The Clebsch-Gordan coefficients relate the direct product of two irreps to a sum of irreps:

direct product(D(u),D(v)=Sum(direct sum,AsD(s))

where the coefficients As are given by:

As=<X(s),X(u)X(v)>

the Clebsch-Gordan coefficients can be regarded as forming a unitary matrix M

Example:

For SU(2):

direct product(D(j1),D(j2))=Sum(j=|j1-j2|,j1+j2,D(j))

source

jl@crush.caltech.edu index