Task-based Adaptation for Ubiquitous Computing

Vahe Poladian, Joao Pedro Sousa, David Garlan, Bradley Schmerl, and Mary Shaw

IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part C: Applications and Reviews, Special Issue on Engineering Autonomic Systems, Vol. 36, No. 3, May 2006.

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Abstract
An important domain for autonomic systems is the area of ubiquitous computing: users are increasingly surrounded by technology that is heterogeneous, pervasive, and variable. In this paper we describe our work in developing self-adapting computing infrastructure that automates the configuration and reconfiguration of such environments. Focusing on the engineering issues of self-adaptation in the presence of heterogeneous platforms, legacy applications, mobile users, and resource variable environments, we describe a new approach based on the following key ideas: (a) Explicit representation of user tasks allows us to determine what service qualities are required of a given configuration; (b) Decoupling task and preference specification from the lower level mechanisms that carry out those preferences provides a clean engineering separation of concerns between what is needed and how it is carried out; and (c) Efficient algorithms allow us to calculate in real time near-optimal resource allocations and reallocations for a given task.
Keywords
Self-adaptation, Ubiquitous Computing, Resource-aware Computing, Mult-fidelity Applications


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