Interleaving Planning and Robot Execution for
Asynchronous User Requests

Autonomous Robots
5(1):79-95, March 1998

Karen Zita Haigh Manuela M. Veloso
k h a i g m m
Computer Science Department, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh PA 15213-3891


ROGUE is an architecture built on a real robot which provides algorithms for the integration of high-level planning, low-level robotic execution, and learning. ROGUE addresses successfully several of the challenges of a dynamic office gopher environment. This article presents the techniques for the integration of planning and execution.

ROGUE uses and extends a classical planning algorithm to create plans for multiple interacting goals introduced by asynchronous user requests. ROGUE translates the planner's actions to robot execution actions and monitors real world execution. ROGUE is currently implemented using the PRODIGY4.0 planner and the Xavier robot. This article describes how plans are created for multiple asynchronous goals, and how task priority and compatibility information is used to achieve appropriate efficient execution. We describe how ROGUE communicates with the planner and the robot to interleave planning with execution so that the planner can replan for failed actions, identify the actual outcome of an action with multiple possible outcomes, and take opportunities from changes in the environment.

ROGUE represents a successful integration of a classical artificial intelligence planner with a real mobile robot.

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Karen Zita Haigh
Mon Oct 6 14:33:27 EDT 1997