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Moving Among Messages
The most basic thing to do with a message is to read it. The way to
do this in Rmail is to make the message current. The usual practice is
to move sequentially through the file, since this is the order of
receipt of messages. When you enter Rmail, you are positioned at the
first message that you have not yet made current (that is, the first one
that has the `unseen' attribute; Note: Rmail Labels.). Move forward
to see the other new messages; move backward to reexamine old messages.
Move to the next nondeleted message, skipping any intervening
Move to the previous nondeleted message
Move to the next message, including deleted messages
Move to the previous message, including deleted messages
Move to the first message. With argument N, move to message
number N (`rmail-show-message').
Move to the last message (`rmail-last-message').
Move to the first message (`rmail-first-message').
`M-s REGEXP RET'
Move to the next message containing a match for REGEXP
`- M-s REGEXP RET'
Move to the previous message containing a match for REGEXP.
`n' and `p' are the usual way of moving among messages in Rmail.
They move through the messages sequentially, but skip over deleted
messages, which is usually what you want to do. Their command
definitions are named `rmail-next-undeleted-message' and
`rmail-previous-undeleted-message'. If you do not want to skip deleted
messages--for example, if you want to move to a message to undelete
it--use the variants `M-n' and `M-p' (`rmail-next-message' and
`rmail-previous-message'). A numeric argument to any of these commands
serves as a repeat count.
In Rmail, you can specify a numeric argument by typing just the
digits. You don't need to type `C-u' first.
The `M-s' (`rmail-search') command is Rmail's version of search.
The usual incremental search command `C-s' works in Rmail, but it
searches only within the current message. The purpose of `M-s' is to
search for another message. It reads a regular expression (*note
Regexps::.) nonincrementally, then searches starting at the beginning
of the following message for a match. The message containing the match
If REGEXP is empty, `M-s' reuses the regexp used the previous time.
To search backward in the file for another message, give `M-s' a
negative argument. In Rmail you can do this with `- M-s'.
It is also possible to search for a message based on labels. *Note
To move to a message specified by absolute message number, use `j'
(`rmail-show-message') with the message number as argument. With no
argument, `j' selects the first message. `>' (`rmail-last-message')
selects the last message. `<' (`rmail-first-message') selects the
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