Jeffrey P. Bigham

Jeffrey P. Bigham

Associate Professor
Human-Computer Interaction Institute
Language Technologies Institute
School of Computer Science
Carnegie Mellon University

3525 Newell-Simon Hall

(412) 945-0708
@jeffbigham

C.V. |  Google Scholar

Meetings are inefficient, let me help via email. I respond to emails with short actionable requests very quickly. I hold public office hours in 407 S. Craig most Thurs. 2-5pm, stop by!

Research Highlights

Recent Publications

All Accessibility Chorus Crowdsourcing Dyslexia Scribe VizWiz
  1. 2016

  2. "€œIs there anything else I can help you with?": Challenges in Deploying an On-Demand Crowd-Powered Conversational Agent"Is there anything else I can help you with?": Challenges in Deploying an On-Demand Crowd-Powered Conversational Agent
    Huang, T.H., Lasecki, Walter S., Azaria, A., Bigham, J.P. HCOMP 2016.
    @inproceedings {chorus-deploy,
      author={Huang, T.~H. and Lasecki, Walter S. and Azaria, A. and Bigham, J.P.},
      title="\"Is there anything else I can help you with?\": Challenges in Deploying an On-Demand Crowd-Powered Conversational Agent},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Human Computation and Crowdsourcing},
      series={HCOMP '16},
      year={2016},
      location={Austin, TX},
      numpages={10},
      publisher={AAAI},
      keywords={chorus, crowdsourcing, dialogue, web, API},
    }
  3. VizLens: A Robust and Interactive Screen Reader for Interfaces in the Real WorldVizLens: A Robust and Interactive Screen Reader for Interfaces in the Real World
    Guo, A., Chen, A., Qi, H., White, S., Ghosh, S., Asakawa, C., Bigham, J.P. UIST 2016.
    @inproceedings {vizlens,
      author={Guo, A., Chen, A., Qi, H., White, S., Ghosh, S., Asakawa, C., and Bigham, J.P.},
      title={VizLens: A Robust and Interactive Screen Reader for Interfaces in the Real World},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology (UIST 2016)},
      year={2016},
      keywords={non-visual interfaces, visually impaired users, accessibility, crowdsourcing, computer vision, mobile devices, vizwiz},
    }
  4. Manipulating Word Lattices to Incorporate Human CorrectionsManipulating Word Lattices to Incorporate Human Corrections
    Gaur, Y., Metze, F., Bigham, J.P. INTERSPEECH 2016.
    @inproceedings {manipulating-word-lattices,
      author={Gaur, Y., Metze, F., and Bigham, J.P.},
      title={Manipulating Word Lattices to Incorporate Human Corrections},
      booktitle={Proceedings of INTERSPEECH},
      year={2016},
      keywords={asr, speech recognition, scribe, transcription, captioning},
    }
  5. Questimator: Generating Knowledge Assessments for Arbitrary TopicsQuestimator: Generating Knowledge Assessments for Arbitrary Topics
    Guo, Q., Kulkarni, C., Kittur, A., Bigham, J.P., Brunskill, E. IJCAI 2016.
    @inproceedings {questimator,
      author={Guo, Q., Kulkarni, C., Kittur, A., Bigham, J.P., and Brunskill, E.},
      title={Questimator: Generating Knowledge Assessments for Arbitrary Topics},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI 2016)},
      address={New York, USA},
      year={2016},
      keywords={information extraction, assessment},
    }
  6. Dytective: Diagnosing risk of dyslexia with a gameDytective: Diagnosing risk of dyslexia with a game
    Rello, Luz, Ballesteros, Miguel, Ali, Abdullah, Serra, Miquel, Alaron, D, Bigham, Jeffrey P. Pervasive 2016.
    @inproceedings {dytective,
      title={Dytective: Diagnosing risk of dyslexia with a game},
      author={Rello, Luz and Ballesteros, Miguel and Ali, Abdullah and Serra, Miquel and Alaron, D and Bigham, Jeffrey P},
      booktitle={Proceedings of Pervasive Health},
      volume={16},
      year={2016},
      keywords={dyslexia, dytective, accessibility},
      url={http://www.luzrello.com/Publications_files/PerHealth2016-Dytective.pdf},
    }
  7. InstructableCrowd: Creating IF-THEN Rules via Conversations with the CrowdInstructableCrowd: Creating IF-THEN Rules via Conversations with the Crowd
    Huang, Ting-Hao Kenneth, Azaria, Amos, Bigham, Jeffrey P. CHI 2016.
    @inproceedings {instructable-crowd,
      author={Huang, Ting-Hao Kenneth and Azaria, Amos and Bigham, Jeffrey P.},
      title={InstructableCrowd: Creating IF-THEN Rules via Conversations with the Crowd},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the 2016 CHI Conference Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems},
      series={CHI EA '16},
      year={2016},
      isbn={978-1-4503-4082-3},
      location={Santa Clara, California, USA},
      pages={1555--1562},
      numpages={8},
      url={http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2851581.2892502},
      doi={10.1145/2851581.2892502},
      acmid={2892502},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={crowd-powered system, crowdsourcing, end-user programming, mobile, chorus},
    }
  8. An Uninteresting Tour Through Why Our Research Papers ArenAn Uninteresting Tour Through Why Our Research Papers Aren't Accessible
    Bigham, J.P., Brady, E., Gleason, C., Guo, S., Shamma, D.A. CHI 2016.
    @inproceedings {pdf-accessibility,
      title={An Uninteresting Tour Through Why Our Research Papers Aren't Accessible},
      author={Bigham, J.P., Brady, E., Gleason, C., Guo, S., and Shamma, D.A.},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, alt.chi},
      year={2016},
      location={San Jose, CA},
      numpages={11},
      keywords={accessibility, pdf, documents},
    }
  9. An Online Chess Game Designed for People with DyslexiaAn Online Chess Game Designed for People with Dyslexia
    Rello, L., Subirats, S., Bigham, J.P. W4A 2016.
    @inproceedings {dyslexia-chess,
      title={An Online Chess Game Designed for People with Dyslexia},
      author={Rello, L., Subirats, S., and Bigham, J.P.},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the International Web for All Conference (W4A 2016)},
      year={2016},
      location={Montreal, Canada},
      numpages={10},
      keywords={accessibility, dyslexia},
    }
  10. The Effects of Automatic Speech Recognition Quality on Human Transcription LatencyThe Effects of Automatic Speech Recognition Quality on Human Transcription Latency
    Gaur, Y., Lasecki, W.S., Metze, F., Bigham, J.P. W4A 2016.
    @inproceedings {asr-threshold,
      author={Gaur, Y., Lasecki, W.S., Metze, F., and Bigham, J.P.},
      title={The Effects of Automatic Speech Recognition Quality on Human Transcription Latency},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the International Web for All Conference (W4A 2016)},
      year={2016},
      location={Montreal, Canada},
      numpages={10},
      keywords={accessibility, speech recognition, asr, captioning, transcription, crowdsourcing},
    }
  11. WearWrite: Crowd-Assisted Writing from SmartwatchesWearWrite: Crowd-Assisted Writing from Smartwatches
    Nebeling, M., To, A., Guo, A., de Freitas, A., Teevan, J., Dow, S., Bigham, J.P. CHI 2016.
    @inproceedings {wearwrite,
      author={Nebeling, M., To, A., Guo, A., de Freitas, A., Teevan, J., Dow, S., and Bigham, J.P.},
      title={WearWrite: Crowd-Assisted Writing from Smartwatches},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems},
      series={CHI '16},
      year={2016},
      location={San Jose, CA},
      numpages={10},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={smartwatches, wearables, crowdsourcing, writing},
    }
  12. "With most of it being pictures now, I rarely use it": Understanding Twitter"With most of it being pictures now, I rarely use it": Understanding Twitter's Evolving Accessibility to Blind Users
    Morris, M.R., Perkins, A., Yao, C., Bahram, S., Bigham, J.P., Kane, S.K. CHI 2016.
    @inproceedings {twitteraccessibility,
      author={Morris, M.R., Perkins, A., Yao, C., Bahram, S., Bigham, J.P., and Kane, S.K.},
      title={"With most of it being pictures now, I rarely use it": Understanding Twitter's Evolving Accessibility to Blind Users},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems},
      series={CHI '16},
      year={2016},
      location={San Jose, CA},
      numpages={10},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={social media, twitter, blindness, accessibility},
    }
  13. 2015

