0. DOCID:13322 SCORE: 0.00320684827297891
DOCNO: 2659583
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Diagnostic Imaging
DESCRIPTOR: Technetium Compounds
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
AUTHOR: W Gordenne W
AUTHOR: E Bauduin E
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Journal belge de radiologie.
COUNTRY: BELGIUM
TITLE: Diagnostic accuracy of new imaging techniques in breast diseases.
PUBDATE: 19890201
During the last decade, the hypothetical carcinogenic effects of mammography have lead to new technical developments in X-ray diagnosis and to the use of other imaging techniques such as ultrasonography (US), transillumination, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Many preliminary studies were published but few clinical trials are really convincing. According to the definition of a diagnostic tool, none of these new modalities is supposed to supplant mammography in the diagnosis of breast cancer. Improvements are expected by digital mammography in the near future.


1. DOCID:13360 SCORE: 0.0032068471706367
DOCNO: 3951093
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: adverse effects
QUALIFIER: adverse effects
QUALIFIER: chemically induced
AUTHOR: C Hogstedt C
AUTHOR: L Aringer L
AUTHOR: A Gustavsson A
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Epidemiologic support for ethylene oxide as a cancer-causing agent.
PUBDATE: 19860301
The mortality and incidence of cancer in three groups of workers with occupational exposure to ethylene oxide have been assessed. Eight cases of leukemia have occurred among 733 ethylene oxide-exposed workers compared with an expected 0.8 cases. Six cases of stomach cancer have been reported compared with 0.65 cases expected. These epidemiologic results provide support for an increased risk of malignancy in individuals with extended and intermittent exposure to low concentrations of ethylene oxide.


2. DOCID:14944 SCORE: 0.00320052926678202
DOCNO: 3606015
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: analysis
QUALIFIER: blood
AUTHOR: A J Taylor AJ
AUTHOR: H I Pandov HI
AUTHOR: N Lawson N
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Annals of clinical biochemistry.
COUNTRY: ENGLAND
TITLE: Determination of erythrocyte fatty acids by capillary gas liquid chromatography.
PUBDATE: 19870501
A capillary gas liquid chromatography method was established for the routine determination of fatty acid profiles from washed erythrocyte membranes. Only the five major fatty acids found in erythrocytes (palmitic, stearic, oleic, linoleic and arachidonic acids) had acceptable precision (CVs less than 10.0%) for use in establishing quantitative differences between groups of individuals. Reference values were established for the relative amounts of these five fatty acids in adults. Significant alterations in the relative concentrations of oleic and arachidonic acids were found after storage at +4 degrees C for 24 h, which has important implications in the study of changes in erythrocyte fatty acids in cancer and diabetes.


3. DOCID:15932 SCORE: 0.0026078207281146
DOCNO: 3458227
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: radiotherapy
QUALIFIER: radiotherapy
AUTHOR: R R Weichselbaum RR
AUTHOR: W Dahlberg W
AUTHOR: M Beckett M
AUTHOR: T Karrison T
AUTHOR: D Miller D
AUTHOR: J Clark J
AUTHOR: T J Ervin TJ
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Radiation-resistant and repair-proficient human tumor cells may be associated with radiotherapy failure in head- and neck-cancer patients.
PUBDATE: 19860401
Inherent cellular radioresistance and repair of x-ray damage was studied in 19 early-passage squamous cell carcinoma lines derived from head- and neck-cancer patients with known clinical results following radiotherapy. Human tumor cells that were radioresistant and/or proficient in accumulation/repair of x-ray damage were cultured from patients unsuccessfully treated with radiotherapy. Thus, the presence of radiation-resistant and repair-proficient tumor cells was associated with clinical radiation failure, suggesting the possibility of a predictive assay based on in vitro radiobiological parameters.


4. DOCID:13629 SCORE: 0.00201514795055082
DOCNO: 3388698
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Cytotoxicity, Immunologic
QUALIFIER: immunology
QUALIFIER: immunology
QUALIFIER: immunology
QUALIFIER: immunology
AUTHOR: A A Red'ko AA
AUTHOR: A M Malygin AM
AUTHOR: N A Dvaladze NA
AUTHOR: V A Pleskach VA
AUTHOR: F Kh Kutushev FKh
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Vestnik khirurgii imeni I. I. Grekova.
COUNTRY: USSR
TITLE: [Natural killer activity and sensitization of the lymphocytes to tissue antigens in lung cancer]
PUBDATE: 19880201
A decreased natural killer activity was observed in patients with lung cancer as the disease progressed. Surgical intervention results in its elevation at the IIId stage, while the application of cytostatics or irradiation are efficient at the IIId and IInd stages. Pronounced sensibilization of the peripheral blood lymphocytes in cancer patients to normal and cancer tissue antigens was demonstrated with the help of the leukocyte adhesion inhibition test.


