## Self-Review Questions

1. How many references you must change to delete a node from the middle of a singly linked list?

a)   1
b)   2
c)   3
d)   0

2. Why one might choose to use a singly linked list instead of a doubly linked list?

a)   Insert is not efficient for a doubly linked list
b)   A doubly linked list has a fixed size
c)   Memory usage is a big concern for you
d)   Remove takes constant time for a singly linked list

3. Given a doubly linked list where each node has two references (prev and next): one that points to a previous node and another to a next node:

Assuming the linked list above, provide the output for the following code fragments. The list is restored to its initial state before each line executes:

a)   `_________`     `head.next.next.next.data;`

b)   `_________`     `head.next.next.prev.prev.data;`

c)   `_________`     `tail.prev.prev.prev.next.data;`

4. Given an array and a singly linked list. Which of these data structures uses more memory space to store the same number of elements? Explain your answer.

5. Given a singly-linked list of unknown size. Describe in a few sentences (in English, please) how to find the middle element of the list without counting all nodes.

6. What changes do you need to make to a linked list in order to have a constant time access to the last node?

7. An alternative to a standard deletion strategy is known as lazy deletion. When deleting elements from a singly linked list, we delete them logically but not physically. This is done by marking the node as deleted (using a boolean value). The numbers of deleted and not-deleted elements in the list are kept as part of the list. If at some point the number of deleted elements is equal to the number of not-deleted elements, we traverse the list and delete all "lazily deleted" elements. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this scheme.

8. Given a doubly linked list where each node has two references (prev and next): one that points to a previous node and another to a next node.

Write the statements to insert a new node

`Node toInsert = new Node(6);`
containing the 6 between the node with the 5 and the node with the 9. You do not need to write the whole method but just the statements to make the connections.

9. Implement a Java method
`public void removeAllMatchingItems(AnyType keyItem)`

that removes each and every item equal the keyItem from a singly-linked list. The list is not changed in any other way - if the requested item is not contained within the list, the method leaves the list in its prior condition You assume the LinkedList class given in lectures.

10. Given a sorted singly-linked list, where the head contains the smallest element Implement a Java method
`public void insertInOrder(Comparable keyItem)`

that creates a new node and inserts it in-order into the list. You assume the LinkedList class given in lectures.