Carnegie Mellon University HCII Work on these projects has finished and the  last update for this site was in 2010. The site will be maintained as a community resource.


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DiSalvo, C., Hanington, B., and Forlizzi, J. (2002). An accessible framework of emotional experiences for new product conception (pp. 251-255). Third International Conference on Design and Emotion, Loughborough, UK, July 2002. 

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Forlizzi, J., DiSalvo, C., and Hanington, B. (2003) On the relationship between emotion, experience, and the design of new products. Design Journal, September, pp. 84-98.

Forlizzi, J., Gemperle, F., and DiSalvo, C. (2003). Perceptive sorting: A method for understanding responses to products (pp. 103 Ð 108). Proceedings of the Designing Pleasurable Products and Interfaces Conference, Pittsburgh, PA, June 2003. [PDF 288K]

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Guthrie, S. E. (1993). Faces in the Clouds: A New Theory of Religion. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Despite subtitle, all but two of the seven chapters principally concern anthropomorphism and, to a degree, animism.)

Guthrie, S. E. (1997). Anthropomorphism: A definition and a theory (pp. 50-58). In R. W. Mitchell, N. S. Thompson, & H. L. Miles (Eds.). Anthropomorphism, anecdotes, and animals. Albany: State University of New York Press. Albany, State University of New York Press.

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Guthrie, S.E. (2001). On Animism. In Current Anthropology 41(1):106-107.

Guthrie, S. E. (2002). Animal Animism: Evolutionary Roots of Religious Cognition. In I. Pyysiainen and V. Anttonen, eds., Current Approaches in the Cognitive Science of Religion. London and New York: Continuum. Pp. 38-67. (Describes animism, defined as the attribution of characteristics of life to biologically inanimate things and events, as analogous to anthropomorphism and as present in non-human animals.)

Guthrie, S. E. Bottles are Men, Glasses are Women: Gender, Religion, and Secular Objects. Forthcoming. In R. Lohmann, ed., special issue of Material Religion: The Journal of Objects, Art & Belief.

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This website promotes understanding of anthropomorphism. Our work on these projects has finished, but the website will continue to be available as a community resource.