0. DOCID:23624 SCORE: 0.00417443106118014
DOCNO: 8869951
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
AUTHOR: A Schneider A
AUTHOR: D M Zahm DM
AFFILIATION: Department of Gynecology, Friedrich Schiller University, Jena, Germany.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Obstetrics and gynecology clinics of North America.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: New adjunctive methods for cervical cancer screening.
PUBDATE: 19960901
The sensitivity of cytology for detection of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) is effectively augmented by cervicography with the disadvantage of lower specificity. However, the combination of cytology and cervicography can decrease the number of recalls, biopsies, and unnecessary treatments, which reduces cost. Down-staging of invasive cancer by visual inspection seems a cost-effective alternative to the introduction of cytology in countries with limited health facilities. Other methods such as speculoscopy, polarprobe, laser-induced fluorescence, computerized digital imaging colposcopy, or computer imaging have a potential to be used for future screening or triaging; however, so far, insufficient data are available to evaluate the validity of these techniques.


1. DOCID:22247 SCORE: 0.00266363037888519
DOCNO: 7531737
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: adverse effects
QUALIFIER: therapy
QUALIFIER: adverse effects
QUALIFIER: etiology
AUTHOR: A Caraceni A
AUTHOR: C Martini C
AUTHOR: F De Conno F
AUTHOR: V Ventafridda V
AFFILIATION: Pain Therapy and Palliative Care Division, National Cancer Institute, Milan, Italy.
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Journal of pain and symptom management.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Organic brain syndromes and opioid administration for cancer pain.
PUBDATE: 19941101
To clarify the range of potential etiologies that may contribute to organic brain syndrome in patients receiving systemic opioids for cancer pain, we describe 15 patients who presented this complication. In 11 cases, concomitant conditions were found that could contribute to the onset of organic brain syndrome. These data illustrate that multiple causes often play a role in the development of mental status changes in advanced cancer. Opioids are seldom the only causal factor implicated.


2. DOCID:22206 SCORE: 0.00266362695609392
DOCNO: 8714805
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Body Image
DESCRIPTOR: Patient Care Team
DESCRIPTOR: Sick Role
QUALIFIER: psychology
QUALIFIER: psychology
QUALIFIER: psychology
QUALIFIER: psychology
AUTHOR: E J Kunkel EJ
AUTHOR: C Rodgers C
AUTHOR: H L Field HL
AUTHOR: D A Snyderman DA
AUTHOR: C Woods C
AUTHOR: R P Zager RP
AUTHOR: M Walker M
AFFILIATION: Department of Psychiatry, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, PA 19107-5004, USA.
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: General hospital psychiatry.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Treating the patient who is disfigured by head and neck cancer.
PUBDATE: 19951101
A 46-year-old man with laryngeal carcinoma was admitted to the medical service for lethargy. The medical team requested a psychiatric consultation to assist with the patient's depression, substance abuse, and noncompliance. The case is presented and discussed with reference to the issues of depression, disfigurement, dysfunction, and substance abuse in the patient with head and neck cancer.


3. DOCID:20458 SCORE: 0.00242550437888775
DOCNO: 8789503
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: pathology
QUALIFIER: therapy
QUALIFIER: pathology
QUALIFIER: therapy
QUALIFIER: pathology
AUTHOR: A M Cohen AM
AUTHOR: W D Wong WD
AFFILIATION: Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center and Cornell University Medical College, New York, New York 10021, USA.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Surgical oncology clinics of North America.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Anal squamous cell cancer nodal metastases: prognostic significance and therapeutic considerations.
PUBDATE: 19960101
Anal squamous cell cancers have regional lymph node spread to three sites: rectal mesentery, hypogastric, and inguinal. All such regional sites should be included in the initial radiation treatment fields and monitored for recurrence after the initial therapy.


4. DOCID:22688 SCORE: 0.0022472267782415
DOCNO: 9348637
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
QUALIFIER: therapy
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
QUALIFIER: therapy
QUALIFIER: veterinary
QUALIFIER: veterinary
QUALIFIER: veterinary
AUTHOR: J D Hoskins JD
AUTHOR: S C Kerwin SC
AFFILIATION: DocuTech Services, Inc., Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: The Veterinary clinics of North America. Small animal practice.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Musculoskeletal system. Joint and vertebral column diseases.
PUBDATE: 19971101
Owner complaints that refer to the musculoskeletal system are common in older dogs and cats. When the veterinarian is presented with these types of complaints, the differential lists include chronic intervertebral disk disease, diskospondylitis, degenerative joint disease, spondylosis with nerve root compression, joint/ ligament instability, and/or cancer. The diagnosis and management of some of these conditions is presented in detail with the general goal in mind that the older dog or cat is provided the best quality of life possible through good mobility along with being pain free.


