0. DOCID:15952 SCORE: 0.000867418362757428
DOCNO: 2707094
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: surgery
QUALIFIER: surgery
QUALIFIER: surgery
QUALIFIER: surgery
QUALIFIER: surgery
AUTHOR: T Böttger T
AUTHOR: K Sorger K
AUTHOR: T Junginger T
AFFILIATION: Klinik und Poliklinik für Allgemein- und Abdominalchirurgie, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, Mainz.
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift für alle Gebiete der operativen Medizen.
COUNTRY: GERMANY, WEST
TITLE: [Progressive papillomatosis of the intra- and extrahepatic bile ducts]
PUBDATE: 19890201
The papillomatosis of the bile duct may occur at any age but more often at the age of 40 and 50 with a slight preference for men. The main symptom is an icterus often combined with right-sided epigastric pain. ERC and PTC allows the preoperative diagnosis on the basis of the typical clinical picture. The papillomatosis of the bile duct has to be considered as a disease with cancer risk. The prognosis in case of incomplete removal is unfavorable because of the continuous growth, the intrahepatic spread and the elevated degenerative tendency. Therefore a complete removal should be considered.


1. DOCID:13075 SCORE: 0.000864081048913627
DOCNO: 3306771
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: prevention & control
QUALIFIER: economics
QUALIFIER: economics
AUTHOR: R McLelland R
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Radiologic clinics of North America.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Low-cost mass screening with mammography as a means of reducing overall mortality from breast cancer.
PUBDATE: 19870901
Screening mammography has made major contributions in the earlier detection of breast cancer. It is the only reliable means of identifying non-palpable cancers, and can detect many "minimal" breast cancers when they appear to be curable. Low-cost, high-quality mass screening mammography is indeed feasible and can be expected to reduce overall mortality from breast cancer. Recognition of the need and desire to provide the service are essential initial motivating factors.


2. DOCID:15010 SCORE: 0.000789091393109626
DOCNO: 3289821
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: radionuclide imaging
QUALIFIER: diagnostic use
QUALIFIER: radionuclide imaging
AUTHOR: C Ceccarelli C
AUTHOR: F Pacini F
AUTHOR: F Lippi F
AUTHOR: A Pinchera A
AFFILIATION: Istituto di Metodologia, University of Pisa, Italy.
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Clinical nuclear medicine.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: An unusual case of a false-positive iodine-131 whole body scan in a patient with papillary thyroid cancer.
PUBDATE: 19880301
A false-positive I-131 whole body scan (WBS) for lung uptake in a patient with papillary thyroid cancer, with replacement of his infiltrated esophagus with a left colon graft, is presented. The I-131 image, seen in the upper right lung field, was due to the contaminated colon graft lacking normal peristaltic movements, which was located in the right paramediastinal region. This finding was demonstrated by imaging the upper digestive tract with orally administered Tc-99m DTPA and by a barium x-ray.


3. DOCID:15927 SCORE: 0.000779098539739733
DOCNO: 3731990
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Bacterial Physiology
QUALIFIER: microbiology
AUTHOR: G L Simon GL
AUTHOR: S L Gorbach SL
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Digestive diseases and sciences.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: The human intestinal microflora.
PUBDATE: 19860901
The major host defense mechanisms against bacterial overgrowth in the small bowel are the normal propulsive activity of the bowel itself and gastric acid secretion. Microbial interactions are a major factor in regulating the indigenous bacterial flora. Studies of the bacterial enzymes of the gut suggest that changes in diet may lead to marked changes in the colonic flora. Antibiotics affect the composition of the colonic microflora. The microflora also influence the degradation of mucin, the conversion of urobilin to urobilinogen, of cholesterol to coprostanol, and the production of short chain fatty acids. Current interests are focused on the bacterial flora of tropical sprue, the role of bacteria in colorectal cancer, and the involvement of intestinal microflora in the enterohepatic circulation of sex steroid hormones.


4. DOCID:14302 SCORE: 0.000559390606580232
DOCNO: 3677057
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: analysis
QUALIFIER: analysis
AUTHOR: H P Henneberry HP
AUTHOR: G W Aherene GW
AUTHOR: V Marks V
AFFILIATION: Department of Biochemistry, University of Surrey, Guildford, U.K.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Cancer letters.
COUNTRY: NETHERLANDS
TITLE: Immunocytochemical localisation of VP16-213 in normal and malignant tissues.
PUBDATE: 19871001
Immunocytochemistry has been used to visualise the distribution of the anti-cancer drug VP16-213 in tissues from normal and leukaemic mice, and in EMT6 mammary tumours. Uptake of the drug into EMT6 tumour tissue was poor compared to uptake into normal tissues (liver, kidney, heart, small intestine). Uptake of the drug into tissues from L1210 mice was greater than that into normal tissues. Immunocytochemistry promises to be a very useful additional technique for studying the distribution of drugs given singly or in combination, specific organ toxicities, and mechanisms of resistance.


