[HARLEQUIN][Common Lisp HyperSpec (TM)] [Previous][Up][Next]

Function COMPLEX


complex realpart &optional imagpart => complex

Arguments and Values:

realpart---a real.

imagpart---a real.

complex---a rational or a complex.


complex returns a number whose real part is realpart and whose imaginary part is imagpart.

If realpart is a rational and imagpart is the rational number zero, the result of complex is realpart, a rational. Otherwise, the result is a complex.

If either realpart or imagpart is a float, the non-float is converted to a float before the complex is created. If imagpart is not supplied, the imaginary part is a zero of the same type as realpart; i.e., (coerce 0 (type-of realpart)) is effectively used.

Type upgrading implies a movement upwards in the type hierarchy lattice. In the case of complexes, the type-specifier must be a subtype of (upgraded-complex-part-type type-specifier). If type-specifier1 is a subtype of type-specifier2, then (upgraded-complex-element-type 'type-specifier1) must also be a subtype of (upgraded-complex-element-type 'type-specifier2). Two disjoint types can be upgraded into the same thing.


 (complex 0) =>  0
 (complex 0.0) =>  #C(0.0 0.0)
 (complex 1 1/2) =>  #C(1 1/2)
 (complex 1 .99) =>  #C(1.0 0.99)
 (complex 3/2 0.0) =>  #C(1.5 0.0)

Side Effects: None.

Affected By: None.

Exceptional Situations: None.

See Also:

realpart, imagpart, Section (Sharpsign C)

Notes: None.

The following X3J13 cleanup issue, not part of the specification, applies to this section:

[Starting Points][Contents][Index][Symbols][Glossary][Issues]
Copyright 1996, The Harlequin Group Limited. All Rights Reserved.