0. DOCID:9587 SCORE: 0.00247979483256959
DOCNO: 7091905
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: metabolism
QUALIFIER: metabolism
AUTHOR: S G Jenkinson SG
AUTHOR: M W Banschbach MW
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: The American review of respiratory disease.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Radioimmunoassay determinations of prostaglandin E in pleural effusions of varying causes.
PUBDATE: 19820701
The concentrations of prostaglandin E (PgE) were measured in pleural fluid samples from 26 consecutive patients with pleural effusions of varying causes. The PgE concentrations were significantly increased in exudates when compared with transudates and provided a single measurement to separate these 2 classifications of pleural fluid. The highest concentrations of PgE were found in exudates associated with tuberculous pleuritis and metastatic lung cancer. Simultaneous measurement of pleural fluid and plasma PgE concentrations in patients with malignant effusions revealed that pleural fluid concentrations did not reflect plasma concentrations.


1. DOCID:9780 SCORE: 0.00219600093846364
DOCNO: 6606627
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: pharmacology
QUALIFIER: immunology
QUALIFIER: immunology
QUALIFIER: immunology
AUTHOR: S Pollack S
AUTHOR: A Micali A
AUTHOR: D W Kinne DW
AUTHOR: W E Enker WE
AUTHOR: N Geller N
AUTHOR: H F Oettgen HF
AUTHOR: M K Hoffmann MK
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: International journal of cancer. Journal international du cancer.
COUNTRY: DENMARK
TITLE: Endotoxin-induced in vitro release of interleukin-1 by cancer patients' monocytes: relation to stage of disease.
PUBDATE: 19831201
The in vitro release of IL-1 by monocytes in response to endotoxin was subnormal in many patients with breast cancer, malignant melanoma or colorectal cancer but not in patients with benign tumors of the breast or colon. In each of these groups, IL-1 release was low in patients with early cancer, normal in patients with regional metastases, and low in patients with disseminated cancer.


2. DOCID:15296 SCORE: 0.00216547595077628
DOCNO: 3812437
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Regression Analysis
AUTHOR: S D Walter SD
AUTHOR: A R Feinstein AR
AUTHOR: C K Wells CK
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: American journal of epidemiology.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Coding ordinal independent variables in multiple regression analyses.
PUBDATE: 19870201
The authors present a coding scheme for ordinal independent variables which may be used in various forms of regression analysis. The scheme is useful in dose-response analyses, when the objective is to identify contrasts in the dependent (or response) variable between successive levels of the independent variable, or to identify critical threshold values of the independent variables at which significant changes occur in the response. An example is given of evaluating the survival of lung cancer patients according to their stage of symptomatology. The authors discuss the interpretation of the regression coefficients when this coding scheme is used with linear regression, logistic regression, or in the proportional hazards regression model.


3. DOCID:9486 SCORE: 0.0021197626498024
DOCNO: 4002077
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
QUALIFIER: blood
AUTHOR: D O'Donnell D
AUTHOR: A M Meyers AM
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: South African medical journal = Suid-Afrikaanse tydskrif vir geneeskunde.
COUNTRY: SOUTH AFRICA
TITLE: Hypophosphataemic osteomalacia misdiagnosed as metastatic carcinoma. A case report.
PUBDATE: 19850601
A 60-year-old woman presented with diffuse bone pain 12 months after simple mastectomy. During investigation for metastatic disease it was realized that her pain had preceded the mastectomy by 2 years and that the biochemical and radiological findings were inconsistent with metastatic disease. The findings of phosphaturia, hypophosphataemia, normocalcaemia and normal renal function without hyperparathyroidism are discussed in the light of the rarity of such findings in a 60-year-old adult and, in particular, in a patient with cancer of the breast.


4. DOCID:15984 SCORE: 0.0020586945930826
DOCNO: 11648245
OWNER: KIE
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Adolescent
DESCRIPTOR: Jurisprudence
DESCRIPTOR: Minors
DESCRIPTOR: Parents
DESCRIPTOR: Religion
DESCRIPTOR: Treatment Refusal
PUBTYPE: Legal Cases
JOURNALTITLE: West's California reporter.
COUNTRY: United States
TITLE: In re Eric B.
PUBDATE: 19870201
The issue presented in this appeal was whether a California juvenile court could order a five-year-old boy to undergo periodic medical monitoring to detect the possible recurrence of cancer, notwithstanding objections by the child's parents that such an order offended their Christian Science beliefs. Although the parents had consented to removal of the boy's eye following a diagnosis of cancer, and had permitted court-ordered chemotherapy and radiation treatment, they opposed recommendations that the boy be monitored over a two-year period for possible recurrence of the cancer. The juvenile court intervened and ordered that the parents comply with the recommendations. The parents filed a motion to reconsider the monitoring order on both statutory and constitutional grounds. The Superior Court denied the motion and the Court of Appeal affirmed.


