation for K-12 teachers. In the Proceedings of the 8th International Learning Analytics & Knowledge Conference (LAK’18). (pp. 79-88).  ACM.   [  pdf  ]

  16. van Leeuwen, A., Rummel, N., Holstein, K., McLaren, B. M., Aleven, V., Molenaar, I., Campen, C. K., Schwarz, B., Prusak, N., Swidan, O., Segal, A., & Gal, K. (2018). Orchestration tools for teachers in the context of individual and collaborative learning: What information do teachers need and what do they do with it? In J. Kay and R. Luckin (Eds.). Proceedings of the 13th International Conference of the Learning Sciences (ICLS’18)(pp. 104-111).   [  pdf  ] 

  17. Katz, S., Albacete, P., Jordan, P., Lusetich, D., Chounta, I-A., & McLaren, B.M. (2018).  What does it mean to provide the right level of support during tutorial dialogue?  In the Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS 2018). 

  18. Eagle, M.,  Corbett, A.,  Stamper, J., & McLaren, B.M. (2018).  Predicting Individualized Learner Models Across Tutor Lessons.  In K.E. Boyer, M. Yudelson and A. Nikolaev (Eds.) Proceedings of the 11th International Conference onEducational Data Mining (EDM 2018).  (pp. 474-478).   [  pdf  ]

  19. McLaren, B. M., Asbell-Clarke, J. & Hammer, J. (2018). “CHI 2018 Workshop: Data-Driven Educational Game Design” CHI 2018 Workshop at the CHI conference in Montreal, Quebec Canada.  [  pdf  ] 

  20.  

    2017

    2017 Journal Articles

  21. McLaren, B. M., Adams, D. M., Mayer, R. E., & Forlizzi, J.  (2017). A computer-based game that promotes mathematics learning more than a conventional approach.  International Journal of Game-Based Learning (IJGBL), 7(1), 36-56. doi:10.4018/IJGBL.2017010103    [ pdf ]   [ Online Citation ]     (Journal article #31)

  22. 2017 Peer-Reviewed Conference, Workshop, and Symposium Papers

  23. McLaren, B.M., Farzan, R., Adams, D.M., Mayer, R.E., &  Forlizzi, J. (2017). Uncovering gender and problem difficulty effects in learning with an educational game.  In E. André, R. Baker, X. Hu, M.M.T. Rodrigo, and B. du Boulay (Eds.). Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education (AIED 2017). LNAI 10331 (pp. 540-543).  Springer: Berlin.  Won Best Poster Award (One of three winners out of 38 total posters)    [ pdf ]  

  24. Eagle, M., Corbett, A., Stamper, J.,  McLaren, B.M., Baker, R., Wagner, A., MacLaren, B.,  & Mitchell, A. (2017). Exploring learner model differences between students.  In E. André,  R. Baker,  X. Hu,  M.M.T. Rodrigo,  and B. du Boulay (Eds.). Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education (AIED 2017). LNAI 10331 (pp. 494-497).  Springer: Berlin.   [ pdf ]  

  25. Xhakaj, F., Aleven, V., &  McLaren (2017). Effects of a dashboard for an intelligent tutoring system on teacher knowledge, lesson plans and class sessions.  In E. André, R. Baker, X. Hu, M.M.T. Rodrigo, and B. du Boulay (Eds.). Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education (AIED 2017). LNAI 10331 (pp. 582-585).  Springer: Berlin.   [ pdf ]  

  26. Chounta, I-A., McLaren, B.M., Albacete, P., Jordan, P., & Katz, S. (2017). Modeling the zone of proximal development with a computational approach.  In X. Hu, T. Barnes, A. Hershkovitz, L. Paquette (Eds), Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Educational Data Mining (EDM 2017) (pp. 56-57).   [ pdf ]  

  27. Holstein, K.,  McLaren, B.M.,  &  Aleven, V. (2017). Intelligent tutors as teachers' aides:  Exploring teacher needs for real-time analytics in blended classrooms.  In the Proceedings of the Seventh International Learning Analytics & Knowledge Conference (LAK-2017)  (pp. 257-266).  ACM.   [ pdf ]  

  28. Holstein, K., McLaren, B.M., & Aleven, V. (2017). SPACLE:  Investigating learning across virtual and physical spaces using spatial replays.  In the Proceedings of the Seventh International Learning Analytics & Knowledge Conference (LAK-2017)   (pp. 358-367).  ACM.   [ pdf ]  

  29. Chounta, I-A,  McLaren, B.M., & Harrell, M. (2017). Building arguments together or alone? Using learning analytics to study the collaborative construction of argument diagrams.  In the Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL 2017).   [ pdf ]  

  30. Xhakaj, F., Aleven, V.  & McLaren, B.M. (2017). Effects of a teacher dashboard for an intelligent tutoring system on teacher knowledge, lesson planning, lessons and student learning. In: Lavoué É., Drachsler H., Verbert K., Broisin J., Pérez-Sanagustín M. (eds), Proceedings of the 12th European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning (EC-TEL 2017). (pp. 315-329). Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 10474. Springer, Cham.   [ pdf ]  

  31. Chounta, I-A.,  Albacete, P., Jordan, P., Katz, S. & McLaren, B.M.  (2017). The “Grey Area”: A computational model of the zone of proximal development.  In: Lavoué É., Drachsler H., Verbert K., Broisin J., Pérez-Sanagustín M. (eds), Proceedings of the 12th European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning (EC-TEL 2017).  (pp. 3-16). Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 10474. Springer, Cham.    [ pdf ]  

     

    2016

    2016 Journal Articles

  32. McLaren, B.M., van Gog, T., Ganoe, C., Karabinos, M., &  Yaron, D. (2016). The efficiency of worked examples compared to erroneous examples, tutored problem solving, and problem solving in classroom experiments. Computers in Human Behavior, 55, 87-99.  [ pdf ]  [ Online Citation ]     (Journal article #30)

  33. Shareghi Najar, A.,  Mitrovic, A.,  &  McLaren, B.M. (2016).  Learning with intelligent tutors and worked examples:  Selecting learning activities adaptively leads to better learning outcomes than a fixed curriculum. User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction: The Journal of Personalization Research (UMUAI), 26(5), 459491.  doi:10.1007/s11257-016-9181-y    [ pdf ]      [ Online Citation ]      (Journal article #29)

  34. Aleven, V., Roll, I., McLaren, B. M.,  & Koedinger, K. R.  (2016). Help helps, but only so much: Research on help seeking with intelligent tutoring systems. International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education, 26(1), 205-223. doi: 10.1007/s40593-015-0089-1   [ pdf ]  [ Online Citation ]     (Journal article #28)

  35. Aleven, V., McLaren, B. M.,  Sewall, J.,  van Velsen, M.,  Popescu, O.,  Demi, S.,  Ringenberg, M.  & Koedinger, K. R.  (2016). Example-tracing tutors:  Intelligent tutor development for non-programmers.  International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education, 26(1), 224-269.  doi: 10.1007/s40593-015-0088-2    [ pdf ]  [ Online Citation ]     (Journal article #27)

  36. 2016 Peer-Reviewed Conference, Workshop, and Symposium Papers

  37. Eagle, M., Corbett, A., Stamper, J.,  McLaren, B. M., Baker, R., Wagner, A.,  MacLaren, B.,  &  Mitchell, A.  (2016). Predicting individual differences for learner modeling in intelligent tutors from previous learner activities.  In F. Cena, M. Desmarais, D. Dicheva, J. Zhang (Eds.), Proceedings of the 24th Conference on User Modeling, Adaptation and Personalization (UMAP 2016).  ACM, New York, NY.  (pp. 55-63)  ISBN 978-1-4503-4370-1/16/07. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2930238.2930255  Won the Best Paper Award    [  pdf  ]

  38. Eagle, M., Corbett, A., Stamper, J., McLaren, B. M., Wagner, A.,  MacLaren, B., &  Mitchell, A.  (2016).  Estimating individual differences for student modeling in intelligent tutors from reading and pretest data. In A. Micarelli, J. Stamper, & K. Panourgia (Eds.), Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS 2016).  LNCS 9684 (pp. 133-143).  Nominated for the Best Paper Award   [  pdf  ]

