0. DOCID:12853 SCORE: 0.00266496811384475
DOCNO: 3668465
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: mortality
AUTHOR: J Vioque J
AUTHOR: F Bolumar F
AFFILIATION: Departamento de Salud Comunitaria, Facultad de Medicine, Universidad de Alicante, Spain.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Journal of epidemiology and community health.
COUNTRY: ENGLAND
TITLE: Trends in mortality from lung cancer in Spain, 1951-80.
PUBDATE: 19870301
Lung cancer mortality rates in Spain were calculated for the years 1951 to 1980. Increasing age-standardised rates for men and levelled off ones for women were observed. Available cigarette consumption data suggest that these current trends could change at the beginning of the next century when there may be a levelling off of male rates and an "epidemic" of female lung cancer.


1. DOCID:15858 SCORE: 0.00117497572331762
DOCNO: 2701419
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: therapeutic use
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
AUTHOR: S G Urba SG
AUTHOR: A A Forastiere AA
AFFILIATION: Division of Hematology/Oncology, U of Michigan Medical Center.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Oncology (Williston Park, N.Y.)
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Systemic therapy of head and neck cancer: most effective agents, areas of promise.
PUBDATE: 19890401
The management of squamous cell cancer of the head and neck is a challenging problem. However, "induction" chemotherapy administered prior to surgery and radiation therapy in newly diagnosed patients is showing encouraging results for the preservation of organ function and is the focus of multi-institutional trials. Concurrent chemotherapy and radiation therapy is another approach with promise for unresectable disease. Recent studies combining cisplatin with radiation therapy have reported minimal enhancement of mucocutaneous toxicity and promising survival data. Other strategies which are just beginning to receive attention in clinical research trials include adjuvant chemotherapy in the disease-free patient and biologic response modifiers.


2. DOCID:15425 SCORE: 0.00102844423017594
DOCNO: 3285477
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: surgery
QUALIFIER: surgery
AUTHOR: M J O'Connell MJ
AUTHOR: L L Gunderson LL
AUTHOR: T R Fleming TR
AFFILIATION: Division of Medical and Radiation Oncology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905.
PUBTYPE: Clinical Trial
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Seminars in oncology.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Surgical adjuvant therapy of rectal cancer.
PUBDATE: 19880401
Surgery is the preferred method of curative therapy for carcinoma of the rectum. However, in spite of complete gross tumor resection, many patients with locally advanced tumors will experience recurrence of malignant disease in the pelvis and/or distant metastases. This article summarizes the roles of radiotherapy and chemotherapy, administered alone and in combination, as surgical adjuvant treatment for patients with resectable rectal cancer. A biostatistical overview is presented. It is concluded that strong evidence exists supporting the efficacy of combined postoperative radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Further clinical trials are indicated to determine the optimum chemotherapy regimen, sequence, and duration of the therapy.


3. DOCID:15031 SCORE: 0.00100597895888226
DOCNO: 3602810
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: surgery
AUTHOR: D Dargent D
AUTHOR: H Barletta H
AUTHOR: P Adeleine P
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Revue française de gynécologie et d'obstétrique.
COUNTRY: FRANCE
TITLE: [Prognostic elements of cancer of the endometrium. Therapeutic deductions]
PUBDATE: 19870501
The authors report a series of 120 cancers of the endometrium treated between 1970 and 1985 included. Of all "morphological" factors, the degree of tumor differentiation is the one which has the greatest predictive value for the prognosis. The general condition of the patient have, stricto sensu, a very significant influence on the prognosis of cancer. The Wertheim's procedure offer results which are far superior to those of a simple hysterectomy. It must be favored in all patients who can withstand it. In patients with poor general condition, perform a simple total vaginal hysterectomy. This will be performed with all the less reserve as the tumor was well differentiated.


4. DOCID:15977 SCORE: 0.000859536126826473
DOCNO: 2884183
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
AUTHOR: A Giwercman A
AUTHOR: J G Berthelsen JG
AUTHOR: J Müller J
AUTHOR: H von der Maase H
AUTHOR: N E Skakkebaek NE
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: International journal of andrology.
COUNTRY: DENMARK
TITLE: Screening for carcinoma-in-situ of the testis.
PUBDATE: 19870201
Germ cell neoplasia detected at the preinvasive stage of carcinoma-in-situ (CIS) can be cured by orchidectomy or by localized irradiation of the testis. Therefore, screening for carcinoma-in-situ of the testis has been applied to groups of individuals known to have an increased risk of testicular cancer. A high (5.5%) incidence of CIS was found in the contralateral testis of men with a unilateral cancer of the testis. An increased incidence of CIS was also found among men with a history of cryptorchidism. We recommend routine screening for CIS of the testis in both groups of men. The role of screening for CIS among subfertile men remains to be elucidated.


