0. DOCID:15782 SCORE: 0.00530113259966847
DOCNO: 2749148
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Immune Tolerance
QUALIFIER: complications
QUALIFIER: complications
AUTHOR: B Clair B
AUTHOR: B Régnier B
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: La Revue du praticien.
COUNTRY: FRANCE
TITLE: [Infectious pneumopathies in immunosuppressed patients]
PUBDATE: 19890601
Infective pneumonia occurring in immunocompromised patients is characterized by its multiple causes which create diagnostic problems and by the need for a prompt treatment. The principal criteria pointing to a specific organism are the causes of immunodeficiency (now usually due to treatment of blood diseases or cancers, organ transplantation and AIDS) and the radiological features of the pneumonia. Confirming the diagnosis frequently requires features of the pneumonia. Confirming the diagnosis frequently requires invasive explorations which in any case are limited by the patient's fragility. Consequently, empirical therapeutic measures are initiated, at least initially, taking into account all likely assumptions. The severity and frequency of these lung infections make it desirable to develop preventive measures applying to the patient himself (antibiotic prophylaxis) or to his environment.


1. DOCID:15836 SCORE: 0.00520581780584693
DOCNO: 2433019
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
QUALIFIER: therapy
QUALIFIER: therapy
QUALIFIER: therapy
QUALIFIER: therapeutic use
AUTHOR: F M Torti FM
AUTHOR: B L Lum BL
PUBTYPE: Clinical Trial
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Cancer.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Superficial bladder cancer. Risk of recurrence and potential role for interferon therapy.
PUBDATE: 19870201
Superficial bladder tumors--cancer in situ (CIS) and papillary transitional carcinoma of the bladder--are the most frequent presentations of bladder cancer, the second most common disease of the urethelial tract. These superficial tumors demonstrate a tendency to recur, either at the same stage and grade or as deeply invasive tumors. To some extent, the likelihood of tumor recurrence can be predicted, based on certain risk factors. Furthermore, the probability of recurrence can be altered through appropriate clinical interventions. A review of the literature, much of which is preliminary, suggests that interferon therapy for bladder cancer may modify the biologic behavior of this disease and provide clinical benefit for some patients.


2. DOCID:13319 SCORE: 0.0041902375329154
DOCNO: 2667128
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: psychology
QUALIFIER: psychology
AUTHOR: F Stiefel F
AUTHOR: M Volkenandt M
AUTHOR: W Breitbart W
AFFILIATION: Psychiatry Service, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10021.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Schweizerische medizinische Wochenschrift.
COUNTRY: SWITZERLAND
TITLE: [Suicide and cancer]
PUBDATE: 19890601
Epidemiological studies demonstrate that cancer patients are at increased risk of suicide. While affective illness and alcoholism are the most important determinants of suicide in the physically healthy population, vulnerability to suicide in cancer patients is influenced by a number of other factors including psychosocial and psychosomatic effects of advanced illness, pain, organic mental syndromes and preexisting psychopathology. Ways of influencing these risk factors are discussed, together with their use in preventive care and management of suicidal cancer patients.


3. DOCID:11574 SCORE: 0.00398717457010898
DOCNO: 7066218
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Protective Devices
DESCRIPTOR: Respiratory Protective Devices
QUALIFIER: adverse effects
QUALIFIER: mortality
QUALIFIER: mortality
AUTHOR: B K Wignall BK
AUTHOR: A J Fox AJ
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: British journal of industrial medicine.
COUNTRY: ENGLAND
TITLE: Mortality of female gas mask assemblers.
PUBDATE: 19820201
A 30-year follow-up study of the mortality of 500 women employed in manufacturing gas masks during the second world war showed a pronounced excess of deaths from mesothelioma and lung cancer. Although these women were subject only to short periods of exposure, greater excesses were found for those exposed for between one and five years than for those exposed for under one year. Even in the latter group, however, five deaths from lung cancer and four deaths from mesothelioma were recorded compared with 1.5 deaths and 0.1 deaths expected (p approximately equal to 0.02). An excess of deaths from cancer of the ovary was also found, and this appeared to be related to exposure to asbestos.


4. DOCID:11571 SCORE: 0.00398717432430441
DOCNO: 6176444
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: analysis
QUALIFIER: analysis
AUTHOR: L A Cole LA
AUTHOR: S Birken S
AUTHOR: S Sutphen S
AUTHOR: R O Hussa RO
AUTHOR: R A Pattillo RA
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Endocrinology.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Absence of the COOH-terminal peptide on ectopic human chorionic gonadotropin beta-subunit (hCG beta).
PUBDATE: 19820601
A comparison of the physical properties and immunoreactivity of ectopic hCG beta from cultured cervical cancer cells and standard hCG beta was performed. The heterogeneity of the preparations was examined by ion-exchange chromatography, and the molecular size by analytical gel filtration. Two distinct forms of ectopic hCG beta were identified. One form was indistinguishable from standard hCG beta, while the other, although larger, lacked the characteristic COOH-terminal peptide (CTP). This was shown by the failure of antisera specific for determinants on the cTP to recognize this molecule, and by the apparent absence of the 0-linked oligosaccharides and thermolysin cleavage site normally found in this region.


