0. DOCID:19944 SCORE: 0.00234396088223097
DOCNO: 8339238
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Mammography
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
QUALIFIER: mortality
AUTHOR: D B Kopans DB
AFFILIATION: Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston 02114.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Cancer.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Breast cancer detection in an institution. Is mammography detrimental?
PUBDATE: 19930801
The poor results of the National Breast Screening Study of Canada regarding the screening of women aged 40-49 have been interpreted to suggest that mammography might be detrimental. Our comparison of women who had mammography and had their cancers detected by mammography with women who did not have mammography and had palpable cancers suggest that this is not the case. There is no detrimental effect; rather, the use of mammography results in an improvement in survival. The poor results of the National Breast Screening Study likely are due to the unbalanced allocation of women with advanced cancers to the screened group, the poor quality of the mammography in the trial, and an insufficient sample size.


1. DOCID:19540 SCORE: 0.00204341543819157
DOCNO: 8081039
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: pathology
AUTHOR: B Chevallier B
AFFILIATION: Service d'oncologie médicale, centre régional de lutte contre le cancer Henri-Becquerel, Rouen, France.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Bulletin du cancer.
COUNTRY: FRANCE
TITLE: [Inflammatory breast cancer]
PUBDATE: 19931201
Inflammatory breast cancer is a rare disease characterized by a frequently fatal outcome despite combined modality approach used. Its precise definition is mainly clinical. A positive skin biopsy does not seem to be mandatory to establish the diagnosis. Induction chemotherapy applied before loco regional treatment has improved the 5 year overall survival. This chemotherapy is followed by a loco regional treatment consisting of either surgery or radiotherapy. The use of adjuvant chemotherapy is classical but its real value has never been assessed by appropriate randomized trials. Therapeutic improvements will perhaps come from more intensive induction chemotherapy regimen or from intensification of adjuvant treatment. Adequate randomized trials are needed to progress with this disease.


2. DOCID:19157 SCORE: 0.0017307973976679
DOCNO: 2280152
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: pathology
QUALIFIER: pathology
AUTHOR: S Bahadur S
AFFILIATION: Department of E.N.T., All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: The Journal of laryngology and otology.
COUNTRY: ENGLAND
TITLE: Mandibular involvement in oral cancer.
PUBDATE: 19901201
It is difficult to predict the tumour invasion into the mandible by oral cancer pre-operatively, and consequently the decision to preserve or sacrifice the mandible is largely individualistic. The present study of 44 cases analyses the reliability of pre-operative parameters to assess mandibular involvement. Clinical, radiological and scintigraphic features have been compared with the detailed histology of the bone. This study confirms the usefulness of superior marginal resections in lesions which are close to but not involving the mandible, as well as for superficial lesions which are actually seen to involve the mandible but their CT and bone scans are negative for tumour invasion.


3. DOCID:23336 SCORE: 0.0014867469820527
DOCNO: 8697118
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: methods
QUALIFIER: nursing
QUALIFIER: methods
AUTHOR: B K Shelton BK
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: AACN clinical issues.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Issues and trends in critical care of patients with cancer.
PUBDATE: 19960201
The specialty of critical care oncology has emerged as a result of changes in treatment of malignancies and technologic critical care developments. In this article, the author provides the experienced critical care nurse with an overview of the practice of critical care oncology and the unique needs of these patients. Methods for predicting critical illnesses in specialized cancer populations are provided. Also included is a summary of universal cancer care issues such as bone marrow suppression, venous access, chronic pain, and nutrition disorders that cross all specialty areas. This article serves as a basis and resource for practicing critical care nurses and includes background information for the other articles included in this journal issue.


4. DOCID:23936 SCORE: 0.0014256071589745
DOCNO: 8965352
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
QUALIFIER: analysis
AUTHOR: H Ohkura H
AFFILIATION: Medical Oncology Division, National Cancer Center Hospital.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Nippon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: [Tumor associated biomarker for early diagnosis of cancer]
PUBDATE: 19960501
It is almost impossible to diagnose early cancers by elevated tumor markers in serum. However, it is possible by detecting tumor associated biomarkers in the excreted specimens such as nipple discharge, urine and feces. Elevated CEA in nipple discharge is indicative of non-palpable "To" early breast cancer, elevated fecal CEA indicated hemoccult test-negative colon cancer, basic fetoprotein and beta-hCG core fragment in the urine for urogenital malignancies, and urinary VMA or HVA for asymptomatic neuroblastomas. Detection of abnormal genes is more sensitive than cytology and suggests cancers or precancerous changes. PCR-SSCP method enabled to determine Ki-ras gene mutation in pancreatic juice and in duodenal juice in pancreatic cancer patients.