5. DOCID:15378 SCORE: 0.000730265779716005
DOCNO: 2945307
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: complications
QUALIFIER: surgery
AUTHOR: Iu A Volokh IuA
AUTHOR: V P Pak VP
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Vestnik khirurgii imeni I. I. Grekova.
COUNTRY: USSR
TITLE: [Thyroid cancer in an endemic goiter region]
PUBDATE: 19860801
On the basis of an analysis of 1062 operations on the thyroid gland the authors make a conclusion that incidence of cancer of the thyroid gland in the focus of the moderate goiter endemia is 9,6%. Three stages of the development of cancer of the thyroid gland are established: a) precancer, b) latent stage of cancer (histological findings), c) stage of manifest cancer. Complex methods of treatment were used such as radical operation followed by the obligatory radiation therapy (in patients having no contraindications) and permanent treatment by thyroidine in combination with chemotherapy (on indications). Remote results followed in 92 patients during 9 years were quite satisfactory. Recurrences were found in 2 patients.


6. DOCID:13203 SCORE: 0.00055655171812497
DOCNO: 3826591
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: adverse effects
QUALIFIER: adverse effects
QUALIFIER: chemically induced
AUTHOR: T Krantz T
AUTHOR: C B Christensen CB
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Anaesthesia.
COUNTRY: ENGLAND
TITLE: Respiratory depression after intrathecal opioids. Report of a patient receiving long-term epidural opioid therapy.
PUBDATE: 19870201
Morphine 20 mg and pethidine 50 mg were accidentally injected intrathecally in a patient who had received large doses of opioids epidurally for cancer pain and who had shown tolerance to their effects. The well established tolerance to spinal opioids did not protect the patient against a moderate degree of respiratory depression. Morphine concentrations 6.5 hours after the morphine injection were 103,500 ng/ml and 52 ng/ml in cerebrospinal fluid and serum, respectively.


7. DOCID:14316 SCORE: 0.000556537300594974
DOCNO: 3764670
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: etiology
QUALIFIER: adverse effects
AUTHOR: W Kegel W
AUTHOR: M Kegel M
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie : Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et al].
COUNTRY: GERMANY, WEST
TITLE: [Iatrogenic radiogenic tumors. Observations on the incidence of tumors in the irradiation field following x-ray therapy]
PUBDATE: 19860801
A report is given on 18 patients with malignant tumors in the region of prior irradiation fields after a period of 28 years on an average. The irradiation was given because of malignant tumors in eight cases and for benign diseases in nine cases. The malignant tumors induced by ionizing radiation of the skin are often seen in multiple localisation. The risk of radiation induced cancer is given after irradiation for gynecological disorders and disorders of the superficial skin. The problem is discussed with the relevant literature.


8. DOCID:13377 SCORE: 0.000556536318417111
DOCNO: 2743696
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: radionuclide imaging
QUALIFIER: diagnostic use
QUALIFIER: radionuclide imaging
AUTHOR: S Nakano S
AUTHOR: Y Hasegawa Y
AUTHOR: K Kuriyama K
AUTHOR: A Kajita A
AUTHOR: S Ishigami S
AFFILIATION: Department of Nuclear Medicine, Center for Adult Diseases, Osaka, Japan.
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Clinical nuclear medicine.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Visualization of jugular vein on a thallium-201 scan for thyroid cancer.
PUBDATE: 19890601
A 52 year-old woman with recurrent thyroid cancer showed an accumulation of Tl-201 chloride in the left side of the neck. This proved to be reflux and retention of Tl-201 chloride in the left internal jugular vein and was verified with a Tc-99m HSA flow study. This phenomenon could be mistaken for metastases of thyroid cancer.


9. DOCID:12594 SCORE: 0.000556531660330764
DOCNO: 2852221
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
QUALIFIER: therapeutic use
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
QUALIFIER: analogs & derivatives
QUALIFIER: therapeutic use
AUTHOR: H Haaxma-Reiche H
AUTHOR: H H Berendsen HH
AUTHOR: P E Postmus PE
AFFILIATION: Department of Neurology, University Hospital, Groningen, The Netherlands.
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Journal of neuro-oncology.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Podophyllotoxins for brain metastases of small cell lung cancer.
PUBDATE: 19881101
A patient with brain metastases of small cell lung cancer (SCLC) responded initially to cranial irradiation. Recurrences were subsequently successfully treated with high-dose intravenous etoposide (VP 16-213) and teniposide (VM 26). Epipodophyllotoxins are potentially useful for CNS metastases of SCLC.


