0. DOCID:9952 SCORE: 0.00204403443166534
DOCNO: 6865687
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Preoperative Care
QUALIFIER: radiation effects
QUALIFIER: therapy
AUTHOR: A I Popov AI
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Meditsinskaia radiologiia.
COUNTRY: USSR
TITLE: [Effect of preoperative radiation therapy on intravascular blood coagulation in the combined treatment of kidney cancer patients]
PUBDATE: 19830601
Hemostasis has been studied over time in 137 patients with renal cancer. Of these, 69 underwent surgery only, 68 received combined treatment with preoperative large fractionation radiotherapy. It has been established that renal cancer development in the body stimulates intravascular blood coagulation (IVBC). In the patients with renal cancer who were radiation treated, IVBC activation was more noticeable than in those who had surgery only. To prevent IVBC activation and the development of the DIVC-syndrome, it is proposed to prescribe deaggregates in the period of preoperative therapy and heparin in the postoperative period.


1. DOCID:8833 SCORE: 0.00144352001492881
DOCNO: 3971813
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: surgery
QUALIFIER: etiology
QUALIFIER: surgery
QUALIFIER: etiology
AUTHOR: C Fucini C
AUTHOR: L Bandettini L
AUTHOR: M D'Elia M
AUTHOR: F Filipponi F
AUTHOR: A Herd-Smith A
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Diseases of the colon and rectum.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Are postoperative fever and/or septic complications prognostic factors in colorectal cancer resected for cure?
PUBDATE: 19850201
The authors have examined the survival rate of 111 patients with colorectal cancer (Dukes' A, B, and C stages) treated by potentially curative surgery. In particular, the survival has been evaluated with regard to the appearance of postoperative fever and/or septic complications. The preliminary results demonstrate that these factors do not significantly influence the long-term prognosis.


2. DOCID:10297 SCORE: 0.0012075492416491
DOCNO: 6582324
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced
DESCRIPTOR: Ultraviolet Rays
QUALIFIER: chemically induced
QUALIFIER: pharmacology
QUALIFIER: chemically induced
AUTHOR: J H Epstein JH
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Journal of the National Cancer Institute.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Effects of mechlorethamine (HN2, nitrogen mustard) on UV-induced carcinogenesis in hairless mouse skin.
PUBDATE: 19840201
The influence of mechlorethamine (HN2, nitrogen mustard) on UV-induced carcinogenesis was examined in the hairless mouse skin in vivo. Noncarcinogenic amounts of topically applied HN2 and carcinogenic levels of UVB energy were used in the study. The HN2 applications significantly accelerated the appearance and growth of cutaneous tumors in this study. Thus HN2 acted as either a promoter or cocarcinogen for UV-induced cancer formation. Although the mechanism of this effect was not established, combinations of UVB radiation and HN2 topical therapy pointed to an increased incidence of cutaneous tumors in human skin.


3. DOCID:9553 SCORE: 0.00114242697163148
DOCNO: 3973888
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Feces
QUALIFIER: etiology
AUTHOR: S L Samelson SL
AUTHOR: R L Nelson RL
AUTHOR: L M Nyhus LM
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine.
COUNTRY: ENGLAND
TITLE: Protective role of faecal pH in experimental colon carcinogenesis.
PUBDATE: 19850301
There is epidemiological evidence that populations with alkaline stool pH are at greater risk for colon cancer than populations with acid stool pH. This association was investigated in the laboratory using the rat-dimethylhydrazine colon carcinogenesis model. Rats with acid stool pH, produced by consumption of lactulose or sodium sulphate or both, had significantly fewer colon tumours after injections of dimethylhydrazine (DMH) than rats treated with DMH alone. The results confirm the hypothesis that acidification of the stool can protect against the induction of colon cancer.


4. DOCID:9053 SCORE: 0.00114165752150463
DOCNO: 6709283
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Testicular Neoplasms
QUALIFIER: secondary
QUALIFIER: secondary
AUTHOR: W H Ballinger WH
AUTHOR: R E Wesley RE
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Ophthalmic surgery.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Seminoma metastatic to the orbit.
PUBDATE: 19840201
Testicular cancer is the most frequent malignancy in young adult males. Seminoma, the most frequent cell type, causes exophthalmos on a hormonal basis; actual tumor invasion of the orbit has been reported once. We report here a second case of orbital invasion by seminoma. When tumor has spread beyond the retroperitoneum, treatment with chemotherapy is usually recommended. A biopsy of the orbital metastatic tumor may be the technique with least morbidity to document tumor state prior to committing the patient to systemic chemotherapy.


