0. DOCID:19733 SCORE: 0.00440121869136981
DOCNO: 2405031
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: etiology
QUALIFIER: etiology
QUALIFIER: etiology
QUALIFIER: epidemiology
QUALIFIER: etiology
QUALIFIER: adverse effects
AUTHOR: S Preston-Martin S
AUTHOR: S C White SC
AFFILIATION: University of Southern California School of Medicine, Los Angeles.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Journal of the American Dental Association (1939)
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Brain and salivary gland tumors related to prior dental radiography: implications for current practice.
PUBDATE: 19900201
Five epidemiological studies of brain, cranial meninge, and salivary gland tumor sites reviewed implicate prior dental radiography with increased risk of subtentorial intracranial meningiomas and tumors of the parotid gland. Diagnostic radiography (medical and dental) was the most important risk factor identified for parotid gland cancers; among Los Angeles County residents, about 85% of the cumulative parotid dose from diagnostic radiography came from dental examinations. Irradiation of patients during dental radiography declined substantially from 1920 to 1988; it is uncertain whether current low doses increase risk. Recommendations for exposure reduction are made.


1. DOCID:17766 SCORE: 0.00371777515535781
DOCNO: 1758433
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: physiopathology
QUALIFIER: etiology
QUALIFIER: therapy
AUTHOR: J B Kelly JB
AUTHOR: R Payne R
AFFILIATION: Department of Neurology, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Ohio.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Neurologic clinics.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Pain syndromes in the cancer patient.
PUBDATE: 19911101
Paraneoplastic syndromes affect the nervous system in a very small percentage of patients with cancer. In those patients, portions of the nervous system are damaged or destroyed, usually in association with a small and often occult neoplasm elsewhere in the body. Current evidence suggests that these syndromes occur when the body mounts an immune response to an antigen shared between the tumor and the nervous system. The immune attack is then misdirected against that portion of the nervous system that possesses the "onconeural" antigen.


2. DOCID:22745 SCORE: 0.00338646378574755
DOCNO: 7724852
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Glass
QUALIFIER: trends
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Regulatory toxicology and pharmacology : RTP.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Postscript: science and public policy on synthetic vitreous fibers.
PUBDATE: 19941201
Rapid advances are being made in our understanding of the interaction of airborne fibers with biological tissues. It is possible to reduce human exposures and potential risk to lung cancer and fibrosis if current science and models are fully utilized. However, the criteria used by IARC and NTP in their cancer classifications have not kept pace with current science and, in fact, remain entrenched in the scientific vagaries present in the 1960's. As long as public policy cannot keep pace with contemporary scientific understanding, we are doomed to a world of exaggerated risks, inappropriate regulations, misguided priorities, inadequate funding for social and environmental programs, mass anxiety, and skepticism about scientific research.


3. DOCID:18478 SCORE: 0.00326731294373221
DOCNO: 8468270
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Mutagenesis
QUALIFIER: therapy
AUTHOR: K T Kelsey KT
AUTHOR: M Caggana-Aviles M
AUTHOR: P Mauch P
AUTHOR: C N Coleman CN
AUTHOR: L N Shulman LN
AUTHOR: H L Liber HL
AFFILIATION: Department of Cancer Biology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Hematology/oncology clinics of North America.
COUNTRY: ENGLAND
TITLE: Mutagenesis after therapy for Hodgkin's disease.
PUBDATE: 19930401
Therapy for Hodgkin's disease has been associated with a significant increase in risk for second cancers. To begin an investigation of the association of therapy-induced genetic damage with this risk, somatic mutations at the hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase locus were measured in lymphocytes from patients previously treated for Hodgkin's disease. The results demonstrate that a subset of patients have persistently elevated mutation frequencies, perhaps suggesting that these individuals are among those at significant risk of second cancer development.


4. DOCID:23745 SCORE: 0.00326462499017414
DOCNO: 8630975
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Cell Cycle
DESCRIPTOR: Chromosome Fragility
QUALIFIER: ultrastructure
QUALIFIER: genetics
AUTHOR: N Capalash N
AUTHOR: R C Sobti RC
AFFILIATION: Center for Biotechnology, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Cancer genetics and cytogenetics.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Spontaneous genomic fragility and cell cycle progression in lymphocytes of patients with cervical carcinoma.
PUBDATE: 19960501
Thirty patients with invasive carcinoma of the cervix, along with 15 age-matched healthy females as controls, were studied to examine the frequency of spontaneous SCEs, chromosomal aberrations (CAs), and cell cycle progression in lymphocytes. The frequency of SCEs and TCAs was statistically significant in the patients over the control group. The correlation of SCEs and TCAs with the stage of cancer, age, and number of pregnancies was also made. The cell cycle of lymphocytes showed its prolongation in the patients, as is evident from the higher proportion of cells at M1 (metaphase of first cell division after 72 hours).


