Underground spaces such as old mines, sewers, and caves
preclude safe human access and motivate the use of robots
for exploration, operation and rescue. The issues, technologies,
and systems that pertain to underground spaces are unique,
giving rise to the emerging discipline of Subterranean Robotics.
Current stat-of-the-art is insufficient for the functionality
and rigor required for operational subterranean robotic
Subterranean robotics is an active research and development
group located in the Field
Robotics Center at Carnegie
Mellon's Robotics Institute.