0. DOCID:23961 SCORE: 0.00312046074347326
DOCNO: 7796196
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Women, Working
QUALIFIER: epidemiology
QUALIFIER: epidemiology
QUALIFIER: epidemiology
QUALIFIER: epidemiology
AUTHOR: G Wingren G
AUTHOR: A Hallquist A
AUTHOR: A Degerman A
AUTHOR: L Hardell L
AFFILIATION: Department of Occupational Medicine, University Hospital, Linköping, Sweden.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Journal of occupational and environmental medicine / American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Occupation and female papillary cancer of the thyroid.
PUBDATE: 19950301
This article presents the joint results of two Swedish case-control studies regarding occupational exposure and female papillary thyroid cancer. Questionnaires inquiring about lifetime occupations and specific occupational exposures were mailed to cases and controls, aged 20 to 70 years. Some 185 female papillary or mixed cancer cases and 426 female controls were included in the analysis. Increased risks were seen for women who had worked as a dentist/dental assistant, teacher, shoemaker, or warehouse worker. In addition, occupational contacts with undefined chemicals, x-rays, or video display terminals were indicated as risk factors.


1. DOCID:19924 SCORE: 0.00287605695582356
DOCNO: 2161782
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Adenocarcinoma
DESCRIPTOR: Breast Neoplasms
DESCRIPTOR: Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating
DESCRIPTOR: Neoplasms, Multiple Primary
DESCRIPTOR: Uterine Neoplasms
AUTHOR: G Atlante G
AUTHOR: M Pozzi M
AUTHOR: C Vincenzoni C
AUTHOR: G Vocaturo G
AFFILIATION: Department of Gynecological Oncology, Regina Elena National Cancer Institute, Rome, Italy.
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Gynecologic oncology.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Four case reports presenting new acquisitions on the association between breast and endometrial carcinoma.
PUBDATE: 19900601
In recent years, the association between breast and endometrial cancer has been the subject of many studies. The present report describes four cases of this association in which tamoxifen had been administered to all of the patients. Data have been published regarding the possibility that tamoxifen may be responsible for the subsequent development of carcinoma of the corpus uteri in these patients. The authors intend to carry out a case-control study on patients treated with tamoxifen for breast carcinoma to reveal the possible presence of endometrial carcinoma.


2. DOCID:19970 SCORE: 0.00271480511787259
DOCNO: 1717224
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: pharmacology
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
QUALIFIER: complications
AUTHOR: P A Todd PA
AUTHOR: A Fitton A
AFFILIATION: Adis International Limited, Auckland, New Zealand.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Drugs.
COUNTRY: NEW ZEALAND
TITLE: Gallium nitrate. A review of its pharmacological properties and therapeutic potential in cancer related hypercalcaemia.
PUBDATE: 19910801
Gallium nitrate, a novel drug for the treatment of cancer-related hypercalcaemia, inhibits osteoclast activity but does not affect osteoclast morphology or viability. Limited clinical experience in patients with cancer-related hypercalcaemia indicates that gallium nitrate is effective in restoring normocalcaemia in 75 to 85% of patients and is well tolerated in those with preserved renal function, producing few clinically relevant adverse effects. In comparative clinical trials it proved a more effective antihypercalcaemic agent than calcitonin or etidronate and produced a longer lasting normocalcaemic response. Gallium nitrate would appear to be indicated in symptomatic patients with cancer-related hypercalcaemia who have failed to respond to adequate rehydration.


3. DOCID:23782 SCORE: 0.00270098085977145
DOCNO: 8085087
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: complications
QUALIFIER: complications
QUALIFIER: complications
AUTHOR: J A Pérez JA
AUTHOR: R Silva R
AUTHOR: M del Pozo M
AUTHOR: E Henning E
AFFILIATION: Instituto de Cirugía, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia.
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Revista médica de Chile.
COUNTRY: CHILE
TITLE: [Diffuse hyperthyroid goiter associated with occult papillary carcinoma of the thyroid. Report of 2 cases]
PUBDATE: 19940201
The association of diffuse hyperthyroid goiter and thyroid cancer is rare and interesting, considering that both diseases affect the same organ but have different pathogenesis and prognosis. We report two patients that consulted for diffuse hyperthyroid goiter and were subjected to a subtotal bilateral thyroidectomy due to antithyroid drug failure. Pathological study revealed the coexistence of diffuse gland hyperplasia and a papillary thyroid carcinoma of less than 7 mm phi. In both cases, the thyroid remanent was ablated with radioactive iodine during the postoperative period and thyroid substitution was started.