  39. Xhakaj, F., Aleven, V.  & McLaren, B. M  (2016).  How teachers use data to help students learn: Contextual inquiry for the design of a dashboard.  In K. Verbert et al. (Eds.),  Proceedings of the Eleventh European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning (EC-TEL 2016).  LNCS 9891  (pp. 340-354).   DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-45153-4_26   [  pdf  ]  [ Online Citation ]

  40. Chounta, I-A.,  McLaren, B. M.,  Albacete, P.,  Jordan, P.,  &  Katz, S., (2016). Analysis of Human-to-Human Tutorial Dialogues: Insights for Teaching Analytics. In the Proceedings of the Fourth International Workshop on Teaching Analytics (IWTA 2016) atThe Eleventh European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning (EC-TEL 2016).  Lyon, France, September 13-16, 2016     [  pdf  ]

  41. Chounta, I-A., McLaren, B. M.  &  Harrell, M. (2016). Let’s argue over it: Are argumentation skills better learned collaboratively or individually? In the Proceedings of the Workshop on Connecting Learning Analytics and Learning Design (CLAD 2016) at The Eleventh European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning (EC-TEL 2016).  Lyon, France, September 13-16, 2016.   [  pdf  ]

  42. Holstein, K., Xhakaj, F.,  Aleven, V.  &  McLaren, B. M. (2016). Luna: A dashboard for teachers using intelligent tutoring systems. In the Proceedings of the Fourth International Workshop on Teaching Analytics  (IWTA 2016) at the Eleventh European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning (EC-TEL 2016).  Lyon, France, September 13-16, 2016.    [  pdf  ]

  43. Aleven, V., Xhakaj, F., Holstein, K., &  McLaren, B. M. (2016). Developing a teacher dashboard for use with intelligent tutoring systems. In the Proceedings of the Fourth International Workshop on Teaching Analytics  (IWTA 2016) at the Eleventh European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning (EC-TEL 2016).  Lyon, France, September 13-16, 2016.    [  pdf  ]

  44.  

    2015

    2015 Journal Articles

  45. McLaren, B. M.,  Adams, D. M.,  &  Mayer, R.E. (2015).  Delayed learning effects with erroneous examples:  A study of learning decimals with a web-based tutor.   International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education, 25(4), 520-542.  [ pdf ]  [ Online Citation ]     (Journal article #26)

  46. 2015 Peer-Reviewed Conference, Workshop, and Symposium Papers

  47. McLaren, B. M., van Gog, T., Ganoe, C., Yaron, D., & Karabinos, M. (2015).  Worked Examples are more efficient for learning than high-assistance instructional software. In C. Conati, N. Heffernan, A. Mitrovic, & M. F. Verdejo (Eds.), Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education (AIED 2015).  LNAI 9112 (pp. 710-713).   Won the Best Poster Paper Award (Out of 78 posters)    [  pdf  ]

  48. Shareghi Najar, A.,  Mitrovic, A., & McLaren, B.M. (2015). Examples and tutored problems: Adaptive support using assistance scores. Proceedings of the 24th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI 2015), Buenos Aires, July 25-31 2015, pp. 4317-4323.    [  pdf  ]

  49.  

    2014

    2014 Journal Articles

  50. McLaren, B.M., Sosnovsky, S., & Aleven, V. (2014)  Preface – Emerging Technologies and Landmark Systems for Learning Mathematics and Science: Dedicated to the Memory of Erica Melis – Part 1.  International Journal of  Artificial Intelligence in Education, 24(3), 211-215.   [ pdf ]  [ Online Citation ]     (Journal article #25)

  51. Sosnovsky, S., McLaren, B.M., & Aleven, V. (2014). Preface - Emerging Technologies and Landmark Systems for Learning Mathematics and Science: Dedicated to the Memory of Erica Melis - Part 2.  International Journal of  Artificial Intelligence in Education, 24(4), 383-386.   [ pdf ]  [ Online Citation ]     (Journal article #24)

  52. Adams, D., McLaren, B. M., Durkin, K., Mayer, R.E., Rittle-Johnson, B., Isotani, S., &  Van Velsen, M. (2014). Using erroneous examples to improve mathematics learning with a web-based tutoring system.   Computers in Human Behavior, 36C (2014), 401-411. Elsevier.  doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2014.03.053.  [ pdf ]  [ Online Citation ]     (Journal article #23)

  53. Scheuer, O., McLaren, B. M., Weinberger, A., & Niebuhr, S. (2014). Promoting critical, elaborative discussions through a collaboration script and argument diagrams. Instructional Science, 42(2), 127–157. doi:10.1007/s11251-013-9274-5.  [ pdf ]  [ Online Citation ]     (Journal article #22)

  54. 2014 Peer-Reviewed Conference, Workshop, and Symposium Papers

  55. McLaren, B.M., Timms, T., Weihnacht, D., Brenner, D., Luttgen, K., Grillo-Hill, A., & Brown, D.H. (2014).  A web-based system to support inquiry learning: Towards determining how much assistance students need.  In Zvacek, S., Restivo, M.T., Uhomoibhi, J. and Helfert, M. (Eds.) Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Computer-Supported Education (CSEDU-2014). Volume 1  (pp. 43-52). SCITEPRESS – Science and Technology Publications.   [ pdf ] 

  56. McLaren, B.M., van Gog, T., Ganoe, C., Yaron, D. & Karabinos, M. (2014) Exploring the assistance dilemma: Comparing instructional support in examples and problems.  In S. Trausan-Matu et al. (Eds.)  Proceedings of the Twelfth International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS-2014). LNCS 8474. (pp. 354-361). Springer International Publishing Switzerland.   [ pdf ] 

  57. Najar, A.S., Mitrovic, A. & McLaren, B.M. (2014).  Adaptive support versus alternating worked examples and tutored problems: Which leads to better learning? Aalborg, Denmark: In the Proceedings of the 22nd Conf. User Modelling, Adaptation and Personalization (UMAP 2014). LNCS 8538 (pp. 171-182). http://www.um.org/umap2014/. Won Best Student Paper Award   [ pdf ] 

  58. Forlizzi, J., McLaren, B.M., Ganoe, C.H., McLaren, P.B., Kihumba, G., & Lister, K. (2014).  Decimal Point: Designing and developing an educational game to teach decimals to middle school students.  In C. Busch (Ed.) Proceedings of the 8th European Conference on Games Based Learning (ECGBL-2014). (pp. 128-135) Academic Conferences and Publishing International Limited, Reading, U.K.   [ pdf ] 

  59. Yacef, K.  &  McLaren, B.M. (2014).  Supporting learners’ group formation with reciprocal recommender technology.  Paper presented at the Workshop “Intelligent Support for Learning in Groups” at the Twelfth International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems  (ITS-2014)     [ pdf ] 

  60. Goldin, I. & McLaren, B.M. (2014).  Towards instrumenting collaborative learning and assessment in the digital ocean.  Paper presented at the Workshop “Intelligent Support for Learning in Groups” at the Twelfth International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems  (ITS-2014)   [ pdf  ] 

  61.  

