CMU Artificial Intelligence Repository
PC Kimmo: Two-Level Processor for Morphological Analysis
PC-Kimmo is a new implementation of a program dubbed KIMMO after its
inventor Kimmo Koskenniemi (see Koskenniemi 1983). The program is
designed to generate (produce) and/or recognize (parse) words using a
two-level model of word structure in which a word is represented as a
correspondence between its lexical level form and its surface level
form. PC-Kimmo includes descriptions for English, Finnish,
Japanese, Hebrew, Kasem, Tagalog, and Turkish.
Version: 1.0.8 (18-FEB-92)
Ports: Unix (SysV, BSD), DOS, Macintosh
Copying: Copyright (c) 1990-92 by the Summer Institute of
The PC-KIMMO executable program and the source code
library are copyrighted but are made freely available to
the general public under the condition that they not be
resold or used for commercial purposes.
CD-ROM: Prime Time Freeware for AI, Issue 1-1
Author(s): Evan L. Antworth
Summer Institute of Linguistics
Academic Computing Department
7500 W. Camp Wisdom Road
Dallas, TX 75236 U.S.A.
Authors!Antworth, C!Code, KIMMO, Morphology, NLP, PC-Kimmo
Antworth, Evan L., "PC-KIMMO: A two-level processor for morphological
analysis", Occasional Publications in Academic Computing No. 16,
Summer Institute of Linguistics, Dallas, TX, 1990.
273 pages, ISBN 0-88312-639-7 paperbound ($24.00).
Antworth, Evan L., "Glossing text with the PC-KIMMO morphological parser",
Computers and the Humanities 26:475-484, 1993.
Karttunen, Lauri, "KIMMO: A general morphological processor" Texas
Linguistic Forum 22:163-186, 1983.
Koskenniemi, Kimmo. "Two-level morphology: A general computational
model for word-form recognition and production", Publication No. 11,
University of Helsinki, Department of General Linguistics, 1983.
Miles, Nathan L., "Automatic generation of two-level FSM
tables", M.A. thesis, Ohio State University, 1991. [Description of the
KGEN rule compiler.]
Sproat, Richard, Review of "PC-KIMMO: A two-level processor for
morphological analysis" by Evan L. Antworth, Computational Linguistics
Last Web update on Mon Feb 13 10:26:36 1995