0. DOCID:23336 SCORE: 0.0014867469820527
DOCNO: 8697118
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: methods
QUALIFIER: nursing
QUALIFIER: methods
AUTHOR: B K Shelton BK
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: AACN clinical issues.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Issues and trends in critical care of patients with cancer.
PUBDATE: 19960201
The specialty of critical care oncology has emerged as a result of changes in treatment of malignancies and technologic critical care developments. In this article, the author provides the experienced critical care nurse with an overview of the practice of critical care oncology and the unique needs of these patients. Methods for predicting critical illnesses in specialized cancer populations are provided. Also included is a summary of universal cancer care issues such as bone marrow suppression, venous access, chronic pain, and nutrition disorders that cross all specialty areas. This article serves as a basis and resource for practicing critical care nurses and includes background information for the other articles included in this journal issue.


1. DOCID:23936 SCORE: 0.0014256071589745
DOCNO: 8965352
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
QUALIFIER: analysis
AUTHOR: H Ohkura H
AFFILIATION: Medical Oncology Division, National Cancer Center Hospital.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Nippon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: [Tumor associated biomarker for early diagnosis of cancer]
PUBDATE: 19960501
It is almost impossible to diagnose early cancers by elevated tumor markers in serum. However, it is possible by detecting tumor associated biomarkers in the excreted specimens such as nipple discharge, urine and feces. Elevated CEA in nipple discharge is indicative of non-palpable "To" early breast cancer, elevated fecal CEA indicated hemoccult test-negative colon cancer, basic fetoprotein and beta-hCG core fragment in the urine for urogenital malignancies, and urinary VMA or HVA for asymptomatic neuroblastomas. Detection of abnormal genes is more sensitive than cytology and suggests cancers or precancerous changes. PCR-SSCP method enabled to determine Ki-ras gene mutation in pancreatic juice and in duodenal juice in pancreatic cancer patients.


2. DOCID:21580 SCORE: 0.0011501771885708
DOCNO: 8075000
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: classification
AUTHOR: J Pritchard J
AUTHOR: V Broadbent V
AFFILIATION: Department of Haematology/Oncology, Hospital for Sick Children, London, England.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: The British journal of cancer. Supplement.
COUNTRY: ENGLAND
TITLE: Histiocytosis--an introduction.
PUBDATE: 19940901
The Histiocytoses are a group of rare and puzzling multisystem disorders, currently regarded as non-malignant but often treated with 'cancer chemotherapy'. In this article, the origins of histiocytes and of the Histiocyte Society's classification of the Histiocytoses are described with suggested minor modifications to the classification. The current nomenclature for the 2 principal diseases, now named 'Langerhans cell histiocytosis' and 'Haemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis', is less confusing than the terms originally chosen. The article sets the scene for the succeeding papers, which focus on 'Langerhans cell histiocytosis'.


3. DOCID:22147 SCORE: 0.00113664602754417
DOCNO: 7880112
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: therapeutic use
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
QUALIFIER: radiotherapy
AUTHOR: S Hokita S
AUTHOR: K Fukura K
AUTHOR: H Imamura H
AUTHOR: S Kimura S
AUTHOR: H Toyoyama H
AUTHOR: H Hamahata H
AUTHOR: H Nakai H
AUTHOR: K Imakiire K
AUTHOR: K Okubo K
AUTHOR: K Miyaji K
AFFILIATION: Dept. of Surgery, Imakiire General Hospital.
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: [Cisplatin, 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin combination chemotherapy-added radiation therapy for advanced esophageal cancer--a case report]
PUBDATE: 19950201
Cisplatin, 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin combination chemotherapy added radiation therapy was performed for the treatment of 62-year-old male patient with advanced esophageal cancer who had liver cirrlosis. After the treatment, esophageal lesion disappeared. Only minimal side effect occurred during the treatment. Biochemical modulation chemotherapy combined with radiation therapy is useful for advanced esophageal cancer.


4. DOCID:20184 SCORE: 0.0011365404099134
DOCNO: 7988236
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Catheterization, Peripheral
QUALIFIER: methods
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
QUALIFIER: pathology
AUTHOR: A Frustaci A
AUTHOR: G Lemmo G
AUTHOR: G Nuzzo G
AFFILIATION: Department of Cardiology, Catholic University, Rome, Italy.
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Chest.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Basilic transvenous biopsy for investigation of superior vena caval syndrome.
PUBDATE: 19941201
Percutaneous transvenous biopsy of an isolated obstructing mass of superior vena cava (SVC) is reported. Basilic vein access and King's endomyocardial bioptome have been successfully used. Metastatic cancer of SVC has been diagnosed and radiochemotherapy instituted, avoiding an undesirable thoracotomy.