4. DOCID:21397 SCORE: 0.00267228308057991
DOCNO: 7734605
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Mass Screening
DESCRIPTOR: Patient Acceptance of Health Care
DESCRIPTOR: Vaginal Smears
QUALIFIER: statistics & numerical data
QUALIFIER: prevention & control
AUTHOR: A Ruge A
AUTHOR: C Lee C
AUTHOR: W J Brown WJ
AFFILIATION: Department of Psychology, University of Newcastle.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Australian journal of public health.
COUNTRY: AUSTRALIA
TITLE: Inpatient cervical screening: a survey of patient acceptability.
PUBDATE: 19950201
Offering Pap tests to hospital inpatients could increase cervical screening rates. A survey to examine the acceptability of this concept was conducted with female inpatients in a rural public hospital. A large majority reported that they would find hospital Pap tests acceptable. Acceptability was not related to Pap test status, attitudes, or knowledge of cervical cancer. This strategy may provide access to cervical screening for underscreened groups.


5. DOCID:22843 SCORE: 0.00265203225946249
DOCNO: 7979425
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Infusion Pumps, Implantable
QUALIFIER: administration & dosage
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
AUTHOR: Y Hata Y
AUTHOR: S Morita S
AUTHOR: N Hisa N
AUTHOR: Y Fujiwara Y
AUTHOR: T Higaki T
AUTHOR: O Kamiike O
AUTHOR: D Yoshida D
AUTHOR: S Yoshida S
AFFILIATION: Dept. of Radiology, Kochi Medical School.
PUBTYPE: Clinical Trial
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: [Evaluation of arterial infusion chemotherapy for advanced gallbladder cancer using implantable port]
PUBDATE: 19941101
Seven patients with advanced gallbladder cancer were treated by arterial infusion chemotherapy. Five patients had unresectable tumor, and two had liver metastases after resection of primary tumor. The response rate was 42.9% (3 PR), and the 1-year survival rate was 35.7%. No severe side effect was found. We conclude that arterial infusion chemotherapy is effective for advanced gallbladder cancer, and that a more effective regimen and adjuvant therapy should be established.


6. DOCID:23684 SCORE: 0.0026042782095855
DOCNO: 8080300
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: administration & dosage
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
AUTHOR: K Ota K
AUTHOR: T Nakajima T
AUTHOR: S Ishihara S
AUTHOR: S Oyama S
AUTHOR: K Wakabayashi K
AUTHOR: M Nishi M
AFFILIATION: Division of Surgery, Cancer Institute Hospital.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: [Treatment of recurrent gastric cancer]
PUBDATE: 19940801
The recurrence rate of resected gastric cancer was 31.9%. The rate was in creasingly higher in proportion to the lack of radicality. The most common type of recurrence was peritoneal dissemination, followed by hematogeneous metastasis, local recurrence, and distant lymph node metastasis. The treatments for recurrence were surgery (9.3%) and chemotherapy (16.1%). Systemic chemotherapy (intravenous iv) was common, and local chemotherapy (intraarterial ia, intraperitoneal ip) was rate. The efficacy of systemic chemotherapy (iv) for recurrent gastric cancer without local recurrence was suggested. The efficacy of local chemotherapy (ia) was suggested for peritoneal dissemination and local recurrence.