5. DOCID:11281 SCORE: 0.000885890299125264
DOCNO: 6330460
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: prevention & control
QUALIFIER: surgery
QUALIFIER: surgery
QUALIFIER: surgery
QUALIFIER: methods
AUTHOR: J E Goodnight JE
AUTHOR: J M Quagliana JM
AUTHOR: D L Morton DL
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Journal of surgical oncology.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Failure of subcutaneous mastectomy to prevent the development of breast cancer.
PUBDATE: 19840701
Three patients treated with bilateral subcutaneous mastectomies and implants for fibrocystic disease or carcinoma in situ subsequently developed invasive breast carcinoma. These cases emphasize that subcutaneous mastectomy does not prevent the development of breast cancer. If the circumstances in an individual patient justify prophylactic mastectomy, then the appropriate procedure would seem to be total mastectomy, which would accomplish thorough removal of all breast tissue, the subareolar region, and the nipple. Subcutaneous mastectomy for the patient who is likely to harbor occult invasive disease seems particularly inappropriate. As a means to reduce the risk of breast cancer, the procedure is unproved and must be considered an experimental therapeutic approach.


6. DOCID:9088 SCORE: 0.000842068048745117
DOCNO: 6239075
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: radiotherapy
AUTHOR: V A Titova VA
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Meditsinskaia radiologiia.
COUNTRY: USSR
TITLE: [Current principles of radiotherapy of endometrial cancer]
PUBDATE: 19841001
Methodological principles of contact and gamma-beam irradiation of patients with endometrial cancer in combined and concomitant radiotherapy were described. Variants of multipositional gamma-therapy using serial Agat B and Agat B 3 units with volumetric dose distributions determined by calculations, are used for contact radiotherapy. For concomitant radiotherapy methods of automated gamma-beam therapy of Rokus units with the Altai-MT system and static irradiation with braking radiation of 25 MeV betatron using irregular fields were proposed. All the methods are based upon the clinical testing of the Soviet radiotherapeutic equipment.


7. DOCID:11757 SCORE: 0.000842055188663339
DOCNO: 6092890
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: pathology
QUALIFIER: pathology
QUALIFIER: pathology
QUALIFIER: pathology
QUALIFIER: pathology
QUALIFIER: pathology
AUTHOR: U Yonemura U
AUTHOR: K Konishi K
AUTHOR: I Miazaki I
AUTHOR: K Miwa K
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Nippon Geka Gakkai zasshi.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: [Morphological and immunocytochemical studies of pancreatic multiple endocrine neoplasia type-1]
PUBDATE: 19840801
Morphological and immunocytochemical studies of pancreatic material from a patient with multiple endocrine neoplasia type-1 revealed hyperplasia of islets, multiple microadenomas, adenomas and cancers. Cellular composition of the hyperplastic islets was almost normal but the enlargement of the size and increase of the numbers were observed. Furthermore, neoformation of islets from ducts were found here and there. These hyperplastic islets, microadenomas, adenomas and cancers merged into each other and some of these microadenomas demonstrated malignant pictures. Most of the microadenomas produced multiple peptide hormones, on the other hand some of these revealed a single hormonal activity. These results show that the abnormality of the primordial cells of the pancreatic endocrine cells develops these lesion.


8. DOCID:9660 SCORE: 0.00084205429290094
DOCNO: 4032596
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: blood
QUALIFIER: analysis
QUALIFIER: analysis
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
AUTHOR: E L Robey EL
AUTHOR: P F Schellhammer PF
AUTHOR: G L Wright GL
AUTHOR: A M el-Mahdi AM
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: The Journal of urology.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Cancer serum index and prostatic acid phosphatase for detection of progressive prostatic cancer.
PUBDATE: 19851001
The ratio of alpha 1 acid glycoprotein/prealbumin, referred to as a cancer serum index, has been proposed as a marker for neoplastic disease. In a series of 130 patients with prostate cancer, the cancer serum index was measured along with serum prostatic acid phosphatase. A significant difference for both the cancer serum index and serum prostatic acid phosphatase was detected between those patients with no evidence of active disease after treatment and those with progressive disease after treatment.


9. DOCID:11018 SCORE: 0.000842045159829498
DOCNO: 6237197
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Laparoscopy
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
AUTHOR: A M Xygakis AM
AUTHOR: G S Politis GS
AUTHOR: S P Michalas SP
AUTHOR: D B Kaskarelis DB
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: The Journal of reproductive medicine.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Second-look laparoscopy in ovarian cancer.
PUBDATE: 19840801
Forty-six patients with epithelial ovarian cancer previously treated with surgery, chemotherapy or external radiation underwent second-look laparoscopy to evaluate management. Twenty of the patients had positive laparoscopic findings and were not subjected to further laparotomy. The frequency of positive findings was related to the stage of the disease. Laparoscopic examination revealed no evidence of cancer in the remaining 26 patients. Three of the patients in this group were found to have additional disease at subsequent laparotomy. The laparoscopic procedures were not associated with major complications. Although second-look laparoscopy cannot replace repeat laparotomy, it does have a role in the follow-up of patients with ovarian cancer.


