0. DOCID:13218 SCORE: 0.00202617794879824
DOCNO: 2664681
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Circumcision
AUTHOR: G F Anderson GF
AFFILIATION: Minneapolis Children's Medical Center, MN.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Pediatric annals.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Circumcision.
PUBDATE: 19890301
There are no absolutes regarding circumcision, and the decision to circumcise a child as a newborn or otherwise must be made after carefully weighing the alternatives to, and risks and benefits of, this common surgical procedure. These alternatives, risks, and benefits must be fully explained to parents considering circumcision, and informed consent must be obtained. In well-trained, experienced hands, circumcision is a safe procedure that effectively eliminates proven problems such as cancer of the penis, and may eliminate the problems of increased risk of urinary tract infection and sexually transmitted diseases.


1. DOCID:14471 SCORE: 0.0019112176928916
DOCNO: 2619344
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: mortality
AUTHOR: J L Alfonso JL
AUTHOR: C Cortés C
AUTHOR: F Giménez F
AUTHOR: P Cortina P
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Archivos españoles de urología.
COUNTRY: SPAIN
TITLE: [Cancer of the testis: risk factors and evolution of mortality in Spain (1951-1983)]
PUBDATE: 19891001
Herein we report the results of a study on the mortality trends of testicular cancer in Spain from 1951-1983. The study showed that following a long period of increased mortality, overall mortality rates for all age groups have dropped in recent years. However, the mortality rate has increased for the young and middle-aged males and has dropped for the older age groups. A similar finding has been observed for other countries such as the United States. We have attempted to interpret these changes based on the risk factors for this type of cancer.


2. DOCID:9809 SCORE: 0.00190954564941227
DOCNO: 6437342
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: administration & dosage
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
AUTHOR: H Furue H
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: [Fluorinated pyrimidines--administration methods]
PUBDATE: 19841101
In spite of the fact that fluorinated pyrimidines have been in extensive clinical use for more than 25 years, the optimal dose, route of administration and schedule have yet to be determined. An adequate course is considered to be one that produces either an objective response or mild toxicity. However, modification of dose schedule have shown considerable variation in rate of response, drug toxicity, and drug mortality. In contrast to its rapid clearance from blood, 5-fluorouracil may persist for prolonged period in cancer tissue. More detailed measurements of their metabolites in cancer tissue may lead to an improved understanding of 5-fluorouracil treatment.


3. DOCID:15006 SCORE: 0.00189800036710471
DOCNO: 3167777
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: mortality
AUTHOR: T Siddiqui T
AUTHOR: R Weiner R
AUTHOR: J Moreb J
AUTHOR: R D Marsh RD
AFFILIATION: Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Cancer.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Cancer of the male breast with prolonged survival.
PUBDATE: 19881001
A retrospective review of patients suffering from male breast cancer was carried out at the Shands Teaching Hospital of the University of Florida. Thirteen evaluable cases were analyzed. Three patients were in Stage I, two patients in Stage II, none in Stage III, and eight in Stage IV. Two of the patients with Stage IV disease have had remarkably prolonged survivals of 194 months and 128 months. Such prolonged survivals are unusual. It is possible that the biology of male breast cancer is different from the female, and the disease should be approached more optimistically than it has in the past.


4. DOCID:8281 SCORE: 0.00189497540233883
DOCNO: 6729813
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: pathology
QUALIFIER: pharmacology
QUALIFIER: analogs & derivatives
QUALIFIER: pathology
AUTHOR: S Okuyama S
AUTHOR: H Mishina H
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: The Tohoku journal of experimental medicine.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: Decrease in saturation density of mammalian carcinoma cell culture during exposure to bestatin, a clinically applicable agent.
PUBDATE: 19840301
Bestatin, one of the small molecular products of Streptomyces olivoreticuli , and a potential immunostimulator, was shown to decrease the saturation density of murine carcinoma cell culture. The finding may indicate a possibility of direct action of bestatin upon cancer cells presumably resulting in cancer cell redifferention .


5. DOCID:14894 SCORE: 0.00185145742625425
DOCNO: 3783954
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: surgery
QUALIFIER: surgery
AUTHOR: R Mizumoto R
AUTHOR: Y Ogura Y
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Gan no rinsho. Japan journal of cancer clinics.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: [Treatment of cancer of the gallbladder and bile ducts]
PUBDATE: 19860801
Cancer of the gallbladder carries a grim prognosis, because the disease is usually too advanced and surgically incurable at the laparotomy. In our series, the curative resection rate is only 16.7%. However, palliative resection with postoperative irradiation have possible effects on the prolongation of survival periods. Cancer of the bile duct has better prognosis, than that of the gallbladder, because the early occurrence of obstructive jaundice often leads to curative resection. In our series, however, the curative resection rate is only 50.0%. More aggressive surgical therapy might improve the surgical figures. In addition, postoperative radiation therapy and immuno-chemotherapy may have possible effects as adjuvant therapy.