5. DOCID:22503 SCORE: 0.00211367952259009
DOCNO: 7916573
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Linkage (Genetics)
DESCRIPTOR: Mutation
QUALIFIER: genetics
QUALIFIER: genetics
QUALIFIER: genetics
AUTHOR: O Hino O
AUTHOR: T Kobayashi T
AUTHOR: H Tsuchiya H
AUTHOR: Y Kikuchi Y
AUTHOR: E Kobayashi E
AUTHOR: H Mitani H
AUTHOR: Y Hirayama Y
AFFILIATION: Department of Experimental Pathology, Cancer Institute, Tokyo, Japan.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Biochemical and biophysical research communications.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: The predisposing gene of the Eker rat inherited cancer syndrome is tightly linked to the tuberous sclerosis (TSC2) gene.
PUBDATE: 19940901
The Eker rat is a promising animal model of cancer predisposition syndromes. In this study, using 129 backcross animals, we have established a new conserved linkage group on rat 10q and human 16p13.3 whereby the Eker mutation was found to be tightly linked to the tuberous sclerosis (TSC2) gene. This will be the first step toward the positional cloning and identification of the predisposing Eker mutation.


6. DOCID:23758 SCORE: 0.00201606076320124
DOCNO: 7634598
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Fracture Fixation
DESCRIPTOR: Humerus
DESCRIPTOR: Pelvic Bones
QUALIFIER: complications
QUALIFIER: surgery
AUTHOR: K D Harrington KD
AFFILIATION: California Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco, USA.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Clinical orthopaedics and related research.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Orthopaedic management of extremity and pelvic lesions.
PUBDATE: 19950301
Bony metastases are ubiquitous in patients with advanced cancer, and pathologic fractures may occur within either lytic or blastic foci. Approximately 90% of such fractures that require surgical intervention occur in the femur, humerus, or periacetabular pelvis. Techniques for internal fixation or prosthetic replacement have been designed with the realization that destructive bony lysis often extends well proximal and distal to the actual fracture site, and bony union will not occur after irradiation unless absolutely rigid fixation is achieved. Intramedullary fixation using some type of interlocking device, either proximally or distally, is preferable to extramedullary fixation of fractures. The mean postfracture survival for most patients is approximately 2 years.


7. DOCID:22238 SCORE: 0.00199053565417615
DOCNO: 7944725
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Heart Valve Prosthesis
DESCRIPTOR: Thoracotomy
QUALIFIER: surgery
QUALIFIER: surgery
QUALIFIER: surgery
AUTHOR: H Hirose H
AUTHOR: S Umeda S
AUTHOR: Y Mori Y
AUTHOR: S Murakawa S
AUTHOR: K Azuma K
AUTHOR: T Hashimoto T
AFFILIATION: First Department of Surgery, Gifu University School of Medicine, Japan.
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: The Annals of thoracic surgery.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Another approach for aortic valve replacement through left thoracotomy.
PUBDATE: 19940901
We report a 54-year-old man with a history of esophagectomy and retrosternal esophagogastric anastomosis for esophageal cancer through right thoracotomy in whom cardiac failure developed due to aortic regurgitation. He underwent aortic valve replacement through a left thoracotomy with division of two great arteries and their strong traction toward the surgeon by stay sutures. He has been well for 3 years postoperatively in New York Heart Association class I.


8. DOCID:21591 SCORE: 0.00186463051906847
DOCNO: 7668112
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: blood
QUALIFIER: blood
AUTHOR: A Rasheed A
AUTHOR: A Iqtidar A
AFFILIATION: Pharmacology Section, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Zhongguo yao li xue bao = Acta pharmacologica Sinica.
COUNTRY: CHINA
TITLE: Biochemical profile in liver cancer patients.
PUBDATE: 19950701
AIM: To study the biochemical profile in hepatocellular carcinoma patients. METHODS: Sera from 25 normal persons were compared with those from 50 patients of whom 25 patients were followed up after 9-10 months. RESULTS: Serum K, bicarbonate, creatinine, and uric acid levels were raised, while serum Na, chloride, urea, urea-N, and residual N were lowered, in patients. After 9-10 months of treatment these parameters showed improvements. CONCLUSION: Blood chemistry is useful during diagnosis and treatment of liver cancer.


9. DOCID:21552 SCORE: 0.00186462839825669
DOCNO: 8904454
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: pharmacology
QUALIFIER: etiology
QUALIFIER: pharmacology
QUALIFIER: complications
QUALIFIER: isolation & purification
AUTHOR: D D'Antonio D
AUTHOR: A Mazzoni A
AUTHOR: A Iacone A
AUTHOR: B Violante B
AUTHOR: M A Capuani MA
AUTHOR: F Schioppa F
AUTHOR: F Romano F
AFFILIATION: Servizio di Microbiologia Clinica del Dipartimento di Ematologia e della Trasfusione, Ospedale Santo Spirito, Pescara, Italy.
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Journal of clinical microbiology.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Emergence of fluconazole-resistant strains of Blastoschizomyces capitatus causing nosocomial infections in cancer patients.
PUBDATE: 19960301
Blastoschizomyces capitatus strains resistant to fluconazole were isolated in three cancer patients. All of the strains had identical genomic DNA restriction profiles. Our findings give evidence for the emergence of fluconazole-resistant B. capitatus and suggest a nosocomial acquisition emanating from a common source within the hospital environment.


