0. DOCID:7182 SCORE: 0.00374853599185949
DOCNO: 420252
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: complications
QUALIFIER: complications
QUALIFIER: complications
AUTHOR: J R Koransky JR
AUTHOR: M D Stargel MD
AUTHOR: V R Dowell VR
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: The American journal of medicine.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Clostridium septicum bacteremia. Its clinical significance.
PUBDATE: 19790101
The medical records of 59 patients with Clostridium septicum bacteremia were reviewed; 42 (71 per cent) of these patients had malignancies. One half had hematologic malignancies, and one half had solid tumors. Of the 21 patients with solid tumors, 14 (67 per cent) had cancer of the colon. Among these patients, the cecum was the most frequent site of malignancy. The cecum and distal ileum were the most probable portals of entry for C. septicum bacteremia among the 28 patients examined at autopsy. Patients admitted to the hospital with C. septicum bacteremia usually have fulminating clinical courses and, unless the appropriate antibiotics are administered soon after admission, the outcome is fatal. The results of this study demonstrate the high association of C. septicum bacteremia and malignancy, and the need for early recognition and therapy.


1. DOCID:5899 SCORE: 0.00360300279319257
DOCNO: 87253
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: diagnostic use
QUALIFIER: diagnostic use
QUALIFIER: radionuclide imaging
AUTHOR: J M Woolfenden JM
AUTHOR: D S Alberts DS
AUTHOR: J N Hall JN
AUTHOR: D D Patton DD
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Cancer.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Cobalt-57 bleomycin for imaging head and neck tumors.
PUBDATE: 19790501
Cobalt-57 bleomycin imaging was performed in 11 patients with a history of head and neck cancer. Clinical and scan findings concurred on the presence and extent of tumor in 9 patients (82%); tumor was present in 7 and absent in 2 of the 9. In 2 patients (18%) the scan demonstrated tumor in the neck but failed to show metastatic sites. Cobalt-57 bleomycin images were of good technical quality, with remarkably low background activity at 24 hours after administration. Cobalt-57 bleomycin imaging appears to be a promising technique for evaluating patients with head and neck tumors.


2. DOCID:7339 SCORE: 0.00175836714533039
DOCNO: 665664
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: etiology
QUALIFIER: adverse effects
AUTHOR: A B Miller AB
AUTHOR: A Kelly A
AUTHOR: N W Choi NW
AUTHOR: V Matthews V
AUTHOR: R W Morgan RW
AUTHOR: L Munan L
AUTHOR: J D Burch JD
AUTHOR: J Feather J
AUTHOR: G R Howe GR
AUTHOR: M Jain M
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: American journal of epidemiology.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: A study of diet and breast cancer.
PUBDATE: 19780601
A case-control study has been conducted in four areas in Canada in which 40 cases of breast cancer matched by age and marital status with neighborhood controls were administered a medical and dietary history questionnaire, a 24-hour recall of dietary information and a four-day diet record. The Study has produced evidence of an association between an increased intake of nutrients, especially total fat, in both pre-menopausal and post-menopausal women with breast cancer. Reasons why a weak association might have been anticipated are discussed, and it is concluded that in reality the association is stronger. Furthermore, its consistency with other evidence, both experimental and international, suggests that it is causal.


3. DOCID:6937 SCORE: 0.00145762472388491
DOCNO: 6255626
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: surgery
QUALIFIER: surgery
AUTHOR: A Gabler A
AUTHOR: S Liebig S
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Thorax.
COUNTRY: ENGLAND
TITLE: Reoperation for bronchial carcinoma.
PUBDATE: 19800901
After a primary operation for bronchial carcinoma, 17 patients underwent reoperation for local recurrence or intrathoracic metastasis (nine squamous cell, five alveolar cell, and three adenocarcinomas). The average interval between the first and second operation was 23 months (range: six to 48 months). Twelve patients had a pneumonectomy after an initial ipsilateral lobectomy. Five patients underwent contralateral wedge excision after initial lobectomy or wedge excision. Three patients died within 30 days of the reoperation. Eight of the remaining 14 patients died subsequently, the time of survival averaging 18 months (range: three to 54 months). Six patients are still alive, two having survived their reoperation for more than five years. Reoperation for recurrent bronchial carcinoma is rarely performed, but it should be considered in all cases where patients survive operation for lung cancer if the primary operation was thought to be radical.


