0. DOCID:3841 SCORE: 0.00332696027959982
DOCNO: 1036616
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: therapeutic use
QUALIFIER: therapeutic use
QUALIFIER: therapeutic use
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
QUALIFIER: therapeutic use
AUTHOR: H Siebner H
AUTHOR: W Weber W
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Österreichische Zeitschrift für Onkologie. Austrian journal of oncology.
COUNTRY: AUSTRIA
TITLE: [Five years treatment of advanced solid malignomas with a combination of four cytostatic drugs (author's transl)]
PUBDATE: 19760501
132 patients with advanced solid malignomas were treated with a combination of four cytostatic drugs (vinblastine, amethopterine, 5-fluorouracil and cyclophosphamid) given on one day. This was repeated once every 2-3 weeks. In every case the diagnosis was made histologically and the tumour was staged according to the TNM-system. The treatment of breast and ovarian cancer brought the best results, improved by a synchronisation therapy. Good results were achieved also in the treatment of special kind of sarcomas and of carcinoma of the urine bladder. The general condition of patients with colon carcinoma could be improved in about 30%. Only one patient died by drug-induced pancytopenia, otherwise severe side-effects were not noted. Before beginning the therapy the cell-mediated immunity of 31 patients was tested by skin-tests with tuberkulin purified protein derivative (PPD) and dinitrochlorbenzole (DNCB). Before and during cytostatic therapy PPD reactions were proven by 23 patients. In accordance to other authors we found that cell-mediated immunity is decreased in the advanced stage of malignoma. Further we noted that delayed hypersensitivity and the number of lymphocytes and monocytes in peripherel blood are important to prognosis and course in patients with cancer.


1. DOCID:7721 SCORE: 0.00251387402674185
DOCNO: 508570
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Alcohol Drinking
QUALIFIER: adverse effects
QUALIFIER: mortality
AUTHOR: S Kono S
AUTHOR: M Ikeda M
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: British journal of cancer.
COUNTRY: ENGLAND
TITLE: Correlation between cancer mortality and alcoholic beverage in Japan.
PUBDATE: 19790901
Geographical correlations between standardized, mortality ratios (SMRs) of cancers and consumption of different types of alcoholic beverages (saké synthetic saké, shochu, beer, wine, and whisky), of cigarettes, and urbanization were examined for all 46 prefectures in Japan. Suggestive correlations were observed between cancer of the oesophagus in males and both shochu and whisky (r = 0.27 and 0.22 respectively), between cancer of the rectum in males and wine (r = 0.45), and between cancer of the prostate and shochu (r = 0.50). These correlations were also confirmed in the partial correlations between SMRs of cancers and consumption of alcoholic beverages, controlling for the two variables urbanization and consumption of cigarettes. Alhtough cancers of other sites were also correlated with certain types of alcoholic beverages, their associations seemed to be secondary to other factors. The validity of higher-order partial correlations and the problems of correlation study are also referred to.


2. DOCID:5705 SCORE: 0.00213938936373296
DOCNO: 7278725
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Diet
DESCRIPTOR: Plants, Medicinal
DESCRIPTOR: Seaweed
QUALIFIER: prevention & control
AUTHOR: J Teas J
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Medical hypotheses.
COUNTRY: ENGLAND
TITLE: The consumption of seaweed as a protective factor in the etiology of breast cancer.
PUBDATE: 19810501
A review of the biological properties of seaweed is presented and the role of seaweed as a breast cancer anticarcinogen is suggested. Proposed mechanisms of action are: reduction of plasma cholesterol, binding of biliary steroids, inhibition of carcinogenic fecal flora, binding of pollutants, stimulation of the immune system, and the protective effects of beta-sitosterols. In an experiment using sarcoma-180 in mice, seaweed extract appeared to have an antitumor effect. Thus it is suggested that breast cancer may be prevented and that this dietary habit among the Japanese could be an important factor in understanding the lower breast cancer rates reported in Japan.