5. DOCID:22722 SCORE: 0.000917239586851796
DOCNO: 8689498
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Occupational Exposure
QUALIFIER: epidemiology
QUALIFIER: adverse effects
AUTHOR: Y Hosoda Y
AUTHOR: S Sasagawa S
AUTHOR: K Neriishi K
AFFILIATION: Institute of Radiation Epidemiology, Radiation Effects Association, Aomori, Japan.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Sangyō eiseigaku zasshi = Journal of occupational health.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: [Cancer epidemiology of radiation workers]
PUBDATE: 19960501
Ionizing radiation-induced cancer risk has been estimated mainly from the Radiation Effects Research Foundation study of atomic bomb survivors who were exposed to a high instant radiation dose. With the development of nuclear industries, the cancer risk has recently been estimated directly from epidemiological studies of radiation workers who were exposed to low-level protracted doses, though the results still remain controversial due to the lack of statistical power. The present article is to review, summarize and comment on epidemiological papers on radiation workers in various job types published up to 1994.


6. DOCID:21447 SCORE: 0.000846807529512275
DOCNO: 8707766
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: etiology
QUALIFIER: complications
AUTHOR: K B Green KB
AUTHOR: R L Silverstein RL
AFFILIATION: Division of Hematology-Oncology, Cornell University Medical College, New York, USA.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Hematology/oncology clinics of North America.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Hypercoagulability in cancer.
PUBDATE: 19960401
The association of cancer with a hypercoagulable state is documented by numerous clinical, biochemical, pathologic, and pharmacologic studies. This association is manifested clinically by an increased incidence of intravascular thrombotic events in cancer patients and by fibrin deposition in and around tumor beds. Thromboembolic disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with malignancy. This article discusses the complex pathogenesis of this problem and the associated laboratory and clinical syndromes with recommendations on diagnosis and treatment.


7. DOCID:22260 SCORE: 0.000837523546181082
DOCNO: 9269268
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Isoflavones
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
QUALIFIER: therapeutic use
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
AUTHOR: F O Stephens FO
AFFILIATION: Sydney Melanoma/Surgical Oncology Unit, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, NSW.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: The Medical journal of Australia.
COUNTRY: AUSTRALIA
TITLE: Phytoestrogens and prostate cancer: possible preventive role.
PUBDATE: 19970801
Phytoestrogens are biologically active plant compounds with both oestrogenic and antioestrogenic actions, and communities whose diets are rich in phytoestrogens have a lower incidence of prostate cancer. A 66-year-old man took phytoestrogen 160 mg (4 x 40-mg tablets) daily for one week before radical prostatectomy for moderately high-grade adenocarcinoma. The resected specimen showed prominent apoptosis, typical of a response to high-dose oestrogen therapy and suggestive of tumour regression. There were no adverse side effects. Studies of the effects of phytoestrogens in prostate cancer may be warranted.


8. DOCID:22635 SCORE: 0.000837520743415716
DOCNO: 8697107
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Job Description
DESCRIPTOR: Nurse Clinicians
QUALIFIER: methods
AUTHOR: R Kaplow R
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: AACN clinical issues.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: The role of the advanced practice nurse in the care of patients critically ill with cancer.
PUBDATE: 19960201
Although the proliferation of potent standard and experimental protocols to combat cancer has resulted in life-threatening complications, growth and changes in the field of oncology and critical care have increased the life expectancy of patients with cancer. Several authors have describe the multifaceted role of the advanced practice nurse in critical care and oncology settings. How the critical care oncology advanced practice nurse translate these roles into practice is not known. In this article, the author describes the challenges of the critical care oncology advanced practice nurse to improve patient care, improve outcomes, and advance the nursing profession.


9. DOCID:20558 SCORE: 0.000837502168966988
DOCNO: 7858926
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: therapeutic use
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
QUALIFIER: complications
AUTHOR: J Klastersky J
AFFILIATION: Service de Médecine, Institut Jules Bordet, Centre des Tumeurs de l'Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Supportive care in cancer : official journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer.
COUNTRY: GERMANY
TITLE: Empirical therapy for bacterial infections in neutropenic patients.
PUBDATE: 19941101
Infection in neutropenic patients remains a continuing challenge as the modalities of cancer treatment evolve and new pathogens appear. Although the concept of empirical therapy remains valid, there is a need for adaptation of our therapeutic approaches to new clinical and microbiological evidence.