5. DOCID:11645 SCORE: 0.00385918860785884
DOCNO: 7085384
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Tomography, X-Ray Computed
QUALIFIER: radiography
QUALIFIER: radiography
AUTHOR: P G Giri PG
AUTHOR: J W Walsh JW
AUTHOR: T A Hazra TA
AUTHOR: J H Texter JH
AUTHOR: W W Koontz WW
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Role of computed tomography in the evaluation and management of carcinoma of the prostate.
PUBDATE: 19820201
Between January 1978 to March 1980, 25 patients with biopsy-proven prostate carcinoma were evaluated by computerized tomography (CT). CT differed from clinical stage in 7 of 25 patients (28%). In 6 of the 7 patients, change in stage resulted because of demonstration of extracapsular extension and/or pelvic lymph node involvement. Twelve of the 25 patients (48%) underwent surgery with histological confirmation of CT findings. Ct identified nodal involvement accurately in 10 of 12 patients (83%). We recommend use of CT for initial staging, treatment planning and assessment of response in the management of prostate cancer.


6. DOCID:11476 SCORE: 0.00374913599191092
DOCNO: 6870892
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: metabolism
QUALIFIER: isolation & purification
QUALIFIER: metabolism
QUALIFIER: metabolism
QUALIFIER: metabolism
AUTHOR: S Hakomori S
AUTHOR: E Nudelman E
AUTHOR: S B Levery SB
AUTHOR: C M Patterson CM
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Biochemical and biophysical research communications.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Human cancer-associated gangliosides defined by a monoclonal antibody (IB9) directed to sialosyl alpha 2 leads to 6 galactosyl residue: a preliminary note.
PUBDATE: 19830601
A new monoclonal antibody (IB9) was prepared by hybridoma technique directed specifically to sialosyl alpha 2 leads to 6 galactosyl residue. With this reagent, accumulation of two major gangliosides in human colonic and liver adenocarcinoma has been detected, and these gangliosides were isolated and characterized as structures A and B (below). Another ganglioside with a ceramide nonasaccharide structure, which reacted to anti-X-hapten antibody after desialylation, was also isolated and partially characterized. (formula; see text) These gangliosides were absent or present in very small quantity in normal tissue and may represent human cancer-associated markers.


7. DOCID:14897 SCORE: 0.00363638469404329
DOCNO: 3019974
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Dietary Fiber
QUALIFIER: epidemiology
AUTHOR: M Kuratsune M
AUTHOR: T Honda T
AUTHOR: H N Englyst HN
AUTHOR: J H Cummings JH
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Japanese journal of cancer research : Gann.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: Dietary fiber in the Japanese diet as investigated in connection with colon cancer risk.
PUBDATE: 19860801
The low risk of colon cancer among the Japanese suggests a high intake of dietary fiber. Composite diets for 1959, 1970, and 1979 were prepared using food consumption data from the National Nutrition Survey in Japan and analyzed for non-starch polysaccharides (NSP) at the Dunn Clinical Nutrition Centre in Cambridge. The results showed that average intake of NSP by Japanese in the above years did not exceed 13 g per day, which is as low as the corresponding intake by the Scandinavians and the British, whose risk of colon cancer is known to be high.


8. DOCID:9823 SCORE: 0.00326442949665587
DOCNO: 6140076
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Diseases in Twins
DESCRIPTOR: Twins
DESCRIPTOR: Twins, Dizygotic
QUALIFIER: genetics
QUALIFIER: genetics
QUALIFIER: genetics
AUTHOR: K C Anderson KC
AUTHOR: F P Li FP
AUTHOR: D J Marchetto DJ
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Cancer.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Dizygotic twinning, cryptorchism, and seminoma in a sibship.
PUBDATE: 19840101
Cryptorchism was diagnosed in all 3 male members of 2 pairs of dizygotic twins in a sibship. Two of these brothers developed seminomas at age 31 and 33 years. Studies revealed a nephew with an atrophic testicle, but no additional instances of twinning, cryptorchism or testis cancer. Cryptorchism has been reported previously in 3 of 8 sets of twins with testis cancer, but rarely in familial testis cancer affecting other relatives. Hormonal factors may be involved in the association of twinning, cryptorchism and testis cancer in this family.


