WORDS
pressure
temperature
high
mantle
phase
core
pressures
iron
gpa
temperatures
experiments
lower
fig
diamond
structure
earths
conditions
melting
perovskite
olivine
sample
solid
data
diffraction
phases
transition
earth
silicate
samples
minerals
ray
density
measurements
mineral
boundary
shock
inner
composition
deep
melt
observed
university
transformation
garnet
crystal
inclusions
properties
studies
results
depth
low
hydrogen
experimental
volume
diamonds
cell
metal
state
two
grain
seismic
crystals
heating
quartz
measured
upper
thermal
liquid
gigapascals
range
material
electron
spinel
science
fluid
large
laboratory
department
chemical
higher
occur
determined
found
cubic
discontinuity
water
wave
change
study
h20
velocity
amorphous
depths
stability
important
behavior
show
glass
weight
equilibrium
RELATED TOPICS
growth films materials film crystal
metal atoms coordination structure bond
mantle isotopic crust plate earth
magnetic temperature field spin high
surface liquid water phase energy
pressure temperature high mantle phase
RELATED DOCUMENTS
"Effect of Pressure on the Composition of the Lower Mantle End Member Fe$_x$O" (1993)
"Determining the Origin of Ultrahigh-Pressure Lherzolites" (1997)
"Transformation in Garnet from Orthorhombic Perovskite to LiNbO$_3$ Phase on Release of Pressure" (1997)
"Sound Velocities in Olivine at Earth Mantle Pressures" (1993)
"Multivariable Dependence of Fe-Mg Partitioning in the Lower Mantle" (1997)
"The Effect of Alumina on Phase Transformations at the 660-Kilometer Discontinuity from Fe-Mg Partitioning Experiments" (1996)
"Melting of (Mg,Fe)SiO$_3$-Perovskite to 625 Kilobars: Indication of a High Melting Temperature in the Lower Mantle" (1993)
"Electrical Conductivity of Olivine, Wadsleyite, and Ringwoodite Under Upper-Mantle Conditions" (1998)
"Thermal Equation of State of Aluminum-Enriched Silicate Perovskite" (1999)
"Natural (Mg,Fe)SiO$_3$-Ilmenite and -Perovskite in the Tenham Meteorite" (1997)
"Amorphization of Serpentine at High Pressure and High Temperature" (1996)
"Structure and Density of FeS at High Pressure and High Temperature and the Internal Structure of Mars" (1995)
"Phase Diagram of Iron by in Situ X-Ray Diffraction: Implications for Earth's Core" (1995)
"Elastic Moduli of Wadsleyite ($\beta$-Mg$_2$SiO$_4$) to 7 Gigapascals and 873 Kelvin" (1998)
"The Postspinel Phase Boundary in Mg$_2$SiO$_4$ Determined by in Situ X-ray Diffraction" (1998)
"Temperatures in Earth's Core Based on Melting and Phase Transformation Experiments on Iron" (1994)
"In Situ Determination of the NiAs Phase of FeO at High Pressure and Temperature" (1994)
"Selected Elastic Moduli of Single-Crystal Olivines from Ultrasonic Experiments to Mantle Pressures" (1996)
"Ultrasonic Shear Wave Velocities of MgSiO$_3$ Perovskite at 8 GPa and 800 K and Lower Mantle Composition" (1998)
"Hydrogen Partitioning into Molten Iron at High Pressure: Implications for Earth's Core" (1997)
"Natural Occurrence of MgSiO$_3$-Ilmenite and Evidence for MgSiO$_3$- Perovskite in a Shocked L Chondrite" (1997)
"Textural Entrapment of Core-Forming Melts" (1996)
"Solidus of Earth's Deep Mantle" (1998)
"High-Pressure Iron-Sulfur Compound, Fe$_3$S$_2$, and Melting Relations in the Fe-FeS System" (1997)
"The Effect of Alumina on the Electrical Conductivity of Silicate Perovskite" (1998)
"Synchrotron X-Ray Study of Iron at High Pressure and Temperature" (1995)
"Melting of (Mg,Fe)$_2$SiO$_4$ at the Core-Mantle Boundary of the Earth" (1997)
"High-Temperature Phase Transition and Dissociation of (Mg,Fe)SiO$_3$ Perovskite at Lower Mantle Pressures" (1995)
"High-Pressure and High-Temperature Experiments on Core-Mantle Segregation in the Accreting Earth" (1994)
"Ferric Iron Content of Mineral Inclusions in Diamonds from Sao Luiz: A View into the Lower Mantle" (1997)
"The Breakdown of Olivine to Perovskite and Magnesiowustite" (1997)
"(Mg,Fe)SiO$_3$-Perovskite Stability Under Lower Mantle Conditions" (1998)
"Experimental Evidence for a New Iron Phase and Implications for Earth's Core" (1993)
"Catalysis of the Olivine to Spinel Transformation by High Clinoenstatite" (1995)
"Negative Pressure-Temperature Slopes for Reactions Forming MgSiO$_3$ Perovskite from Calorimetry" (1990)
"Phase Transition and Thermal Expansion of MgSiO$_3$ Perovskite" (1991)
"Baddeleyite-Type High-Pressure Phase of TiO$_2$" (1991)
"Pressure Dependence of Elastic Wave Velocity for $\beta$-Mg$_2$SiO$_4$ and the Composition of the Earth's Mantle" (1990)
"Effects of Water on the $\alpha$-$\beta$ Transformation Kinetics in San Carlos Olivine" (1998)
"High-Pressure Transformation of AI$_2$O$_3$" (1997)
"The Phase Boundary Between $\alpha$- and $\beta$-Mg$_2$SiO$_4$ Determined by in Situ X-ray Observation" (1994)
