0. DOCID:13743 SCORE: 0.00296358838907438
DOCNO: 2444099
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: ultrastructure
QUALIFIER: pathology
QUALIFIER: ultrastructure
AUTHOR: D M Jacobs DM
AUTHOR: M A Weiss MA
AFFILIATION: Department of Pathology, University of Cincinnati Medical Center, Ohio 45267.
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: American journal of clinical pathology.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Basal cells of prostate in fine-needle aspiration.
PUBDATE: 19871001
Fine-needle aspiration in conjunction with a transrectal core biopsy was performed on a 58-year-old man who presented with a prostate nodule. The aspirate contained many cell clusters that were negative for prostatic acid phosphatase and cytologically appeared to be basal cells. The entity of basal cell hyperplasia of the prostate is discussed with reference to its appearance in aspiration cytologic examination. Emphasis is placed upon the possibility that these cells may be mistaken for cancer cells.


1. DOCID:14383 SCORE: 0.00238870829590125
DOCNO: 3471994
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: epidemiology
QUALIFIER: epidemiology
QUALIFIER: epidemiology
AUTHOR: S R Alberts SR
AUTHOR: A P Lanier AP
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Journal of the National Cancer Institute.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Leukemia, lymphoma, and multiple myeloma in Alaskan natives.
PUBDATE: 19870501
All Alaskan Native patients diagnosed with leukemia, lymphoma, multiple myeloma, and related cancers during the time period 1969-83 were identified. Of 72 biopsy-confirmed cases, lymphoma was diagnosed in 37 (including mycosis fungoides in 5), leukemia in 22, multiple myeloma in 11, and other lymphoreticular cancers in 2. Compared to the rates for U.S. whites, incidence rates were low for leukemia and lymphoma (especially Hodgkin's disease), but not for multiple myeloma in males. There was an apparent increase over time in lymphomas in males, while no increase occurred in females, nor for leukemia or multiple myeloma in either sex.


2. DOCID:15930 SCORE: 0.00236411138884898
DOCNO: 3012138
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: pathology
QUALIFIER: pathology
AUTHOR: N Sakai N
AUTHOR: S Tanaka S
AUTHOR: T Ito T
AUTHOR: K Matsumura K
AUTHOR: T Takekoshi T
AUTHOR: H Ohshita H
AUTHOR: O Nonomura O
AUTHOR: M Kato M
AUTHOR: H Kachi H
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Gan no rinsho. Japan journal of cancer clinics.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: [Primary diffused infiltrating (linitis plastica) type of colonic cancer--case report]
PUBDATE: 19860301
The primary diffused infiltrating type of colonic cancer is characteristically rare, and has a high rate of malignancy. A 54-year-old Japanese man was admitted to our hospital complaining of abdominal pain and decreased stools. Sigmoid colonic cancer was suspected as a result of the Ba-enema and colonic fiberscopy examination, but the biopsy results were negative. The sigmoid colon was resected extensively. Histopathologically, the cancer was diagnosed as being a signet ring-cell carcinoma of the sigmoid colon. Although the patient received postoperative chemotherapy, he died of carcinomata peritonitis 175 days after surgery.


3. DOCID:15773 SCORE: 0.00231965374587917
DOCNO: 2511322
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: radiotherapy
QUALIFIER: radiotherapy
QUALIFIER: radiotherapy
AUTHOR: R A Smith RA
AUTHOR: M W Lockey MW
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Journal of the Mississippi State Medical Association.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Carcinoma in situ and T-1 squamous cell carcinoma of the glottis: the Mississippi Baptist Medical Center experience.
PUBDATE: 19891101
This report is a retrospective analysis of 62 patients treated for early glottic carcinoma during the six-year period of January 1982 through December 1987. The authors report that the cancer has been controlled in 100% of patients. For invasive stage 1 tumors the radiation cure rate is 42 of 45 patients or 93%, and voice quality after treatment was usually normal. Surgically treated tumors are usually confined to one vocal cord. Primary surgery with laser or cord stripping ultimately led to tumor control and voice preservation in all eleven patients treated although two required salvage with radiotherapy and mild but acceptable hoarseness was a usual sequel.


4. DOCID:13466 SCORE: 0.00214814311751467
DOCNO: 3013148
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: surgery
QUALIFIER: surgery
AUTHOR: R C Smith RC
AUTHOR: K Kneale K
AUTHOR: K Goulston K
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: The Australian and New Zealand journal of surgery.
COUNTRY: AUSTRALIA
TITLE: In situ carcinoma of the pancreas.
PUBDATE: 19860401
Two cases of pre-invasive in situ carcinoma of the pancreas treated by surgery are reported. In each case the resection was carried out because of the probable diagnosis of invasive carcinoma of the pancreas. In situ carcinoma of the pancreas is not included in standard clinical classifications of pancreatic cancer. This is an important omission because of the prognostic implications of this diagnosis, and because of the difficulties in interpreting fine needle aspiration cytology or histology on needle biopsy in such cases.