10. DOCID:22646 SCORE: 0.000837371770099706
DOCNO: 8603381
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Drug Resistance, Multiple
QUALIFIER: biosynthesis
QUALIFIER: metabolism
AUTHOR: M Kavallaris M
AUTHOR: J A Leary JA
AUTHOR: J A Barrett JA
AUTHOR: M L Friedlander ML
AFFILIATION: Children's Leukaemia and Cancer Research Centre, Prince of Wales Children's Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Cancer letters.
COUNTRY: IRELAND
TITLE: MDR1 and multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) gene expression in epithelial ovarian tumors.
PUBDATE: 19960401
Clinical drug resistance poses a major problem in the successful treatment of ovarian cancer. Two genes, MDR1 and MRP, have been found to play a role in the multidrug resistance phenotype of a number of human tumors. Using a sensitive semiquantitative PCR assay we examined 53 primary untreated ovarian tumors for expression of both MDR1 and MRP genes. Approximately one-third of the tumors expressed MDR1 while all the tumors expressed varying levels of the MRP gene.


11. DOCID:23086 SCORE: 0.000837324061200977
DOCNO: 7531334
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: immunology
QUALIFIER: analysis
QUALIFIER: immunology
QUALIFIER: analysis
QUALIFIER: analysis
AUTHOR: M Takada M
AUTHOR: M Yamamoto M
AUTHOR: Y Saitoh Y
AFFILIATION: First Department of Surgery, Kobe University School of Medicine, Japan.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Pancreas.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: The significance of CD44 in human pancreatic cancer: I. High expression of CD44 in human pancreatic adenocarcinoma.
PUBDATE: 19941101
The CD44 cell surface glycoprotein, which is the adhesion molecule of lymphocytes, has been suggested to be an important factor for the metastatic potential and invasive ability of cancer. We demonstrated the expression of CD44 in human pancreatic adenocarcinoma cells and normal cells by using flow cytometry (FACS-can) and immunohistological staining. CD44 was highly expressed in human pancreatic adenocarcinoma cells, while it was little expressed in normal human pancreas cells. These results indicate that the quantitative analysis of CD44 expression may be a useful diagnostic tool for pancreatic cancer.


12. DOCID:23484 SCORE: 0.000836360397387688
DOCNO: 9179488
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: radiotherapy
QUALIFIER: radiotherapy
QUALIFIER: radiotherapy
QUALIFIER: radiotherapy
QUALIFIER: radiation effects
QUALIFIER: radiotherapy
QUALIFIER: radiotherapy
QUALIFIER: radiotherapy
AUTHOR: C MacLeod C
AUTHOR: E Moylan E
AUTHOR: G L Falk GL
AFFILIATION: Department of Radiation Oncology, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Camperdown, New South Wales, Australia.
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Diseases of the esophagus : official journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus / I.S.D.E.
COUNTRY: SCOTLAND
TITLE: Carcinoma of the esophagus treated with radical chemoradiation 19 years after irradiation for recurrent breast cancer.
PUBDATE: 19970401
Prior irradiation to a site is a relative and often absolute contraindication to further irradiation because the tolerance dose of normal tissues is usually exceeded and therefore the risk of serious long-term side-effects is high. This case report describes radical salvage chemoradiation for an esophageal carcinoma in a patient who had prior high-dose neck and chest wall irradiation for the management of a breast cancer 19 years previously.


13. DOCID:23410 SCORE: 0.000836360340136507
DOCNO: 9273210
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
AUTHOR: C Brzozowski C
AUTHOR: T Krzeski T
AUTHOR: A Borówka A
AFFILIATION: Katedry i Kliniki Urologii Instytutu AM w Warszawie.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Polski merkuriusz lekarski : organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego.
COUNTRY: POLAND
TITLE: [Analysis of clinical symptoms of renal clear cell carcinoma]
PUBDATE: 19961101
An analysis of the clinical symptoms has been carried out in the group of 110 patients who underwent nephrectomy for a clear-cell carcinoma. Total hematuria (47.3% of patients) has been a predominant symptom of the tumour. Pain felt in the back has been noted in 39.1% of patients. Palpable tumour has been noted in 34.5% of patients. Such symptoms have been present simultaneously (Israel's triad) in 12.3% of patients. Tumour has been diagnosed accidentally, mainly with USG, in 37.3% of patients. It has been found that classic clinical symptoms of this cancer are nowadays less frequent than before introducing ultrasound examination.


14. DOCID:20790 SCORE: 0.000678344632613011
DOCNO: 7526516
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Prostatectomy
DESCRIPTOR: Radiotherapy, High-Energy
QUALIFIER: radiotherapy
QUALIFIER: surgery
QUALIFIER: surgery
QUALIFIER: radiotherapy
QUALIFIER: surgery
AUTHOR: J E Pontes JE
AFFILIATION: Department of Urology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan.
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: The Urologic clinics of North America.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Role of surgery in managing local recurrence following external-beam radiation therapy.
PUBDATE: 19941101
Salvage surgery for radiation failure in prostate cancer has improved over the last 10 to 15 years owing to earlier detection of failure and better selection of patients. Regardless of the percentage of complications associated with this procedure, it presents the only viable alternative for potential cure of patients failing radiation therapy.