0. DOCID:11585 SCORE: 0.00367389807142081
DOCNO: 4079142
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: etiology
QUALIFIER: etiology
QUALIFIER: surgery
QUALIFIER: etiology
AUTHOR: H Tomoda H
AUTHOR: M Furusawa M
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: The Japanese journal of surgery.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: Sexual and urinary dysfunction following surgery for sigmoid colon cancer.
PUBDATE: 19850901
We investigated sexual and urinary dysfunction following surgery for sigmoid colon cancer. Thirteen (46.4 per cent) of the 28 male patients with a normal sexual life prior to surgery could no longer ejaculate, but all could maintain erection. With the extension of lymph node dissection, the incidence of a disappearance of ejaculation tended to increase. In particular, in patients undergoing an extended lymph node dissection, the incidence was 53.8 per cent. Urinary dysfunction occurred in 7 (10.3 per cent) of the 68 patients (37 men and 31 women), but was slight to mild. There were no significant differences between the extent of lymph node dissection and urinary dysfunction. In surgery for sigmoid colon cancer, care should be taken to preserve the hypogastric nerves.


1. DOCID:9019 SCORE: 0.00205068521400818
DOCNO: 7150899
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
QUALIFIER: therapeutic use
AUTHOR: A Helleberg A
AUTHOR: B Lundgren B
AUTHOR: T Norin T
AUTHOR: S Sander S
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: The British journal of radiology.
COUNTRY: ENGLAND
TITLE: Treatment of early localized breast cancer in elderly patients by Tamoxifen.
PUBDATE: 19820701
Twenty-seven early localized breast cancer cases in elderly patients, 21 stage I and six stage II, were treated with Tamoxifen only. In 15 cases there was complete radiological remission and in seven cases partial remission or growth arrest. Five cases did not respond to treatment. Tamoxifen seemed to be a useful alternative treatment for this group of patients. Possibly tumour mass and growth rate may affect the response to antioestrogen treatment.


2. DOCID:13274 SCORE: 0.00204367405461295
DOCNO: 2973369
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: drug therapy
QUALIFIER: analogs & derivatives
AUTHOR: L Schwartz L
AUTHOR: N Guiochet N
AUTHOR: R Keiling R
AFFILIATION: Service de Radiotherapie, CHU Strasbourg, France.
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Cancer.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Two partial remissions induced by an LHRH analogue in two postmenopausal women with metastatic breast cancer.
PUBDATE: 19881201
We report two cases of metastatic breast cancer occurring in two postmenopausal women. Treatment with a luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) analogue, D-TRP6-LHRH, induced partial remission. The blood levels of the follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) fell sharply under treatment, but the levels of estradiol, estriol, and estrone did not change significantly. We also described the putative mechanisms of action of the LHRH analog.


3. DOCID:12931 SCORE: 0.00203940397998565
DOCNO: 3683959
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: pathology
QUALIFIER: pathology
QUALIFIER: pathology
AUTHOR: P Ghiron P
AUTHOR: I Dato I
AUTHOR: M Giudici M
AFFILIATION: Ospedale degli Infermi, Divisione di Urologia, U.S.S.L. n. 47, Biella, Vercelli.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Minerva medica.
COUNTRY: ITALY
TITLE: [Aspecific granulomatous prostatitis. Our experience]
PUBDATE: 19871101
The clinical and anatomopathological features of 7 personally observed cases of granulomatous prostatitis are described. The possibility of confusion between this pathology and cancer of the prostate is pointed out. This is particularly the case when the entire gland is inflammed and only bioptic examination will confirm the diagnosis. The symptoms mostly related to the cervicourethral obstruction, the diagnostic procedure and the treatment, prevalently medical, adopted in each are described.


4. DOCID:9279 SCORE: 0.00197789002203722
DOCNO: 6876420
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Mass Screening
QUALIFIER: prevention & control
AUTHOR: H Watanabe H
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Gan no rinsho. Japan journal of cancer clinics.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: [Preventive medicine for prostatic cancer]
PUBDATE: 19830501
We are promoting a project of preventive medicine for prostatic diseases. As the primary prevention (prevention of morbidity), high risk groups of prostatic cancer were determined by a case-control study. The results are being introduced thoroughly to the people. As the secondary prevention (prevention of development), an original mass screening system using a special mobile unit with two sets of transrectal ultrasonic scanner has been developed. The detection rate of benign prostatic hypertrophy and prostatic cancer in males over 55 years of age was approximately 30% and 0.6%, respectively.


