Reinforcement Learning for Agents with Many Sensors and Actuators Acting in Categorizable Environments

Josep M Porta
IAS Group, Informatics Institute
University of Amsterdam
Kruislaan 403, 1098SJ, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Enric Celaya
Institut de Robòtica i Informàtica Industrial
Spanish Council of Scientific Research (CSIC)
Llorens i Artigas 4-6, 08028, Barcelona, Spain


In this paper, we confront the problem of applying reinforcement learning to agents that perceive the environment through many sensors and that can perform parallel actions using many actuators as is the case in complex autonomous robots. We argue that reinforcement learning can only be successfully applied to this case if strong assumptions are made on the characteristics of the environment in which the learning is performed, so that the relevant sensor readings and motor commands can be readily identified. The introduction of such assumptions leads to strongly-biased learning systems that can eventually lose the generality of traditional reinforcement-learning algorithms. In this line, we observe that, in realistic situations, the reward received by the robot depends only on a reduced subset of all the executed actions and that only a reduced subset of the sensor inputs (possibly different in each situation and for each action) are relevant to predict the reward. We formalize this property in the so called categorizability assumption and we present an algorithm that takes advantage of the categorizability of the environment, allowing a decrease in the learning time with respect to existing reinforcement-learning algorithms. Results of the application of the algorithm to a couple of simulated realistic-robotic problems (landmark-based navigation and the six-legged robot gait generation) are reported to validate our approach and to compare it to existing flat and generalization-based reinforcement-learning approaches.

Josep M Porta 2005-02-17