5. DOCID:15643 SCORE: 0.00142214747259182
DOCNO: 3560451
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Colonic Neoplasms
DESCRIPTOR: Rectal Neoplasms
QUALIFIER: secondary
QUALIFIER: secondary
AUTHOR: A Ishikura A
AUTHOR: N Hunaki N
AUTHOR: K Watanabe K
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Gan no rinsho. Japan journal of cancer clinics.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: [Brain metastases of colorectal cancer--a case report]
PUBDATE: 19870201
Metastatic brain tumors from colorectal cancers are relatively rate. In previous reports, the incidence, ranged from 1.9 to 3.5 percent of all metastatic brain tumors. We reported 2 cases of metastatic brain tumors from colorectal cancers. Metastasis to the lung and liver were not found in 2 cases at the time of the diagnosis of the single brain metastasis. The CEA levels in the serum were highly elevated in these 2 cases. On a contrast-enhanced CT scan, tumors were equally demonstrated as high density and cystic, with a ring-like mass with surrounding brain edema. Brain metastases of colorectal cancer were discussed with a review of the literature.


6. DOCID:12603 SCORE: 0.00117005411389344
DOCNO: 2828388
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: analysis
QUALIFIER: analysis
QUALIFIER: analysis
QUALIFIER: analysis
AUTHOR: M Garcia M
AUTHOR: T Maudelonde T
AFFILIATION: INSERM U 148, Unité d'Endocrinologie Cellulaire et Moléculaire, Montpellier.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Journal de chirurgie.
COUNTRY: FRANCE
TITLE: [Tumor markers in breast and endometrial cancer]
PUBDATE: 19871101
Basic studies developed from human cell lines or tissue biopsies have allowed to isolate monoclonal antibodies and complementary DNAs specific for tumoral antigens and rare proteins implicated in the control of cancer growth and invasiveness. Present clinical studies indicate that some molecular probes display a potential value as markers of tissue specificity, of hormone dependency or prognosis in breast and endometrial cancers.


7. DOCID:13559 SCORE: 0.00116370573729129
DOCNO: 2501670
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
QUALIFIER: therapeutic use
QUALIFIER: antagonists & inhibitors
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
AUTHOR: J Heyman J
AUTHOR: E Leiter E
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: The Mount Sinai journal of medicine, New York.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Dramatic response of pulmonary metastasis from prostatic cancer to LH-RH agonist treatment.
PUBDATE: 19890301
A case is presented of an elderly man with stage D2 cancer of the prostate who responded dramatically to hormonal manipulation utilizing LH-RH agonist. This case has three exceptional features: absence of bone metastasis; massive pulmonary metastasis; and rectal ulceration due to prostatic neoplasm. Although any type of hormonal manipulation could have achieved the same results, the use of LH-RH agonist has distinct advantages: minimal side effects and good patient tolerance.


8. DOCID:15196 SCORE: 0.00112613227513196
DOCNO: 3435707
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: analysis
QUALIFIER: pathology
QUALIFIER: mortality
QUALIFIER: analysis
AUTHOR: L L Shek LL
AUTHOR: W Godolphin W
AUTHOR: J J Spinelli JJ
AFFILIATION: Department of Pathology, Vancouver General Hospital, B.C., Canada.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: British journal of cancer.
COUNTRY: ENGLAND
TITLE: Oestrogen receptors, nodes and stage as predictors of post-recurrence survival in 457 breast cancer patients.
PUBDATE: 19871201
The relationship to survival after first recurrence of oestrogen receptor (ER), nodal status and TNM stage at diagnosis, and treatment for advanced disease was studied in 457 females whose primary breast cancer was diagnosed in 1975 to 1981. Receptor concentration was the most important predictor of post-recurrence survival, with some additional information conveyed by nodal status. ER predicted survival after recurrence independently of nodal status, clinical stage or mode of therapy. Response to endocrine therapy is only a facet of the generally favourable prognosis of ER positive patients, rather than the sole explanation.


9. DOCID:13841 SCORE: 0.00112609010371192
DOCNO: 2659711
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: therapy
QUALIFIER: therapy
AUTHOR: H D Graham HD
AUTHOR: H A Mentz HA
AUTHOR: R B Butcher RB
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: The Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society : official organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Basal cell carcinoma of the head and neck.
PUBDATE: 19890601
Basal cell carcinoma is the most commonly occurring skin cancer in the United States with 85% of the lesions occurring in the head and neck region. Several risk factors have been identified but the most critical is cumulative light exposure in the ultraviolet B spectrum. Treatment of these lesions is variable and must be individualized as to the type and location of the tumor, the status of the individual patient, and the skill and experience of the operator.