    2013

    2013 Journal Articles

  62. Scheuer, O. & McLaren, B. M. (2013).  CASE: A configurable argumentation support engine.  IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies, 10 Jan. 2013. IEEE computer Society Digital Library. IEEE Computer Society, http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/TLT.2013.3.  [ pdf ]  [ Online Citation ]     (Journal article #21)

  63. Dragon, T., Mavrikis, M.,  McLaren, B.M.,  Harrer, A.,  Kynigos, C.,  Wegerif, R.,  & Yang, Y. (2013). Metafora: A web-based platform for learning to learn together in science and mathematics. IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies, 6(3), 197-207 July-Sept. 2013 © 2013 IEEE Published by the IEEE Computer Society.   doi:10.1109/TLT.2013.4   [ pdf ]  [ Online Citation ]     (Journal article #20)

  64. Bredeweg, B., McLaren, B.M., & Biswas, G. (2013). Guest Editorial: Special Section on Learning Systems for Science and Technology Education. IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies, 6(3), 194-196 July-Sept. 2013 © 2013 IEEE Published by the IEEE Computer Society.   doi: 10.1109/TLT.2013.30  [ pdf ]      (Journal article #19)

  65. 2013 Peer-Reviewed Conference, Workshop, and Symposium Papers

  66. Scheuer, O., McLaren, B. M., & Weinberger, A. (2013). Supporting Discussions through Argument Diagrams and Collaboration Scripts. Paper presented at the symposium "Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL): Exploring Synergetic Scaffolding and Scripting" at the 15th Biennial EARLI Conference for Research on Learning and Instruction (EARLI 2013).    [ pdf ] 

  67. Adams, D., McLaren, B.M.,  Mayer, R.E., Goguadze, G., & Isotani, S. (2013).  Erroneous examples as desirable difficulty.  In Lane, H.C., Yacef, K., Mostow, J., & Pavlik, P. (Eds.). Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education (AIED 2013).  LNCS 7926 (pp. 803-806). Springer, Berlin.    [ pdf ] 

  68. Mavrikis, M., Dragon, T., Yiannoutsou, N. &  McLaren, B. M.  (2013). Towards Supporting ‘Learning To Learn Together’ in the Metafora platform.  In the Proceedings of the Intelligent Support for Learning in Groups Workshop held at the 16th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education (AIED 2013).      [ pdf ] 

  69. Yang, Y., Wegerif, R., Dragon, T., Mavrikis, M.,  & McLaren, B. M.  (2013). Learning how to learn together (L2L2): Developing tools to support an essential complex competence for the Internet Age.  In Rummel, N., Kapur, M., Nathan, M. & Puntambekar S. (Eds.), Conference Proceedings Volume II of the 10th International Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL 2013). (pp. 193-196). International Society of the Learning Sciences.    [ pdf ] 

  70. Tsovaltzi, D., Weinberger, A., Scheuer, O., Dragon, T., & McLaren, B. M. (2013).  Collaborative learning in Facebook: Can argument structure facilitate academic opinion change?  In Rummel, N., Kapur, M., Nathan, M. & Puntambekar S. (Eds.), Conference Proceedings Volume II of the 10th International Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL 2013). (pp. 177-180). International Society of the Learning Sciences.    [ pdf ] 

  71. Scheuer, O., McLaren, B. M.,  & Weinberger, A. (2013).  Automated and adaptive support for educational discussions: Results to guide in making this a reality.  In Rummel, N., Kapur, M., Nathan, M. & Puntambekar S. (Eds.), Conference Proceedings Volume II of the 10th International Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL 2013). (pp. 349-350). International Society of the Learning Sciences.    [ pdf ] 

  72.  

    2012

    2012 Journal Articles

  73. Tsovaltzi, D., Melis, E., & McLaren, B. M. (2012). Erroneous examples: Effects on learning fractions in a web-based setting.  International Journal of Technology Enhanced Learning (IJTEL).V4 N3/4 2012 pp 191-230.  [ pdf ]     (Journal article #18)

  74. 2012 Peer-Reviewed Conference, Workshop, and Symposium Papers

  75. McLaren, B.M.,  Adams, D.,  Durkin, K., Goguadze, G. Mayer, R.E., Rittle-Johnson, B., Sosnovsky, S., Isotani, S., & Van Velsen, M. (2012).  To err is human, to explain and correct is divine: A study of interactive erroneous examples with middle school math students.   In A. Ravenscroft, S. Lindstaedt, C. Delgado Kloos, & D. Hernándex-Leo (Eds.), Proceedings of EC-TEL 2012: Seventh European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning, LNCS 7563 (pp. 222-235). Springer, Berlin.    [ pdf ]    YouTube video of McLaren giving an interview at EC-TEL 2012   

  76. McLaren, B.M.,  Timms, M.,  Weihnacht, D., &  Brenner, D. (2012).  Exploring the assistance dilemma in an inquiry learning environment for evolution theory. In the Proceedings of the Workshop on Intelligent Support for Exploratory Environments 2012: Exploring, Collaborating and Learning Together at the 11th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS 2012).   [ pdf ]

  77. Mavrikis, M., Dragon, T., Abdu, R., Harrer, A., De Groot, R., & McLaren, B. (2012). Learning to Learn Together through Planning, Discussion and Reflection on Microworld-Based Challenges. Proceedings of EC-TEL 2012: Seventh European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning, LNCS 7563 (pp. 483-488). Springer, Berlin.   [ pdf ]

  78. Mavrikis, M.,  Dragon, T., &  McLaren, B.M. (2012). The design of wizard-of-oz studies to support students’ learning to learn together. In the Proceedings of the Workshop on Intelligent Support for Exploratory Environments 2012: Exploring, Collaborating and Learning Together at the 11th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS 2012).    [ pdf ]

  79. Dragon, T.,  McLaren, B.M., Mavrikis, M., &  Geraniou, E. (2012). Scaffolding collaborative learning opportunities: Integrating microworld use and argumentation. Advances in User Modeling: Selected papers from UMAP 2011 Workshops (pp. 18-30). Girona: Springer-Verlag.    [ pdf ]

  80. Tsovaltzi, D., Weinberger, A., Scheuer, O., Dragon, T., & McLaren, B.M., (2012). Argument diagrams in Facebook: Facilitating the formation of scientifically sound opinions.  In A. Ravenscroft, S. Lindstaedt, C. Delgado Kloos, & D. Hernándex-Leo (Eds.), Proceedings of EC-TEL 2012: Seventh European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning, LNCS 7563 (pp. 540). Springer, Berlin.      [ pdf ]

  81. Rodrigo, M. M. T.,  Baker, R.S.j.D.,  McLaren, B.M.,  Jayme, A.,  &  Dy, T.T.  (2012).  Development of a workbench to address the educational data mining bottleneck. In K. Yacef,  O. Zaïane,  H. Hershkovitz,  M. Yudelson,  &  J. Stamper, J. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Educational Data Mining (EDM 2012).  (pp. 152-155).    [ pdf ]

  82. Scheuer, O., McLaren B. M., Weinberger, A., &  Niebuhr, S. (2012). Scripting discussions for elaborative, critical interactions. In: S. A. Cerri, W. J. Clancey,  G. Papadourakis,  &  K. Panourgia (Eds.), In the Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS-2012), LNCS 7315 (pp. 647-648). Springer, Berlin.    [ pdf ]

  83. Adams,  D.,  McLaren  B.M.,  Durkin,  K.,  Mayer,  R.E., Rittle-Johnson, B., Isotani, S., & Van Velsen, M. (2012).  Erroneous examples versus problem solving: Can we improve how middle school students learn decimals? In N.Miyakem, D. Peebles, & R.P. Coppers (Eds.), Proceedings of the 34th Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci 2012). (pp. 1260-1265).  Sapporo, Japan: Cognitive Science Society.     [ pdf ]   [ Online Citation ]

  84. Scheuer, O.,  Niebuhr, S.,  Dragon, T.,  McLaren B. M.,  &  Pinkwart, N. (2012).  Adaptive support for graphical argumentation - the LASAD approach.  IEEE Learning Technology Newsletter 14(1), 8-11.    [ pdf ]

  85.  

