0. DOCID:27825 SCORE: 0.004123559523437
DOCNO: 10405755
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
DESCRIPTOR: Tomography, Emission-Computed
QUALIFIER: diagnostic use
QUALIFIER: radionuclide imaging
QUALIFIER: radionuclide imaging
AUTHOR: Y Anzai Y
AUTHOR: S Minoshima S
AUTHOR: G T Wolf GT
AUTHOR: R L Wahl RL
AFFILIATION: Department of Radiology, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor 48109-0028, USA.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Radiology.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Head and neck cancer: detection of recurrence with three-dimensional principal components analysis at dynamic FDG PET.
PUBDATE: 19990701
Fully automated principal components analysis (PCA) was applied to dynamic 2-[fluorine-18]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) positron emission tomographic (PET) images obtained in 15 patients with previously treated head and neck cancer. PCA with time-activity curves incorporated kinetic information about FDG uptake, which improved tissue characterization on FDG PET images. The combination of standardized uptake value and PCA image sets likely will improve the reliability of tumor detection in head and neck cancers.


1. DOCID:7182 SCORE: 0.00374853599185949
DOCNO: 420252
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: complications
QUALIFIER: complications
QUALIFIER: complications
AUTHOR: J R Koransky JR
AUTHOR: M D Stargel MD
AUTHOR: V R Dowell VR
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: The American journal of medicine.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Clostridium septicum bacteremia. Its clinical significance.
PUBDATE: 19790101
The medical records of 59 patients with Clostridium septicum bacteremia were reviewed; 42 (71 per cent) of these patients had malignancies. One half had hematologic malignancies, and one half had solid tumors. Of the 21 patients with solid tumors, 14 (67 per cent) had cancer of the colon. Among these patients, the cecum was the most frequent site of malignancy. The cecum and distal ileum were the most probable portals of entry for C. septicum bacteremia among the 28 patients examined at autopsy. Patients admitted to the hospital with C. septicum bacteremia usually have fulminating clinical courses and, unless the appropriate antibiotics are administered soon after admission, the outcome is fatal. The results of this study demonstrate the high association of C. septicum bacteremia and malignancy, and the need for early recognition and therapy.


2. DOCID:5899 SCORE: 0.00360300279319257
DOCNO: 87253
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: diagnostic use
QUALIFIER: diagnostic use
QUALIFIER: radionuclide imaging
AUTHOR: J M Woolfenden JM
AUTHOR: D S Alberts DS
AUTHOR: J N Hall JN
AUTHOR: D D Patton DD
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Cancer.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Cobalt-57 bleomycin for imaging head and neck tumors.
PUBDATE: 19790501
Cobalt-57 bleomycin imaging was performed in 11 patients with a history of head and neck cancer. Clinical and scan findings concurred on the presence and extent of tumor in 9 patients (82%); tumor was present in 7 and absent in 2 of the 9. In 2 patients (18%) the scan demonstrated tumor in the neck but failed to show metastatic sites. Cobalt-57 bleomycin images were of good technical quality, with remarkably low background activity at 24 hours after administration. Cobalt-57 bleomycin imaging appears to be a promising technique for evaluating patients with head and neck tumors.


3. DOCID:3748 SCORE: 0.00354715091774751
DOCNO: 1152159
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: immunology
AUTHOR: S Brosman S
AUTHOR: M Hausman M
AUTHOR: S Shacks S
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: The Journal of urology.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Immunologic alterations in patients with prostatic carcinoma.
PUBDATE: 19750601
The state of cell-mediated immunity was evaluated in 41 patients with prostatic carcinoma by determining their ability to demonstrate delayed cutaneous hypersensitivity with dinitrochlorobenzene and recall antigens, and to mount an inflammatory response to croton oil, as well as by measuring changes in monocyte chemotactic response. The patients were divided into 2 groups: those with localized disease and those with metastatic carcinoma. Monocyte chemotactic response provides an in vitro quantitative measure of effector cell function and was significantly depressed in the entire group of prostatic cancer patients as compared to non-cancer controls (p less than 0.05). Patients with metastatic carcinoma had a greater defect than those with localized disease (p less than 0.025). After radical prostatectomy a group of patients with localized disease tended to show improvement in monocyte chemotactic response (p less than 0.025). The ability of patients to develop a delayed cutaneous hypersensitivity response was impaired and correlated with the clinical stage of the disease. By using the cutaneous irritant, croton oil, the ability of these cancer patients to mount an inflammatory response was also found to be impaired and showed a close correlation between clinical stage and course of disease. Changes in response to croton oil tended to precede alterations in dinitrochlorobenzene response.