10. DOCID:13561 SCORE: 0.0011245859649166
DOCNO: 2715662
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: drug effects
QUALIFIER: drug effects
QUALIFIER: drug effects
QUALIFIER: genetics
QUALIFIER: genetics
AUTHOR: A Oikawa A
AUTHOR: H Tohda H
AFFILIATION: Department of Pharmacology, Research Institute for Tuberculosis and Cancer, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: The Journal of investigative dermatology.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Sister chromatid exchange-related characteristics of excision repair-proficient xeroderma pigmentosum cells.
PUBDATE: 19890501
A high incidence of skin cancer characterizes patients with xeroderma pigmentosum (XP). XP patients have hereditary defects in repair mechanisms of ultraviolet light (UV)-induced damage to DNA. Progress in elucidating the pathogenesis of cutaneous cancers can be expected by analysis of the biologic defects of cultured cells from XP patients. Such information may also contribute, at least in part, to an understanding of carcinogenesis in general.


11. DOCID:15215 SCORE: 0.000829763669867224
DOCNO: 3584286
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: surgery
QUALIFIER: surgery
AUTHOR: R Jancovici R
AUTHOR: L Brinquin L
AUTHOR: P Tripon P
AUTHOR: P Naudan P
AUTHOR: J Manaa J
AUTHOR: J P Bonsignour JP
AUTHOR: J L Pailler JL
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Journal de chirurgie.
COUNTRY: FRANCE
TITLE: [Gas gangrene: an extreme surgico-medical rather than medico-surgical emergency]
PUBDATE: 19870401
A diabetic woman developed spontaneous gas gangrene of upper limb extending into trunk and due to clostridium septicum. Recovery was obtained after major surgery involving disarticulation of upper limb and excision of soft tissues of left hemithorax, and a difficult intensive care programme (hyperbaric oxygen therapy, assisted ventilation). The presence of this gas gangrene revealed a bipolar colon cancer treated in parallel. The conventional therapeutic hierarchy is discussed: surgery should be carried out as an extreme emergency and should not be delayed to allow transfer to a center equipped with a hyperbaric oxygen therapy apparatus.


12. DOCID:15221 SCORE: 0.000829759678462666
DOCNO: 3791173
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Chromosome Aberrations
QUALIFIER: genetics
QUALIFIER: genetics
AUTHOR: A D Ferti-Passantonopoulou AD
AUTHOR: A D Panani AD
AUTHOR: J D Vlachos JD
AUTHOR: S A Raptis SA
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Cancer genetics and cytogenetics.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Common cytogenetic findings in gastric cancer.
PUBDATE: 19870101
Cytogenetic analysis was performed in five cases of intestinal type gastric carcinoma. Three cases were near-diploid and two others were near-triploid. The chromosomes involved were: #9 (four cases), #8 (three cases), #1, and #7 (two cases each). The nonrandom chromosomal abnormalities included aberrations of chromosome #9 as trisomy or i(9q) or 9p+ marker chromosome and excess of 8q material (i.e., trisomy or i(8q) chromosome). Our results indicate that abnormalities of chromosome #9 are a common feature in a subgroup of intestinal type gastric cancers and that there are common cytogenetic abnormalities in gastric and large bowel cancer.


13. DOCID:13460 SCORE: 0.000829747923366101
DOCNO: 3091499
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: therapeutic use
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
QUALIFIER: methods
AUTHOR: M E Heim ME
PUBTYPE: Clinical Trial
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Infusionstherapie und klinische Ernährung.
COUNTRY: SWITZERLAND
TITLE: [Adjuvant parenteral nutrition in cytostatic chemotherapy]
PUBDATE: 19860601
Adjuvant parenteral nutrition of tumor patients receiving cytotoxic chemotherapy offers many potential advantages. There are some randomized studies with few cases looking at the effect of parenteral nutrition on tumor response and toxicity. In an own prospective randomized study on parenteral nutrition of colorectal cancer patients an increase of tumor response, prolongation of survival, or reduction of toxicity could not be achieved. Published controlled studies are discussed in a literature review. Parenteral nutrition of tumor patients receiving chemotherapy is not principally advantageous and should be restricted to special clinical situations.


14. DOCID:14618 SCORE: 0.000829742578674831
DOCNO: 2727454
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Home Care Services
DESCRIPTOR: Oncologic Nursing
DESCRIPTOR: Patient Care Planning
QUALIFIER: therapeutic use
AUTHOR: D M Esparza DM
AUTHOR: N Young N
AUTHOR: J A Luongo JA
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Seminars in oncology nursing.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Effective planning for office and outpatient chemotherapy administration.
PUBDATE: 19890501
The trend in cancer care today is to successfully maintain the patient outside the traditional inpatient setting. This review has focused on some of the advantages and disadvantages in the administration of chemotherapy at home, the physician's office, and the ambulatory care facility. Effective planning for chemotherapy administration and the selection process for each of these settings depends on the needs of the patient and family. We can conclude that, although it is possible to use a combination of setting to maximize patient care, the ambulatory care concept provides broader choices for patients, families, and clinicians.