Joint CMU-Pitt Ph.D. Program in Computational Biology and the Lane Center for Computational Biology Seminar

Assistant Professor
Department Computer Science
UM Institute for Advanced Computer Studies and Center for Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, University of Maryland
Exploring tumor epigenetic heterogeneity by cell-specific methylation pattern reconstruction
Friday, April 18, 2014 - 11:00am
Gates&Hillman Centers

DNA methylation aberrations are now known to, almost universally, accompany the initiation and progression of cancers. In particular, the colon cancer epigenome contains specific genomic regions that, along with differences in methylation levels with respect to normal colon tissue, also show increased epigenetic and gene expression heterogeneity at the population level, i.e., across tumor samples, in comparison to other regions in the genome. Tumors are highly heterogeneous at the clonal level as well, and the relationship between clonal and population heterogeneity is poorly understood. We present an approach that uses sequencing reads from high-throughput sequencing of bisulfite converted DNA to reconstruct heterogeneous cell populations by assembling cell type-specific methylation patterns. Our methodology is based on the solution of a specific class of minimum cost network flow problems. We use our methods to analyze the relationship between clonal heterogeneity and population heterogeneity in high-coverage data from multiple samples of colon tumor and matched normal tissues.

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