0. DOCID:23129 SCORE: 0.00148607969601446
DOCNO: 9137982
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: secondary
AUTHOR: G R Mundy GR
AFFILIATION: University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, USA.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Hormone and metabolic research. Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung. Hormones et métabolisme.
COUNTRY: GERMANY
TITLE: Malignancy and the skeleton.
PUBDATE: 19970301
Bone is one of the three most common sites of tumor metastasis. Bone metastasis is a catastrophic complication of cancer, since it is not only associated with intractable pain, but also with other morbidity such as hypercalcemia which usually hastens an uncomfortable death. Despite the importance of bone metastasis/hypercalcemia, until recently clinicians have used specific therapies only for the treatment of hypercalcemia but not for bone metastasis. During this presentation, I will review our current understanding of some of the steps involved in the pathophysiology of bone metastasis and its association with hypercalcemia, and how I think these complications of cancer should be treated.


1. DOCID:20319 SCORE: 0.00109098855218961
DOCNO: 8815559
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
AUTHOR: A Mottola A
AUTHOR: E Palminteri E
AUTHOR: S Bianchi S
AUTHOR: G Barbagli G
AUTHOR: S Agostini S
AFFILIATION: Dipartimento di Radiologia, Universita degli Studi, Firenze.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Minerva urologica e nefrologica = The Italian journal of urology and nephrology.
COUNTRY: ITALY
TITLE: [Granulomatous prostatitis]
PUBDATE: 19960601
Granulomatous prostatitis is a rare chronic inflammation and its etiology is not well understood. There is difficulty in differential diagnosis with prostatic cancer. But RMN and ultrasound guided biopsy can confirm the diagnosis. The authors report 15 cases and discuss etiological, clinical and diagnostic aspects.


2. DOCID:22800 SCORE: 0.000865195031413936
DOCNO: 8893871
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: surgery
AUTHOR: G T Bales GT
AUTHOR: H Kim H
AUTHOR: G D Steinberg GD
AFFILIATION: Department of Surgery, University of Chicago, Pritzker School of Medicine, IL, USA.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Seminars in oncology.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Surgical therapy for locally advanced bladder cancer.
PUBDATE: 19961001
Radical cystectomy followed by a urinary diversion or an orthotopic neobladder remains standard treatment for patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer. The advances in surgical technique and reconstructive options allow many patients to enjoy a high quality of life after surgical extirpation. For those unable or unwilling to undergo a radical cystectomy, several treatment alternatives exist, using aggressive TUR and combinations of chemotherapy and/or radiation. Continued investigations into the biological behavior of this malignancy, as well as the identification of more effective chemotherapeutic agents, will allow more definitive treatment approaches with improved outcomes.


3. DOCID:20471 SCORE: 0.000559206433262402
DOCNO: 7939315
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: radiation effects
QUALIFIER: radiation effects
QUALIFIER: radiotherapy
AUTHOR: F Mornex F
AUTHOR: V Favaudon V
AUTHOR: J J Mazeron JJ
AFFILIATION: Département de radiothérapie, Centre Léon-Bérard, Lyon.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: La Revue du praticien.
COUNTRY: FRANCE
TITLE: [The effect of radiation on malignant cells]
PUBDATE: 19940401
Mechanisms of death following irradiation of malignant cells are incompletely understood. Radiation-induced lesions and their consequences on the cancer cell are described. Factors conditioning malignant cell response to radiation are discussed, as well as the mechanisms of radiation-induced carcinogenesis. Finally, the recent molecular biology contributions to gene regulation during cell growth are presented.


4. DOCID:20474 SCORE: 0.000559206433231332
DOCNO: 7731642
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: therapeutic use
QUALIFIER: therapy
QUALIFIER: therapeutic use
AUTHOR: N J Robert NJ
AFFILIATION: Section of Hematology/Oncology, Fairfax Hospital, Falls Church, Virginia, USA.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Obstetrics and gynecology clinics of North America.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Adjuvant therapy in breast cancer.
PUBDATE: 19941201
Adjuvant therapy has a positive impact in both premenopausal and postmenopausal women with primary breast cancer. Some general principles can be used in making treatment decisions; however, the precise role of adjuvant treatment in breast cancer remains unclear in most clinical settings. Prognostic factors are discussed, along with information on uses of chemotherapy and tamoxifen.


