Lab 4: Basic Network Communication and AES in Python
In this lab you will write a very simple client to connect to a server, retrieve some ciphertext, and decrypt it.
Your instructor will provide you with a hostname and port where you can find a simple fortune server. When you connect to this server over TCP it sends you an encrypted fortune. You job is to write a client that connects to the server, retrieves ciphertext, decrypts it, and then displays the fortune to the user. Here is some important information:
- The server encrypts using AES in CBC mode.
- The key used for all encryption is
- The initial vector used for the encryption is sent first (as 16 raw bytes).
- After the IV, the CT is sent (as raw bytes).
- The server closes the connection when it is finished sending bytes.
- Take a look at the socket api for Python. (The link is is for Python 3.6, but you can change the version in the upper left of the page.)
- Take a look at the pycrypto api. It includes implementations of many useful cryptographic primitives.
- Socket programming is a big topic, so here is some sample code to open a new connection to a given port, read some bytes, and print them:
import socket sock = socket.create_connection(('rainmaker.wunderground.com', 23)) data = sock.recv(8192) print(data) sock.close()
- Note that
recv(num_bytes)will receive at most
num_bytes, but may return less. If you want to make sure you get a specific number of bytes, you may need to build a loop to do so. (Although frequently you are just lucky and get the number of bytes you expected…)
- If you call
recv()and there is no data available to be read, then it will block and your program will wait until there is data to be read, the connection is closed, or a timeout occurs.
- When passing a key or IV to the pycrypto library, you should be passing raw bytes. For example, a 128-bit key (16 bytes) should be a 16-byte buffer containing the bytes, not an integer.