Proceedings IJCAI-03 Workshop on Mixed-Initiative Intelligent Systems, Acapulco Mexico, August 2003
Interactive Resource Management in the Comirem Planner
Stephen F. Smith, David W. Hildum and David A. Crimm
The Robotics Institute
Carnegie Mellon University
Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
In this paper, we describe Comirem, a light-weight, interactive tool for resource management in continuous planning domains. Comirem is designed for domains where complex, heterogeneous sets of resources are required to execute planned activities and usage must be synchronized to satisfy complex temporal and spatial constraints. Comirem promotes an opportunistic planning paradigm, where resource allocation decisions are made and revised incrementally as plans and availability constraints become known and refined during the planning process, and as execution deviates from planned behavior. To this end, resources are assigned (and re-assigned) via a least-commitment, constraint-posting scheduling procedure.
The Comirem system design follows three basic mixed-initiative principles: (1) that users will want to make planning and resource allocation decisions at different levels of detail in different circumstances and correspondingly delegate more or less decision-making responsibility to system processes in different contexts, (2) that abstract domain models, coupled with graphical visualization can provide an effective basis for communicating decision impact and proposing decision options, and (3) that incremental, adaptive problem-solving capabilities, which attempt to localize change whenever possible and appropriate, are central to maintaining continuity in the planning and resource management process. These principles are used to provide a variety of tools for mixed-initiative resource allocation, feasibility checking, resource tracking and conflict resolution.
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