5. DOCID:20193 SCORE: 0.000558197728093205
DOCNO: 8966794
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: etiology
QUALIFIER: complications
QUALIFIER: etiology
AUTHOR: S S Ottesen SS
AUTHOR: F Bach F
AFFILIATION: Onkologisk afdeling R., Amtssygehuset i Herlev.
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Ugeskrift for laeger.
COUNTRY: DENMARK
TITLE: [Back pain, bone metastases and medullary compression]
PUBDATE: 19960901
A case of lung cancer and metastatic spinal cord compression is presented. Despite progressive backpain during two weeks and total loss of walking ability, the patient regained the ability to walk one week after radiotherapy for the malignant spinal cord compression. Guidelines for recommended diagnostic approaches are given.


6. DOCID:20495 SCORE: 0.000557185458158709
DOCNO: 7747995
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: chemistry
QUALIFIER: mortality
QUALIFIER: analysis
AUTHOR: K Sakai K
AUTHOR: J Yamashita J
AUTHOR: M Ogawa M
AFFILIATION: Dept. of Surgery II, Kumamoto University School of Medicine.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: [A strong predictor of breast cancer--hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)]
PUBDATE: 19950401
We measured the hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) concentration in breast cancer tissue extracts and evaluated its association with survival. The HGF level was found to be the most important factor in survival, even more so than lymph node involvement. HGF may play an important role in the progression of human breast cancer.


7. DOCID:20506 SCORE: 0.000557185426871123
DOCNO: 8939636
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: drug effects
QUALIFIER: genetics
QUALIFIER: therapy
AUTHOR: G A Beaudry GA
AUTHOR: A H Bertelsen AH
AUTHOR: M I Sherman MI
AFFILIATION: PharmaGenics Inc, 4 Pearl Court, Allendale, NJ 07401, USA. beaudry@pharmag.com
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Current opinion in biotechnology.
COUNTRY: ENGLAND
TITLE: Therapeutic targeting of the p53 tumor suppressor gene.
PUBDATE: 19961201
The p53 tumor suppressor gene is a logical target for cancer therapy. Several therapeutic strategies can be envisioned based upon recent advances concerning structure and function of the p53 protein, its interaction with cellular and viral proteins and its roles in repairing DNA, regulating cell division and promoting apoptosis.


8. DOCID:22831 SCORE: 0.000556705701858128
DOCNO: 9423071
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Video Recording
QUALIFIER: methods
QUALIFIER: surgery
QUALIFIER: methods
AUTHOR: H Asamura H
AUTHOR: T Naruke T
AFFILIATION: Division of Thoracic Surgery, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Rinshō kyōbu geka = Japanese annals of thoracic surgery.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: [Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) for intrathoracic tumors]
PUBDATE: 19940201
Owing to the advent of new thoracoscopic instrument and technique, video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) has become a new standard in the resection of intrathoracic tumors. Thoracoscopy can be used as both exploratory and therapeutic means. Included as the indication for VATS resection are as follows: benign and malignant lung tumors such as lung cancer, metastatic lung tumor, and etc., benign mediastinal tumors, and benign pleural tumors. Still the indication for VATS resection for malignant disease, especially for lung cancer, is not defined. Further improvement is required in the resectional technique and instruments.


9. DOCID:23137 SCORE: 0.000556679281433252
DOCNO: 8995123
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
DESCRIPTOR: Tomography, X-Ray Computed
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
AUTHOR: P L Choyke PL
AFFILIATION: Department of Radiology, National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Magnetic resonance imaging clinics of North America.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Detection and staging of renal cancer.
PUBDATE: 19970201
Although MR imaging is not a first-line modality for detecting renal cancers, it is useful when computed tomography or ultrasound are limited by artifacts or when contrast media cannot be administered because of renal dysfunction or allergy. MR imaging is commonly used in staging renal cancers, particularly in assessing the presence and extent of inferior vena caval thrombus. Additionally, MR imaging can be useful in detecting adenopathy, hepatic metastases, direct organ invasion, and bony metastases to the spine. Thus, MR imaging has an established role in the detection and staging of renal cancers.


