0. DOCID:23624 SCORE: 0.00417443106118014
DOCNO: 8869951
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
AUTHOR: A Schneider A
AUTHOR: D M Zahm DM
AFFILIATION: Department of Gynecology, Friedrich Schiller University, Jena, Germany.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Obstetrics and gynecology clinics of North America.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: New adjunctive methods for cervical cancer screening.
PUBDATE: 19960901
The sensitivity of cytology for detection of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) is effectively augmented by cervicography with the disadvantage of lower specificity. However, the combination of cytology and cervicography can decrease the number of recalls, biopsies, and unnecessary treatments, which reduces cost. Down-staging of invasive cancer by visual inspection seems a cost-effective alternative to the introduction of cytology in countries with limited health facilities. Other methods such as speculoscopy, polarprobe, laser-induced fluorescence, computerized digital imaging colposcopy, or computer imaging have a potential to be used for future screening or triaging; however, so far, insufficient data are available to evaluate the validity of these techniques.


1. DOCID:19459 SCORE: 0.00270065906324982
DOCNO: 7691981
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: analysis
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
AUTHOR: R J Hicks RJ
AFFILIATION: Department of Family Medicine, Oklahoma University Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City.
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: The Journal of family practice.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Elevated prostate-specific antigen: a case report and analysis.
PUBDATE: 19930901
Prostate cancer is a frequent concern of the clinician caring for older male patients. The certainty of arriving at the correct diagnosis is related to the presenting patient's risk for prostate cancer, the results of the digital rectal examination, and the value of the serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA). A case report of a patient with acute urinary retention and an elevated PSA is presented. Possible explanations for the elevated PSA are discussed. The clinician's intuitive thought process is compared with an analytic approach using calculated probabilities. Several factors that complicate the estimation of the likelihood of prostate cancer are discussed.


2. DOCID:22247 SCORE: 0.00266363037888519
DOCNO: 7531737
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: adverse effects
QUALIFIER: therapy
QUALIFIER: adverse effects
QUALIFIER: etiology
AUTHOR: A Caraceni A
AUTHOR: C Martini C
AUTHOR: F De Conno F
AUTHOR: V Ventafridda V
AFFILIATION: Pain Therapy and Palliative Care Division, National Cancer Institute, Milan, Italy.
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Journal of pain and symptom management.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Organic brain syndromes and opioid administration for cancer pain.
PUBDATE: 19941101
To clarify the range of potential etiologies that may contribute to organic brain syndrome in patients receiving systemic opioids for cancer pain, we describe 15 patients who presented this complication. In 11 cases, concomitant conditions were found that could contribute to the onset of organic brain syndrome. These data illustrate that multiple causes often play a role in the development of mental status changes in advanced cancer. Opioids are seldom the only causal factor implicated.


3. DOCID:22206 SCORE: 0.00266362695609392
DOCNO: 8714805
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Body Image
DESCRIPTOR: Patient Care Team
DESCRIPTOR: Sick Role
QUALIFIER: psychology
QUALIFIER: psychology
QUALIFIER: psychology
QUALIFIER: psychology
AUTHOR: E J Kunkel EJ
AUTHOR: C Rodgers C
AUTHOR: H L Field HL
AUTHOR: D A Snyderman DA
AUTHOR: C Woods C
AUTHOR: R P Zager RP
AUTHOR: M Walker M
AFFILIATION: Department of Psychiatry, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, PA 19107-5004, USA.
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: General hospital psychiatry.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Treating the patient who is disfigured by head and neck cancer.
PUBDATE: 19951101
A 46-year-old man with laryngeal carcinoma was admitted to the medical service for lethargy. The medical team requested a psychiatric consultation to assist with the patient's depression, substance abuse, and noncompliance. The case is presented and discussed with reference to the issues of depression, disfigurement, dysfunction, and substance abuse in the patient with head and neck cancer.


4. DOCID:19474 SCORE: 0.00261706900824343
DOCNO: 1470626
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
QUALIFIER: therapeutic use
AUTHOR: G Auclerc G
AUTHOR: M Weil M
AUTHOR: C Borel C
AUTHOR: D Khayat D
AFFILIATION: Service d'Oncologie médicale, Groupe hospitalier Pitié-Salpétrière, Paris.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Presse médicale (Paris, France : 1983)
COUNTRY: FRANCE
TITLE: [Treatment of primary cancer of the breast in elderly women. Role of hormone therapy]
PUBDATE: 19921001
About 40 percent of newly diagnosed breast cancers occur in women older than 65. Hormonotherapy plays an important role as adjuvant treatment of primary cancers in post-menopausal women because of their great hormone-dependence. The drug of choice is tamoxifen which is very well tolerated. Its beneficial effect appears to be related to the duration of administration. It also seems to be particularly promising in the initial treatment (neoadjuvant) of elderly women and potentially beneficial in the breast cancers said to be of good prognosis when the axillary nodes are not involved.