5. DOCID:14911 SCORE: 0.00187969781148221
DOCNO: 2513674
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: therapeutic use
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
AUTHOR: E T Menichetti ET
AUTHOR: R R Silva RR
AUTHOR: D Tummarello D
AUTHOR: S Miseria S
AUTHOR: U Torresi U
AUTHOR: R Cellerino R
AFFILIATION: Oncologia Clinica, Università di Ancona, Italy.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Tumori.
COUNTRY: ITALY
TITLE: Etoposide and mitomycin-C in pretreated metastatic breast cancer.
PUBDATE: 19891001
Twenty-five patients with metastatic breast cancer in progression after prior chemotherapy +/- hormonotherapy were treated with etoposide 50 mg/m2 i.v. days 1 to 5 every 21 days and mitomycin-C 10 mg/m2 i.v. day 1 every 42 days. A partial response (PR) occurred in 10 patients with an overall response rate of 40% (47% when only the 21 patients evaluable after 3 courses or more were considered). The median duration of PR was 10.5 months (range 3-31). The soft tissue metastatic sites were the most responsive. Toxicity was mild.


6. DOCID:14511 SCORE: 0.0018451572818758
DOCNO: 3606950
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Seasons
QUALIFIER: etiology
AUTHOR: L J Kinlen LJ
AUTHOR: A N Willows AN
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: British journal of cancer.
COUNTRY: ENGLAND
TITLE: Cancer of the testis and month of birth.
PUBDATE: 19870501
It has recently been reported that a series of testis cancers shows a temporal cycle in birth dates with a peak in certain months. This observation has been tested by an examination of a larger series covering all testis cancers diagnosed in the years 1971-84 in England and Wales, in men born in 1940 or later. Limited evidence was found of a 4-monthly cycle, but this was due to a 2-monthly cycle shown by teratomas in men born in the years 1945-49. No evidence was found for such a cycle outside this period, nor for a peak in any particular month.


7. DOCID:12785 SCORE: 0.00184495662317804
DOCNO: 3594390
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: radiotherapy
AUTHOR: M A Bagshaw MA
AUTHOR: G R Ray GR
AUTHOR: R S Cox RS
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Cancer.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Selecting initial therapy for prostate cancer. Radiation therapy perspective.
PUBDATE: 19870801
External-beam irradiation of prostatic cancer was introduced at Stanford in 1956. The program has sought to determine the following: whether prostatic carcinoma can be cured by external beam radiation therapy, with what frequency this can be accomplished, which patients are best suited for irradiation, and what technique best accomplishes the irradiation. This report deals with differences and similarities between radiation therapy and surgery, and emphasizes the selection of patients for irradiation.


8. DOCID:15610 SCORE: 0.00181893472041472
DOCNO: 2904287
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: therapeutic use
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
AUTHOR: I K Bukharova IK
AUTHOR: L I Osokina LI
AUTHOR: E S Revazova ES
AUTHOR: L I Smirnova LI
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Biulleten' eksperimental'noń≠ biologii i meditsiny.
COUNTRY: USSR
TITLE: [The action of hypothalamic hormone on athymic mice with transplantable strains of human tumors]
PUBDATE: 19881101
The sensitivity of human melanoma and lung cancer strains transplanted to nude mice to the synthetic hormone of hypothalamus--melanostatin has been defined. Correlation has been noted between the rate of melanoma growth inhibition, decrease in the rate of Na-fluorescent accumulation in the tumor and the tendency towards depression of the activity of energetic metabolism enzymes (SDH and alpha-GPDH) in the treated tumors as compared to control. Moderate lymphopenia and absence of effect on the same enzymes of the lymphocytes was also observed. Fluorescent probes can be used in the estimation of the drug action on the tumor and organs.


9. DOCID:15025 SCORE: 0.0018169411036818
DOCNO: 2443230
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: psychology
AUTHOR: J C Holland JC
AUTHOR: M J Massie MJ
AFFILIATION: Department of Psychiatry, Cornell University Medical College, New York, New York.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Clinics in geriatric medicine.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Psychosocial aspects of cancer in the elderly.
PUBDATE: 19870801
Patients often present for evaluation of a suspicious cancer symptom after a delay. They appear to tolerate cancer treatment as well as younger patients, and, in studies comparing them on psychosocial parameters of adaptation, they appear to adjust better than younger patients. Attention to pre-existing social problems or psychiatric disorder (eg, alcoholism or depression) is necessary when physicians start treatment for cancer. Elderly patients have a greater tendency to develop delirium; cautious use of psychotropic medications is indicated. Management of the older patient during active treatment, palliative and terminal care, and when a remission is accomplished is both challenging and rewarding.