5. DOCID:21580 SCORE: 0.0011501771885708
DOCNO: 8075000
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: classification
AUTHOR: J Pritchard J
AUTHOR: V Broadbent V
AFFILIATION: Department of Haematology/Oncology, Hospital for Sick Children, London, England.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: The British journal of cancer. Supplement.
COUNTRY: ENGLAND
TITLE: Histiocytosis--an introduction.
PUBDATE: 19940901
The Histiocytoses are a group of rare and puzzling multisystem disorders, currently regarded as non-malignant but often treated with 'cancer chemotherapy'. In this article, the origins of histiocytes and of the Histiocyte Society's classification of the Histiocytoses are described with suggested minor modifications to the classification. The current nomenclature for the 2 principal diseases, now named 'Langerhans cell histiocytosis' and 'Haemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis', is less confusing than the terms originally chosen. The article sets the scene for the succeeding papers, which focus on 'Langerhans cell histiocytosis'.


6. DOCID:18594 SCORE: 0.00114192535477035
DOCNO: 1699913
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Gastrectomy
QUALIFIER: therapeutic use
QUALIFIER: surgery
AUTHOR: D Henne-Bruns D
AUTHOR: B Kremer B
AUTHOR: H J Weh HJ
AFFILIATION: Chirurgische Universitätsklinik, Hamburg.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Helvetica chirurgica acta.
COUNTRY: SWITZERLAND
TITLE: [Initial results of combined surgical-medical therapy for metastatic cancer of the stomach]
PUBDATE: 19900601
Fifty patients with advanced gastric cancer underwent chemotherapy in accordance with the FAMTX protocol. Complete tumor remission was achieved in 6 patients and partial remission in 11 patients. In this group 9 patients (tumor stage: T3-4, N2-3, M chi-1) underwent a second-look operation after chemotherapy either to confirm the complete remission or to resect the remaining tumor mass. It is concluded that even in advanced stages of gastric carcinomas a more aggressive approach involving a combination of surgical and chemotherapeutic treatment improves the survival time of these patients.


7. DOCID:19759 SCORE: 0.00114190846400678
DOCNO: 8332127
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
AUTHOR: M Kusama M
AUTHOR: K Kimura K
AUTHOR: Y Koyanagi Y
AUTHOR: S Ito S
AUTHOR: H Kaise H
AUTHOR: K Tamura K
AFFILIATION: Third Department of Surgery, Tokyo Medical College, Japan.
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Nippon Geka Gakkai zasshi.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: [A case of external supravesical hernia]
PUBDATE: 19930501
The first report of external supravesical hernia was made by Astley Cooper in 1804, but it is so rare that we could not find any case reported in Japan. Here we report a case of external supravesical hernia in a male who had bladder cancer. This hernia was reported to be caused by fragility induced by operation or radiotherapy. It can be confused with inguinal direct hernia because it is not considered in the differential diagnosis. Findings such as a palpable hernia sack and the orifice can enable correct diagnosis. Surgical treatment is the only treatment of choice for this disorder.


8. DOCID:19703 SCORE: 0.00114190796595397
DOCNO: 1878383
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Tibia
QUALIFIER: secondary
QUALIFIER: secondary
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
AUTHOR: J Sciuk J
AUTHOR: B Kirchner B
AFFILIATION: Klinik und Poliklinik für Nuklearmedizin, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster.
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Aktuelle Radiologie.
COUNTRY: GERMANY
TITLE: [Atypical bone metastases in prostate cancer]
PUBDATE: 19910501
Two cases of prostatic cancer with single bone metastasis in the tibia are discussed. The intense uniform involvement of a solitary limb bone with high perfusion and blood pool activity in the 3-phase bone scan and the positive white blood cell scan (observed in one case) were not typical for a metastatic bone lesion. Conventional radiomorphology--lamellar, periosteal reaction, disseminated medullar sclerosis, no localized lesion--also led to other differential considerations such as osteomyelitis and malignant lymphoma, which could not be specified by CT and MRI. Even if there is no typical morphology in scintigraphic and radiologic imaging, biopsy should be performed to exclude bone metastasis in prostatic cancer.


9. DOCID:16284 SCORE: 0.00114188361338328
DOCNO: 1570395
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Immunocompromised Host
QUALIFIER: complications
AUTHOR: B Jones B
AUTHOR: S D Wall SD
AFFILIATION: Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Radiologic clinics of North America.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Gastrointestinal disease in the immunocompromised host.
PUBDATE: 19920501
Gastrointestinal disease in two groups of immunocompromised patients, namely the AIDS patient and the post-bone marrow transplant patient, are discussed. Disease entities include opportunistic infections, Kaposi's sarcoma, lymphoma and other B cell proliferative disorders, cancer following transplantation, typhlitis, and pseudomembranous colitis.