"Stability of Perovskite (MgSiO$_3$) in the Earth's Mantle" (1996)
"Thermoelasticity of Silicate Perovskite and Magnesiowustite and Stratification of the Earth's Mantle" (1992)
"The Majorite-Pyrope + Magnesiowustite Assemblage: Constraints on the History of Shock Veins in Chondrites" (1996)
"The Effect of H$_2$O on the 410-Kilometer Seismic Discontinuity" (1995)
"Enhancement of Cation Diffusion Rates Across the 410-Kilometer Discontinuity in Earth's Mantle" (1999)
"High-Pressure Melting of (Mg,Fe)SiO$_3$-Perovskite" (1994)
"Melting Temperature and Partial Melt Chemistry of H$_2$O-Saturated Mantle Peridotite to 11 Gigapascals" (1997)
"Intracrystalline Transformation of Olivine to Wadsleyite and Ringwoodite Under Subduction Zone Conditions" (1996)
"Shock Amorphization of Cristobalite" (1993)
"Superplasticity in Earth's Lower Mantle: Evidence from Seismic Anisotropy and Rock Physics" (1995)
"Elasticity of Single-Crystal MgO to 8 Gigapascals and 1600 Kelvin" (1998)
"Ultradeep (>300 Kilometers) Ultramafic Xenoliths: Petrological Evidence from the Transition Zone" (1991)
"Precision Lattice-Parameter Determination of (Mg,Fe)SiO$_3$ Tetragonal Garnets" (1990)
"High-Pressure Elasticity of Iron and Anisotropy of Earth's Inner Core" (1995)
"Partitioning of Tungsten and Molybdenum between Metallic Liquid and Silicate Melt" (1995)
"In Situ Observation of the Formation of 10 $\AA$ Phase from Talc + H$_2$O at Mantle Pressures and Temperatures" (1999)
"Light-Transparent Phase Formed by Room-Temperature Compression of Graphite" (1991)
"High-Pressure Chemistry of Hydrogen in Metals: In Situ Study of Iron Hydride" (1991)
"Pressure-Induced Coordination Changes in Alkali-Germanate Melts: An in Situ Spectroscopic Investigation" (1992)
"A Post-Stishovite SiO$_2$ Polymorph in the Meteorite Shergotty: Implications for Impact Events" (1999)
"Flotation of Diamond in Mantle Melt at High Pressure" (1995)
"Twinning in MgSiO$_3$ Perovskite" (1990)
"An Occurrence of Metastable Cristobalite in High-Pressure Garnet Granulite" (1997)
"Mantle Melting at High Pressure" (1993)
"Earth's Core-Mantle Boundary: Results of Experiments at High Pressures and Temperatures" (1991)
"Percolation of Core Melts at Lower Mantle Conditions" (1998)
"Superheating Effects on Metal-Silicate Partitioning of Siderophile Elements" (1993)
"A High-Pressure Test of Birch's Law" (1992)
"Comparative Compressibilities of Silicate Spinels: Anomalous Behavior of (Mg,Fe)$_2$SiO$_4$" (1993)
"The Orthorhombic Structure of Iron: An in Situ Study at High-Temperature and High-Pressure" (1997)
"Grain Growth Rates of MgSiO$_3$ Perovskite and Periclase Under Lower Mantle Conditions" (1996)
"Implications for Mantle Dynamics from the High Melting Temperature of Perovskite" (1994)
"Siderophile Elements and the Earth's Formation" (1992)
"The Density of Hydrous Magmatic Liquids" (1999)
"First-Principles Determination of Elastic Anisotropy and Wave Velocities of MgO at Lower Mantle Conditions" (1999)
"Iron: Beta Phase Frays" (1997)
"High-Pressure Mineral Physics: An Inside View of the Earth" (1993)
"Ultrahigh-Pressure Melting of Lead: A Multidisciplinary Study" (1990)
"Rheology of the Upper Mantle: A Synthesis" (1993)
"Detecting Phases of Iron" (1997)
"Composition Limits of Fe$_x$O and the Earth's Lower Mantle" (1993)
"Hydrogen in Stishovite, with Implications for Mantle Water Content" (1993)
"Diffusion Creep in Perovskite: Implications for the Rheology of the Lower Mantle" (1992)
"Oxygen Diffusion in Perovskite: Implications for Electrical Conductivity in the Lower Mantle" (1993)
"Synchrotron Infrared Absorbance Measurements of Hydrogen in MgSiO$_3$ Perovskite" (1994)
"Water as a Dense Icelike Component in Silicate Glasses" (1998)
"How Much Do We Know About Mantle Thermochemistry?" (1993)
"Pressure-Induced Landau-Type Transition in Stishovite" (1998)
"Seismic Evidence for Partial Melt at the Base of Earth's Mantle" (1996)
"Phase Transitions Between $\beta$ and $\gamma$ (Mg,Fe)$_2$SiO$_4$ in the Earth's Mantle: Mechanisms and Rheological Implications" (1994)
"Deep-Focus Earthquakes and Recycling of Water into the Earth's Mantle" (1991)
"Minerals in the Deep Earth: A Message from the Asteroid Belt" (1997)
"Pa $\overline{3}$ Modified Fluorite-Type Structures in Metal Dioxides at High Pressure" (1996)
"Noble Gas Partitioning Between Metal and Silicate Under High Pressures" (1993)
"Ultradeep (Greater Than 300 Kilometers), Ultramafic Upper Mantle Xenoliths" (1990)
"Microstructural Observations of $\alpha$-Quartz Amorphization" (1993)
"In situ Observations of a High-Pressure Phase of H$_2$O Ice" (1998)
"Diamonds, Eclogites, and the Oxidation State of the Earth's Mantle" (1993)
"Memory Glass: An Amorphous Material Formed from AlPO$_4$" (1990)