10. DOCID:13514 SCORE: 0.00164628042010428
DOCNO: 3599154
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Neck Dissection
QUALIFIER: surgery
QUALIFIER: surgery
QUALIFIER: transplantation
QUALIFIER: transplantation
AUTHOR: P J Gullane PJ
AUTHOR: T J Havas TJ
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: The Journal of otolaryngology.
COUNTRY: CANADA
TITLE: Facial nerve grafts: effects of postoperative irradiation.
PUBDATE: 19870301
Six patients with cancers arising in the parotid region were treated with surgery and postoperative irradiation. All cases had extensive resections with sacrifice of the seventh nerve and primary autogenous cable graft repair. Four of the six patients had good to excellent dynamic function at 18 months; the fifth case had fair mimetic function with ability to close the eye and protect the cornea, and the final case failed to demonstrate any function at one year, but was found to have recurrent tumor at the skull base.


11. DOCID:14382 SCORE: 0.00161202121130228
DOCNO: 3599469
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: therapeutic use
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
QUALIFIER: therapeutic use
AUTHOR: K Inouye K
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Gan no rinsho. Japan journal of cancer clinics.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: [The effects of lysozyme chloride on the immune response of patients with head and neck cancer]
PUBDATE: 19870601
Sixteen patients with head and neck cancer were administered lysozyme chloride for more than 6 months in combination with chemotherapy, irradiation and/or surgery. The patients had no side effects due to lysozyme chloride. The immune responses of the patients were examined by phytohemagglutinin (PHA) and purified protein derivative (PPD) intradermal injection tests. After the administration of lysozyme chloride for 6 months, the PHA and PPD responses of the patients, whose initial reaction values were average of less, were found to have significantly increased (paired sample t-test, p less than 0.05).


12. DOCID:15586 SCORE: 0.0015382689504059
DOCNO: 2776533
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Colonoscopy
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
AUTHOR: J Shen J
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery].
COUNTRY: CHINA
TITLE: [Value of colonoscopy in postoperative care of colorectal carcinoma]
PUBDATE: 19890201
From 1981 to 1986, fiberoptic colonoscopy was performed in 2225 patients, of whom 356 cases (16%) were operated on for colorectal carcinoma and followed up for three months to twenty years. 27 cases were detected to have a second primary cancer and 1 case third primary cancer. In addition, 1 case of carcinoid, 6 cases of in-situ cancers, and 77 cases of adenomas were found. Among the 138 asymptomatic cases, 8 were proved to have a second cancer and 6 to be in early stage. Among the remaining 218 symptomatic cases, 26 with second cancers and 10 in the early stage were detected. The study shows that periodic colonoscopic examinations are mandatory for asymptomatic postoperative patients.


13. DOCID:13435 SCORE: 0.0015197363192883
DOCNO: 2648618
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: surgery
QUALIFIER: secondary
AUTHOR: N C Saenz NC
AUTHOR: B Cady B
AUTHOR: W V McDermott WV
AUTHOR: G D Steele GD
AFFILIATION: New England Deaconess Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: The Surgical clinics of North America.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Experience with colorectal carcinoma metastatic to the liver.
PUBDATE: 19890401
The predilection of colorectal cancer metastases for the liver is probably the result of several factors, including the blood supply, the "homing" characteristics of the tumor cells, and the state of the liver. Five-year survival rates after hepatic resection for colorectal cancer metastases range from 20 to 40 per cent, and some other patients obtain palliative benefit. The authors discuss the three presentations of liver metastases, operative techniques, and prognostic factors.


14. DOCID:13592 SCORE: 0.00151460322274195
DOCNO: 3737265
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: prevention & control
AUTHOR: L B Marino LB
AUTHOR: S M Levy SM
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Pediatric clinics of North America.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Primary and secondary prevention of cancer in children and adolescents: current status and issues.
PUBDATE: 19860801
Within the United States, cancer is the second leading cause of death by disease among adults and children alike. Although cancer has been characterized as primarily a disease of aging, there is growing awareness that many of the cancer risk factors have their origins earlier in life. In keeping with the current trend of pediatricians assuming the primary care responsibility of adolescents and young adults, this article reviews the current status of primary and secondary cancer prevention as it relates to pediatric practice.