9. DOCID:14869 SCORE: 0.00324558509339737
DOCNO: 2827885
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: pathology
QUALIFIER: pathology
QUALIFIER: pathology
AUTHOR: J A Søreide JA
AUTHOR: O Anda O
AUTHOR: L Eriksen L
AUTHOR: J Holter J
AUTHOR: K H Kjellevold KH
AFFILIATION: Department of Surgery, Rogaland Central Hospital, Stavanger, Norway.
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Cancer.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Pleomorphic adenoma of the human breast with local recurrence.
PUBDATE: 19880301
Pleomorphic adenoma of the human breast is a rare, benign tumor for which the literature is sparse. A local recurrence has been reported only once before. The diagnostic challenge of this cancer-imitating lesion is emphasized in this report. Although local excision of the tumor is the treatment of choice, almost 50% of the patients reported have undergone fairly extensive surgery, i.e., simple or radical mastectomy. A paraffin secretion of the excised tumor is mandatory to confirm the benign nature of the lesion to avoid an unnecessary mastectomy for a benign condition.


10. DOCID:14263 SCORE: 0.00319572416830481
DOCNO: 3106176
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Mutagens
QUALIFIER: toxicity
QUALIFIER: methods
QUALIFIER: toxicity
AUTHOR: H S Rosenkranz HS
AUTHOR: F K Ennever FK
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association.
COUNTRY: ENGLAND
TITLE: Evaluation of the genotoxicity of theobromine and caffeine.
PUBDATE: 19870301
Published data on the mutagenicity and genotoxicity of theobromine and caffeine were analysed by the Carcinogen Prediction and Battery Section (CPBS) method. In spite of some positive responses, these analyses did not predict for theobromine a potential for causing cancer by virtue of a genotoxic mechanism. Caffeine, on the other hand, clearly has potential for genotoxic carcinogenicity. The predictive performance of cost-effective batteries consisting of selected combinations of four assays was also evaluated. The predictions were similar to those derived when all the available test results were considered.


11. DOCID:13099 SCORE: 0.0031597572734041
DOCNO: 2709959
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: administration & dosage
QUALIFIER: radiotherapy
AUTHOR: S B Balmukhanov SB
AUTHOR: Z K Aĭtkulova ZK
AUTHOR: Zh S Mustafin ZhS
AUTHOR: R S Rismukhamedova RS
AUTHOR: V I Filippenko VI
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Meditsinskaia radiologiia.
COUNTRY: USSR
TITLE: [Intratumoral and parametric administration of metronidazole in the radiotherapy of cancer of the cervix]
PUBDATE: 19890401
The paper is concerned with analysis of the results of radiation therapy of cervical cancer and intratumoral administration of metronidazole (124 patients with tumors, Stage IIB and III). At the end of the treatment, complete tumor regression in the intervention group (with metronidazole) was noted in 91% (irrespective of a stage of disease), in the control group (without metronidazole)--in 51% of the patients.


12. DOCID:9374 SCORE: 0.00310939187905107
DOCNO: 6191688
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: administration & dosage
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
AUTHOR: M Kimura M
AUTHOR: T Koida T
AUTHOR: T Fukuda T
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: [Clinical effect of Peplomycin on recurrent breast cancer]
PUBDATE: 19830701
Twelve patients with recurrent breast cancer were treated with Peplomycin monotherapy. Peplomycin was given intermittently with a dose of 10 mg intramuscularly twice a week. As side effects of Peplomycin, fever elevation in 75% (9/12), malaise in 67%, nausea and vomiting in 42%, anorexia in 42%, pulmonary toxicity in 8%, and loss of hair in 8%, were observed. Out of 8 evaluable cases, CR was obtained in 1, PR in 1, NC in 3, and PD in 3 cases, respectively.


13. DOCID:8377 SCORE: 0.00307143323690563
DOCNO: 3874183
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Radiation Protection
QUALIFIER: prevention & control
AUTHOR: S B Field SB
AUTHOR: A C Upton AC
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: International journal of radiation biology and related studies in physics, chemistry, and medicine.
COUNTRY: ENGLAND
TITLE: Non-stochastic effects: compatibility with present ICRP recommendations.
PUBDATE: 19850701
The present recommendations of the ICRP (International Commission on Radiological Protection) are almost entirely based on 'stochastic effects' of ionizing radiation, i.e. cancer induction and heritable effects. In a recent report the compatibility of present recommendations with non-stochastic effects has been considered. The present paper is a summary of these findings.


14. DOCID:15707 SCORE: 0.00306030047569383
DOCNO: 2845167
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: pathology
QUALIFIER: pathology
AUTHOR: Y Shimosato Y
AFFILIATION: Pathology Division, National Cancer Center Research Institute.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Gan no rinsho. Japan journal of cancer clinics.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: [Pathology of early lung cancer]
PUBDATE: 19880801
Lung cancer is divided into hilar and peripheral types by its site of origin, because of the difference in the structures between bronchi and bronchiolo-alveoli. Accordingly, the definition of early lung cancer differs depending upon the site of tumor origin. At present, however, there is no agreement as to the definition of early lung cancer of both types. Most early cancer of the hilar region are squamous cell type. Squamous cell carcinoma in situ should be differentiated from dysplasia with marked atypia. On the other hand, many early cancer of the peripheral type are adenocarcinoma. Atypical adenomatous hyperplasia or adenoma may necessitate differentiation from very well differentiated adenocarcinoma. Problems on the definition and differential diagnosis are discussed.