    2011

    2011 Journal Articles

  86. McLaren, B.M.,  DeLeeuw, K.E., & Mayer, R.E.  (2011).  Polite web-based intelligent tutors: Can they improve learning in classrooms?  Computers & Education, 56(3), 574-584.  doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2010.09.019.  [ pdf ]  [ Online Citation ]     (Journal article #17)

  87. McLaren, B.M., DeLeeuw, K.E., & Mayer, R.E.  (2011).  A politeness effect in learning with web-based intelligent tutors.  International Journal of Human Computer Studies, 69(1-2), 70-79. doi:10.1016/j.ijhcs.2010.09.001.  [ pdf ]  [ Online Citation ]     (Journal article #16)

  88. Roll, I., Aleven, V., McLaren, B. M., & Koedinger, K. R.  (2011).  Improving students’ help-seeking skills using metacognitive feedback in an intelligent tutoring system. Learning and Instruction, 21(2), 267-280.  [ pdf ]  [ Online Citation ]     (Journal article #15)

  89. 2011 Peer-Reviewed Conference, Workshop, and Symposium Papers

  90. McLaren, B.M.  &  Ashley, K.D. (2011).   Can temporal representation and reasoning make a difference in automated legal reasoning? Lessons from an AI-based ethical reasoner.  In the Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Law (ICAIL 2011).  (pp. 229-238).  ACM Press.    [ pdf ]

  91. McLaren, B.M.  &  Isotani, S. (2011).  When is it best to learn with all worked examples?  In G. Biswas,  S. Bull,  J. Kay,  &  A. Mitrovic (Eds.), Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education (AIED-2011). Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 6738.  (pp. 222-229).   Berlin: Springer.     [ pdf ]

  92. Scheuer, O.,  McLaren, B.M.,  Harrell, M.,  & Weinberger, A. (2011).  Will structuring the collaboration of students improve their argumentation? In G. Biswas,  S. Bull,  J. Kay,  &  A. Mitrovic (Eds.), Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education (AIED-2011). Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 6738.  (pp. 544-546).   Berlin: Springer.   [ pdf ]

  93. Roll, I.,  Aleven, V.,  McLaren, B.M., & Koedinger, K.R. (2011).  Metacognitive practice makes perfect: Improving students’ self-assessment skills with an intelligent tutoring system.  In G. Biswas,  S. Bull,  J. Kay,  &  A. Mitrovic (Eds.), Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education (AIED-2011). Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 6738.  (pp. 288-295).   Berlin: Springer.   [ pdf ]

  94. Goguadze, G.,  Sosnovsky, S.,  Isotani, S.,  & McLaren, B.M. (2011).  Evaluating a bayesian student model of decimal misconceptions.  In M. Pechenizkiy,  T. Calders,  C. Conati,  S. Ventura,  C. Romero,  &  J. Stamper (Eds.), Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Educational Data Mining (EDM 2011). (pp. 301-306). ISBN: 978-90-386-2537-9.   [ pdf ]

  95. Loll, F., Pinkwart, N., Scheuer, O., & McLaren, B.M. (2011).  Developing collaborative argumentation systems: What advice do the experts have?  In H. Spada, G. Stahl, N. Miyake & N. Law: Connecting Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning to Policy and Practice: 9th International Conference on Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL-2011) Conference Proceedings. Volume II – Short Papers & Posters. (pp. 980-981). International Society of the Learning Sciences.    [ pdf ]

  96. Isotani, S., Adams, D.,  Mayer, R.E., Durkin, K.,  Rittle-Johnson, B., & McLaren, B.M. (2011). Can erroneous examples help middle-school students learn decimals? In the Proceedings of the Sixth European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning: Towards Ubiquitous Learning (EC-TEL 2011) (pp. 181-195).   [ pdf ]

  97. Scheuer, O.,  McLaren, B.M.,  Harrell, M.,  & Weinberger, A. (2011).  Scripting collaboration: What affect does it have on student argumentation? In T. Hirashima et al. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Computers in Education (ICCE-2011). (pp. 181-188). Chiang Mai, Thailand: Asia-Pacific Society for Computers in Education.   [ pdf ]

  98. Goguadze, G., Sosnovsky, S., Isotani, S., & McLaren, B.M. (2011). Towards a bayesian student model for detecting decimal misconceptions. In T. Hirashima et al. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Computers in Education (ICCE-2011). (pp. 34-41). Chiang Mai, Thailand: Asia-Pacific Society for Computers in Education.

  99. Dragon, T., Gutierrez-Santos, S., Mavrikis, M., & McLaren, B.M. (2011).  Analysing and Supporting Students’ Interactions in Synthesized Learning Environments: A Case Study with a Microworld and a Discussion Tool.  In the Proceedings of the Seminar on Technology-Enhanced Learning for Mathematics and Science (TELMAS): Landmark Research and New Contributions. Conducted as part of EC-TEL 2011, Palermo, Italy, September 21, 2011.

  100.  

    2010

    2010 Journal Articles

  101. McLaren, B.M., Scheuer, O., & Mikšátko, J. (2010). Supporting collaborative learning and e-Discussions using artificial intelligence techniques. International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education (IJAIED) 20(1), 1-46.   [ pdf ]  [ Online Citation ]     (Journal article #14)

  102. Aleven, V., Roll, I., McLaren, B.M., & Koedinger, K.R. (2010).  Automated, unobtrusive, action-by-action, assessment of self-regulation during learning with an intelligent tutoring system.  Educational Psychologist, 45(4), 224 - 233. doi: 10.1080/00461520.2010.517740.  [ pdf ]  [ Online Citation ]      (Journal article #13)

  103. Salden, R.J.C.M., Koedinger, K.R., Renkl, A., Aleven, V., & McLaren, B.M. (2010).  Accounting for beneficial effects of worked examples in tutored problem solving.  Educational Psychology Review, 22(4), 379-392.  doi: 10.1007/s10648-010-9143-6.  [ pdf ]  [ Online Citation ]      (Journal article #12)

  104. Tsovaltzi, D., Rummel, N., McLaren, B.M., Pinkwart, N., Scheuer, O., Harrer, A. & Braun, I. (2010). Extending a virtual chemistry laboratory with a collaboration script to promote conceptual learning. International Journal of Technology Enhanced Learning, Vol. 2, Nos. 1/2, 91–110.  [ pdf ]      (Journal article #11)

  105. Scheuer, O., Loll, F., Pinkwart, N. & McLaren, B.M. (2010). Computer-supported argumentation: A review of the state of the art. International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning,  5(1), 43-102.  [ pdf ]  [ Online Citation ]     (Journal article #10)

  106. Wegerif, R., McLaren, B.M., Chamrada, M., Scheuer, O., Mansour, N., Mikšátko, J., & Williams, M. (2010). Exploring creative thinking in graphically mediated synchronous dialogues. Computers & Education, 54(3), 613-621 doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2009.10.015  [ pdf ]  [ Online Citation ]     (Journal article #9)

  107. 2010 Peer-Reviewed Conference, Workshop, and Symposium Papers

  108. McLaren, B.M., DeLeeuw, K.E., & Mayer, R.E. (2010).  A politeness effect in learning with web-based intelligent tutors. Presented at the 2010 American Educational Research Association (AERA) Annual Meeting, April - May, 2010, Denver, Colorado.

  109. Loll, F., Pinkwart, N, Scheuer, O., & McLaren, B.M. (2010). Ein generisches Framework zur Erstellung von argumentationsunterstützenden Systemen. In M. Schumann, L. M. Kolbe & M. H. Breitner (Eds.): Tagungsband der Multikonferenz Wirtschaftsinformatik (MKWI) 2010. Göttingen (Germany).   [ pdf ]

  110. Loll, F., Scheuer, O., McLaren, B.M.,& Pinkwart, N. (2010). Learning to argue using computers – A view from teachers, researchers, and system developers.   In V. Aleven, J. Kay, J. Mostow (Eds.), Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS-10), Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 6094 (pp. 377-379). Berlin: Springer.   [ pdf ]

  111. Tsovaltzi, D., McLaren, B.M., Melis, E., Meyer, A-K., Dietrich, M., & Goguadze G. (2010). Learning from erroneous examples.  In V. Aleven, J. Kay, J. Mostow (Eds.), Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS-10), Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 6094 (pp. 420-422). Berlin: Springer.   [ pdf ]

  112. Isotani, S., McLaren, B.M.,& Altman, M. (2010). Towards intelligent tutoring with erroneous examples: A taxonomy of decimal misconceptions.  In V. Aleven, J. Kay, J. Mostow (Eds.), Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS-10), Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 6094 (pp. 346-348). Berlin: Springer.   [ pdf ]

  113. Tsovaltzi, D., Melis, E., McLaren, B.M., Meyer, A-K., Dietrich, M., & Goguadze, G. (2010). Learning from erroneous examples: When and how do students benefit from them?  In M. Wolpers, P. A. Kirschner, M. Scheffel, S. Lindstaedt, & V. Dimitrova (Eds.),  Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning,  Sustaining TEL:  From Innovation to Learning and Practice (EC-TEL 2010), LNCS 6383, September/October, Barcelona, Spain. (pp. 357-373).  Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.   [ pdf ]

  114. Loll, F., Scheuer, O., McLaren, B.M.,& Pinkwart, N. (2010). How can students learn to argue from computer-based systems? A survey of teachers, researchers, and system developers. In M. Wolpers, P. A. Kirschner, M. Scheffel, S. Lindstaedt, & V. Dimitrova (Eds.),  Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning,  Sustaining TEL:  From Innovation to Learning and Practice (EC-TEL 2010), LNCS 6383, September/October 2010, Barcelona, Spain. (pp. 530-535).  Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.   [ pdf ]

  115.  