4. DOCID:10335 SCORE: 0.00325863255758671
DOCNO: 4057574
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: therapy
QUALIFIER: therapy
QUALIFIER: therapy
QUALIFIER: therapy
AUTHOR: K Koiso K
AUTHOR: S Kanoh S
AUTHOR: T Yazaki T
AUTHOR: K Rinsho K
AUTHOR: R Nemoto R
AUTHOR: H Ishikawa H
AUTHOR: S Ishikawa S
AUTHOR: T Iizumi T
AUTHOR: K Uchida K
AUTHOR: R Noguchi R
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Gan no rinsho. Japan journal of cancer clinics.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: [Present state of the multidisciplinary treatment of renal, bladder and prostatic tumors]
PUBDATE: 19850701
Surgery has been considered to be a main treatment of urogenital cancer. However, surgery alone could not completely cure these patients. The prognosis was poor. Multi-disciplinary treatment has been adopted to improve these results. However, there are many problems to be solved, such as combination of these regimens. In addition, the criteria for evaluation of the therapy should be considered. Nevertheless, multi-disciplinary treatment has been one of the most potent procedures for these malignancies.


5. DOCID:17778 SCORE: 0.00267432608998779
DOCNO: 2238093
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Adjuvants, Immunologic
DESCRIPTOR: Immunosuppressive Agents
QUALIFIER: pharmacology
AUTHOR: V St Georgiev V
AFFILIATION: Division of Life Sciences, Orion Research and Technologies Corporation, FL 33601-0463.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Trends in pharmacological sciences.
COUNTRY: ENGLAND
TITLE: Immunomodulatory activity of small peptides.
PUBDATE: 19900901
The activity of the immune system can be modulated by a wide variety of natural and synthetic peptides. Here, Vassil St Georgiev summarizes the actions of some of the immunostimulatory and immunosuppressant small peptides that have shown most promise as therapeutic agents. Some are already in use as vaccine adjuvants or to prevent graft rejection. There are now indications that these peptides may also be of benefit in conditions in which the immune system is compromised, in autoimmune disease and in cancer.


6. DOCID:21507 SCORE: 0.0020830120263356
DOCNO: 8607689
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Pneumonectomy
QUALIFIER: therapy
QUALIFIER: therapy
QUALIFIER: therapy
AUTHOR: K Yokoi K
AUTHOR: N Miyazawa N
AUTHOR: G Imura G
AFFILIATION: Division of Thoracic Surgery, Tochigi Cancer Center, Utsunomiya, Japan.
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: The Annals of thoracic surgery.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Isolated incisional recurrence after curative resection for primary lung cancer.
PUBDATE: 19960401
We present a long-term survivor with isolated recurrent tumor in the incisional scar that developed 9 months after a curative resection for primary lung adenocarcinoma. She underwent an excision of the tumor followed by systemic chemotherapy, and is currently alive with no evidence of disease 69 months after the recurrence. Isolated incisional recurrence after complete resection of lung cancer is a rare phenomenon and may be curable using multimodal treatment.


7. DOCID:15592 SCORE: 0.00206766750061346
DOCNO: 2748158
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: administration & dosage
QUALIFIER: adverse effects
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
QUALIFIER: chemically induced
AUTHOR: E Berényi E
AUTHOR: E Kiss E
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Orvosi hetilap.
COUNTRY: HUNGARY
TITLE: [Management of vomiting induced by polychemotherapy in Hodgkin's disease]
PUBDATE: 19890601
Sixty patients with Hodgkin's disease were treated with a polychemotherapy regimen including very emetic dacarbazine and adriamycin in addition to bleomycin and vincristine on 622 treatment days during the last 10 years. Nausea in 97% and severe vomiting in 91% were observed during the treatment causing considerable distress to patients which led to patient noncompliance in 26.6%. Among the used antiemetic agents haloperidol was less active than high-dose metoclopramide alone or with high-dose methylprednisolone which were extremely effective. The control and prevention of drug-induced emesis is a major problem for cancer patients and their oncologists. The present situation and the home tasks are also discussed on the basis of literature and their observations.


