SLaTE 2007
ISCA Tutorial and Research Workshop
The Summit Inn, Farmington, Pennsylvania USA
October 1-3, 2007




I want to extend a warm welcome to you all to SLaTE 2007 and to the mountains of Southwestern Pennsylvania. I hope you enjoy the area and all that it has to offer as well as the excellent program of scientific offerings we have.

We are proud to be sponsored by ISCA as an ITRW. I hope you will take full advantage of your ISCA membership and explore all that the association has to offer. We can trace the origins of the use of speech and language technologies for education back to the fearless pioneers who started by extending speech technologies to areas that were deemed impossible at the time. Jared Bernstein looked at non-native speech back in the late ’80s when everyone else was still having a hard time dealing with natives. He combined this hard problem with the challenges of reliably recognizing speech over the phone and of producing a holistic assessment of the quality of non-native speech. At about the same time, Martin Russell took on another challenging area, recognizing children’s speech and combined that challenge with the challenge of tutoring young children to read. The encouraging results of both of these pioneers prompted other new work such as the use of talking heads and breakthroughs in listening comprehension. And some of this work has succeeded so well that companies are actually selling products based on it. One of our keynote speakers, Stephanie Seneff, has an impressive breadth of experience in many of the areas that SLaTE now represents and she will be giving us the benefit of that experience in her keynote talk. The first work centered on speech recognition, but as the years have gone by, more language technologies have come in to play. The meeting in Venice in 2004 saw natural language grammars and information retrieval work for education. This year’s meeting sees an even larger group of technologies, but with it, there is expansion in other directions. At SLaTE 2007 we have made an explicit effort to expand our frontiers further and show the importance of the work in second language learning and in cognitive science to our field. When language technologists test the fruit of their work, the manner in which they take learning into account will drastically change the results they obtain. Nick Ellis and Pamela Bogart are from the area of language learning and will be giving us a perspective of the larger picture into which our work fits in his keynote speech. And so, it is my hope that researchers from various domains will interact during this workshop. It is also interesting to note that half of the authors will also be giving demos! This is evidence of researchers’ interest in extending the development of algorithms into something that can really be used. We have tried to give you enough time to be able to see all of the demos.

Finally, I would like to thank those who have worked on the organizing committee:
Michael Heilman (scientific co-chair),
Mary Jo Bensasi,
Mahesh Joshi,
Amy Ogan,
Juan Pino,
Art Ward.

Thanks also go to our sponsors: ISCA, the Language Technologies Institute, the CMU School of Computer Science, Ordinate, and Carnegie Speech Company.

Again, I hope that you enjoy the workshop and its venue!

Maxine Eskenazi


Speech and Language: Technology in Education: The Prespective from SLA Research and Practice
Nick C. Ellis & Pamela S. H. Bogart

Web-based Dialogue and Translation Games for Spoken Language Learning
Stephanie Seneff


Developing pedagogically effective tutorial dialogue tactics: Experiments and a testbed
Kurt VanLehn, Pamela Jordan, Diane Litman

Doing more than Teaching Students: Opportunities for CALL in the Learning Sciences
Ruth Wylie, Teruko Mitamura, Ken Koedinger, Jim Rankin

The Effect of Oral Repetition in L2 Speech Fluency: System for an Experimental Tool and a Language Tutor
Yuki Yoshimura, Brian MacWhinney

Using Visual Speech for Training Chinese Pronunciation: An In-vivo Experiment
Ying Liu, Dominic W. Massaro, Trevor H. Chen, Ho Leung Chan, Charles Perfetti


Improving the Authoring of Foreign Language Interactive Lessons in the Tactical Language Training System
Joram Meron, Andre Valente, W. Lewis Johnson

Speech interaction with Saybot player, a CALL software to help Chinese learners of English
Sylvain Chevalier

An Interactive Interpretation Game for Learning Chinese
Chih-yu Chao, Stephanie Seneff, Chao Wang

DeSIGN: An Intelligent Tutor to Teach American Sign Language
Ling Xu, Vinithra Varadharajan, Joyce Maravich, Rahul Tongia, Jack Mostow


The Effects of Speech Recognition Errors on Learner’s Contributions, Knowledge, Emotions, and Interaction Experience
Sidney K. D’Mello, Brandon King, Michal Stolarski, Patrick Chipman, Arthur Graesser

Using Transactivity in Conversation for Summarization of Educational Dialog
Mahesh Joshi, Carolyn Penstein Rosé

Automatically Measuring Lexical and Acoustic/Prosodic Convergence in Tutorial Dialog Corpora
Arthur Ward, Diane Litman

A Combined Method for Discovering Short-Term Affect-Based Response Rules for Spoken Tutorial Dialog
Tasha K. Hollingsed, Nigel G. Ward


Application of Automatic Thesaurus Extraction for Computer Generation of Vocabulary Questions
Michael Heilman, Maxine Eskenazi

Text Simplification for Language Learners: A Corpus Analysis
Sarah E. Petersen, Mari Ostendorf

Dictionary Definitions: The Likes and the Unlikes
Anagha Kulkarni, Jamie Callan, Maxine Eskenazi

Using Natural Language Parsers in Plagiarism Detection
Maxim Mozgovoy, Tuomo Kakkonen, Erkki Sutinen

SourceFinder: A Construct-Driven Approach for Locating Appropriately Targeted Reading Comprehension Source Texts
Kathleen M. Sheehan, Irene Kostin, Yoko Futagi


Immersive Second Language Acquisition in Narrow Domains: A Prototype ISLAND Dialogue System
Ian McGraw, Stephanie Seneff

DEAL A Serious Game For CALL Practicing Conversational Skills In The Trade Domain
Preben Wik, Anna Hjalmarson, Jenny Brusk

Beetle and LeActiveMath Tutoring Systems
Charles Callaway, Myroslava Dzikovska, Elaine Farrow, Manuel Marques-Pita, Colin Matheson, Johanna Moore

Supporting Students Working Together on Math with Social Dialogue
Rohit Kumar, Gahgene Gweon, Mahesh Joshi, Yue Cui, Carolyn Penstein Rosé


Are Learners Myna Birds to the Averaged Distributions of Native Speakers? A Note of Warning from a Serious Speech Engineer
Nobuaki Minematsu

Speech Synthesis for Educational Technology
Alan W. Black

Challenges for computer recognition of children’s speech
Martin Russell, Shona D’Arcy


Structural Representation of Pronunciation and its Application for Classifying Japanese Learners of English
N. Minematsu, K. Kamata, S. Asakawa, T. Makino, K. Hirose

Automatic Evaluation of Children’s Performance on an English Syllable Blending Task
Shizhen Wang, Patti Price, Margaret Heritage, Abeer Alwan

The NativeAccent™ pronunciation tutor: measuring success in the real world
Maxine Eskenazi, Angela Kennedy, Carlton Ketchum, Robert Olszewski, Garrett Pelton

SpeechRater™: A Construct-Driven Approach to Scoring Spontaneous Non-Native Speech
Klaus Zechner, Derrick Higgins, Xiaoming Xi

Automatic Evaluation of Reading Accuracy: Assessing Machine Scores
Jennifer Balogh, Jared Bernstein, Jian Cheng, Brent Townshend