5. DOCID:18989 SCORE: 0.0032386371702793
DOCNO: 2165207
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: methods
QUALIFIER: methods
AUTHOR: S D Swanson SD
AUTHOR: L E Quint LE
AUTHOR: H N Yeung HN
AFFILIATION: Department of Radiology, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor 48109.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Magnetic resonance in medicine : official journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine / Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Proton-enhanced 13C imaging/spectroscopy by polarization transfer.
PUBDATE: 19900701
Carbon-13 magnetic resonance imaging/spectroscopy (CMRI/S) was performed using polarization transfer techniques where sensitivity of the carbon signal was enhanced by transferring the proton spin order to the carbon nuclei. The experimental feasibility of using polarization transfer techniques at 2.0 T was demonstrated with a phantom and an intact chicken egg. The potential clinical applications of CMRI/S with polarization transfer include the assessment of prostate cancer. Preliminary results using human prostate specimens are presented.


6. DOCID:19036 SCORE: 0.00316308189185266
DOCNO: 1633928
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: pathology
QUALIFIER: physiology
QUALIFIER: pathology
QUALIFIER: pathology
AUTHOR: K Matsumoto K
AFFILIATION: Osaka Medical Center for Maternal and Child Health.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Nippon Naibunpi Gakkai zasshi.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: [Hormones and growth of cancer]
PUBDATE: 19920601
Estrogen and androgen play essential roles in the development of breast cancer and prostate cancer, respectively. However, only 30% of breast cancer mass and 70% of prostate cancer mass are found to be hormone-dependent when they have been treated clinically. These findings show that hormone dependency of cancer disappears rather easily. Recently, it has been found that the growth of hormone-dependent cancer is mediated through sex steroid-induced growth factors in an autocrine manner. Future studies on sex steroid-induced growth factor(s) will play important roles in order to understand the molecular mechanisms of the development and growth of breast cancer and prostate cancer.


7. DOCID:21951 SCORE: 0.00313002314200156
DOCNO: 8542243
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: therapeutic use
QUALIFIER: therapeutic use
QUALIFIER: therapy
QUALIFIER: therapeutic use
QUALIFIER: therapeutic use
AUTHOR: V K Hamasaki VK
AUTHOR: E E Vokes EE
AFFILIATION: Department of Medical Oncology and Therapeutics Research, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, CA, USA.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Medical oncology (Northwood, London, England)
COUNTRY: ENGLAND
TITLE: Interferons and other cytokines in head and neck cancer.
PUBDATE: 19950301
The use of cytokines in head and neck cancer is increasingly under investigation. Clinical trials have tested the interferons, interleukin-2 and other cytokines as single agents and in various combinations. The addition of interferon to the cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) regimens (with and without leucovorin) has been explored. A randomized international trial comparing cisplatin and 5-FU with cisplatin, 5-FU and interferon-alpha 2b is in progress.


8. DOCID:16600 SCORE: 0.00307964977785058
DOCNO: 2259278
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: methods
QUALIFIER: methods
QUALIFIER: radiotherapy
AUTHOR: G A Ushakova GA
AUTHOR: B P Afanas'ev BP
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Meditsinskaia radiologiia.
COUNTRY: USSR
TITLE: [The optimization of the dosimetric plan in the intracavity radiotherapy of patients with cancer of the corpus uteri]
PUBDATE: 19901101
The potentialities of mathematical optimization were investigated with respect to dosimetric design of radiation therapy of endometrial cancer patients using AGAT-V and AGAT-VU [correction of Agat-B and Agat-Y] apparatus. The effectiveness of linear programming for creating in a pathological focus and in normal tissues of a dose distribution, meeting clinical requirements to the maximum, was shown.


9. DOCID:23941 SCORE: 0.00294485998253548
DOCNO: 8834313
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: pathology
QUALIFIER: metabolism
AUTHOR: S Masood S
AFFILIATION: Department of Pathology, University of Florida Health Science Center/Jacksonville 32209, USA.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Diagnostic cytopathology.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Prognostic factors in breast cancer: use of cytologic preparations.
PUBDATE: 19951201
There is increasing evidence that certain morphological features and biological markers found in breast tumors may provide prognostic information by predicting the risk of recurrence and metastasis in early breast cancer. This information may also be important in choosing therapeutic options in patients with advanced disease. Prognostic testing is commonly performed on surgically excised lesions. However, there are clinical conditions in which a surgical specimen may not be suitable or available for such analysis. In these circumstances, fine-needle aspiration biopsy and imprint preparation provide an attractive sample for prognostic testings. This review summarizes the current approach to the use of cytologic preparation for assessment of established and newly recognized prognostic factors.


