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Kass Co-Authors 10 Simple Rules To Use Statistics Effectively

Shilo Rea Thursday June 23, 2016
Researchers face growing pressure to report accurate findings, even as they interpret increasingly larger amounts of data. One way to ensure such accuracy? Following sound statistical practices. A team of statisticians, including Carnegie Mellon’s Robert Kass, aims to help researchers do just that in their article, "Ten Simple Rules for Effective Statistical Practice."Published in PLOS Computational Biology for the journal's popular "Ten Simple Rules" series, the guidelines are designed to help the research community — particularly scientists who aren't statistical experts or who don't have a... 

Workshop Explores How Artificial Intelligence Can Be Engineered for Safety and Control

Byron Spice Wednesday June 22, 2016
Artificial intelligence has the potential to benefit humankind in diverse and deep ways, but only to the extent that people believe these smart systems can be trusted. The technical means for ensuring AI systems operate in a safe, controlled manner will be the focus of a June 28 workshop at Carnegie Mellon University.Co-hosted by the university and the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), "Safety and Control for Artificial Intelligence" will bring together 17 technical experts from across the country to address this issue, considered by some in the field to be more... 

Kanade Wins 2016 Kyoto Prize for Advanced Technology

Byron Spice Friday June 17, 2016
The Inamori Foundation has named Takeo Kanade, the U.A. and Helen Whitaker University Professor of Robotics and Computer Science, as the winner of the prestigious 2016 Kyoto Prize for Advanced Technology, citing his pioneering contributions to computer vision and robotics.The international award is presented to individuals who have contributed significantly to the scientific, cultural and spiritual betterment of humankind."I am most honored," Kanade said following the announcement. "Since I came to CMU in 1980, soon after the Robotics Institute was founded, I have participated in and led many... 

Singh to FactCheck.org: "Miller" Is Trump

Susie Cribbs Tuesday June 07, 2016
In an article published on May 13, the Washington Post claimed that Donald Trump routinely posed as his own public relations agent in the 1980s and 1990s, using the alias "John Miller" or "John Barron" to boast of Trump's personal and professional successes. When questioned about it now, though, Trump resolutely denies doing any such thing. What's a person to believe?Enter FactCheck.org, a nonpartisan, nonprofit consumer advocate for voters that aims to reduce the level of deception and confusion in U.S. politics. The organization reached out to Language Technologies Institute Senior Systems... 

Carnegie Mellon Transparency Reports Make AI Decision-Making Accountable

Byron Spice Wednesday May 25, 2016
Machine-learning algorithms increasingly make decisions about credit, medical diagnoses, personalized recommendations, advertising and job opportunities, among other things, but exactly how usually remains a mystery. Now, new measurement methods developed by Carnegie Mellon University researchers could provide important insights to this process.Was it a person's age, gender or education level that had the most influence on a decision? Was it a particular combination of factors? CMU's Quantitative Input Influence (QII) measures can provide the relative weight of each factor in the final... 

Carnegie Mellon Sweeps Microsoft Build the Shield Competition

Jessica Corry Tuesday May 24, 2016
A team of students from Carnegie Mellon University's School of Computer Science took first place in Microsoft's Build the Shield competition earlier this spring.The event, which drew 47 teams to Microsoft's Redmond campus, combined two types of capture-the-flag (CTF) competitions: live attack-defense and jeopardy. Teams were assigned a country’s tourism department and charged with defending a server running vulnerable software and web services. Each team worked to discover and patch its own vulnerabilities while developing exploits to use against other teams. They also completed offline... 

Robots Get Creative To Cut Through Clutter

Byron Spice Wednesday May 18, 2016
Clutter is a special challenge for robots, but new Carnegie Mellon University software is helping robots cope, whether they're beating a path across the moon or grabbing a milk jug from the back of the refrigerator.The software not only helped a robot deal efficiently with clutter, but it also surprisingly revealed the robot's creativity in solving problems."It was exploiting sort of superhuman capabilities," Siddhartha Srinivasa, associate professor of robotics, said of his lab's two-armed mobile robot, the Home Exploring Robot Butler, or HERB. "The robot's wrist has a 270-degree range,... 

Robot's In-Hand Eye Maps Surroundings, Determines Hand's Location

Byron Spice Monday May 16, 2016
Before a robot arm can reach into a tight space or pick up a delicate object, the robot needs to know precisely where its hand is. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University's Robotics Institute have shown that a camera attached to the robot's hand can rapidly create a 3-D model of its environment and also locate the hand within that 3-D world.Doing so with imprecise cameras and wobbly arms in real-time is tough, but the CMU team found they could improve the accuracy of the map by incorporating the arm itself as a sensor, using the angle of its joints to better determine the pose of the camera...