5. DOCID:16909 SCORE: 0.00248672632571328
DOCNO: 2165229
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: therapeutic use
QUALIFIER: radiotherapy
QUALIFIER: radiotherapy
AUTHOR: J H Karstens JH
AUTHOR: D Andreopoulos D
AUTHOR: J Ammon J
AFFILIATION: Klinik für Strahlentherapie, Medizinische Fakultät der RWTH Aachen, FRG.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Onkologie.
COUNTRY: SWITZERLAND
TITLE: Initial tumor size and local control in stage III non-small cell lung cancer treated by radio-chemotherapy.
PUBDATE: 19900401
In stage III non small cell lung cancer initial tumor size is a neglected prognostic factor. 22 patients with stage III disease have been treated with radio-chemotherapy (cisplatin/vindesine). A significant (p less than 0.001) influence of initial tumor size on local control can be demonstrated. Future treatment strategies should include initial tumor size.


6. DOCID:20458 SCORE: 0.00242550437888775
DOCNO: 8789503
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: pathology
QUALIFIER: therapy
QUALIFIER: pathology
QUALIFIER: therapy
QUALIFIER: pathology
AUTHOR: A M Cohen AM
AUTHOR: W D Wong WD
AFFILIATION: Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center and Cornell University Medical College, New York, New York 10021, USA.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Surgical oncology clinics of North America.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Anal squamous cell cancer nodal metastases: prognostic significance and therapeutic considerations.
PUBDATE: 19960101
Anal squamous cell cancers have regional lymph node spread to three sites: rectal mesentery, hypogastric, and inguinal. All such regional sites should be included in the initial radiation treatment fields and monitored for recurrence after the initial therapy.


7. DOCID:18466 SCORE: 0.00236901165082894
DOCNO: 8297072
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: pathology
QUALIFIER: pathology
QUALIFIER: pathology
AUTHOR: E B Decker EB
AUTHOR: R A Burnstine RA
AFFILIATION: Department of Ophthalmology, Akron City Hospital, Ohio.
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Annals of ophthalmology.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Leukemic relapse presenting as acute unilateral hypopyon in acute lymphocytic leukemia.
PUBDATE: 19930901
A 16-year-old girl with acute lymphocytic leukemia in hematologic remission and no evidence of active central nervous system disease had a unilateral hypopyon as her sole site of relapse. She underwent diagnostic paracentesis and was treated with topical corticosteroids, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy to the central nervous system. Ocular involvement of the iris and anterior chamber as the site of primary disease or a relapse is a rare event. The anterior chamber serves as a sanctuary for cancer cells, and treatment protocols, including better anterior chamber prophylaxis, are warranted.


8. DOCID:16838 SCORE: 0.00236747366823991
DOCNO: 1512841
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Arteriovenous Fistula
DESCRIPTOR: Iliac Artery
DESCRIPTOR: Ureteral Diseases
DESCRIPTOR: Urinary Fistula
AUTHOR: P Puppo P
AUTHOR: M Perachino M
AUTHOR: G Ricciotti G
AUTHOR: N Zinicola N
AUTHOR: P E Patrone PE
AFFILIATION: Department of Urology, S. Corona Hospital, Pietra Ligure, Italy.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: The Journal of urology.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Ureteroarterial fistula: a case report.
PUBDATE: 19920901
Ureteroarterial fistulas are rare, with less than 20 well documented cases reported. We report a case of a fistula between the left external iliac artery and the left ureter in a patient who underwent a previous operation for bladder cancer. The diagnostic and therapeutic approaches in these rare but high risk patients are discussed.


9. DOCID:19754 SCORE: 0.0023592430727143
DOCNO: 7692952
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: therapeutic use
QUALIFIER: therapeutic use
QUALIFIER: therapeutic use
QUALIFIER: therapeutic use
QUALIFIER: therapy
AUTHOR: F Takaku F
AFFILIATION: National Medical Center, Tokyo, Japan.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Human cell : official journal of Human Cell Research Society.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: [Present state and perspective of cytokine research]
PUBDATE: 19930601
Clinical usefulness of cytokines in cancer treatment has been described. Cytokines presently used in clinical practice are IFNs, IL-2, and hematopoietic growth factors. IFNs and IL-2 used with an expectation of direct antitumor effect of these cytokines have been proven to be specifically effective against certain types of tumors. Hematopoietic growth factors have been used as the adjuvant drugs in cancer treatment and proven to be effective against neutropenia and associated infections after chemotherapy and bone marrow transplantation. Future development of new cytokines and trials on the combination among cytokines and cytokines with chemotherapeutic agents, will promote the usefulness of cytokines in cancer treatment.


