WORDS
mantle
isotopic
crust
plate
earth
rocks
ratios
isotope
meteorites
composition
fig
oceanic
high
data
ocean
grains
upper
ridge
samples
years
continental
ratio
solar
formation
hot
crustal
beneath
low
lithosphere
university
million
boundary
compositions
meteorite
subduction
processes
lower
rich
pacific
chondrites
usa
formed
elements
plates
source
present
depth
evidence
department
deep
melt
mass
time
material
sciences
values
isotopes
origin
spreading
earths
basalts
two
models
relative
minerals
system
melting
large
flow
surface
terrestrial
heat
thermal
seismic
plumes
rock
early
show
mid
carbonate
fractionation
oxygen
slab
mil
different
zone
martian
arc
enriched
variations
evolution
region
ulysses
geological
layer
model
ridges
element
tectonics
plume
RELATED TOPICS
volcanic years fig deposits rocks
mantle isotopic crust plate earth
solar earth planets atmosphere planetary
fault earthquake data earthquakes images
pressure temperature high mantle phase
RELATED DOCUMENTS
"Primitive Boron Isotope Composition of the Mantle" (1995)
"The Earth's Early Evolution" (1995)
"Hf Isotope Evidence for Pelagic Sediments in the Source of Hawaiian Basalts" (1999)
"Osmium Isotopic Evidence for Ancient Subcontinental Lithospheric Mantle Beneath the Kerguelen Islands, Southern Indian Ocean" (1998)
"Melting Dynamics Beneath the Tonga-Kermadec Island Arc Inferred from $^{231}$Pa-$^{235}$U Systematics" (1999)
"Ancient Mantle in a Modern Arc: Osmium Isotopes in Izu-Bonin-Mariana Forearc Peridotites" (1998)
"U-Th Isotopes in Arc Magmas: Implications for Element Transfer from the Subducted Crust" (1997)
"Osmium Recycling in Subduction Zones" (1996)
"Hawaiian Plume Dynamics" (1999)
"Orphan Strontium-87 in Abyssal Peridotites: Daddy Was a Granite" (1993)
"Compositional Stratification in the Deep Mantle" (1999)
"Niobium/Uranium Evidence for Early Formation of the Continental Crust" (1997)
"Helium Isotopic Evidence for a Lower Mantle Component in Depleted Archean Komatiite" (1996)
"Mantle Plume Helium in Submarine Basalts from the Galapagos Platform" (1993)
"Lead and Helium Isotope Evidence from Oceanic Basalts for a Common Deep Source of Mantle Plumes" (1996)
"Production of Isotopic Variability in Continental Basalts by Cryptic Crustal Contamination" (1992)
"Rare Gas Systematics in Popping Rock: Isotpic and Elemental Compositions in the Upper Mantle" (1998)
"$^{53}$Mn-$^{53}$Cr Dating of Fayalite Formation in the CV3 Chondrite Mokoia: Evidence for Asteroidal Alteration" (1998)
"Short-Lived Chemical Heterogeneities in the Archean Mantle with Implications for Mantle Convection" (1994)
"Asymmetric Electrical Structure in the Mantle Beneath the East Pacific Rise at 17$^\circ$S" (1999)
"Osmium-187 Enrichment in Some Plumes: Evidence for Core-Mantle Interaction?" (1995)
"$^{26}$Al in Eucrite Piplia Kalan: Plausible Heat Source and Formation Chronology" (1999)
"Evolution of the Continents and the Atmosphere Inferred from Th-U-Nb Systematics of the Depleted Mantle" (1999)
"Lithospheric Contributions to Arc Magmatism: Isotope Variations Along Strike in Volcanoes of Honshu, Japan" (1996)
"Plutonium-Fission Xenon Found in Earth's Mantle" (1998)
"Is Primordial Helium Really Extraterrestrial?" (1993)
"The Interdependence of Deformational and Thermal Processes in Mountain Belts" (1996)
"Imaging the Deep Seismic Structure Beneath a Mid-Ocean Ridge: The MELT Experiment" (1998)
"Oxygen Isotope Constraints on the Origin of Impact Glasses from the Cretaceous-Tertiary Boundary" (1992)
"Signatures of the Martian Atmosphere in Glass of the Zagami Meteorite" (1995)
"Detection of a Meteoritic Component in Ivory Coast Tektites with Rhenium-Osmium Isotopes" (1993)
"Heat-Producing Elements and the Thermal and Baric Patterns of Metamorphic Belts" (1990)
"Death and Transfiguration of a Triple Junction in the South Atlantic" (1997)
"The Age of the Carbonates in Martian Meteorite ALH84001" (1999)
"Vesicle-Specific Noble Gas Analyses of Popping Rock: Implications for Primordial Noble Gases in Earth" (1997)
"Heavy Nitrogen in Carbonatites of the Kola Peninsula: A Possible Signature of the Deep Mantle" (1999)
"Cross-Arc Geochemical Variations in the Kurile Arc as a Function of Slab Depth" (1995)
"Oxygen Isotopic Abundances in Calcium-Aluminum-Rich Inclusions from Ordinary Chondrites: Implications for Nebular Heterogeneity" (1998)
"Formation of Carbonates in the Tatahouine Meteorite" (1998)
"Xenon's Inside Story" (1998)
"The Superswell and Mantle Dynamics Beneath the South Pacific" (1990)
"Mechanisms of Magma Generation Beneath Hawaii and Mid-Ocean Ridges: Uranium/Thorium and Samarium/Neodymium Isotopic Evidence" (1995)
"Mantle Plumes and Entrainment: Isotopic Evidence" (1992)