    2009

    2009 Journal Articles

  116. Aleven, V., McLaren, B.M., Sewall, J., & Koedinger, K.R. (2009).  A new paradigm for intelligent tutoring systems: Example-tracing tutors.  International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education, 19(2), 105-154.  [ pdf ]   [ Online Citation ]      (Journal article #8)

  117. Aleven, V., McLaren, B.M., & Sewall, J. (2009). Scaling up programming by demonstration for intelligent tutoring systems development: An open-access website for middle school mathematics learning. IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies, 2(2), 64-78. [ pdf ]     (Journal article #7)

    2009 Peer-Reviewed Conference, Workshop, and Symposium Papers

  118. Borek, A., McLaren, B.M., Karabinos, M., & Yaron, D. (2009). How much assistance is helpful to students in discovery learning?  In U. Cress, V. Dimitrova, & M. Specht (Eds.), Proceedings of the Fourth European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning, Learning in the Synergy of Multiple Disciplines (EC-TEL 2009), LNCS 5794, September/October 2009, Nice, France. (pp. 391-404). Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. [ pdf ]

  119. Tsovaltzi, D., Melis, E., McLaren, B.M., Dietrich, M., Goguadze, G., & Meyer, A-K. (2009).  Erroneous examples: A preliminary investigation into learning benefits.  In U. Cress, V. Dimitrova, & M. Specht (Eds.), Proceedings of the Fourth European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning, Learning in the Synergy of Multiple Disciplines (EC-TEL 2009), LNCS 5794, September/October 2009, Nice, France. (pp. 688-693). Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. [ pdf ]

  120. McLaren, B.M., Wegerif, R., Mikšátko, J., Scheuer, O., Chamrada, M., & Mansour, N. (2009).  Are your students working creatively together? Automatically recognizing creative turns in student e-Discussions.   In V. Dimitrova, R. Mizoguchi, B. du Boulay, & A. Graesser (Eds.), Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education (AIED-09), Artificial Intelligence in Education: Building Learning Systems that Care: From Knowledge Representation to Affective Modelling. (pp. 317-324). IOS Press.  [ pdf ]

  121. Scheuer, O., McLaren, B.M., Loll, F., & Pinkwart, N. (2009).  An analysis and feedback infrastructure for argumentation learning systems. In V. Dimitrova, R. Mizoguchi, B. du Boulay, & A. Graesser (Eds.), Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education (AIED-09),  Artificial Intelligence in Education: Building Learning Systems that Care: From Knowledge Representation to Affective Modelling. (pp. 629-631). IOS Press.  [ pdf ]

  122. Loll, F., Pinkwart, N., Scheuer, O., & McLaren, B.M. (2009).  Towards a flexible intelligent tutoring system for argumentation.  In I. Adeo, N. Chen, Kinshuk, D. Sampson, & L. Zaitseva (Eds.), Proceedings of the 9th IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT 2009) (p. 647-648). Los Alamitos (CA), IEEE Computer Society.  [ pdf ]

  123. Wegerif, R., McLaren, B.M., Chamrada, M., Scheuer, O., Mansour, N., & Mikšátko, J. (2009).  Recognizing creative thinking in graphical e-Discussions using artificial intelligence graph-matching techniques.  In C. O’Malley, D. Suthers D., P. Reimann, & A. Dimitracopoulou (Eds.) Computer Supported Collaborative Learning Practices, Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL-09), Vol. I (pp. 108-112). International Society of the Learning Sciences, Inc. ISBN978-1-61584-137-0.  [ pdf ]

  124. Loll, F., Pinkwart, N., Scheuer, O., & McLaren, B.M. (2009). An architecture for intelligent CSCL argumentation systems. In A. Dimitracopoulou, C. O'Malley, D. Suthers, & P. Reimann (Eds.), Computer Supported Collaborative Learning Practices, Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL-09), Vol. II (pp. 189-191). International Society of the Learning Sciences, Inc. ISBN: 978-1-4092-8598-4  [ pdf ]

  125. Salden, R., Koedinger, K., Aleven, V., & McLaren, B.M. (2009). Does cognitive load theory account for beneficial effects of worked examples in tutored problem solving?  Presented at the 3rd International Cognitive Load Theory Conference (CLT-09). Heerlen, the Netherlands, March 2-4, 2009. (No published paper, presentation only)  [ ppt ]

  126.  

    2008

    2008 Journal Articles

  127. Harrer, A., Pinkwart, N., McLaren, B.M., & Scheuer, O. (2008). The scalable adapter design pattern: Enabling interoperability between educational software tools. IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies, 1(2), 131-143. [ pdf ]     (Journal article #6)

    2008 Peer-Reviewed Conference, Workshop, and Symposium Papers

  128. McLaren, B.M., Lim, S., & Koedinger, K.R. (2008). When and how often should worked examples be given to students? New results and a summary of the current state of research.  In B. C. Love, K. McRae, & V. M. Sloutsky (Eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 2176-2181). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society. [ pdf ]

  129. Koedinger, K.R., Pavlik, P., McLaren, B.M., & Aleven, V. (2008). Is it better to give than to receive? The assistance dilemma as a fundamental unsolved problem in the cognitive science of learning and instruction. In B. C. Love, K. McRae, & V. M. Sloutsky (Eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 2155-2160). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society. [ pdf ]

  130. McLaren, B.M., Lim, S., & Koedinger, K.R. (2008). When is assistance helpful to learning? Results in combining worked examples and intelligent tutoring.  In B. Woolf, E. Aimeur, R. Nkambou, S. Lajoie (Eds.), Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS-08), Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 5091 (pp. 677-680). Berlin: Springer. [  pdf ]

  131. Mikšátko, J. & McLaren, B.M. (2008). What’s in a cluster? Automatically detecting interesting interactions in student e-Discussions.  In B. Woolf, E. Aimeur, R. Nkambou, S. Lajoie (Eds.), Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS-08), Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 5091 (pp. 333-342). Berlin: Springer. [ pdf ]

  132. Scheuer, O. & McLaren, B.M. (2008). Helping teachers handle the flood of data in online student discussions.  In B. Woolf, E. Aimeur, R. Nkambou, S. Lajoie (Eds.), Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS-08), Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 5091 (pp. 323-332). Berlin: Springer.  [ pdf ]

  133. Tsovaltzi, D., McLaren, B.M., Rummel, N., Scheuer, O., Harrer, A., Pinkwart, N., & Braun, I., (2008). Using an adaptive collaboration script to promote conceptual chemistry learning. In B. Woolf, E. Aimeur, R. Nkambou, S. Lajoie (Eds.), Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS-08), Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 5091 (pp. 709-711). Berlin: Springer.  [ pdf ]

  134. Harrer, A., Pinkwart, N., McLaren, B.M., & Scheuer, O., (2008).  How do we get the pieces to talk? A new software architecture to support interoperability between educational software tools.  In B. Woolf, E. Aimeur, R. Nkambou, S. Lajoie (Eds.),  Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS-08), Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 5091 (pp. 715-718). Berlin: Springer.  [ pdf ]

