Common Lisp the Language, 2nd Edition
The standard unit of interaction with a Common Lisp implementation is the form, which is simply a data object meant to be evaluated as a program to produce one or more values (which are also data objects). One may request evaluation of any data object, but only certain ones are meaningful. For instance, symbols and lists are meaningful forms, while arrays normally are not. Examples of meaningful forms are 3, whose value is 3, and (+ 3 4), whose value is 7. We write 3 => 3 and (+ 3 4) => 7 to indicate these facts. (=> means ``evaluates to.'')
Meaningful forms may be divided into three categories: self-evaluating forms, such as numbers; symbols, which stand for variables; and lists. The lists in turn may be divided into three categories: special forms, macro calls, and function calls.
Any Common Lisp data object not explicitly defined here to be a valid form is not a valid form. It is an error to evaluate anything but a valid form.
X3J13 voted in October 1988 (EVAL-OTHER) to specify that all standard Common Lisp data objects other than symbols and lists (including defstruct structures defined without the :type option) are self-evaluating.