10. DOCID:16961 SCORE: 0.00114186694511174
DOCNO: 8378094
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Chromosome Mapping
DESCRIPTOR: Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17
QUALIFIER: genetics
AUTHOR: T Fioretos T
AUTHOR: N Heisterkamp N
AUTHOR: J Groffen J
AUTHOR: S Benjes S
AUTHOR: C Morris C
AFFILIATION: Department of Pathology, Childrens Hospital of Los Angeles, CA 90027.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Oncogene.
COUNTRY: ENGLAND
TITLE: CRK proto-oncogene maps to human chromosome band 17p13.
PUBDATE: 19931001
A genomic DNA fragment, isolated from a human phage library using a chicken crk cDNA probe, was shown to derive from the human CRK locus. We have used fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) to map CRK distal in chromosome band 17p13, a region which demonstrates frequent deletion or loss of heterozygosity in a wide range of human cancers.


11. DOCID:19748 SCORE: 0.00114169882890941
DOCNO: 8283414
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Gastroscopy
DESCRIPTOR: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
QUALIFIER: ultrasonography
QUALIFIER: ultrasonography
AUTHOR: P Y Marcy PY
AUTHOR: E François E
AUTHOR: J N Bruneton JN
AUTHOR: J L Peroux JL
AUTHOR: C Balu-Maestro C
AUTHOR: P Melia P
AUTHOR: F Dubruque F
AUTHOR: A Aviotti-Gasperoni A
AFFILIATION: Service de Radiologie, Centre Antoine-Lacassagne, Nice.
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Journal de radiologie.
COUNTRY: FRANCE
TITLE: [Gastric leiomyosarcoma. Ultrasonographic endoscopy and MRI]
PUBDATE: 19931101
Leiomyosarcoma of the stomach is an unfrequent tumor, for which the prognosis is better than for cancer of the stomach. Its development is often subserosal, thus explaining its clinical latency and its large volume at the time of diagnosis. While many publications report about the merits of conventional imaging for this type of pathology, few authors have considered ultrasonographic endoscopy, and even fewer magnetic resonance imaging. The authors present one case for which these two recent techniques were implemented, as well as a review of the literature.


12. DOCID:22147 SCORE: 0.00113664602754417
DOCNO: 7880112
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: therapeutic use
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
QUALIFIER: radiotherapy
AUTHOR: S Hokita S
AUTHOR: K Fukura K
AUTHOR: H Imamura H
AUTHOR: S Kimura S
AUTHOR: H Toyoyama H
AUTHOR: H Hamahata H
AUTHOR: H Nakai H
AUTHOR: K Imakiire K
AUTHOR: K Okubo K
AUTHOR: K Miyaji K
AFFILIATION: Dept. of Surgery, Imakiire General Hospital.
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: [Cisplatin, 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin combination chemotherapy-added radiation therapy for advanced esophageal cancer--a case report]
PUBDATE: 19950201
Cisplatin, 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin combination chemotherapy added radiation therapy was performed for the treatment of 62-year-old male patient with advanced esophageal cancer who had liver cirrlosis. After the treatment, esophageal lesion disappeared. Only minimal side effect occurred during the treatment. Biochemical modulation chemotherapy combined with radiation therapy is useful for advanced esophageal cancer.


13. DOCID:20184 SCORE: 0.0011365404099134
DOCNO: 7988236
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Catheterization, Peripheral
QUALIFIER: methods
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
QUALIFIER: pathology
AUTHOR: A Frustaci A
AUTHOR: G Lemmo G
AUTHOR: G Nuzzo G
AFFILIATION: Department of Cardiology, Catholic University, Rome, Italy.
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Chest.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Basilic transvenous biopsy for investigation of superior vena caval syndrome.
PUBDATE: 19941201
Percutaneous transvenous biopsy of an isolated obstructing mass of superior vena cava (SVC) is reported. Basilic vein access and King's endomyocardial bioptome have been successfully used. Metastatic cancer of SVC has been diagnosed and radiochemotherapy instituted, avoiding an undesirable thoracotomy.


14. DOCID:19197 SCORE: 0.000964476097385177
DOCNO: 8341818
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: complications
QUALIFIER: complications
QUALIFIER: complications
AUTHOR: J M Pedrajas JM
AUTHOR: J J Valverde JJ
AUTHOR: M J Téllez MJ
AUTHOR: A Castaño A
AUTHOR: R Pieltain R
AUTHOR: A Fernández-Cruz A
AFFILIATION: Servicio de Medicina Interna III, Hospital Universitario San Carlos, Madrid.
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Revista clínica española.
COUNTRY: SPAIN
TITLE: [Epidermoid carcinoma of the pancreas associated with malignant humoral hypercalcemia]
PUBDATE: 19930601
Pure squamous carcinoma is a rare pancreas cancer histological variety. Moreover the association of malign humoral hypercalcemia and neoplasia of the pancreas exocrine portion is extremely rare. The case of a patient with pure squamous pancreas carcinoma and hypercalcemia is discussed. The absence of bone metastasis allowed to classify it within the malign humoral hypercalcemia syndrome. It is the first case described in the spanish scientific literature and the third in the international literature of an epidermoid pancreas carcinoma associated to malign humoral hypercalcemia.