10. DOCID:19638 SCORE: 0.0029423335280052
DOCNO: 2318454
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
AUTHOR: M Brodman M
AUTHOR: F Friedman F
AUTHOR: P Dottino P
AUTHOR: C Janus C
AUTHOR: S Plaxe S
AUTHOR: C Cohen C
AFFILIATION: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Gynecologic oncology.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: A comparative study of computerized tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and clinical staging for the detection of early cervix cancer.
PUBDATE: 19900301
Sixteen patients with cervical cancer underwent radical surgery following standard clinical staging, MRI, and CT. The sensitivity of the CT scan was 14%, the specificity 100%. MRI had a sensitivity of 28% and a specificity of 64%. The clinical stage was correct in 10 of 16 patients (62%). CT and MRI are not individually or collectively better than clinical staging in predicting extent of disease, and currently should not be included in the FIGO staging for cervix cancer.


11. DOCID:18259 SCORE: 0.00284540686688468
DOCNO: 15463632
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: PubMed-not-MEDLINE
AUTHOR: B Maresca B
AUTHOR: L Carratù L
AFFILIATION: International Institute of Genetics and Biophysics, CNR, Via Marconi 12, 80125 Naples, Italy.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Parasitology today (Personal ed.)
COUNTRY: England
TITLE: The biology of the heat shock response in parasites.
PUBDATE: 19920801
The heat shock response is a general homeostatic mechanism that protects cells and the entire organism from the deleterious effects of environmental stress. It has been shown that heat shock proteins play major roles in many cellular processes and have a unique role in several areas of cell biology, from chronic degenerative diseases to immunology and from cancer research to interactions between host and parasite. In this review, Bruno Maresca and Luisella Carratu deal with some of the unique characteristics of the heat shock response in parasitic organisms.


12. DOCID:18130 SCORE: 0.00281435920467454
DOCNO: 1544095
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: prevention & control
QUALIFIER: organization & administration
AUTHOR: R E Bird RE
AFFILIATION: Center for Breast Diagnosis, Charlotte, North Carolina 28203.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Cancer.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: A successful breast cancer screening program.
PUBDATE: 19920401
A private, low-cost mammography screening program in Charlotte, North Carolina, has grown from one to four fixed sites in the past 6 years and now screens more than 25,000 women annually. An ongoing medical audit of the program shows that the percentage of patients with breast cancer with positive lymph nodes has decreased from 29% to 13%, and the percentage of minimal cancers found has increased from 31% to 52%. Compliance for regular screening has remained at approximately 50% for the past 2 years. Means of increasing compliance to desired levels are discussed.


13. DOCID:22824 SCORE: 0.002784861597122
DOCNO: 7784155
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: radiography
QUALIFIER: radiography
QUALIFIER: methods
AUTHOR: F Mimura F
AUTHOR: M Kusumoto M
AUTHOR: R Ono R
AUTHOR: T Nakamura T
AUTHOR: M Endo M
AUTHOR: M Zhang M
AUTHOR: K Kimura K
AUTHOR: E Itouji E
AUTHOR: M Kono M
AFFILIATION: Department of Radiology, Kobe University, School of Medicine.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Nippon Igaku Hoshasen Gakkai zasshi. Nippon acta radiologica.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: [Assessment by three-dimensional CT of pleural indentation or invasion by peripheral lung cancer]
PUBDATE: 19950401
We evaluated the effectiveness of three-dimensional (3D) CT for pleural indentation or invasion by peripheral lung cancer adjacent to pleura. Pleural indentation was shown in three of nine cases on conventional CT, and six cases were demonstrated three-dimensionally. 3D-CT was superior to conventional CT in demonstrating pleural indentation. Pleural invasion could not be assessed on 3D-CT because the pleura adjacent to the tumor was not visualized.


14. DOCID:23818 SCORE: 0.00277723054069957
DOCNO: 9103006
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: genetics
AUTHOR: S O Kolset SO
AUTHOR: C A Drevon CA
AUTHOR: K Prydz K
AFFILIATION: Institutt for ernaeringsforskning, Universitetet i Oslo, Blindern.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Tidsskrift for den Norske laegeforening.
COUNTRY: NORWAY
TITLE: [Proteoglycans and pathology--new aspects]
PUBDATE: 19970301
It is well documented that proteoglycans are involved in a wide range of pathological conditions. Recently published results in international journals provide new information on the role of proteoglycans in such conditions. A mutation in the gene encoding for a cell surface proteoglycan has been demonstrated in overgrowth syndromes. A proteoglycan has been isolated from urine and shown to induce cachexia in cancer patients. Furthermore, in both achondrogenesis and colon cancer, the reduced ability to sulphate proteoglycans is due to genetic defects in cellular sulfate transporters. Finally, fibrosis has been inhibited in glomerulonephritic mice by transferring the gene for decorin, a transforming growth factor beta-1 binding proteoglycan, into muscle tissue.