10. DOCID:11023 SCORE: 0.000842001359135276
DOCNO: 6471397
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
QUALIFIER: pathology
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
AUTHOR: K Fukuda K
AUTHOR: S Masubuchi S
AUTHOR: K Masubuchi K
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Gan no rinsho. Japan journal of cancer clinics.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: [Preoperative diagnosis for stage II endometrial carcinoma using endocervical conization]
PUBDATE: 19840701
It is generally difficult to identify stage II endometrial carcinoma correctly. To differentiate cervical involvement, endocervical conization was performed on 31 patients with endometrial cancer between May 1982 and September 1983. The preoperative diagnosis of stage II endometrial carcinoma was confirmed by postoperative histologic examination. In stage I patients, there was no microscopic cervical involvement after the operation. Fractional curettage and hysteroscopy are commonly used to detect stage II endometrial carcinoma. However, these examinations may overlook cervical stromal invasion. Endocervical conization is a simple procedure and highly useful to detect cervical stromal involvement. We recommend the of endocervical conization combined with hysteroscopy to diagnose stage II endometrial carcinoma.


11. DOCID:11596 SCORE: 0.000841911092954442
DOCNO: 4002349
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Mastectomy
QUALIFIER: surgery
AUTHOR: P Viola P
AUTHOR: M Carnovali M
AUTHOR: M Marcangeli M
AUTHOR: G Martignoni G
AUTHOR: A Montoli A
AUTHOR: M Panozzo M
AUTHOR: G Pavia G
AUTHOR: C Confalonieri C
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Tumori.
COUNTRY: ITALY
TITLE: Follow-up after mastectomy for breast cancer. Observations in 96 patients.
PUBDATE: 19850401
From 1978 to 1982 at the Oncology Unit of the Rho Hospital, we followed 96 women who had been operated for breast cancer. In 22 cases (23%) the first signs of recurrence were changes in the following: physical examination (9), symptoms (7), ESR (3), bone scan (2), alkaline phosphatase (1), chest X-ray (1). An adequate follow-up schedule is based on the following: a) limited examinations causing little disturbance to the patient, easily feasible, sensitive, specific, and of limited cost; b) lead-intervals of various tests set according to the risk of relapse; c) critical periodic review of the series, with constant updating of information in the literature.


12. DOCID:9204 SCORE: 0.000841901506919418
DOCNO: 6853935
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Child Nutrition
DESCRIPTOR: Diet
QUALIFIER: metabolism
AUTHOR: P Carter P
AUTHOR: D Carr D
AUTHOR: J van Eys J
AUTHOR: D Coody D
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Journal of the American Dietetic Association.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Nutritional parameters in children with cancer.
PUBDATE: 19830601
An analysis of commonly used nutritional parameters was made for 277 pediatric cancer patients. It is apparent that standard nutritional assessment parameters in the pediatric cancer patient may be difficult to interpret because of the disease state as well as of the treatment. On the basis of the findings of this study, dietary histories to determine caloric and protein adequacy and a measurement of weight/height percent may, in fact, be the most reliable indicators of nutritional status.


13. DOCID:11714 SCORE: 0.00082340863856061
DOCNO: 6185802
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: therapy
QUALIFIER: administration & dosage
QUALIFIER: therapy
AUTHOR: M J O'Connell MJ
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Mayo Clinic proceedings. Mayo Clinic.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Oncologic treatment of pancreatic cancer.
PUBDATE: 19830101
The management of patients who have unresectable or recurrent pancreatic adenocarcinoma represents a challenge to the practicing oncologist. Complications such as biliary or gastrointestinal obstruction, pain, and malnutrition must be controlled if there is to be a prospect of meaningful clinical benefit from presently available nonsurgical treatment. Although some reports have suggested favorable objective tumor response rates after combination chemotherapy, there has been no evidence from controlled clinical trials that the survival rates exceed those associated with single-agent therapy. Combined radiation therapy plus 5-fluorouracil has been shown to extend longevity in patients with locally unresectable pancreatic cancer, compared with radiation alone. Newer radiation therapy techniques, such as intraoperative electron-beam radiation therapy and the use of radiation sensitizers, are currently under investigation for patients with locally unresectable disease.


14. DOCID:10909 SCORE: 0.000727234206343866
DOCNO: 6951542
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Intestine, Large
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
AUTHOR: K D Jolly KD
AUTHOR: J P Scott JP
AUTHOR: M J MacKinnon MJ
AUTHOR: A M Clarke AM
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: The Australian and New Zealand journal of surgery.
COUNTRY: AUSTRALIA
TITLE: Diagnosis and survival in carcinoma of the large bowel.
PUBDATE: 19820201
Diagnostic delay was measured in 455 consecutive patients who had large bowel cancer and it was found to be less pronounced than in a previous study in the same hospitals. However overall corrected five year survival remained the same. The duration of symptoms was not correlated with the stage of the disease, nor with five year survival. The pattern of disease resembled other Western series, with an overall corrected five year survival rate of 33.2%. Prognosis was significantly better in women and worse in patients with an elevated ESR on presentation. Intestinal obstruction due to carcinoma did not adversely affect prognosis.