5. DOCID:14841 SCORE: 0.00195736109834465
DOCNO: 2722574
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Surgical Flaps
QUALIFIER: pathology
QUALIFIER: transplantation
QUALIFIER: surgery
QUALIFIER: pathology
QUALIFIER: surgery
QUALIFIER: pathology
AUTHOR: M Vollrath M
AUTHOR: G Reiss G
AFFILIATION: HNO-Klinik, Medizinischen Hochschule Hannover.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: HNO.
COUNTRY: GERMANY, WEST
TITLE: [Submicroscopic changes in the jejunum in ectopic sites. A scanning and transmission electron microscopy study following free, microvascular jejunum transfer]
PUBDATE: 19890401
Biopsies of the jejunal epithelium were analysed by scanning and transmission electron microscopy of specimens taken from patients at least 1 year after reconstruction of defects from resection of oro-hypopharyngeal cancer by free microvascular anastomized jejunum graft. The villi were compressed and flattened, their surface uneven due to calibre changes of columnar cells. The microvilli were rarefied and grossly altered. In the subapical area there was a distinct enhancement of desmosomal connections. Paneth cells and endocrine cells were unaltered. Autonomic nerves were intact, though the muscularis mucosa seemed to be denervated.


6. DOCID:10498 SCORE: 0.00188100539265692
DOCNO: 6628141
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: complications
QUALIFIER: isolation & purification
QUALIFIER: complications
QUALIFIER: etiology
AUTHOR: P E Collier PE
AUTHOR: D L Diamond DL
AUTHOR: J C Young JC
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Diseases of the colon and rectum.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Nontraumatic Clostridium septicum gangrenous myonecrosis.
PUBDATE: 19831101
Nontraumatic Clostridium septicum infections may present as either septicemia or as metastatic myonecrosis. Most of these infections occur in debilitated patients with diabetes who are receiving cancer chemotherapy. The majority have a hematologic abnormality or a carcinoma of the colon. Usually there is an ulcerative lesion of the gastrointestinal tract that serves as the portal of entry. While most of these patients die from overwhelming sepsis, our patient was debrided early and treated promptly with high-dose penicillin therapy as well as hyperbaric oxygen therapy. He fully recovered from C. septicum gas gangrene and underwent resection of a recurrent colonic cancer.


7. DOCID:8621 SCORE: 0.00185536489712517
DOCNO: 6590941
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: adverse effects
QUALIFIER: therapy
QUALIFIER: etiology
QUALIFIER: epidemiology
AUTHOR: I P Shishkin IP
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Meditsinskaia radiologiia.
COUNTRY: USSR
TITLE: [Secondary malignant tumors following treatment of Hodgkin's disease]
PUBDATE: 19840801
Secondary tumors were noted in 8 out of 675 patients with Hodgkin's disease during remission following treatment. The following diseases were diagnosed:acute myeloblastic leukemia (1), lung cancer (2), gastric cancer (3), cervical cancer (1), and basalioma (2). The incidence of secondary tumors among patients with Hodgkin's disease turned out to be much higher than in general population. Complications were more frequently observed in men after combined therapy (radio- and drug therapy).


8. DOCID:14036 SCORE: 0.00183472539315382
DOCNO: 3599468
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: physiology
QUALIFIER: etiology
AUTHOR: Y Tagashira Y
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Gan no rinsho. Japan journal of cancer clinics.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: [The role of cytochrome P-450 in chemical carcinogenesis--its application to human cancer epidemiology]
PUBDATE: 19870401
Most chemical carcinogens require metabolic activation before they exert their deleterious effects on an organism. This overview shows the evidence that most chemical carcinogens are metabolically activated by specific P-450 isozymes and the induction of these enzymes plays an important role in chemical carcinogenesis. On the other hand, there is circumstantial evidence from a large number of animal experiments implicating that human susceptibility to environmental cancer may be affected by genetic predisposition for drug metabolism. On the basis of these findings, several problems in application to human cancer epidemiology were pointed out.


9. DOCID:11157 SCORE: 0.00181708299764719
DOCNO: 6328062
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Nuclear Warfare
QUALIFIER: epidemiology
QUALIFIER: epidemiology
AUTHOR: M Ide M
AUTHOR: T Matsuo T
AUTHOR: I Shimokawa I
AUTHOR: Y Mine Y
AUTHOR: H Maeda H
AUTHOR: T Ikeda T
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Gan no rinsho. Japan journal of cancer clinics.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: [Epidemiology of lung cancer in Nagasaki--especially in relation to radiation exposure]
PUBDATE: 19840401
We investigated the present incidence of lung cancer and its distribution by histologic type in Nagasaki City using Nagasaki Tumor Registry data from the years 1973-1977. The risk of radiogenic lung cancer did not increase significantly in either sex. The difference in relative distribution by histologic type between the exposure and non-exposure groups was not significant. Further analyses should be carried out on the risk present for individuals who were young at the time the bomb was dropped and the effect of exposure distance on the incidence and histologic types of lung cancer in A-bomb survivors.