10. DOCID:23814 SCORE: 0.000554580531044404
DOCNO: 9147153
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: adverse effects
QUALIFIER: methods
AUTHOR: C L Wilkinson CL
AUTHOR: A M Stirland AM
AUTHOR: H Massil H
AFFILIATION: Women's and Children's Services, King's College Hospital, Denmark Hill, London.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: International journal of STD & AIDS.
COUNTRY: ENGLAND
TITLE: Update on contraception.
PUBDATE: 19970401
Genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinics are likely to play an expanded role in the provision of family planning services. A recent survey of GUM clinics in the UK indicated that 71.4% provided emergency contraception and 48.1% provided routine contraception services. To facilitate the ability of GUM practitioners to provide contraceptive counseling and supplies to both men and women, this article reviews the current state of emergency contraception, combined oral contraceptives (OCs), modern IUDs, the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system, female condoms, and the personalized computerized contraceptive system Persona. Also reviewed are current issues regarding the possible impact of combined OCs on an increased risk of venous thromboembolism and breast cancer.


11. DOCID:23244 SCORE: 0.000554375339782067
DOCNO: 8620260
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Mammography
DESCRIPTOR: Physician's Role
DESCRIPTOR: Physicians, Family
DESCRIPTOR: Referral and Consultation
AUTHOR: J P Lemkau JP
AUTHOR: K Grady K
AUTHOR: S Carlson S
AFFILIATION: Wright State University School of Medicine, Dayton, Ohio, USA.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Archives of family medicine.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Maximizing the referral of older women for screening mammography.
PUBDATE: 19960301
The primary care physician is in a crucial position to facilitate mammography referral of women older than 50 years. Physician underestimation of the importance of the physician role or overestimation of patient resistance can result in lost opportunities for referral. Research is summarized on the impact of physician encouragement on use of mammography and on sources of reluctance to get mammography as reported by patients. Common patients' concerns are discussed. Mammography referral can usually be accomplished successfully by raising the issue and briefly addressing patients' concerns in regard to breast cancer and screening mammography.


12. DOCID:23373 SCORE: 0.000522704777863802
DOCNO: 7957800
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: mortality
QUALIFIER: statistics & numerical data
AUTHOR: B Adanja B
AUTHOR: H Vlajinac H
AUTHOR: M Jarebinski M
AUTHOR: D Jovanović D
AUTHOR: S Sipetić S
AUTHOR: J Marinković J
AFFILIATION: Institute of Epidemiology, School of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Yugoslavia.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: European journal of epidemiology.
COUNTRY: NETHERLANDS
TITLE: Trends in cancer mortality of the digestive tract in Belgrade, Yugoslavia, 1975-1989.
PUBDATE: 19940201
During the period of 1975-1989, in the Belgrade population increasing mortality trends were established for colon and rectal cancer, cancer of the pancreas and gallbladder and bile ducts cancer, for both sexes, and for esophageal cancer in males. Stomach and liver cancer mortality decreased in females. In males, stomach cancer mortality after a prolonged steady decrease suddenly rose in the years 1988 and 1989. Mortality rates series for esophageal cancer in females and for liver cancer in males did not fit any usual trend function.


13. DOCID:20254 SCORE: 0.000248602670158709
DOCNO: 8519579
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
AUTHOR: L Blomqvist L
AUTHOR: A von Rosen A
AUTHOR: T Hindmarsh T
AFFILIATION: Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Acta radiologica (Stockholm, Sweden : 1987)
COUNTRY: DENMARK
TITLE: MR imaging of adult colo-rectal intussusception. A case report.
PUBDATE: 19951101
MR imaging of an intussuscepted sigmoid cancer misinterpreted as a rectal carcinoma is described. High-resolution technique with pelvic-phased array coils and fast spin-echo was used. The diagnosis is discussed in relation to the MR findings.


14. DOCID:22741 SCORE: 0.000248599976909597
DOCNO: 7896190
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: methods
QUALIFIER: surgery
AUTHOR: S A Vasilev SA
AFFILIATION: Department of Gynecology, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, California 91010, USA.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Gynecologic oncology.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: A modified incision and technique for total retroperitoneal access and lymph node dissection.
PUBDATE: 19950201
Surgical assessment of aortocaval lymph nodes in patients with unresectable primary cervical cancer helps in planning radiation treatment ports. Removal of enlarged lymph nodes may also serve a therapeutic purpose in reducing the tumor load to be sterilized by radiation. An extraperitoneal dissection is considered to be superior to a transperitoneal approach, and numerous incisions to access either the upper or the lower retroperitoneum have been described. A modified supraumbilical incision and technique that provide wide bilateral exposure of the retroperitoneum from the suprarenal aorta to the obturator fossae were used in six patients.