3. DOCID:3581 SCORE: 0.0020262392426557
DOCNO: 180188
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: cytology
AUTHOR: M Pruniéras M
AUTHOR: C Delescluse C
AUTHOR: M Regnier M
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: The Journal of investigative dermatology.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: The culture of skin. A review of theories and experimental methods.
PUBDATE: 19760701
Two main criticisms can be leveled against the standard methods of skin culture: they are poorly quantifiable and the cultured cell populations are heterogeneous. A new technique based mainly on enzymatic dissociation allows specific cell types to be extracted from the skin before cultivation. In this way, separate cultures of epidermal keratinocytes and dermal fibroblasts can be obtained from the same piece of skin. These purified systems have been used to study the kinetics of epidermal cell growth and to quantify the effect of various chemically defined substances on the growth and differentiation of keratinocytes. With further refinements in technique, purified populations of melanocytes can be extracted. The co-culture of pigmented melanocytes with albino keratinocytes has been proposed as a model to study pigment donation in vitro. The usual organ culture technique, including the use of large explants of skin immersed in the culture fluid, has been modified to show that adult human skin partially regenerates in vitro and that mitotic activity goes on for months in the regenerated epidermis. The use of nucleic acid hybridization techniques, combined with skin cell cultures from human tumors, opens new avenues of research on human cancer.


4. DOCID:13218 SCORE: 0.00202617794879824
DOCNO: 2664681
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Circumcision
AUTHOR: G F Anderson GF
AFFILIATION: Minneapolis Children's Medical Center, MN.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Pediatric annals.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Circumcision.
PUBDATE: 19890301
There are no absolutes regarding circumcision, and the decision to circumcise a child as a newborn or otherwise must be made after carefully weighing the alternatives to, and risks and benefits of, this common surgical procedure. These alternatives, risks, and benefits must be fully explained to parents considering circumcision, and informed consent must be obtained. In well-trained, experienced hands, circumcision is a safe procedure that effectively eliminates proven problems such as cancer of the penis, and may eliminate the problems of increased risk of urinary tract infection and sexually transmitted diseases.


5. DOCID:2554 SCORE: 0.00200972033545572
DOCNO: 1104154
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: epidemiology
AUTHOR: W Haenszel W
AUTHOR: P Correa P
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Cancer research.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Developments in the epidemiology of stomach cancer over the past decade.
PUBDATE: 19751101
The history of stomach cancer epidemiology is reviewed. The introduction of migrant population studies in the 1960 decade that described the critical role of exposures to this disease in early life was a key event. Companion pathology studies have indicated different epidemiological patterns for 2 histological entities, intestinal and diffuse type carcinomas, and confirmed an excess of intestinal metaplasia in populations at high risk to stomach cancer. Recent results suggest that epidemiology of stomach cancer can be transformed into the epidemiology of precursor lesions, and introduction of the fiberoptic gastroscope makes technically feasible detailed studies of the relationship of precursor lesions to suspect factors, including diet, in selected geographic areas. Nitroso compounds have been identified as candidate carcinogens and the epidemiological, pathological, and chemical data display signs of internal consistency. Feeding experiments with N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine have led to animal models that permit a coordinated epidemiological-experimental approach to stomach cancer.


6. DOCID:3749 SCORE: 0.00199021316315107
DOCNO: 4856712
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: etiology
QUALIFIER: therapy
AUTHOR: M M Abitbol MM
AUTHOR: J H Davenport JH
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: American journal of obstetrics and gynecology.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Sexual dysfunction after therapy for cervical carcinoma.
PUBDATE: 19740501
Until the Kinsey report there had been very little published concerning sexual activity in the aging woman. Since then other authors have stated that chronic illness or lack of a sexual partner rather than age have placed limitations on their sexual activity. This study reports the effect of different modes of therapy for invasive carcinoma of the cervix on subsequent sexual function, and also tries to establish a correlation with the type of changes of the vaginal anatomy. Radiotherapy alone had been performed on 28 patients, surgery alone on 32, and combined treatment on 15. All were clinically free of cancer for 1 year after treatment was completed. The youngest was aged 23 and the oldest 68. Of the 28 patients treated with radiotherapy alone 22 had developed shortening or narrowing of the vagina sufficient to interfere markedly with sexual function. Only 2 of the 32 surgically treated patients had such a sexual interference. With combined treatment 60% showed some vaginal alterations and 33% sexual dysfunction. Questioning of patients revealed the importance of sexual function in the lives of middle-aged women. Therefore preference is expressed for radical surgery in the treatment of early carcinoma of the cervix because this mode of therapy interfers minimally with the sexual function.