"Early Evolution of Continents" (1997)
"Field-Based Evidence for Devolatilization in Subduction Zones: Implications for Arc Magmatism" (1991)
"Argon-Lead Isotopic Correlation in Mid-Atlantic Ridge Basalts" (1999)
"Crustal Thickness on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge: Bull's-Eye Gravity Anomalies and Focused Accretion" (1993)
"Primordial Noble Gases from Earth's Mantle: Identification of a Primitive Volatile Component" (1999)
"Platinum-Group Element Abundance Patterns in Different Mantle Environments" (1997)
"A Seismic Look Under the Continents" (1999)
"Helium-3 from the Mantle: Primordial Signal or Cosmic Dust?" (1993)
"Plate Tectonics and Hotspots: The Third Dimension" (1992)
"Thorium-Uranium Fractionation by Garnet: Evidence for a Deep Source and Rapid Rise of Oceanic Basalts" (1993)
"Evidence for Widespread $^{26}$AL in the Solar Nebula and Constraints for Nebula Time Scales" (1996)
"Retention of Solar Helium and Neon in IDPs in Deep Sea Sediment" (1994)
"Search for Past Life on Mars: Possible Relic Biogenic Activity in Martian Meteorite ALH84001" (1996)
"Not So Hot Hot Spots in the Oceanic Mantle" (1990)
"Live Iron-60 in the Early Solar System" (1993)
"Plates and Plumes: Dynamos of the Earth's Mantle" (1992)
"Isotopic Evidence for the Cretaceous-Tertiary Impactor and Its Type" (1998)
"Mantle Plumes and Mantle Sources" (1992)
"A Correlation between Ultra-Low Basal Velocities in the Mantle and Hot Spots" (1998)
"Lu-Hf Isotope Systematics of Garnet Pyroxenites from Beni Bousera, Morocco: Implications for Basalt Origin" (1999)
"Electrical Conductivity in the Precambrian Lithosphere of Western Canada" (1999)
"Mapping Mantle Melting" (1999)
"Fluid Processes in Subduction Zones" (1990)
"Sea-Floor Depth and the Lake Wobegon Effect" (1997)
"Presolar Corundum and Spinel in Ordinary Chondrites: Origins from AGB Stars and a Supernova" (1998)
"Mesosiderite Clasts with the Most Extreme Positive Europium Anomalies Among Solar System Rocks" (1992)
"Preserved Collisional Crustal Structure of the Southern Urals Revealed by Vibroseis Profiling" (1996)
"Three-Dimensional Simulations of Plume-Lithosphere Interaction at the Hawaiian Swell" (1998)
"Orogenic Evolution of the Ural Mountains: Results from an Integrated Seismic Experiment" (1996)
"Iridium Profile for 10 Million Years Across the Cretaceous-Tertiary Boundary at Gubbio (Italy)" (1990)
"Fluid Flow in Chondritic Parent Bodies: Deciphering the Compositions of Planetesimals" (1999)
"Oxygen Reservoirs in the Early Solar Nebula Inferred from an Allende CAI" (1998)
"Dipping Low-Velocity Layer in the Mid-Lower Mantle: Evidence for Geochemical Heterogeneity" (1999)
"s-Process Zirconium in Presolar Silicon Carbide Grains" (1997)
"Structure and Evolution of Lithospheric Slab Beneath the Sunda Arc, Indonesia" (1996)
"Oxygen Isotope Exchange between Refractory Inclusion in Allende and Solar Nebula Gas" (1998)
"Seismic Evidence for a Detached Indian Lithosperic Mantle Beneath Tibet" (1999)
"Paleomagnetic Evidence of a Low-Temperature Origin of Carbonate in the Martian Meteorite ALH84001" (1997)
"Rising Through Earth's Mantle" (1999)
"Accretion Rates of Meteorites and Cosmic Dust in the Early Ordovician" (1997)
"Mantle Melting and Basalt Extraction by Equilibrium Porous Flow" (1995)
"Coupled $^{186}$Os and $^{187}$Os Evidence for Core-Mantle Interaction" (1998)
"The $^{18}$O/$^{16}$O Ratio of 2-Billion-Year-Old Seawater Inferred from Ancient Oceanic Crust" (1993)
"Chondrites and the Solar Nebula" (1997)
"Mantle Convection with Plates and Mobile, Faulted Plate Margins" (1995)
"Compatibility of Rhenium in Garnet During Mantle Melting and Magma Genesis" (1998)
"Type II Supernova Matter in a Silicon Carbide Grain from the Murchison Meteorite" (1996)
"Continent-Ocean Chemical Heterogeneity in the Mantle Based on Seismic Tomography" (1995)
"Small-Scale Convective Instability and Upper Mantle Viscosity Under California" (1993)
"Low-Temperature Carbonate Concretions in the Martian Meteorite ALH84001: Evidence from Stable Isotopes and Mineralogy" (1997)
"Paleomagnetic Tests of Pacific Plate Reconstructions and Implications for Motion Between Hotspots" (1994)
"Water on Mars: Clues from Deuterium/Hydrogen and Water Contents of Hydrous Phases in SNC Meteorites" (1994)
"Trench-Parallel Flow Beneath the Nazca Plate from Seismic Anisotropy" (1994)
"A Couple of Uncertain Age" (1999)
"Shipboard Geophysical Indications of Asymmetry and Melt Production Beneath the East Pacific Rise Near the MELT Experiment" (1998)
"Complex Shear Wave Velocity Structure Imaged Beneath Africa and Iceland" (1999)
"Mantle Plumes and Continental Tectonics" (1992)