8. DOCID:3247 SCORE: 0.00204481910826996
DOCNO: 1192362
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Chromosome Aberrations
QUALIFIER: genetics
AUTHOR: S Kakati S
AUTHOR: I Hayata I
AUTHOR: M Oshimura M
AUTHOR: A A Sandberg AA
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Cancer.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Chromosomes and causation of human cancer and leukemia. X. Banding patterns in cancerous effusions.
PUBDATE: 19751101
Cells from five cancer effusions (two ovarian carcinomas, two lung cancers, and one carcinoma of the breast) were analyzed by G-, C-, and Q-banding techniques. The following observations were made: 1) The origin of some marker chromosomes could be traced accurately by these banding techniques. 2) Several chromosomes, which appeared normal with conventional staining techniques, were found to be re-arranged ones and, hence, abnormal. 3) Chromosomes No. 1, No. 3 and No. 11 were the most frequently involved in aberrations, whereas No. 12, No. 13, No. 17-20, and No. 22 Were least frequently involved. Only in one case each was the X chromosome or the Y chromosome involved in aberrations. The Y chromosome was found to be missing in all cancer cells of one lung cancer. 4) Each effusion had characteristic markers, invariably present in each cell, whether the cells were near diploid, or polyploid. 5) No common markers were observed in the two ovarian carcinomas studied, whereas the two lung cancers had a few common markers.


9. DOCID:22907 SCORE: 0.0017766784698751
DOCNO: 8668056
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Catheters, Indwelling
QUALIFIER: methods
AUTHOR: A Teh A
AUTHOR: K W Leong KW
AFFILIATION: Department of Medicine, University Hospital, Kuala, Lumpur.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: The Medical journal of Malaysia.
COUNTRY: MALAYSIA
TITLE: Insertion of Hickman catheters by the percutaneous technique.
PUBDATE: 19951201
Hickman catheters have previously been conventionally placed by surgical dissection. This usually performed by experienced surgeons and is carried out under general anaesthesia. We report our preliminary experience in Hickman catheter placement by percutaneous technique in twenty patients. We outline the implantation methods and complications encountered by this technique. The procedure is relatively simple provided the operator is skilled in central venous cannulation. The chief advantages are that the procedure can be done under local anaesthesia and results in less trauma compared with surgical dissection. Such an alternative in catheter insertion would promote wider usage of Hickman catheters in cancer patients.


10. DOCID:19444 SCORE: 0.00176258928555613
DOCNO: 1968033
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11
DESCRIPTOR: Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length
AUTHOR: V Huff V
AUTHOR: D A Compton DA
AUTHOR: L C Strong LC
AUTHOR: G F Saunders GF
AFFILIATION: Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston 77030.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Human genetics.
COUNTRY: GERMANY, WEST
TITLE: A panel of restriction fragment length polymorphisms for chromosomal band 11p13.
PUBDATE: 19900201
A panel of seven chromosome 11p13 restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) detected by five DNA probes is described. Two alleles were identified for each polymorphism, and Mendelian segregation of alleles was observed. Allele frequencies range from 0.13/0.87 to 0.44/0.56. This panel of 11p13 RFLPs will be useful for linkage studies investigating the role of 11p13 genes in Wilms' tumor, aniridia, and genitourinary anomalies. Additionally, these RFLPs will be important tools for studying tumor-specific 11p13 alterations in Wilms' tumor and other cancers.