  135. Melis, E., McLaren, B.M., & Solomon, S. (2008). Towards accessing disparate educational data in a single, unified manner.  In P. Dillenbourg and M. Specht (Eds.), Proceedings of the Third European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning(EC-TEL 2008), Lecture Notes in Computer Science 5192 (pp. 280-283). Berlin: Springer.  [ pdf ]

  136. Tsovaltzi, D., Rummel, N., Pinkwart, N., Scheuer, O., Harrer, A., Braun, I., & McLaren, B.M. (2008). CoChemEx: Supporting conceptual chemistry learning via computer-mediated collaboration scripts.  In P. Dillenbourg and M. Specht (Eds.), Proceedings of the Third European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning (EC-TEL 2008), Lecture Notes in Computer Science 5192 (pp. 437-448). Berlin: Springer.  [ pdf ]

  137. McLaren, B.M., Rummel, N., Pinkwart, N., Tsovaltzi, D., Harrer, A., & Scheuer, O. (2008). Learning chemistry through collaboration: A wizard-of-oz study of adaptive collaboration support. In the Proceedings of the Workshop on Intelligent Support for Exploratory Environments (ISSE 08) at the European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning (EC-TEL 2008), Maastricht, the Netherlands, September 17, 2008.  http://sunsite.informatik.rwth-aachen.de/Publications/CEUR-WS/Vol-381/  [ pdf ]

  138.  

    2007

    2007 Journal Articles

  139. Roll, I., Aleven, V., McLaren, B.M., & Koedinger, K.R. (2007). Designing for metacognition - Applying cognitive tutor principles to the tutoring of help seeking. Metacognition and Learning, 2(2), 125-140.   [ pdf ]  [ Online Citation ]     (Journal article #5)

    2007 Peer-Reviewed Conference, Workshop, and Symposium Papers

  140. McLaren, B.M., Scheuer, O., De Laat, M., Hever, R., De Groot, R., & Rosé, C.P. (2007). Using machine learning techniques to analyze and support mediation of student e-Discussions. In R. Luckin, K.R. Koedinger, & J. Greer (Eds.), Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education (AIED-07), Artificial Intelligence in Education: Building Technology Rich Learning Contexts That Work. (pp. 331-338).  Amsterdam: IOS Press.  [ pdf ]

  141. McLaren, B.M., Lim, S., Yaron, D., & Koedinger, K.R. (2007). Can a polite intelligent tutoring system lead to improved learning outside of the lab? In R. Luckin, K.R. Koedinger, & J. Greer (Eds.),  Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education (AIED-07), Artificial Intelligence in Education: Building Technology Rich Learning Contexts That Work. (pp. 433-440).  Amsterdam: IOS Press. [ pdf ]

  142. Walker, E., McLaren, B.M., Rummel, N., & Koedinger, K.R. (2007). Who says three’s a crowd? Using a cognitive tutor to support peer tutoring. In R. Luckin, K.R. Koedinger, &J. Greer (Eds.), Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education (AIED-07), Artificial Intelligence in Education: Building Technology Rich Learning Contexts That Work. (pp. 399-406).  Amsterdam: IOS Press.  [ pdf ]

  143. Roll, I., Aleven, V., McLaren, B.M., & Koedinger, K.R. (2007). Can help seeking be tutored? Searching for the secret sauce of metacognitive tutoring. In R. Luckin, K.R. Koedinger, & J. Greer (Eds.), Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education (AIED-07), Artificial Intelligence in Education: Building Technology Rich Learning Contexts That Work. (pp. 203-210).  Amsterdam: IOS Press.  [ pdf ]

  144. McLaren, B.M., Rummel, N., Tsovaltzi, D., Braun, I., Scheuer, O., Harrer, A., & Pinkwart, N. (2007). The CoChemEx project: Conceptual chemistry learning through experimentation and adaptive collaboration. In the Proceedings of the Workshop on 'Emerging Technologies for Inquiry Based Learning in Science', (AIED-07). (pp. 36-48). Los Angeles (CA).  [ pdf ]

  145. De Groot, R., Drachman, R., Hever, R., Schwarz, B., Hoppe, U., Harrer, A., De Laat, M., Wegerif, R., McLaren, B.M., & Baurens, B. (2007).   Computer supported moderation of e-Discussions: The ARGUNAUT approach. In C. A. Chinn, G. Erkens & S. Puntambekar (Eds.), Mice, Minds and Society, Proceedings of the Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL-07), Vol 8 (pp. 165-167). International Society of the Learning Sciences, Inc. ISSN 1819-0146  [ pdf ]

  146. Hever, R., De Groot, R., De Laat, M., Harrer, A., Hoppe, U., McLaren, B.M., & Scheuer, O. (2007). Combining structural, process-oriented and textual elements to generate awareness indicators for graphical e-Discussions. In C.A. Chinn, G. Erkens & S. Puntambekar (Eds.), Mice, Minds and Society, Proceedings of the Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL-07), Vol 8 (pp. 286-288). International Society of the Learning Sciences, Inc. ISSN 1819-0146  [ pdf ]

  147. Diziol, D., Rummel, N., Spada, H., & McLaren, B.M. (2007). Promoting learning in mathematics: Script support for collaborative problem solving with the Cognitive Tutor Algebra. In C.A. Chinn, G. Erkens & S. Puntambekar (Eds.), Mice, Minds and Society, Proceedings of the Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL-07), Vol 8 (pp. 39-41). International Society of the Learning Sciences, Inc. ISSN 1819-0146  [ pdf ]

  148. Walker, E., Rummel, N., McLaren, B.M., & Koedinger, K. (2007). The student becomes the master: Integrating peer tutoring with cognitive tutoring.  In C.A. Chinn, G. Erkens & S. Puntambekar (Eds.), Mice, Minds and Society, Proceedings of the Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL-07), Vol 8 (pp. 750-752). International Society of the Learning Sciences, Inc. ISSN 1819-0146  [ pdf ]

  149. Rummel, N., Diziol, D., Spada, H., & McLaren, B.M. (2007). Scripting collaborative problem solving with the Cognitive Tutor Algebra: A way to promote learning in mathematics.  Paper presented at the 12th European Conference for Research on Learning and Instruction (EARLI) 2007. Budapest, Hungary.  [ pdf ]

  150. Cornwell, J., Fette, I., Hsieh, Prabaker, M., Rao, J., Tang, K., Vaniea, K., Bauer, L. Cranor, L. Hong, J., McLaren, B., Reiter, M., & Sadeh, N. (2007).  User-controllable security and privacy for pervasive computing. In the Proceedings of the Eighth IEEE Workshop on Mobile Computing Systems and Applications (HotMobile), February 26-27, 2007.  Tucson, Arizona.  [ pdf ]

  151.  

    2006

    2006 Journal Articles

  152. Harrer, A., McLaren, B.M., Walker, E., Bollen, L., & Sewall, J. (2006). Creating cognitive tutors for collaborative learning: Steps toward realization. User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction: The Journal of Personalization Research (UMUAI), 16, 175-209.   [ pdf ]  [ Online Citation ]     (Journal article #4)

  153. McLaren, B.M. (2006). Computational models of ethical reasoning: Challenges, initial steps, and future directions. IEEE Intelligent Systems, Published by the IEEE Computer Society. July/August 2006. 29-37.  [ pdf ]      (Journal article #3)

  154. Aleven, V., McLaren, B., Roll, I., & Koedinger, K. (2006). Toward meta-cognitive tutoring: A model of help seeking with a cognitive tutor. International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education (IJAIED), 16(2), 101-128.   [ pdf ]  [ Online Citation ]     (Journal article #2)

    2006 Peer-Reviewed Conference, Workshop, and Symposium Papers

  155. McLaren, B.M., Lim, S., Gagnon, F., Yaron, D., & Koedinger, K.R. (2006). Studying the effects of personalized language and worked examples in the context of a web-based intelligent tutor. In M. Ikeda, K.D. Ashley, & T-W. Chan (Eds.), Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS-2006), Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 4053 (pp. 318-328). Berlin: Springer.  (Finalist for the Best Paper Award)  [ pdf ]