7. DOCID:3744 SCORE: 0.00199015814395741
DOCNO: 831918
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: radiotherapy
AUTHOR: C A Joslin CA
AUTHOR: G V Vaishampayan GV
AUTHOR: A Mallik A
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: The British journal of radiology.
COUNTRY: ENGLAND
TITLE: The treatment of early cancer of the corpus uteri.
PUBDATE: 19770101
This paper analyses the results of post-operative radiotherapy in 256 cases of cancer of the corpus uteri. Myometrial invasion by tumour was shown to be significantly related to histological grading (p less than 0.001) as it was to recurrence rates (p less than 0.025). By placing patients into one of three subsets according to the depth of myometrial invasion, survival was sufficiently different for each subset to validate their use, not only for prognostic purposes but to determine the type of radiotherapy indicated. Radiotherapy was given as either local intravaginal treatment using an obturator loaded with 60Co or by a combination of this and external beam teletherapy. The value of using radiotherapy to treat the whole pelvis as opposed to treating only the vaginal tissues was significant (p less than 0.01) in terms of local disease control for the deep myometrial invasive group. In terms of survival, external beam therapy was of benefit for all three subsets, i.e. superficial, not more than half and more than half myometrial invasion. A planned approach to post-operative radiotherapy was significantly better for the series as a whole compared to previous ad hoc approaches (p less than 0.01). The treatment methods used did not produce unacceptable morbidity.


8. DOCID:2843 SCORE: 0.00192572308653013
DOCNO: 1000481
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Ethnic Groups
QUALIFIER: epidemiology
AUTHOR: E S Lee ES
AUTHOR: R E Roberts RE
AUTHOR: D R Labarthe DR
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Cancer.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Excess and deficit lung cancer mortality in three ethnic groups in Texas.
PUBDATE: 19761201
Based on Texas vital statistics for 1969-71, patterns of lung cancer mortality in three ethnic groups are examined. Among males, the risk of lung cancer for Mexican Americans is considerably lower than for Blacks and Anglos for ages under 75 and slightly higher for older ages. Among females, Mexican American exhibit a distinct excess of lung cancer mortality for ages 70 and over and a deficit for younger ages. The excess among Mexican American females is confined mainly to the older foreign-born women and the excess is reduced for ages 45-60 and diminishes for younger immigrants. This suggests that the excess risk among Mexican Americans will completely disappear within a generation and a general deficit pattern will emerge for all ages. The implications of the diminishing excess and the emerging deficit lung cancer mortality among Mexican Americans clearly call for further study in exploring the effect of cultural change on mortality patterns, particularly for cancer.


9. DOCID:14471 SCORE: 0.0019112176928916
DOCNO: 2619344
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: mortality
AUTHOR: J L Alfonso JL
AUTHOR: C Cortés C
AUTHOR: F Giménez F
AUTHOR: P Cortina P
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Archivos españoles de urología.
COUNTRY: SPAIN
TITLE: [Cancer of the testis: risk factors and evolution of mortality in Spain (1951-1983)]
PUBDATE: 19891001
Herein we report the results of a study on the mortality trends of testicular cancer in Spain from 1951-1983. The study showed that following a long period of increased mortality, overall mortality rates for all age groups have dropped in recent years. However, the mortality rate has increased for the young and middle-aged males and has dropped for the older age groups. A similar finding has been observed for other countries such as the United States. We have attempted to interpret these changes based on the risk factors for this type of cancer.


10. DOCID:9809 SCORE: 0.00190954564941227
DOCNO: 6437342
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: administration & dosage
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
AUTHOR: H Furue H
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: [Fluorinated pyrimidines--administration methods]
PUBDATE: 19841101
In spite of the fact that fluorinated pyrimidines have been in extensive clinical use for more than 25 years, the optimal dose, route of administration and schedule have yet to be determined. An adequate course is considered to be one that produces either an objective response or mild toxicity. However, modification of dose schedule have shown considerable variation in rate of response, drug toxicity, and drug mortality. In contrast to its rapid clearance from blood, 5-fluorouracil may persist for prolonged period in cancer tissue. More detailed measurements of their metabolites in cancer tissue may lead to an improved understanding of 5-fluorouracil treatment.


