Topological Inference via Meshing
SOCG: ACM Symposium on Computational Geometry 2010
We apply ideas from mesh generation to improve the time and space complexities of computing the full persistent homological information associated with a point cloud $P$ in Euclidean space $R^d$. Classical approaches rely on the Cech, Rips, $\alpha$-complex, or witness complex filtrations of $P$, whose complexities scale badly with $d$. For instance, the $\alpha$-complex filtration incurs the $n^{\Omega(d)}$ size of the Delaunay triangulation, where $n$ is the size of $P$. The common alternative is to truncate the filtrations when the sizes of the complexes become prohibitive, possibly before discovering the most relevant topological features. In this paper we propose a new collection of filtrations, based on the Delaunay triangulation of a carefully-chosen superset of $P$, whose sizes are reduced to $2^{O(d^2)}n$. A nice property of these filtrations is to be interleaved multiplicatively with the family of offsets of $P$, so that the persistence diagram of $P$ can be approximated in $2^{O(d^2)}n^3$ time in theory, with a near-linear observed running time in practice. Thus, our approach remains tractable in medium dimensions, say 4 to 10.
  Title = {Topological Inference via Meshing},
  Author = {Beno\^{i}t Hudson and Steve Y. Oudot and Gary L. Miller and Donald R. Sheehy},
  Booktitle = {SOCG: Proceedings of the 26th ACM Symposium on Computational Geometry},
  Year = {2010}}