  156. Aleven, V., McLaren, B. M., Sewall, J., & Koedinger, K. R. (2006). The Cognitive Tutor Authoring Tools (CTAT): Preliminary evaluation of efficiency gains. In M. Ikeda, K.D. Ashley, & T-W. Chan (Eds.), Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS-2006), Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 4053 (pp. 61-70). Berlin: Springer.  [ pdf ]

  157. Roll, I., Aleven, V., McLaren, B.M., Ryu, E., Baker, R.S.J.d., & Koedinger, K.R. (2006). The Help Tutor: Does metacognitive feedback improve students' help-seeking actions, skills and learning? In M. Ikeda, K.D. Ashley, & T-W. Chan (Eds.), Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS-2006), Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 4053 (pp. 360-369). Berlin: Springer.  [ pdf ]

  158. Walker, E., Koedinger, K.R., McLaren, B., & Rummel, N. (2006). Cognitive Tutors as research platforms: Extending an established tutoring system for collaborative and metacognitive experimentation.  In M. Ikeda, K.D. Ashley, & T-W. Chan (Eds.), Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS-2006), Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 4053 (pp. 207-216). Berlin: Springer.  [ pdf ]

  159. Roll, I., Ryu, E., Sewall, J., Leber, B., McLaren, B.M., Aleven, V., & Koedinger, K.R. (2006). Towards teaching metacognition: Supporting spontaneous self-assessment.  In M. Ikeda, K.D. Ashley, & T-W. Chan (Eds.), Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS-2006), Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 4053 (pp. 738-740). Berlin: Springer.  [ pdf ]

  160. Rummel, N., Diziol, D., Spada, H., McLaren, B., Walker, E., & Koedinger, K. (2006). Flexible support for collaborative learning in the context of the Algebra I Cognitive Tutor. Workshop paper presented at the Seventh International Conference of the Learning Sciences (ICLS 2006). Bloomington, IN, USA. 2006. [ pdf ]

  161. Aleven, V., Sewall, J., McLaren, B.M., & Koedinger, K.R. (2006). Rapid authoring of intelligent tutors for real-world and experimental use.  In Kinshuk, R. Koper, P. Kommers, P. Kirschner, D. G. Sampson, & W. Didderen (Eds.), Proceedings of the 6th IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT 2006) (pp. 847-851). Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society.  [ pdf ]

  162.  

    2005

  163. McLaren, B.M. (2005). Lessons in machine ethics from the perspective of two computational models of ethical reasoning;   Presented at the AAAI Fall 2005 Symposium, Washington, D. C. In Papers from the AAAI Fall Symposium, Technical Report FS-05-06. (pp. 70-77). [ pdf ]

  164. Harrer, A., McLaren, B.M., Walker, E., Bollen, L., & Sewall, J. (2005). Collaboration and cognitive tutoring: Integration, empirical results, and future directions. In C-K. Looi, G. McCalla, B. Bredeweg, & J. Breuker (Eds.), Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education (AIED-05), Artificial Intelligence in Education: Supporting Learning through Intelligent and Socially Informed Technology. (pp. 266-273). IOS Press.  [ pdf ]

  165. Aleven, V., Roll, I., McLaren, B. M., Ryu, E.J., & Koedinger, K.R. (2005).  An architecture to combine meta-cognitive and cognitive tutoring: Pilot testing the Help Tutor.  In C-K. Looi, G. McCalla, B. Bredeweg, & J. Breuker (Eds.), Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education (AIED-05), Artificial Intelligence in Education: Supporting Learning through Intelligent and Socially Informed Technology. (pp. 17-24). IOS Press.  [ pdf ]

  166. McLaren, B.M., Bollen, L., Walker, E., Harrer, A., & Sewall, J. (2005).  Cognitive tutoring of collaboration: Developmental and empirical steps toward realization. In T. Koschmann, D. Suthers & T.W- Chan (Eds.), The next 10 years! Proceedings of the International Conference on Computer Support for Collaborative Learning 2005 (CSCL-05). (pp. 418-422). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.  [ pdf ]

  167. Roll, I., Baker, R.S., Aleven, V., McLaren, B. M., & Koedinger, K. (2005).  Modeling students’ metacognitive errors in two intelligent tutoring systems.  In L. Ardissono, P. Brna, & A. Mitrovic (Eds.), Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on User Modeling (UM'2005) (pp. 379-388). Berlin: Springer-Verlag. [ pdf ]

  168.  

    2004

  169. McLaren, B.M., Koedinger, K.R., Schneider, M., Harrer, A., & Bollen, L. (2004). Bootstrapping novice data: Semi-Automated tutor authoring using student log files.  In the Proceedings of the Workshop on Analyzing Student-Tutor Interaction Logs to Improve Educational Outcomes, Seventh International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS-2004). August 2004.  [ pdf ]

  170. McLaren, B.M., Koedinger, K.R., Schneider, M., Harrer, A., & Bollen, L. (2004).  Toward cognitive tutoring in a collaborative, web-based environment.  In Engineering Advanced Web Applications, From the Proceedings in Connection with the 4th International Conference on Web Engineering (ICWE 2004). Munich, Germany, 28-30 July, 2004. Rinton Press, (pp. 167-179).  [ pdf ]

  171. Aleven, V., McLaren, B., Roll, I., & Koedinger, K. (2004).  Toward tutoring help seeking: Applying cognitive modeling to meta-cognitive skills.  In Lester, J.C., Vicari, R.M., & Paraguacu, F. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS-2004), Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 3220 (pp. 227-239). Berlin: Springer.  (Won the Best Paper Award)  [ pdf ]

  172. Koedinger, K.R., Aleven, V., Heffernan, N., McLaren, B., & Hockenberry, M. (2004).  Opening the door to non-programmers: Authoring intelligent tutor behavior by demonstration.  In Lester, J.C., Vicari, R.M., & Paraguacu, F. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS-2004), Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 3220 (pp. 162-174). Berlin: Springer.  [ pdf ]

  173. Summers, J.D., McLaren, B.M., & Aha, D.W. (2004). Towards applying case-based reasoning to composable behavior modeling.  In the Proceedings of the 2004 Conference on Behavior Representation in Modeling and Simulation. (BRIMS-2004). (pp. 277-284). Arlington, VA: SISO.  [ pdf ]

  174.  

    2003

  175. McLaren, B.M. (2003). Extensionally defining principles and cases in ethics: An AI model. Artificial Intelligence Journal, 150, 145-181.   [ pdf ]  [ Online Citation ]     (Journal article #1)

     

    2001

  176. McLaren, B.M. & Ashley, K.D. (2001). Helping a CBR program know what it knows.  In D.W. Aha and I. Watson (Eds.),  Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Case-Based Reasoning (ICCBR-01), Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 2080. (pp. 377-391). Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.  [ pdf ]

  177. Ashley, K.D. & McLaren, B.M. (2001). An AI investigation of citation's epistemological role.  In the Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Law (ICAIL-01). St. Louis, Missouri. May 21-25, 2001. (pp. 32-41).  [ pdf ]

  178. McLaren, B.M., Hayes, P.J., & McKenna A.J. (2001). Intelligent trading networks: Peer-to-peer trading in a distribution marketplace. In P. Graham, M. Maheswaran, M. R. Eskicioglu (Eds.),  Proceedings of the International Conference on Internet Computing (IC-2001). Las Vegas, Nevada, June 25-28, 2001. (pp. 764-771). CSREA Press.  [ pdf ]

  179.  

    2000

  180. McLaren, B.M. & Ashley, K.D. (2000). Assessing relevance with extensionally defined principles and cases.  In the Proceedings of the 17th National Conference of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-00). Austin, Texas. (pp. 316-322). ISBN-10: 0-262-51112-6.  [ pdf ]

  181.  

    1999

  182. McLaren, B.M. & Ashley, K.D. (1999). Case representation, acquisition, and retrieval in SIROCCO.  In the Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Case-Based Reasoning (ICCBR-99), Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, 1650. Seeon, Germany, July, 1999. (pp. 248-262). Springer: Berlin.  [ pdf ]

  183.  