5. DOCID:12508 SCORE: 0.00055902733397975
DOCNO: 3050283
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Ultrasonography
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
QUALIFIER: pathology
AUTHOR: H Ragde H
AFFILIATION: Department of Urology, Northwest Hospital, Seattle, Washington.
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Journal of surgical oncology.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Incidental detection of carcinoma of the prostate while staging carcinoma of the rectum with transrectal ultrasound.
PUBDATE: 19881001
This case report describes the unanticipated results of a transrectal ultrasound performed to stage a cancer of the rectum. During sonography, the normally dense prostate peripheral zone produced weak echoes indicating the existence of an unexpected carcinoma of the prostate. The presence of extensive prostate cancer was subsequently verified by biopsy.


6. DOCID:15205 SCORE: 0.000558593942267748
DOCNO: 3658574
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: genetics
AUTHOR: G J Escobar GJ
AUTHOR: M B Heyman MB
AUTHOR: W B Smith WB
AUTHOR: M M Thaler MM
AFFILIATION: Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco 94143.
PUBTYPE: Case Reports
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Pediatrics.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Primary hemochromatosis in childhood.
PUBDATE: 19871001
Primary hemochromatosis is a genetic disorder rarely recognized in childhood; its long-term consequences include cirrhosis and liver cancer. We report a family with primary hemochromatosis affecting three generations, including a 7-year-old child and a 29-month-old child; these are the youngest children with primary hemochromatosis yet reported. The pathophysiology, genetics, and clinical findings of this disorder are reviewed. Serum ferritin and transferrin saturation are useful screening tests; definitive diagnosis, however, depends on determination of hepatic iron content. A plan for evaluating and treating affected patients is proposed. Physicians caring for children must learn to recognize this potentially treatable disorder.


7. DOCID:14825 SCORE: 0.000557329853942984
DOCNO: 2612333
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Bone Transplantation
QUALIFIER: surgery
AUTHOR: P J Jiang PJ
AFFILIATION: Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology].
COUNTRY: CHINA
TITLE: [Free vascular pedicle iliac bone graft for reconstruction of mandibular defect with ECT scan monitor]
PUBDATE: 19890501
Thirteen patients with mandibular defects after radical resection of mandibular cancer from Apr. 1984 to May 1987 are reported. There were 9 males and 4 females. The defects were repaired by free vascular pedicle iliac bone grafts. Of these patients, 11 satisfactorily healed as the grafted bone was examined by ECT scan autoradiography. The latter is considered as a reliable objective monitor and a scientific parameter to evaluate the viability of the grafted bone. Wide surgical indication, improved post-operative function, shortened treatment course in one-stage repair are favorable to the patients.


8. DOCID:12915 SCORE: 0.000556637411696712
DOCNO: 2655154
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Ultrasonography
QUALIFIER: diagnosis
AUTHOR: P Jichlinski P
AUTHOR: A Anderegg A
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue thérapeutique.
COUNTRY: SWITZERLAND
TITLE: [The contribution of scrotal and abdominal computerized tomography in assessing malignant tumor of the testis]
PUBDATE: 19890301
In the last 10 years, sonography has become an essential examination to establish the diagnosis of urologic diseases. The use of high frequency real-time probes makes the visualization of superficial organs easy. Clinical datas and the informations obtained from 400 testicular and 23 abdominal sonographies performed between july 1981 and december 1986, give us a good idea concerning the use of such examinations in the diagnosis and abdominal staging of testicular cancer.


9. DOCID:13302 SCORE: 0.000556161446955396
DOCNO: 3756777
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: surgery
QUALIFIER: surgery
AUTHOR: D M Schroder DM
AUTHOR: A Chambors A
AUTHOR: C J France CJ
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Cancer.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Operative strategy for thyroid cancer. Is total thyroidectomy worth the price?
PUBDATE: 19861101
The authors conducted a retrospective analysis with 5- to 30-year follow-up on 109 patients in order to determine the optimum management of nonmedullary thyroid cancer. Results of total thyroidectomy were compared to partial thyroidectomy, among patients well matched for prognostic indicators. No differences in cancer mortality or recurrence rates were evident. However, there were significantly more complications when total thyroidectomy was employed. In view of these results, partial thyroidectomy is recommended as the treatment of choice for nonmedullary thyroid cancer.


10. DOCID:13606 SCORE: 0.000546878103519538
DOCNO: 2635412
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
QUALIFIER: epidemiology
AUTHOR: J J Pindborg JJ
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Tandlaegebladet.
COUNTRY: DENMARK
TITLE: [Global aspects of the epidemiology of oral cancer]
PUBDATE: 19890901
On the basis of IARC's Cancer in five contents (vol. V) an analysis has been made of the occurrence of oral cancer on a global basis. The highest rates for oral cancer (cancer of the vermillion border and the oral cavity) were found in Bas-Rhin in France, São Paulo in Brasil and in New Foundland in Canada. India comes in as number four. The differences between men and women are emphasized, and so is the difference between people with a white skin and those with a dark skin. In the latter groups cancer of the vermillion border is rare.


