Is Code Speech?
Bernstein v. U.S. Dept. of State
- Snuffle encryption algorithm (a “munition”) is speech
- “functional aspect”; maybe object code isn’t speech
Junger v. Daley
- cryptography textbook with code also provided on diskette
DVD-CCA v. Bunner et al.
- California DVD case: 1st Amdt. trumps trade secret law
Universal City Studios v. Reimerdes
- 2600 DVD case: even object code is speech