4. DOCID:5555 SCORE: 0.00115290363096842
DOCNO: 505219
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Wound Healing
QUALIFIER: methods
QUALIFIER: instrumentation
QUALIFIER: surgery
AUTHOR: M S Elliot MS
AUTHOR: E J Immelman EJ
AUTHOR: P J Stevens PJ
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: South African medical journal = Suid-Afrikaanse tydskrif vir geneeskunde.
COUNTRY: SOUTH AFRICA
TITLE: Management of the perineal wound with constant irrigation and suction after abdominoperineal excision for cancer of the rectum. A new suction/irrigation drain.
PUBDATE: 19791101
The technique of primary closure of the perineal wound combined with continuous irrigation and suction of the operative site has been used in 21 patients who underwent abdominoperineal excision for cancer of the rectum or anal canal. Primary healing occurred in 19 patients within 18 days, and all patients healed within 2 months. These results are in marked contrast to those in 38 patients treated with constant suction alone, of whom only 17 healed primarily.


5. DOCID:6764 SCORE: 0.00115285462792866
DOCNO: 6159063
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
QUALIFIER: administration & dosage
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
AUTHOR: H B Krebs HB
AUTHOR: R E Girtanner RE
AUTHOR: S R Nordqvist SR
AUTHOR: I Mineau I
AUTHOR: B F Helmkamp BF
AUTHOR: H E Averette HE
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Cancer.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Treatment of advanced cervical cancer by combination of bleomycin and mitomycin-C.
PUBDATE: 19801101
A combination of bleomycin and mitomycin-C, reported as extraordinarily effective in a previous clinical trial, was used to treat 20 patients with advanced cervical cancer. Seven partial remissions (35%) and one complete remission (5%) were observed. Six of the partial remissions were of short duration (less than four months); the only patient with complete remission was still alive without evidence of disease ten months after initiation of chemotherapy. Nonresponders had a mean survival time of 6.6 months and responders 8.0 months. The treatment results confirm some efficacy of the drug regimen, although in our hands it did not live up to the high expectations raised by others.


6. DOCID:6130 SCORE: 0.00115255810048536
DOCNO: 6168008
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: radiography
QUALIFIER: radiography
AUTHOR: N Grasso N
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: La Radiologia medica.
COUNTRY: ITALY
TITLE: [On some cystographic appearances of prostatic pathology (author's transl)]
PUBDATE: 19810501
The author reports a personal series of 200 cases of prostatic pathology studied by perfusional urography and by radio-urological instrumental methodics. He considers, especially, some radiographic appearances of involvement of the vesical floor, correlating them with clinic and gross pathology. Thus he pointed out that: the marks on the vesical floor with the aspect of "spread wings" is the most frequent radiographic pattern showing the chronic prostatitis; "the endovesical lacuna" is disregarded aspect of medium lobe's hypertrophy, as well as the "raising as tent" of the vesical floor due probably to an hyposphincteric periurethral adenoma. Although the mameloned aspect of vesical floor is typical, only sometimes it is the sign of an early cancer of the superior face of the prostate.