10. DOCID:19926 SCORE: 0.0023563909290731
DOCNO: 2161175
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
QUALIFIER: etiology
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
QUALIFIER: drug effects
QUALIFIER: chemically induced
AUTHOR: A F List AF
AUTHOR: T D Kummet TD
AFFILIATION: Department of Medicine, Veterans Administration Medical Center, Phoenix, Arizona.
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: American journal of clinical oncology : the official publication of the American Radium Society.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Spinal cord toxicity complicating treatment with cisplatin and etoposide.
PUBDATE: 19900601
Neurologic toxicity occurring in patients treated with cisplatin chemotherapy is limited primarily to peripheral neuropathy and ototoxicity. Lhermitte's sign, electric-like paresthesias precipitated by cervical spine flexion, has recently been described as a self-limited complication in cisplatin-treated patients. We report the development of Lhermitte's sign accompanied by cervical motor neuropathy, dorsal column myelopathy, and sensory neuropathy in a patient treated with cisplatin and etoposide for small cell lung cancer. Persistence of the neurologic deficit suggests that potentially irreversible spinal cord toxicity may complicate treatment with this chemotherapy combination.


11. DOCID:19166 SCORE: 0.00234562207753104
DOCNO: 2200928
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: parasitology
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
AUTHOR: T S Bailey TS
AUTHOR: A Sohrabi A
AUTHOR: S S Roberts SS
AFFILIATION: Surgery Program, St. Francis Medical Center, College of Medicine, University of Illinois, Peoria.
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Journal of surgical oncology.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Pulmonary coin lesions caused by Dirofilaria immitis.
PUBDATE: 19900801
The dog heartworm Dirofilaria immitis has been diagnosed by thoracotomy as the etiology of neoplastic-appearing nodules in two patients in the Peoria, Illinois area. This brings the total number of reported cases of human pulmonary dirofilariasis to approximately 81 in the United States. The major concern of this benign disease is that in making the diagnosis the patients undergo the risk of surgery because of the presumed preoperative diagnosis of cancer. Greater awareness of this disease is needed as the geographic distribution of human pulmonary dirofilariasis expands in this country.


12. DOCID:22688 SCORE: 0.0022472267782415
DOCNO: 9348637
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
QUALIFIER: therapy
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
QUALIFIER: therapy
QUALIFIER: veterinary
QUALIFIER: veterinary
QUALIFIER: veterinary
AUTHOR: J D Hoskins JD
AUTHOR: S C Kerwin SC
AFFILIATION: DocuTech Services, Inc., Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: The Veterinary clinics of North America. Small animal practice.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Musculoskeletal system. Joint and vertebral column diseases.
PUBDATE: 19971101
Owner complaints that refer to the musculoskeletal system are common in older dogs and cats. When the veterinarian is presented with these types of complaints, the differential lists include chronic intervertebral disk disease, diskospondylitis, degenerative joint disease, spondylosis with nerve root compression, joint/ ligament instability, and/or cancer. The diagnosis and management of some of these conditions is presented in detail with the general goal in mind that the older dog or cat is provided the best quality of life possible through good mobility along with being pain free.


13. DOCID:18641 SCORE: 0.00212358319914721
DOCNO: 1497825
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: physiopathology
QUALIFIER: nursing
AUTHOR: K L Patterson KL
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Journal of pediatric oncology nursing : official journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Pain in the pediatric oncology patient.
PUBDATE: 19920701
Pediatric oncology nurses face many challenges in treating the pain associated with childhood cancer. The type and severity of pain children with cancer experience varies from acute, short-term, procedure-related pain to the progressive chronic pain associated with terminal illness. In addition, the unfounded fears of using strong narcotic analgesics and the underutilization of psychological techniques to treat pain in children limit the effectiveness of pain management. Armed with objective data, pediatric oncology nurses can work with other members of the cancer treatment team to provide relief from the pain associated with the diagnosis and treatment of childhood cancer.


14. DOCID:18638 SCORE: 0.0021198448144084
DOCNO: 1325282
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Hepatitis B virus
DESCRIPTOR: Papillomavirus
DESCRIPTOR: Tumor Virus Infections
QUALIFIER: etiology
QUALIFIER: etiology
AUTHOR: W D Lancaster WD
AFFILIATION: Department of Molecular Biology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI 48201.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Cancer.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Viral role in cervical and liver cancer.
PUBDATE: 19920901
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and certain human papillomaviruses (HPV) have been suspected of playing a role in human malignancy. The long latency period (decades) and the fact that only a small proportion of infected individuals subsequently have cancer suggests that these viruses probably contribute in an indirect manner to the development of cancer. Analysis of viral gene function at the molecular level supports this conclusion. More studies are needed to understand the subtle interactions between host cell and viral functions and the genetic and environmental factors that may contribute to malignancy.