(emacs)Examining


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Examining and Setting Variables
-------------------------------

`C-h v VAR RET'
     Print the value and documentation of variable VAR
     (`describe-variable').

`M-x set-variable RET VAR RET VALUE RET'
     Change the value of variable VAR to VALUE.

   To examine the value of a single variable, use `C-h v'
(`describe-variable'), which reads a variable name using the
minibuffer, with completion.  It prints both the value and the
documentation of the variable.  For example,

     C-h v fill-column RET

prints something like this:

     fill-column's value is 75
     
     Documentation:
     *Column beyond which automatic line-wrapping should happen.
     Automatically becomes buffer-local when set in any fashion.

The star at the beginning of the documentation indicates that this
variable is an option.  `C-h v' is not restricted to options; it allows
any variable name.

   The most convenient way to set a specific option is with `M-x
set-variable'.  This reads the variable name with the minibuffer (with
completion), and then reads a Lisp expression for the new value using
the minibuffer a second time.  For example,

     M-x set-variable RET fill-column RET 75 RET

sets `fill-column' to 75.

   You can set any variable with a Lisp expression using the function
`setq'.  Here's how to use it to set `fill-column':

     (setq fill-column 75)

   Setting variables, like all means of customizing Emacs except where
explicitly stated, affects only the current Emacs session.


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