10. DOCID:21662 SCORE: 0.00165926502046907
DOCNO: 9311175
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: adverse effects
QUALIFIER: adverse effects
QUALIFIER: etiology
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
QUALIFIER: adverse effects
AUTHOR: Y Onoyama Y
AUTHOR: T Umezu T
AUTHOR: Y Kuriaki Y
AUTHOR: N Honda N
AFFILIATION: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Matsuyama Red Cross Hospital, Ehime, Japan.
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: Hypersensitivity reactions to cisplatin following multiple uncomplicated courses: a report on two cases.
PUBDATE: 19970801
Two patients with ovarian cancer who had received multiple courses of cisplatin without complications experienced hypersensitivity reactions to cisplatin: one, involving intrahepatic artery infusion, manifested general erythema, dyspnea, and hypotension; the other, involving intravenous infusion, manifested abdominal pain, general erythema, and fever. When platinum-containing agents are administered, patients should be closely monitored for hypersensitivity reactions, even in previously uncomplicated cases.


11. DOCID:20271 SCORE: 0.00160199689932509
DOCNO: 8539741
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Famous Persons
DESCRIPTOR: Medicine in Literature
DESCRIPTOR: Poetry
QUALIFIER: history
AUTHOR: P Holck P
AFFILIATION: Anatomisk institutt Universitetet i Oslo.
PUBTYPE: Biography
PUBTYPE: Historical Article
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Tidsskrift for den Norske laegeforening.
COUNTRY: NORWAY
TITLE: [Henrik Wergeland's disease and death. 150th anniversary]
PUBDATE: 19951201
It is 150 years since the Norwegian poet Henrik Wergeland (1808-45) died. It is commonly assumed that the suffered from "phthisis" or--as we now call it--tuberculosis. This paper discusses the symptoms mentioned in Wergeland's own letters, which seem to indicate that the diagnosis was instead pulmonary cancer.


12. DOCID:23914 SCORE: 0.00158121512477597
DOCNO: 9233829
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: drug effects
QUALIFIER: drug effects
QUALIFIER: pharmacology
AUTHOR: M S Stewart MS
AUTHOR: R L Davis RL
AUTHOR: L P Walsh LP
AUTHOR: B C Pence BC
AFFILIATION: Department of Pathology, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock 79430, USA.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Cancer letters.
COUNTRY: IRELAND
TITLE: Induction of differentiation and apoptosis by sodium selenite in human colonic carcinoma cells (HT29).
PUBDATE: 19970701
To explore the mechanism(s) by which selenium (Se) exerts its cancer chemopreventive activity, we studied the effect of selenite (0-100 microM) on cell growth, viability, differentiation, detachment, DNA fragmentation and apoptosis in human colonic carcinoma cells (HT29). Selenite (>5 microM) decreased cell growth, increased cell detachment and decreased intracellular levels of reduced glutathione (GSH), whereas >10 microM selenite induced cell differentiation and apoptosis. The chemopreventive effects of selenite may be related in part to the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) resulting from the reaction between selenite and GSH.


13. DOCID:23976 SCORE: 0.00152923074585408
DOCNO: 8002975
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: enzymology
QUALIFIER: analysis
AUTHOR: T J Yeatman TJ
AUTHOR: W Mao W
AUTHOR: R C Karl RC
AUTHOR: J Y Djeu JY
AFFILIATION: Department of Surgery, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center, University of South Florida, Tampa.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Biochemical and biophysical research communications.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Phospholipase C-gamma 1 is present on the surface of human colorectal cancer cells.
PUBDATE: 19940601
Using murine monoclonal antibodies, we have detected the novel signal transducing enzyme, phospholipase C-gamma 1, on the surface of cultured human colorectal cancer cells. We have also demonstrated the presence of this enzyme on the surface of fresh human tumor cells derived from primary and metastatic colorectal tumors. This enzyme has previously been described to be associated only with the inner face of the plasma membrane and the cell cytosol. The finding of an enzyme critical to the signal transduction pathway may have important implications for additional functions of this protein.


14. DOCID:23021 SCORE: 0.00145064086333628
DOCNO: 8090376
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: therapeutic use
QUALIFIER: prevention & control
QUALIFIER: therapeutic use
AUTHOR: J Blumberg J
AUTHOR: G Block G
AFFILIATION: USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, Boston, MA.
PUBTYPE: Clinical Trial
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Randomized Controlled Trial
JOURNALTITLE: Nutrition reviews.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: The Alpha-Tocopherol, Beta-Carotene Cancer Prevention Study in Finland.
PUBDATE: 19940701
The U.S. National Cancer Institute and the Finnish National Public Institute jointly sponsored a large double-blind, placebo-controlled primary-prevention trial to examine the effects of vitamin E and beta-carotene supplementation on reducing the incidence of lung cancers in male smokers, ages 50-69 years. Supplementation did not result in a significant reduction in lung cancer, and a higher incidence of lung cancer was observed in the group receiving beta-carotene. These results should be examined within the context of the population studied before they are cited as definitive.