7. DOCID:19823 SCORE: 0.0025313426417072
DOCNO: 2041248
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Brachiocephalic Veins
DESCRIPTOR: Peptic Ulcer Perforation
DESCRIPTOR: Pericardium
QUALIFIER: surgery
QUALIFIER: surgery
QUALIFIER: etiology
QUALIFIER: etiology
QUALIFIER: complications
AUTHOR: I Shima I
AUTHOR: T Kakegawa T
AUTHOR: H Fujita H
AUTHOR: H Yamana H
AUTHOR: G Shirouzu G
AUTHOR: T Minami T
AUTHOR: Y Toh Y
AUTHOR: H Nishida H
AUTHOR: S Sueyoshi S
AFFILIATION: First Department of Surgery, Kurume University School of Medicine, Japan.
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: The Japanese journal of surgery.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: Gastropericardial and gastrobrachiocephalic vein fistulae caused by penetrating ulcers in a gastric pedicle following esophageal cancer resection: a case report.
PUBDATE: 19910101
The gastric pedicle is commonly used for reconstruction following resection of esophageal cancer. However, we recently experienced a case in which two gastric tube ulcers occurred three months postoperatively; one penetrating into the pericardial cavity and the other into the left brachiocephalic vein. To our knowledge, no other such a case has ever been reported and we therefore report and discuss its etiology and management.


8. DOCID:21743 SCORE: 0.00252627048698266
DOCNO: 8946875
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: adverse effects
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
QUALIFIER: adverse effects
QUALIFIER: chemically induced
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
AUTHOR: H Gogas H
AUTHOR: D Fennelly D
AFFILIATION: Gynecological Oncology Service, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10021, USA.
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Gynecologic oncology.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Avascular necrosis following extensive chemotherapy and dexamethasone treatment in a patient with advanced ovarian cancer: case report and review of the literature.
PUBDATE: 19961201
Avascular necrosis has long been recognized as a complication of glucorticoid therapy. With the recent recognition of paclitaxel's activity in advanced ovarian cancer, increasing attention has been focused on the concomitant use of corticosteroid premedication and its associated morbidities. This report describes avascular necrosis occurring in a patient receiving chemotherapy with corticosteroid medication for advanced recurrent ovarian cancer.


9. DOCID:23592 SCORE: 0.00249021817703989
DOCNO: 8801698
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: prevention & control
AUTHOR: D Gyrd-Hansen D
AUTHOR: B Hølund B
AUTHOR: P Andersen P
AFFILIATION: Odense Universitet, Center for Helsetjenesteforskning og Socialpolitik.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Ugeskrift for laeger.
COUNTRY: DENMARK
TITLE: [Costs and effects of alternative screening programs against cervical cancer]
PUBDATE: 19960801
This paper presents a framework for comparison of screening programme designs, based on efficiency and cost effectiveness criteria. Design parameters such as choice of screening interval and which population segments to screen are varied simultaneously. The costs and effects for a range of existing and hypothetical screening programmes for cervical cancer are estimated, using a mathematical simulation model. On the basis of these estimations incremental costs per life year are calculated for a range of programmes. Efficiency and cost effectiveness criteria indicate that extending screening programmes for cervical cancer beyond screening women in the age group 25-59 years every four years may not be optimal.


10. DOCID:23217 SCORE: 0.00248532310097935
DOCNO: 9166079
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: methods
QUALIFIER: radiotherapy
AUTHOR: N J Slevin NJ
AUTHOR: J M Wilkinson JM
AUTHOR: H M Filby HM
AUTHOR: N K Gupta NK
AFFILIATION: Department of Clinical Oncology, Christie Hospital NHS Trust, Withington, Manchester, UK.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: The British journal of radiology.
COUNTRY: ENGLAND
TITLE: Intracavitary radiotherapy boosting for nasopharynx cancer.
PUBDATE: 19970401
Intracavitary radiotherapy is conceptually an attractive method of boosting dose to nasopharynx cancer whilst sparing sensitive normal tissues. A high dose rate (HDR) microselectron can be used to deliver a brachytherapy boost conveniently, safely, comfortably and effectively. Following external radiotherapy a single outpatient treatment has been given to patients using the remote afterloading system of sources placed in modified paediatric endotracheal tubes. This has been associated with good primary control and no evidence of serious morbidity in eight patients. The main limitation of this method is restriction of its utilization to small volume primary disease.