6. DOCID:13023 SCORE: 0.00183667597135834
DOCNO: 3289500
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Infusion Pumps
QUALIFIER: administration & dosage
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
AUTHOR: Y Mizushima Y
AFFILIATION: Dept. of Internal Medicine, St. Marianna University.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: [Drug delivery systems]
PUBDATE: 19880601
Progress in drug delivery system (DDS) is described. Definition, type and merit of each DDS are discussed. The, most important subject of DDS is in cancer treatment, and various methods of cancer treatment using DDS have been studied. In addition to the cancer treatment, DDS is employed for the treatment of other diseases, and some of the DDS seem more useful than that in cancer treatment, which will be also available against cancer in the future.


7. DOCID:11508 SCORE: 0.00178573835463048
DOCNO: 6308709
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Mass Chest X-Ray
QUALIFIER: radiography
AUTHOR: J R Muhm JR
AUTHOR: W E Miller WE
AUTHOR: R S Fontana RS
AUTHOR: D R Sanderson DR
AUTHOR: M A Uhlenhopp MA
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Radiology.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Lung cancer detected during a screening program using four-month chest radiographs.
PUBDATE: 19830901
Ninety-two lung cancers were detected in the Mayo Lung Project in patients undergoing chest radiography every four months for screening. Fifty patients had a peripheral nodule, 16 had a perihilar nodule, 20 had hilar or mediastinal enlargement, and six had pneumonitis. The peripheral cancers grew slowly. Ninety per cent were visible in retrospect for months or even years. Despite this, 70% of the peripheral cancers were classified as postsurgical American Joint Committee (AJC) Stage 1. The central cancers grew rapidly, usually presenting as hilar or mediastinal enlargements after normal findings on the previous radiograph obtained four months earlier. Most were classified as AJC Stage 3 tumors.


8. DOCID:11498 SCORE: 0.0017857376097564
DOCNO: 6288783
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Tomography, X-Ray Computed
QUALIFIER: radiography
QUALIFIER: radiography
QUALIFIER: radiography
QUALIFIER: radiography
AUTHOR: Y Itai Y
AUTHOR: A A Moss AA
AUTHOR: H I Goldberg HI
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Journal of computer assisted tomography.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Pancreatic cysts caused by carcinoma of the pancreas: a pitfall in the diagnosis of pancreatic carcinoma.
PUBDATE: 19820801
Pancreatic cysts were diagnosed on computed tomography (CT) in 6 (8%) of 73 histologically proven pancreatic carcinomas. In three of a total of seven cases studied, the initial CT diagnosis was pancreatitis. The CT features of cysts secondary to pancreatic carcinoma were identical to those of pseudocysts in pancreatitis. All cases had masses of varying sizes suggestive of carcinoma or pancreatitis. Even in retrospect, two cases were difficult to differentiate from pancreatitis with pseudocysts. Our results indicate that whenever pancreatic cysts are encountered in patients of cancer age without a history of pancreatitis, further examinations including percutaneous aspiration biopsies should be performed to exclude malignancy.


9. DOCID:10609 SCORE: 0.00175207530930664
DOCNO: 3156555
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Laparoscopy
QUALIFIER: secondary
AUTHOR: C Buffet C
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Annales de gastroentérologie et d'hépatologie.
COUNTRY: FRANCE
TITLE: [Secondary cancer of the liver: value and efficacy of laparoscopy]
PUBDATE: 19850101
The indications for laparoscopy have been greatly reduced by the development of ultrasonography. However, laparoscopy is still indicated in secondary cancer of the liver, as it can provide histological proof of the diagnosis by means of biopsies taken under direct vision. It is therefore more effective than the non-invasive morphological examinations, but, in the future, it may be replaced by ultrasound guided biopsies. In general, laparoscopy only confirms a diagnosis which is very probable on the basis of clinical and laboratory data. Furthermore, it is very unlikely that laparoscopy will reveal small metastases; this is due to the multicentric nature of hepatic metastases, rather than to a deficiency in the investigation itself.