7. DOCID:7830 SCORE: 0.00115186276548482
DOCNO: 715632
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: complications
QUALIFIER: blood
AUTHOR: A Van Den Heever A
AUTHOR: F J Pretorius FJ
AUTHOR: G Falkson G
AUTHOR: I W Simson IW
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: South African medical journal = Suid-Afrikaanse tydskrif vir geneeskunde.
COUNTRY: SOUTH AFRICA
TITLE: Hepatitis B surface antigen and primary liver cancer.
PUBDATE: 19780801
Sera of 184 patients were examined to determine the incidence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). Ninety-two patients had primary liver cancer (PLC) and there were 92 matched controls. Thirty-one of the 92 patients with PLC and 8 of the 92 patients with no clinical evidence of liver disease had radio-immunoassay-positive tests for HBsAg. The difference was significant (P less than 0,01). In 56 of the patients with PLC it was possible to assess the nature of associated liver disease histologically. HBsAg was found in the sera of 66,6% of patients with postcollapse cirrhosis and in 22,2% of patients with chronic Budd-Chiari syndrome. It is likely that the role played by hepatitis B infection in the pathogenesis of PLC varies according to local circumstances in different geographical areas.


8. DOCID:6959 SCORE: 0.00084958267396079
DOCNO: 461121
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: secretion
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
QUALIFIER: analysis
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
AUTHOR: B Canivet B
AUTHOR: B P Krebs BP
AUTHOR: C Bonet C
AUTHOR: J M Aubanel JM
AUTHOR: B Blaive B
AUTHOR: C M Lalanne CM
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: La Nouvelle presse m├ędicale.
COUNTRY: FRANCE
TITLE: [Clinical value of the determination of carcinoembryonic antigen in bronchial secretion (author's transl)]
PUBDATE: 19790301
Determination of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) by radioimmunoassay was performed in per-endoscopic obtained bronchial secretion. Bronchial CEA values are higher in the case of primary carcinoma of the lung than of metastatic lung cancer or pulmonary benign disease (p less than 0.0005). More interesting is the ratio bronchial CEA/serum CEA which is much higher in primary carcinoma of the lung than in benign disease (p less than 0.0005) and lower in metastatic lung carcinoma than benign disease (p less than 0.0025). In primary carcinoma of the lung, the CEA determination seems to have a prognostic value since higher levels are reported in patients unsuccessfully treated than in treated patients with apparent remission.


9. DOCID:6287 SCORE: 0.000849576471918514
DOCNO: 7352201
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: pathology
QUALIFIER: pathology
AUTHOR: M Moskowitz M
AUTHOR: P Gartside P
AUTHOR: J A Wirman JA
AUTHOR: C McLaughlin C
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Radiology.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Proliferative disorders of the breast as risk factors for breast cancer in a self-selected screened population: pathologic markers.
PUBDATE: 19800201
A study was done to quantify the pathologic risk of subsequent breast cancer in women whose biopsies demonstrated proliferative histologic conditions. Out of a total of 10,530 patients, 1,408 had biopsies which were classified as either bland fibrocystic or hyperplastic. The behavior of the disease in these patients was compared to that of the general screened population. It was concluded that women whose biopsies reveal hyperplastic disorder, primarily atypical hyperplasia and fibroadenoma, run the greatest risk of getting cancer. For women with atypical hyperplasia, the risk is 13 times that of the general population, and for those with fibroadenoma it is three times greater.


10. DOCID:4625 SCORE: 0.000849558597999568
DOCNO: 356607
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Surgery, Plastic
QUALIFIER: surgery
QUALIFIER: surgery
QUALIFIER: surgery
AUTHOR: G Delgado G
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: American journal of obstetrics and gynecology.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Plastic procedures in cancer of the lower genital tract.
PUBDATE: 19780801
Plastic procedures were performed on 12 patients with cancer in situ of the vulva or vagina or after pelvic exenteration. All patients are alive and well on follow-up from four to 47 months with no evidence of recurrence. Plastic procedures are very important in treatment of cancer of the lower genital tract. The split-thickness graft used in this study is optimal in terms of treatment appearance, and restoration of sexual function.