11. DOCID:14857 SCORE: 0.00054049705349605
DOCNO: 3170137
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Mammography
QUALIFIER: anatomy & histology
AUTHOR: L L Fajardo LL
AUTHOR: B J Hillman BJ
AUTHOR: C Frey C
AFFILIATION: Department of Radiology, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Investigative radiology.
COUNTRY: UNITED STATES
TITLE: Correlation between breast parenchymal patterns and mammographers' certainty of diagnosis.
PUBDATE: 19880701
The density of breast tissue on a mammogram may affect radiologists' diagnostic decisions. To evaluate possible correlations among breast parenchymal pattern and diagnostic confidence, six radiologists classified 655 mammograms as N1, P1, P2, and DY, according to Wolfe's criteria. Evaluation of radiologists' confidence interpreting the mammograms (1 = absolutely certain, 2 = fairly certain, 3 = uncertain), shows a significant correlation between decreasing diagnostic certainty and increasing complexity of the mammographic breast parenchymal pattern. That readers are less confident in their interpretation of P2 and DY breast parenchymal patterns has implications for the operation of breast cancer screening programs.


12. DOCID:13967 SCORE: 0.000530702417055651
DOCNO: 3317160
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Organotechnetium Compounds
QUALIFIER: diagnostic use
QUALIFIER: diagnostic use
AUTHOR: T E Vasquez TE
AUTHOR: H T Pretorius HT
AUTHOR: G Greenspan G
AFFILIATION: Department of Nuclear Medicine, Veterans Administration Hospital, La Jolla, California 92161.
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
PUBTYPE: Review
JOURNALTITLE: Nuclear medicine communications.
COUNTRY: ENGLAND
TITLE: Radiolabeled sucralfate: a review of clinical efficacy.
PUBDATE: 19870501
Radiolabeled sucralfate has been utilized by several investigators to evaluate peptic ulcer, active inflammatory bowel disease, esophageal ulcer, and gastric cancer. A review of the available literature indicates that radiolabeled sucralfate has been used to evaluate peptic ulcer and active inflammatory bowel diseases with high sensitivity and specificity. Other possible uses of radiolabeled sucralfate which have been less thoroughly studied and for which data are inadequate to accurately determine sensitivity and specificity include the detection of gastric cancer and esophageal ulceration.


13. DOCID:13079 SCORE: 0.000512562000130073
DOCNO: 3792504
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Soil
QUALIFIER: etiology
AUTHOR: E G Peeters EG
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Experientia.
COUNTRY: SWITZERLAND
TITLE: The possible influence of the components of the soil and the lithosphere on the development and growth of neoplasms.
PUBDATE: 19870101
The author reviews the background of the soil-cancer relationship. The study then goes into geocarcinogenic diseases in relation to soil composition, looking first at general factors: soil concentrations of selenium, caesium-rubidium-potassium, trace elements; natural radioactivity risks; cancer risks in connection with recycled waste water. In its final part, the study examines geocarcinogenic diseases linked with soil composition covering gastric cancer, cancer of the esophagus, urinary, breast, and bronchial cancer, pleural mesotheliomae and bone cancer.


14. DOCID:14012 SCORE: 0.000248703597974818
DOCNO: 2754817
OWNER: NLM
STATUS: MEDLINE
DESCRIPTOR: Angiography
QUALIFIER: radiography
QUALIFIER: blood supply
QUALIFIER: radiography
AUTHOR: K Ohno K
AUTHOR: M Fujita M
AUTHOR: S Akimoto S
AUTHOR: O Satoh O
AUTHOR: K Takahashi K
AUTHOR: K Kushima K
AUTHOR: N Yukimatsu N
AUTHOR: H Matsuno H
AUTHOR: M Nakata M
AUTHOR: M Yamashita M
PUBTYPE: Journal Article
JOURNALTITLE: Rinsho hoshasen. Clinical radiography.
COUNTRY: JAPAN
TITLE: [Angiographic findings of gallbladder cancer]
PUBDATE: 19890201
The patients with gallbladder cancer often accompany with chronic cholecystitis. This fact leads angiographic diagnosis difficult. So the angiographic findings of the chronic cholecystitis are first analyzed precisely and subtracting the angiographic findings of the gallbladder cancer from these gives us the pure (true) angiographic findings of the gallbladder cancer. Characteristic angiographic findings of the gallbladder cancer only are stretched cystic artery encasement (27/37 cases) and short straight tumor vessels "bristly vessel" (36/37 cases).