Every lie group has a maximal covering group. A covering group is a group
with the same lie algebra that contains all other lie groups with the same lie
algebra.
Let G1,..,Gn with the same lie algebra. There exists G, a universal covering
group with G->Gi of finite order.
G is the only simply connected group.
Example:
SU(2) covers SO(3)
Universal covering group of SO(m)= Spin(m)
Spin(m) has spinor reps not reps of SO(m)
Spin(4)~=SU(2)xSU(2) with (j1,j2) = eigenvalues.
SO(4) satisfy j1+j2= integer.
=> Spin(4) -> SO(4)-> SO(3)xSO(3) with each mapping 2->1.