11. DOCID:19485 SCORE: 0.00247752713184737
DOCNO: 1511155
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: genetics
QUALIFIER: genetics
AUTHOR: D Malkin D
AUTHOR: S H Friend SH
AFFILIATION: Division of Oncology, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Seminars in cancer biology.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: The role of tumour suppressor genes in familial cancer.
PUBDATE: 19920601
Many forms of cancer have a higher incidence in relatives of patients than in the general population, and some show Mendelian inheritance. Although individuals genetically predisposed to cancer represent a minority of all cancer patients, the genetic basis for their disease has profound significance. These familial cases provide strong evidence that germline alterations can contribute to cancer. They also provide an ideal opportunity to identify and isolate the genes mutated in common cancers. Products of the tumour suppressor genes have been implicated in several hereditary forms of cancer. The distinct functions of these proteins and their roles in familial cancer will be discussed.


12. DOCID:23632 SCORE: 0.00245708294804449
DOCNO: 8792623
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: chemistry
QUALIFIER: chemistry
QUALIFIER: drug effects
QUALIFIER: chemistry
AUTHOR: T C McKee TC
AUTHOR: R W Fuller RW
AUTHOR: C D Covington CD
AUTHOR: J H Cardellina JH
AUTHOR: R J Gulakowski RJ
AUTHOR: B L Krepps BL
AUTHOR: J B McMahon JB
AUTHOR: M R Boyd MR
AFFILIATION: Division of Cancer Treatment, Diagnosis and Centers, National Cancer Institute, NCI-FCRDC, Frederick, Maryland 21702-1201, USA.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Journal of natural products.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: New pyranocoumarins isolated from Calophyllum lanigerum and Calophyllum teysmannii.
PUBDATE: 19960801
During a chemotaxonomic survey of Calophyllum extracts present in the National Cancer Institute's natural product repository, four new pyranocoumarins were isolated from extracts of C. lanigerum var. austrocoriaceum and C. teysmannii var. inophylloide (King.) P. F. Stevens (Clusiaceae). The structure elucidation and anti-HIV activity of calanolide E2 (4), cordatolide E (5), pseudocordatolide C (6), and calanolide F (9), along with a simple prenylated coumarin precursor (11), are described here.


13. DOCID:18996 SCORE: 0.00242802083005209
DOCNO: 2186398
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Mass Screening
QUALIFIER: prevention & control
AUTHOR: G R Epler GR
AFFILIATION: New England Baptist Hospital, Boston, MA 02120.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Postgraduate medicine.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Screening for lung cancer. Is it worthwhile?
PUBDATE: 19900501
Prevention of lung cancer remains the best method of decreasing lung cancer mortality. Patients who smoke should be urged to quit, and children, teenagers, and young adults must not begin smoking. At high risk are smokers, especially those under 40 years of age who may have smoked two to four packs of cigarettes per day for 20 years; persons who have had a previous lung cancer; patients with bullous emphysema; patients with asbestosis; and patients with evidence of chronic airflow obstruction. Although radiographic screening may detect lung cancer earlier and lead to increased 5-year survival rates, it does not reduce lung cancer mortality rates.


14. DOCID:19927 SCORE: 0.00237812425466057
DOCNO: 2188307
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Tomography, X-Ray Computed
QUALIFIER: radiography
AUTHOR: A Scherrer A
AUTHOR: F Reboul F
AUTHOR: D Martin D
AUTHOR: J C Dupuy JC
AUTHOR: Y Menu Y
AFFILIATION: Department of Radiology, Clinique St Catherine, Avignon, France.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Radiographics : a review publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: CT of malignant anal canal tumors.
PUBDATE: 19900501
Radiation therapy of malignant neoplasms of the anal canal has promising results in the majority of patients if the disease is limited at initial diagnosis. Computed tomography (CT), especially when performed with contrast material injected intravenously, is valuable in the pre- and posttreatment assessment of the anorectal musculature and perirectal nodes. The authors review the anatomy of the anorectal area and their experience with CT evaluation of anal canal cancer in a series of 26 patients. They also discuss their experience with treatment of this cancer in a series of 48 patients.