- ...matrix
- A complex matrix
*U*is unitary when multiplication by its adjoint gives the identity matrix, where the adjoint is the transpose of*U*with all elements changed to their complex conjugates. Examples include permutations, rotations and multiplication by phases (complex numbers whose magnitude is one).. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

- ...distinct
- This ensemble differs slightly
from other studies where the clauses are not required to be distinct.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Feb. 1999