11. DOCID:7339 SCORE: 0.00175836714533039
DOCNO: 665664
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: etiology
QUALIFIER: adverse effects
AUTHOR: A B Miller AB
AUTHOR: A Kelly A
AUTHOR: N W Choi NW
AUTHOR: V Matthews V
AUTHOR: R W Morgan RW
AUTHOR: L Munan L
AUTHOR: J D Burch JD
AUTHOR: J Feather J
AUTHOR: G R Howe GR
AUTHOR: M Jain M
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: American journal of epidemiology.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: A study of diet and breast cancer.
PUBDATE: 19780601
A case-control study has been conducted in four areas in Canada in which 40 cases of breast cancer matched by age and marital status with neighborhood controls were administered a medical and dietary history questionnaire, a 24-hour recall of dietary information and a four-day diet record. The Study has produced evidence of an association between an increased intake of nutrients, especially total fat, in both pre-menopausal and post-menopausal women with breast cancer. Reasons why a weak association might have been anticipated are discussed, and it is concluded that in reality the association is stronger. Furthermore, its consistency with other evidence, both experimental and international, suggests that it is causal.


12. DOCID:9542 SCORE: 0.0017497820579827
DOCNO: 3897621
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Cryosurgery
DESCRIPTOR: Cystoscopes
QUALIFIER: methods
QUALIFIER: surgery
AUTHOR: Y Hikichi Y
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Gan no rinsho. Japan journal of cancer clinics.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: [Cryoprostatectomy of prostatic tumors]
PUBDATE: 19850501
Since 1968, we have carried out cryoprostatectomy on prostatic hypertrophy and prostatic cancer patients. As for the method of monitoring during cryoprostatectomy, digital examination only was carried out at the beginning in order to confirm the range of freezing and to determine the freezing time. In 1972, we developed a cryoprostatectomy method under direct intravesicular observation using the Trocar Cystoscope and furthermore in 1980, we developed echoguided cryoprostatectomy using the transrectal linear electronic scanner. These new developments ensure the safety of cryoprostatectomy and furthermore, cryoprostatectomy can now be easily carried out. The above-mentioned procedures are described.


13. DOCID:10903 SCORE: 0.0017471280792614
DOCNO: 7114025
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: complications
QUALIFIER: complications
QUALIFIER: complications
AUTHOR: J J Chuong JJ
AUTHOR: E M Livstone EM
AUTHOR: K W Barwick KW
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: The American journal of gastroenterology.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Systemic lupus erythematosus and gastric carcinoma: a report of two cases and a critical review of the literature.
PUBDATE: 19820901
Two cases of systemic lupus erythematosus in association with primary gastric adenocarcinoma are presented. A pathological analysis of the two cases of gastric cancer does not support the hypothesis that lupus and its associated vasculitis is involved in the pathogenesis of gastric carcinoma. A critical review of the literature reveals numerous case reports suggesting the association of systemic lupus erythematosus with various malignancies; however, there is no definitive study which substantiates the association of gastric or other cancers with lupus. Future studies will be required to assess appropriately the possibility of an association between lupus and cancer.


14. DOCID:2596 SCORE: 0.00174410322253891
DOCNO: 300279
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: pathology
QUALIFIER: pathology
QUALIFIER: pathology
AUTHOR: A Saxon A
AUTHOR: J Portis J
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Cancer research.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Lymphoid subpopulation changes in regional lymph nodes in squamous head and neck cancer.
PUBDATE: 19770401
Lymph nodes from 10 normal patients and regional lymph nodes (RLN) from 19 patients with squamous cancer of the head and neck were evaluated as to their lymphoid subpopulations. In comparison to normal lymph nodes, RLN from cancer patients demonstrated a marked increase in the proportion of cells with membrane immunoglobulin, the receptor for the third component of complement, and the receptor for the Fc portion of immunoglobulin G. The increased Fc receptor cells were not Fc-bearing thymus-derived lymphocytes, inasmuch as they separated with the non-sheep erythrocyte-lymphocyte rosette-forming population. The overall thymus-derived lymphocyte percentage in RLN was proportionally decreased. A transition from the normal lymph node composition to the altered lymphocyte profile seen in RLN was demonstrated on moving from distal lymph nodes to RLN within the lymphatic drainage of a tumor. Lymph nodes involved with tumor also showed the pattern of bursa equivalent cell population increases.