5. DOCID:10436 SCORE: 0.00203395644318387
DOCNO: 6402432
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Ultrasonography
QUALIFIER: methods
AUTHOR: W Fiegler W
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: RöFo : Fortschritte auf dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin.
COUNTRY: GERMANY, WEST
TITLE: [Possibilities for the use of manual and automated scanning procedures in ultrasonic mammography]
PUBDATE: 19830201
The limitations and advantages of the different ultrasonic breast-scanner (manual and automated) were described, likewise experiences with an automated waterpath scanner (Octoson). For breast cancer screening the automated scanner seems to be an acceptable concept, because it manifests the breast with an excellent anatomic view. In addition the mamma is in a stable position and the examination can be properly delegated. The manual examination can be used as an additional examination. Ultrasound scan can be correlated with the manual examination and a cyst can be punctured under ultrasonic control. Essential technological improvements are to be expected by both ultrasonic systems.


6. DOCID:12848 SCORE: 0.00201521910808266
DOCNO: 3188239
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: enzymology
QUALIFIER: blood
AUTHOR: M Romano M
AUTHOR: P Bonelli P
AFFILIATION: Divisione di Biochimica, Istituto dei Tumori, Napoli, Italia.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Tumori.
COUNTRY: ITALY
TITLE: Polyamine oxidase activity in serum of cancer patients and healthy subjects.
PUBDATE: 19880801
Polyamine oxidase (PAO) activity was determined in the serum of cancer patients and healthy subjects. However, the data obtained showed that PAO activity was extremely low or undetectable in the serum of cancer patients and healthy subjects. The difference in PAO activity observed between the sera of cancer patients and healthy subjects was statistically insignificant. Thus, the measurement of PAO activity in serum has no value as a cancer marker.


7. DOCID:13514 SCORE: 0.00199874057965005
DOCNO: 3599154
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Neck Dissection
QUALIFIER: surgery
QUALIFIER: surgery
QUALIFIER: transplantation
QUALIFIER: transplantation
AUTHOR: P J Gullane PJ
AUTHOR: T J Havas TJ
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: The Journal of otolaryngology.
COUNTRY: CANADA
TITLE: Facial nerve grafts: effects of postoperative irradiation.
PUBDATE: 19870301
Six patients with cancers arising in the parotid region were treated with surgery and postoperative irradiation. All cases had extensive resections with sacrifice of the seventh nerve and primary autogenous cable graft repair. Four of the six patients had good to excellent dynamic function at 18 months; the fifth case had fair mimetic function with ability to close the eye and protect the cornea, and the final case failed to demonstrate any function at one year, but was found to have recurrent tumor at the skull base.


8. DOCID:15741 SCORE: 0.00199513374961353
DOCNO: 3014193
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Skin Transplantation
QUALIFIER: surgery
QUALIFIER: surgery
QUALIFIER: transplantation
AUTHOR: K Nakao K
AUTHOR: M Miyata M
AUTHOR: T Ito T
AUTHOR: N Ogino N
AUTHOR: Y Kawashima Y
AUTHOR: M Maeda M
AUTHOR: K Matsumoto K
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: The Japanese journal of surgery.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: Omental transposition and skin graft in patients for advanced or recurrent breast cancer.
PUBDATE: 19860301
Nine patients, including 4 with primary advanced breast cancer (stage IV) and 5 with local recurrent cancer, underwent chest wall reconstruction using an omental flap and mesh skin grafting. In 2 of these patients the defect of bony chest wall was reconstructed with an acryl-resin plate and omental flap. The postoperative course in all patients was uneventful, except for a slight necrosis on the transposed mesh skin. Flail chest or dyspnea did not occur in those with a bony chest wall reconstruction. The immediate postoperative performance status in 6 of 9 patients and also quality of life improved.


9. DOCID:11687 SCORE: 0.00194204480944344
DOCNO: 6586170
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Laryngectomy
QUALIFIER: surgery
AUTHOR: R P Morton RP
AUTHOR: P M Stell PM
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: The Australian and New Zealand journal of surgery.
COUNTRY: AUSTRALIA
TITLE: Supraglottic laryngectomy: a perspective for New Zealand.
PUBDATE: 19840201
A series of 794 patients with laryngeal cancer in Liverpool from 1965 to 1983 were reviewed with particular reference to the results after supraglottic laryngectomy. The results indicated that radiotherapy is to be preferred for T1N0 supraglottic tumours, and supraglottic laryngectomy is indicated only for patients with small primary tumours, and clinically involved lymph nodes. On comparing 274 patients with laryngeal cancer from Auckland, seen over a similar period (1965-1979), it is clear that even fewer patients than in Liverpool, both absolutely and relatively, would be eligible for supraglottic laryngectomy in New Zealand. In view of the reportedly high morbidity and mortality associated with the operation, one may question the wisdom of performing supraglottic laryngectomy in New Zealand, where suitable patients are rare.