10. DOCID:15700 SCORE: 0.00171089233625418
DOCNO: 2463751
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Surgical Flaps
QUALIFIER: therapy
QUALIFIER: therapy
AUTHOR: N Inagaki N
AUTHOR: H Hashimoto H
AUTHOR: Y Nakata Y
AUTHOR: F Inada F
AUTHOR: S Yachiku S
AFFILIATION: Department of Urology, Asahikawa Medical College.
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: [A case of advanced penile cancer treated with multimodal therapy--combination with tensor fascia lata myocutaneous flap]
PUBDATE: 19880901
A 40-year-old male with advanced penile cancer, whose left inguinal node was ulcerated at the time of initial presentation, underwent multimodal therapy. Four cycles of chemotherapy were given from September 20, 1984 to February 8, 1985. Partial penectomy and left ilioinguinal lymphadenectomy with removal of left groin ejaculation were performed on February 20, 1985, followed by right ilioinguinal lymphadenectomy on March 20, 1985. The skin defect of the left groin was covered with tensor fascia lata myocutaneous flap. The patient is alive with no evidence of disease 30 months after the surgery.


11. DOCID:13438 SCORE: 0.00171074658662266
DOCNO: 3267543
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: African Americans
DESCRIPTOR: Cause of Death
DESCRIPTOR: European Continental Ancestry Group
DESCRIPTOR: Life Expectancy
AUTHOR: V M Keith VM
AUTHOR: D P Smith DP
AFFILIATION: Department of Sociology, Texas A&M University, College Station 77843.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Demography.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: The current differential in black and white life expectancy.
PUBDATE: 19881101
The 1980 National Center for Health Statistics life tables for the U.S. black and white populations reveal a difference in life expectancy of 7 years between black and white males and 6 years between black and white females. Using cause-substituted life tables, we show that a number of causes of death contribute to the difference. The largest contributors are cardiovascular disease for both sexes and homicide and cancer for males.


12. DOCID:12572 SCORE: 0.00166312125371996
DOCNO: 3686683
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
QUALIFIER: therapeutic use
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
AUTHOR: R Demicheli R
AUTHOR: A Jirillo A
AUTHOR: G Bonciarelli G
AUTHOR: F Lonardi F
AUTHOR: M Balli M
AFFILIATION: Division of Radiotherapy and Oncology, U.S.S.L. 28, Legnago, Verona.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Tumori.
COUNTRY: ITALY
TITLE: Phase II trial of mitomycin plus cisplatin in the treatment of advanced colorectal adenocarcinoma.
PUBDATE: 19871001
Cisplatinum may be synergistic if used in combination with other agents. This study was undertaken to investigate whether a mitomycin plus cisplatin in combination could show any promising data in colorectal cancer. The regimen did not show sufficient activity to encourage further trials.


13. DOCID:13636 SCORE: 0.00162781260706189
DOCNO: 2445092
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: therapeutic use
QUALIFIER: therapy
AUTHOR: J Trachtenberg J
AFFILIATION: Department of Surgery/Urology, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: The Urologic clinics of North America.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Hormonal management of stage D carcinoma of the prostate.
PUBDATE: 19871101
A variety of new agents is available for the hormonal treatment of prostatic cancer. None of these agents has shown itself to be superior to bilateral orchiectomy, but their individual side effects profiles may make one more appealing than another. Total androgen ablation may offer a slight survival advantage over partial androgen ablation, but this must be weighed in terms of increased side effects and overall cost. Hormonal therapy remains an effective palliative but not curative means of treating advanced prostatic cancer.


14. DOCID:14931 SCORE: 0.00161003767849038
DOCNO: 3285445
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Endometriosis
DESCRIPTOR: Uterine Neoplasms
AUTHOR: H Valette H
AUTHOR: P Milleret P
AFFILIATION: Service de Chirurgie Vasculaire, CH Henri-Mondor, Auril-lac.
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Revue française de gynécologie et d'obstétrique.
COUNTRY: FRANCE
TITLE: [Mullerian adenosarcoma of the uterus. Review of the literature. Apropos of a case]
PUBDATE: 19880301
The authors report a case of müllerian adenosarcoma in an 86 year old woman. This tumor is characterized by the association of proliferative benign epithelium with a sarcomatous mesenchyma. It was described for the first time in 1974 by Clement and Scully. It is a cancer of decreased malignancy, revealed either by isolated metrorrhagias, or by an increase of the size of the uterus in a post-menopausal woman. Its course shows the occurrence of local recurrences and pulmonary or peritoneal metastases. The only appropriate treatment is total abdominal hysterectomy with salpingo-oophorectomy.