    1998

  184. McLaren, B.M. & Ashley, K.D. (1998). Exploring the dialectic between abstract rules and concrete facts: Operationalizing principles and cases in engineering ethics.  In B. Smyth & P. Cunningham (Eds.), Proceedings of the Fourth European Workshop on Case-Based Reasoning (EWCBR-98). Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, 1488. Dublin, Ireland, September, 1998. (pp. 37-51). Springer: Berlin.  [ pdf ]

  185.  

    1995

  186. Ashley, K.D. & McLaren, B.M. (1995).  Reasoning with reasons in case-based comparisons.  In the Proceedings of the First International Conference on Case-Based Reasoning (ICCBR-95). Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, 1010. October, 1995, Sesimbra, Portugal. (pp. 133-144). Springer: Berlin.  (Won the Distinguished Paper Award)  [ pdf ]

  187. McLaren, B. M. & Ashley, K. D. (1995).  Case-Based Comparative Evaluation in TRUTH-TELLER. In J.D. Moore & J.F. Lehman (Eds.), Proceedings of the Seventeenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 72-77). Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers 1995 Mahwah, New Jersey Hove, UK.

  188. McLaren, B. M. & Ashley, K. D. (1995).  Context sensitive case comparisons in practical ethics: Reasoning about reasons.  In the Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Law, May, 1995, College Park, Maryland. (pp. 316-325). ISBN:0-89791-758-8.

  189.  

    1994

  190. Ashley, K.D. & McLaren, B.M. (1994).  A CBR knowledge representation for practical ethics.  In J-P. Haton, M. Keane, & M. Manago (Eds.),  Proceedings of the Second European Workshop on Case-Based Reasoning (EWCBR-94). Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, 984. Chantilly, France, November, 1994. (pp. 181-197). Springer: Berlin.  [ pdf ]

  191. Ashley, K.D. & McLaren, B.M. (1994).  Evaluating comparative evaluation models.  In the Proceedings of the Workshop on Case-Based Reasoning,  AAAI-94,  August, 1994, Seattle, Washington. (pp. 164-171)  [ pdf ]

  192.  

    1990

  193. McLaren, B. & Kahn, G. (1990).  TEST+: The extension of an application shell for turbine-generator diagnosis.  In the Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Expert Systems in Production and Operations Management, May 1990, Hilton Head, South Carolina.  [ pdf ]

  194.  

    1988

  195. Brancaleoni, C., Bugno, L., Cavalloro, P., Neuss, P., & McLaren, B. (1988).  Italsim: A knowledge-based simulation of a PCB manufacturing plant.  In the Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Simulation, November 1-3, 1988, London, England and the Knowledge Forum, Volume 2, Issue 6, December, 1988, Printed by Carnegie Group Inc., Pittsburgh, Pa.  [ pdf ]

  196. McLaren, B., Neuss, P., & De Groote, O. (1988).  The Integrated Modeling Package (IMP): An object-oriented module for manufacturing simulation. In the Proceedings of the Second European Simulation Multiconference, June 1988, Nice, France and the Knowledge Forum, Volume 2, Issue 3, June, 1988, Printed by Carnegie Group Inc., Pittsburgh, Pa.

  197.  

    1986

  198. Smith, S., Ow, P., LePape, C., McLaren, B., & Muscettola, N. (1986). Integrating multiple scheduling perspectives to generate detailed production plans.  In the Proceedings of the Artificial Intelligence in Manufacturing Conference, September 1986, Long Beach, California.



Book Chapters

Loll, F., Pinkwart, N., Scheuer, O., & McLaren, B.M.  (2012).  “How Tough Should It Be? Simplifying the Development of Argumentation Systems using a Configurable Platform.”  In N. Pinkwart, & B. M. McLaren (Eds.), Educational Technologies for Teaching Argumentation Skills, Bentham Science Publishers.   [ pdf ]   [ Online Citation ]

Scheuer, O., McLaren, B.M., Loll, F., & N. Pinkwart  (2012).  “Automated Analysis and Feedback Techniques to Support and Teach Argumentation: A Survey.”  In N. Pinkwart & B.M. McLaren (Eds.) Educational Technologies for Teaching Argumentation Skills, Bentham Science Publishers.   [ pdf ]   [ Online Citation ]

Scheuer, O. &  McLaren, B.M. (2012). "Educational Data Mining."  In: N. M. Seel (Ed.), Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning, (pp. 1075-1079).  Springer, New York.   [ pdf ]

McLaren, B.M.  (2011).  “Computational Models of Ethical Reasoning: Challenges, Initial Steps, and Future Directions.”  In M. Anderson & S.L. Anderson (Eds.), Machine Ethics. Chapter 17,  297-315, Cambridge University Press.   [ pdf ]  [ Online Citation ]

Tchounikine, P., Rummel, N. & McLaren, B.M.  (2010).  “Computer Supported Collaborative Learning and Intelligent Tutoring Systems.”  In R. Nkambo, J.Bourdeau, & R. Mizoguchi (Eds.) Advances in Intelligent Tutoring Systems. Chapter 22, 447-463, Springer.  [ pdf ]  [ Online Citation ]

Aleven, V., McLaren, B.M., & Koedinger, K.R.  (2006).  “Toward Computer-Based Tutoring of Help-Seeking Skills.” In Help Seeking in Academic Settings: Goals, Groups and Contexts, Published in March 2006, ISBN 0-8058-5220-4, Chapter 10, 259-296, Lawrence Erlbaum Publishers.  [ pdf ]  [ Online Citation ]



Technical Reports

A Theoretical Analysis on the Challenges of Applying Case-Based Reasoning for Composable Behavior Modeling; (Technical Report AIC-04-001); Summers, J. D., Aha, D. W., McLaren, B., Reece, D. A., & McCormack, J., Washington, D.C.: Naval Research Laboratory, Navy Center for Applied Research in Artificial Intelligence, January 2004.



Commercial White Papers

What Happens When We Learn Together: A Research-Based Whitepaper on the Power of Collaborative Learning; McLaren, B.M.  Printed by Wiley & Sons, November, 2014.   [ pdf ]

Adaptive Online Learning: The Present and Future of Education; McLaren, B.M.  Printed by Wiley & Sons, November, 2013.   [ pdf ]

Trading Network Connectivity and Standards for the Automotive Aftermarket; Van Den Berg, P. & McLaren, B. M. CarParts white paper, October 2002.

Uncertainty Management Using Knowledge Craft (TM); Herbert, D. & McLaren, B., The Knowledge Forum, Volume 1, Issue 1, February 1987, Printed by Carnegie Group Inc., Pittsburgh, Pa.

Dissertation Research

My Ph.D. research, completed in 1999 at the University of Pittsburgh, was in the area of case-based reasoning (CBR) and its application to ethical reasoning. An abstract of my dissertation is found below. My Ph.D. advisor was Kevin Ashley whose work is well known in the field of case-based reasoning, particularly as it applies to legal reasoning. The rest of my Ph.D. committee was Bruce Buchanan, Martha Pollack, and Manuela Veloso.

Assessing the Relevance of Cases and Principles using Operationalization Techniques

Abstract
As part of my exploration into how abstract principles can be applied to specific fact situations, I developed and experimented with SIROCCO, a Case-Based Reasoning (CBR) retrieval and analysis system applied to the domain of engineering ethics. SIROCCO is intended to retrieve decided engineering ethics cases and previously applied ethics codes to assist in the analysis of new cases. My study of a large corpus of engineering ethics cases revealed a set of operationalization techniques that provide the cornerstone for SIROCCO's functionality. Ultimately, SIROCCO will act as a tool for engineers and engineering students in improving access to an on-line resource of engineering ethics experience. In my dissertation I report on the underlying architecture and language of SIROCCO, on the world-wide web tool I developed to perform case acquisition (www.cs.cmu.edu/~bmclaren/ethics), and on experiments I performed to test my hypothesis that SIROCCO's operationalization techniques improve the accuracy of code and case retrieval.

My dissertation can be downloaded as a .pdf file (Intro, Body).