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Gender Differences in Speech

Male and female speakers use many different word forms in Arabic. Certain inflectional components reflect the gender of the speaker. Arabic syntax is also affected by the gender of the listener.

Generating the appropriate grammar for a given situation is, of course, the task of the language generation module and not the synthesizer, and we have not addressed this in our system. It should be noted, however, that when speech output is the final product of a translation system, inappropriate gender marking is perhaps more obvious and unsatisfactory than it is when the system generates only text.

Alan W Black 2003-10-27