11. DOCID:15006 SCORE: 0.00189800036710471
DOCNO: 3167777
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: mortality
AUTHOR: T Siddiqui T
AUTHOR: R Weiner R
AUTHOR: J Moreb J
AUTHOR: R D Marsh RD
AFFILIATION: Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Cancer.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Cancer of the male breast with prolonged survival.
PUBDATE: 19881001
A retrospective review of patients suffering from male breast cancer was carried out at the Shands Teaching Hospital of the University of Florida. Thirteen evaluable cases were analyzed. Three patients were in Stage I, two patients in Stage II, none in Stage III, and eight in Stage IV. Two of the patients with Stage IV disease have had remarkably prolonged survivals of 194 months and 128 months. Such prolonged survivals are unusual. It is possible that the biology of male breast cancer is different from the female, and the disease should be approached more optimistically than it has in the past.


12. DOCID:8281 SCORE: 0.00189497540233883
DOCNO: 6729813
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: pathology
QUALIFIER: pharmacology
QUALIFIER: analogs & derivatives
QUALIFIER: pathology
AUTHOR: S Okuyama S
AUTHOR: H Mishina H
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: The Tohoku journal of experimental medicine.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: Decrease in saturation density of mammalian carcinoma cell culture during exposure to bestatin, a clinically applicable agent.
PUBDATE: 19840301
Bestatin, one of the small molecular products of Streptomyces olivoreticuli , and a potential immunostimulator, was shown to decrease the saturation density of murine carcinoma cell culture. The finding may indicate a possibility of direct action of bestatin upon cancer cells presumably resulting in cancer cell redifferention .


13. DOCID:2448 SCORE: 0.00187207809206685
DOCNO: 1148996
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: pathology
AUTHOR: M A Batata MA
AUTHOR: W F Whitmore WF
AUTHOR: B S Hilaris BS
AUTHOR: N Tokita N
AUTHOR: H Grabstald H
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Cancer.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Primary carcinoma of the ureter: a prognostic study.
PUBDATE: 19750601
Fourty-one patients with primary invasive carcinomas of the ureter were seen at Memorial Hospital from 1947 to 1972. Overall survuval patterns were similiar in 19 patients with and 22 patients without prior or concomitant urothelial cancers elsewhere in the urinary tract, with 5-year survival rates, as estimated by the product-limit methos, of41% for both groups. Prognosis was determined primarily by anatomical stage of ureteral cancer. In 11 Stage A (submucosal) patients, 7 Stage B (muscular), 12 Stage C (periureteric fat), and 9Stage D (extraureteral), the similarly estimated 5-year survival rates were 91%, 43%, 23%, and nil, respectively. None of Stage A cases had metastases for periods ranging from 5 to 11 years after surgery alone. Seventy-eight percent of patients with more advanced stages died within 3 years of treatment, withmetastases mainly in pelvic and para-aortic lymph nodes.


14. DOCID:3731 SCORE: 0.00185882806611005
DOCNO: 1203863
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: pathology
AUTHOR: M M Black MM
AUTHOR: T H Barclay TH
AUTHOR: B F Hankey BF
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Cancer.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Prognosis in breast cancer utilizing histologic characteristics of the primary tumor.
PUBDATE: 19751201
A study was made of the inter-relationships and prognostic significance of structural characteristics found in primary breast cancers and their associated axillary lymph nodes. The prognostically favorable characteristics included the following. For the primary tumor: nuclear differentiation of the cancer cells, diffuse lymphoid cell infiltrations (LI) and perivenous lymphoid cell infiltrations (PVI). For the axillary lymph nodes: sinus histiocytosis (SH). Perivenous lymphoid cell infiltrations (PVI) in the primary tumor are found to be as important a prognostic factor as SH in the axillary lymph nodes; these two characteristics are found to be positively associated. Evaluation of the nuclear grade (NG), LI, and PVI in the primary tumor allows for the definition of association with cancer cells having a low (anaplastic) nuclear grade, and to be positively associated with follicular hyperplasia (FH) in the lymph nodes. We also found a positive association between the cellular responses to areas of in situ carcinoma and the cellular responses to accompanying invasive breast breast cancer tissue. They also provide a prognostic system for classifying breast cancer patients on the basis of the microscopic characteristics of the primary tumor and surrounding breast tissue. The latter system should be of value in comparing the therapeutic benefits of various treatments.