10. DOCID:11212 SCORE: 0.00180183918828102
DOCNO: 6735559
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: mortality
QUALIFIER: mortality
QUALIFIER: mortality
AUTHOR: E M Smith EM
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: International journal of epidemiology.
COUNTRY: ENGLAND
TITLE: Japanese cohort mortality from cancers of the upper digestive and respiratory tracts.
PUBDATE: 19840601
Cohort mortality between 1875 and 1975 in Japan from cancers of the oesophagus, tongue, and larynx were examined. Death rates were compared with per capita alcohol and tobacco use which are major aetiological agents for these tumours in Westernized countries. Cohort mortality from cancer of the oesophagus remains high for both sexes in a country with historically low alcohol consumption. More consistent with this low drinking pattern are the rates for cancers of the tongue which remain among the lowest in the world. Cancers of the larynx, which have been associated with tobacco and alcohol, declined among successive cohorts, which was in contrast to the sharp cohort increases for lung cancers and tobacco use in Japan during the same period.


11. DOCID:14484 SCORE: 0.00173927544180639
DOCNO: 2715019
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Thyroidectomy
QUALIFIER: surgery
QUALIFIER: physiopathology
QUALIFIER: physiopathology
QUALIFIER: physiopathology
QUALIFIER: surgery
QUALIFIER: physiopathology
AUTHOR: C Kull C
AUTHOR: M Breu M
AUTHOR: M Hoffmann M
AUTHOR: W W Rittmann WW
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Helvetica chirurgica acta.
COUNTRY: SWITZERLAND
TITLE: [Paralyses of the recurrent laryngeal nerve following strumectomy in late follow-up]
PUBDATE: 19890101
Over a period of 5 years, 323 patients underwent an operation on a goiter. A postoperative paralysis of the recurrent laryngeal nerve occurred in 31 patients, most in malignancies and recurrent goiters. 26 patients were controlled at least 1 year after operation. 65% of the patients have a fully recovered voice and normal vocal cord function. Another 14% showed a normal voice for daily use by functional compensation of the paralysis. Only in 4 patients (16%) the operation resulted in a permanent modest or severe hoarseness as consequence of a thyroidectomy in cancer.


12. DOCID:8500 SCORE: 0.00173035118456641
DOCNO: 6299496
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: history
AUTHOR: D P Burkitt DP
PUBTYPE: Historical Article
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Cancer.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: The discovery of Burkitt's lymphoma.
PUBDATE: 19830501
An account is given of the steps that led to the recognition of the tumor that became known as Burkitt's lymphoma. This is followed by a description of the methods employed in the subsequent epidemiologic studies, the manner in which successive hypotheses of etiology were erected and demolished, and the discovery by Epstein and his colleagues of the Epstein-Barr virus. The impact that this tumor has had on aspects of cancer research is considered.


13. DOCID:11526 SCORE: 0.00170533371311061
DOCNO: 4016606
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Mammography
QUALIFIER: methods
QUALIFIER: pathology
QUALIFIER: pathology
AUTHOR: L Mahoney L
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Canadian journal of surgery. Journal canadien de chirurgie.
COUNTRY: CANADA
TITLE: Intraoperative localization of occult breast tumours.
PUBDATE: 19850701
Mammographic examination of the clinically normal breast can identify some breast masses before they become palpable. In order to remove them successfully, a surgeon requires the help of some localization procedure. The only method recommended to date has been preoperative needle localization under radiologic control by a radiologist. A technique of intraoperative needle localization by the surgeon without radiologic control has been developed at St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto. The method saves time, avoids complications and is very accurate. Because of the possibility that the mass is malignant, the excisional biopsy is performed as a definitive lumpectomy. Of 112 consecutive occult tumours so localized, only 3 required removal at a second operation. Twenty-six (23%) of the lesions proved to be cancer (16% invasive, 7% noninvasive).


14. DOCID:13975 SCORE: 0.00168722078423192
DOCNO: 3614955
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: complications
QUALIFIER: etiology
AUTHOR: P N Watson PN
AUTHOR: R J Evans RJ
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Pain.
COUNTRY: NETHERLANDS
TITLE: Intractable pain with lung cancer.
PUBDATE: 19870501
This study examines retrospectively the natural history, classification, clinical and pathological features and results of treatment of intractable pain associated with lung cancer in 221 patients. The 3 chief causes of malignancy-related pain were skeletal metastatic disease (34%), Pancoast's tumour (31%) and chest wall disease (21%), together comprising 78% of the cancer-related pain problems. The median interval between cancer diagnosis and pain onset was 1 month. Overall pathological types of cancer were similar to those of lung cancer in general. Treatment modalities were varied and included radiation, percutaneous cordotomy, regional deafferentation and pharmacotherapy. The median survival from pain onset was 10 months.