10. DOCID:11732 SCORE: 0.00194117692430837
DOCNO: 6426813
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: blood
QUALIFIER: surgery
QUALIFIER: blood
AUTHOR: H Sundström H
AUTHOR: E Yrjänheikki E
AUTHOR: A Kauppila A
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Carcinogenesis.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Serum selenium in patients with ovarian cancer during and after therapy.
PUBDATE: 19840601
Serum concentrations of selenium were determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in 40 patients with ovarian cancer in association with and after surgical and cytostatic therapy. Patients with ovarian cancer had significantly (p less than 0.001) lower serum concentrations (mean +/- SE) of selenium (0.93 +/- 0.04 mumol/l) than age-, weight- and place of residence-matched control subjects (1.22 +/- 0.03 mumol/l). In clinical stage IV disease there was a lower serum level of selenium (0.82 +/- 0.07 mumol/l) than in clinical stages I and II combined (1.00 +/- 0.04 mumol/l). Serum selenium concentrations also showed a tendency to follow the outcome of the disease; an increase in patients with remission and a decrease in patients with progressive disease, probably because of nutritional reasons.


11. DOCID:9612 SCORE: 0.00193940077638766
DOCNO: 6524550
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: surgery
QUALIFIER: secondary
QUALIFIER: surgery
AUTHOR: H Hashimoto H
AUTHOR: F Inada F
AUTHOR: T Takamura T
AUTHOR: S Yachiku S
AUTHOR: Y Kubo Y
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: [Surgical resection in pulmonary metastases of genitourinary cancers]
PUBDATE: 19841001
Four patients (2 with renal cell carcinoma, 1 with testicular embryonal carcinoma, 1 with testicular seminoma) underwent surgical resection for pulmonary metastases. Three patients except one with renal cell carcinoma are still alive without disease at 1, 2.3 and 2.3 years, respectively. Surgical resection of metastatic pulmonary sarcoma or carcinoma is now the accepted method of treatment. As chemo- and radio-therapy are often ineffective for metastatic genitourinary cancers, our current policy is to employ surgical treatment provided that the operability is assessed carefully.


12. DOCID:15800 SCORE: 0.00192954293679552
DOCNO: 3406597
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Nuclear Reactors
DESCRIPTOR: Statistics
AUTHOR: R A Stone RA
AFFILIATION: CSIRO Division of Mathematics and Statistics, Clayton, Victoria, Australia.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Statistics in medicine.
COUNTRY: ENGLAND
TITLE: Investigations of excess environmental risks around putative sources: statistical problems and a proposed test.
PUBDATE: 19880601
Individual reactions to a report which identifies an excess of risk near a putative source are determined mainly by some quoted significance level. One reaction, involving a commonly used 'coincidence' argument is given a simple Bayesian explanation. It is argued that interpretations of such reports should if possible allow both for data selection and for uncertainty in the null expectations underlying the significance levels. Tests are proposed, based on the first isotonic regression estimator under an order restriction, which allow for the effects of selecting a study region in the light of the data and have a simple form. Data on cancer incidence around two nuclear plants are used to illustrate.


13. DOCID:10465 SCORE: 0.00183847052094222
DOCNO: 3874468
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Mammary Glands, Animal
DESCRIPTOR: Neoplasms
QUALIFIER: therapy
QUALIFIER: veterinary
AUTHOR: A A Hayes AA
AUTHOR: S Mooney S
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: The Veterinary clinics of North America. Small animal practice.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Feline mammary tumors.
PUBDATE: 19850501
The characteristics of feline mammary cancer--that is, the rapid growth of primary mammary tumors, the high rate of tumor recurrence, and the poor survival statistics--demonstrate the need for (1) early diagnosis of the primary tumor; (2) immediate, aggressive surgical therapy; and (3) frequent follow-up examinations to detect early clinical signs of recurrent disease. A number of factors that influence prognosis have been described. As more information becomes available concerning the behavior of feline mammary tumors and the results of various forms of treatment, more effective protocols can be developed. Continued etiologic research may play a vital role in determining the direction of therapy.


14. DOCID:14879 SCORE: 0.00181619894713688
DOCNO: 3313217
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Breast
DESCRIPTOR: Mammary Glands, Animal
QUALIFIER: pharmacology
QUALIFIER: pharmacology
AUTHOR: P Mauvais-Jarvis P
AUTHOR: F Kuttenn F
AUTHOR: A Gompel A
AUTHOR: A Benotmane A
AFFILIATION: Service de Médecine de la Reproduction, Hôpital Necker, Paris, France.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Pathologie-biologie.
COUNTRY: FRANCE
TITLE: [Antiestrogen action of progesterone in the breast]
PUBDATE: 19870901
This review analyzes recent data from international literature concerning the antiestrogen action of progesterone, progestins and the antiprogesterone RU 486 at the level of mammary cells in culture from either breast cancer lines or normal breast obtained from reduction mammoplasties. Most data indicate that progesterone, progestins and even RU 486 have a strong antiestrogen effect on breast cell appreciated by the decrease of estradiol receptor content, the decrease of cell multiplication and the stimulation of 17 beta-hydroxysteroid activity which may be considered as a marker of breast cell differentiation dependent of progesterone receptor.