11. DOCID:6875 SCORE: 0.00084950688264723
DOCNO: 7205755
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
AUTHOR: D Vanel D
AUTHOR: C Bergiron C
AUTHOR: G Contesso G
AUTHOR: G Kokotek G
AUTHOR: J D Pi├ękarski JD
AUTHOR: P Markovitz P
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Journal de radiologie.
COUNTRY: FRANCE
TITLE: [Primary mammary cytosteatonecrosis : radiological, clinical, and pathological features in 29 cases (author's transl)]
PUBDATE: 19810101
The authors report 29 cases of primary mammary cytosteatonecrosis. Diagnosis can be difficult when clinical and radiological signs suggest a cancer, and this was the case in about half of these cases. Radiological signs suggest the diagnosis in only 10 p. cent of cases, even though the evocative signs (clear images surrounded by a border of condensation) are usually associated with suspicious shin lesions, and require histological verification. Even though lesions that are limited in extent when examined clinically and radiologically may be a cancer, the inverse position, though very much less frequent, can also apply, and a very suggestive lesion with spicules and skin retraction may be benign. Histological examination before any minor surgery is always essential.


12. DOCID:5014 SCORE: 0.000848259080506651
DOCNO: 719624
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Indians, North American
QUALIFIER: epidemiology
QUALIFIER: epidemiology
AUTHOR: D L Morris DL
AUTHOR: R W Buechley RW
AUTHOR: C R Key CR
AUTHOR: M V Morgan MV
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Cancer.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Gallbladder disease and gallbladder cancer among American Indians in tricultural New Mexico.
PUBDATE: 19781101
Previous studies have reported high rates of gallbladder disease and gallbladder cancer among all American Indians. Data from the New Mexico Tumor Registry confirm these findings, specifically showing high rates for New Mexico's American Indians, as well as for the state's Spanish population. This review explores several risk factors, including parity, obesity, age, cholesterol level, and genetic factors. From the available evidence, genetic factors appear to be the most important, with parity a contributing factor.


13. DOCID:6923 SCORE: 0.000845059824178419
DOCNO: 7023666
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: therapy
AUTHOR: J R Glassburn JR
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Cancer.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Carcinoma of the endometrium.
PUBDATE: 19810701
Controversy continues as to how and when radiation therapy can best be combined with surgery in order to improve treatment results in patients, with endometrial cancer. Various prognostic factors--tumor grade, depth of myometrial invasion, size of the uterine cavity, and the presence of nodal or parametrial spread--must all be considered when planning therapy. Well-differentiated Stage IA endometrial cancers hav an excellent prognosis when treated by surgery alone. Evidence suggests, however, that all other Stage I tumors benefit from combined radiation and surgical treatment. Patients with advanced stages of disease are candidates for combined surgery and radiation or radiation alone, owing to the high frequency of pelvic node involvement. Areas of active investigation include the addition of systemic therapy in patients with Stage III disease and the evaluation of extended field radiation in patients with histologically confirmed high pelvic or paraaortic nodal involvement.


14. DOCID:7749 SCORE: 0.000546164423844811
DOCNO: 7287271
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: mortality
QUALIFIER: standards
AUTHOR: S A Beresford SA
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: International journal of epidemiology.
COUNTRY: ENGLAND
TITLE: The relationship between water quality and health in the London area.
PUBDATE: 19810601
In a retrospective study of the relationship between reuse of water and hazards to health, the mortality experience from different causes, principally cancer, was examined for 29 boroughs and districts in the London area for the period 1968 to 1974. Information concerning the source of water supply to each borough was obtained both for the current situation, and historically back to 1926. Socioeconomic characteristics of the boroughs were extracted from 1971 census data. Differential mortality experiences for each sex were analysed using the standardised mortality ratio for ages 25 to 74. Most of the causes of death examined were associated with one or more of the socioeconomic characteristics of the boroughs. These socioeconomic characteristics accounted for the statistical associations between water reuse and mortality for each cause studied, except male stomach cancer, where a weak residual association remained. This association disappeared when variation in the size of boroughs was taken into account.