10. DOCID:13322 SCORE: 0.000556508869815654
DOCNO: 2659583
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Diagnostic Imaging
DESCRIPTOR: Technetium Compounds
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
AUTHOR: W Gordenne W
AUTHOR: E Bauduin E
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Journal belge de radiologie.
COUNTRY: BELGIUM
TITLE: Diagnostic accuracy of new imaging techniques in breast diseases.
PUBDATE: 19890201
During the last decade, the hypothetical carcinogenic effects of mammography have lead to new technical developments in X-ray diagnosis and to the use of other imaging techniques such as ultrasonography (US), transillumination, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Many preliminary studies were published but few clinical trials are really convincing. According to the definition of a diagnostic tool, none of these new modalities is supposed to supplant mammography in the diagnosis of breast cancer. Improvements are expected by digital mammography in the near future.


11. DOCID:13360 SCORE: 0.000556508869228171
DOCNO: 3951093
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: adverse effects
QUALIFIER: adverse effects
QUALIFIER: chemically induced
AUTHOR: C Hogstedt C
AUTHOR: L Aringer L
AUTHOR: A Gustavsson A
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Epidemiologic support for ethylene oxide as a cancer-causing agent.
PUBDATE: 19860301
The mortality and incidence of cancer in three groups of workers with occupational exposure to ethylene oxide have been assessed. Eight cases of leukemia have occurred among 733 ethylene oxide-exposed workers compared with an expected 0.8 cases. Six cases of stomach cancer have been reported compared with 0.65 cases expected. These epidemiologic results provide support for an increased risk of malignancy in individuals with extended and intermittent exposure to low concentrations of ethylene oxide.


12. DOCID:14156 SCORE: 0.000556464831978097
DOCNO: 3376370
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: methods
QUALIFIER: radiotherapy
AUTHOR: H Sommerkamp H
AUTHOR: M Rupprecht M
AUTHOR: G Bruggmoser G
AUTHOR: M Wannenmacher M
AFFILIATION: Abteilung für Urologie, Klinikum der Universität Freiburg.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Der Urologe. Ausg. A.
COUNTRY: GERMANY, WEST
TITLE: [Determinants of local tumor control in interstitial radiotherapy of prostatic cancer]
PUBDATE: 19880301
Clinical followup of 52 patients treated with I-125 implants for localized prostatic cancer demonstrated local control in 85% and failure in 15%. Determining factors for local control or failure were analyzed and underline that homogeneous dose distribution is the most important factor for local control in interstitial radiotherapy. With the use of I-125 seeds this can only be achieved in small-volume (T2) stages with refined technique. For larger tumor volumes (T3) an external boost or the use of other radionuclides is preferable.


13. DOCID:15046 SCORE: 0.000556436097192079
DOCNO: 3772546
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Mass Screening
DESCRIPTOR: National Institutes of Health (U.S.)
QUALIFIER: prevention & control
QUALIFIER: prevention & control
AUTHOR: W D DeWys WD
AUTHOR: R D Costlow RD
AUTHOR: W F Malone WF
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Journal of occupational medicine. : official publication of the Industrial Medical Association.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: The National Cancer Institute's Cancer Prevention Research Program.
PUBDATE: 19861001
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) develops and supports a broad range of research relevant to screening for preneoplastic events and biological effects of carcinogen exposure. In cancer screening and detection, NCI supports studies on development of new methods for detecting cancer and/or preneoplastic states, systematic testing of new screening methods, and wider application of established methods. Recently, NCI developed clinical trials in chemoprevention and dietary intervention. These studies focus on populations identified by markers of exposure or markers of increased risk, and have as their end point reduction in cancer incidence.


14. DOCID:15870 SCORE: 0.000552706731392769
DOCNO: 2772434
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: National Health Programs
QUALIFIER: legislation & jurisprudence
QUALIFIER: legislation & jurisprudence
QUALIFIER: prevention & control
AUTHOR: M Kashimura M
AUTHOR: T Kato T
AUTHOR: S Nagano S
AUTHOR: T Hachisuga T
AFFILIATION: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, Japan.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Journal of UOEH.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: [Mass screening for endometrial cancer according to the Law of Health for the Elderly]
PUBDATE: 19890601
Due to the gradual increase of endometrial cancer, mass screening for this type of cancer began from 1987 in Japan in accordance with the Law of Health for the Elderly. However, a screening system for endometrial cancer has many controversial problems when compared with that for cervix cancer. Criteria for screening, methods of screening, management after screening, and executive systems are all controversial points in the performance of mass screening. The actual condition in the detection of endometrial cancer in Fukuoka Prefecture based on a questionnaire is discussed in this paper.