15-494/694 Cognitive Robotics Lab 7:
I. Software Update and Initial Setup
- If you are running on your personal laptop you will need to
update your copy of the cozmo-tools package. (The REL workstation
copies are kept updated by course staff.) To apply the update,
assuming you put the cozmo-tools package in /opt, do this:
$ cd /opt/cozmo-tools
$ sudo git pull
- For this lab you will need a robot, a charger, a Kindle, and some cubes.
- Log in to the workstation.
- Make a lab7 directory.
II. Landmark Orientation Demo
Download and run Lab7a.py. This demonstrates
particle filter localization using only the robot's orientation
relative to the cubes it can see. Orientation is defined as the angle
between the cube's bearing to the robot and the cube's "north". This
is equivalent to having the compass direction to a landmark; it is a
bearing relative to North rather than relative to the robot's
Question 1: describe a real-world situation where compass bearing
would be the most useful landmark information. Hint: not indoors.
With only a single cube visible straight ahead of the robot, and with
the cube's "0 degree" face facing the robot, press 'r' repeatedly to
resample the particles. You should see particles distributed along a
Shift the cube left or right and observe how the bearing line changes.
Leave the cube straight ahead of the robot, but rotate it in place by
30 degrees. How does the bearing line change?
Question 2: if you hold the 'r' key down long enough, the bearing line
formed by the particle population slowly moves away from the landmark. What
is causing this?
With two cube landmarks visible simultaneously, what result do you expect?
III. Particle SLAM with Cubes
Download and run Lab7b.py. This is a demonstration of a
partial implementation of the SLAM (Simultaneous Localization and
Mapping) algorithm, using cubes as landmarks. In this implementation, each
particle maintains its own map with an estimate of each landmark position. But unlike
in real SLAM algorthm, the landmark positions are updated by simple averaging rather than
using an EKF (Extended Kalman Filter), so there are no covariance matrices or error ellipses.
This will be fixed soon.
Start out by showing the robot one cube. What happens as you drive it around?
Add a second cube to the environment. How does the map evolve as the robot drives
around and looks at the two cubes?
Note: new particle_viewer commands. The wasd keys still move by 10 mm
and turn 22.5 degrees; now the WASD keys move by 25 mm and turn by 90
Continue the experiment by adding a third cube. How close does the
map come to capturing the actual landmark positions?
IV. Particle SLAM with ArUco Markers
Download and run Lab7c.py. This demo performs
SLAM using ArUco markers. Press 'e' in the particle viewer to force
loading of any visible landmarks after the demo starts.
Set up two pairs of ArUco markers in the pattern we used in previous
labs, and see how good a map the robot can construct.
Question 3: write a little function to extract the landmark
coordinates your experiment produced (just look in the first particle)
and print them out. Report the results.
Hand in your answers to question 1-3 and the code you wrote in question 3.