  14. Target Acquisition and the Crowd ActorTarget Acquisition and the Crowd Actor
    Bigham, J.P., Lasecki, W.S., Bigham, J.P. Human Computation 2015.
    @article {targetacquisition,
      author={Bigham, J.P., Lasecki, W.S., and Bigham, J.P.},
      title={Target Acquisition and the Crowd Actor},
      journal={Human Computation},
      volume={1},
      issue={2},
      pages={101-131},
      doi={10.15346/hc.v1i1.2},
      year={2015},
    }
  15. Crowdsourcing Accessibility: Human-Powered Access TechnologiesCrowdsourcing Accessibility: Human-Powered Access Technologies
    Brady, E., Bigham, J.P. FnTHCI 2015.
    @article {crowdsourcingaccessibility,
      author={Brady, E. and Bigham, J.P.},
      title={Crowdsourcing Accessibility: Human-Powered Access Technologies},
      journal={Foundations and Trends in Human–Computer Interaction},
      volume={8},
      number={4},
      pages={273-372},
      doi={http://dx.doi.org/10.1561/1100000050},
      url={http://dx.doi.org/10.1561/1100000050},
      year={2015},
    }
  16. Guardian: A Crowd-Powered Spoken Dialog System for Web APIsGuardian: A Crowd-Powered Spoken Dialog System for Web APIs
    Huang, T.H., Lasecki, Walter S., Bigham, J.P. HCOMP 2015.
    @inproceedings {guardian,
      author={Huang, T.~H. and Lasecki, Walter S. and Bigham, J.P.},
      title={Guardian: A Crowd-Powered Spoken Dialog System for Web APIs},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Human Computation and Crowdsourcing},
      series={HCOMP '15},
      year={2015},
      location={San Diego, CA},
      numpages={8},
      publisher={AAAI},
      keywords={chorus, crowdsourcing, dialogue, web, API},
      url={http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~jbigham/pubs/pdfs/2015/guardian.pdf},
    }
  17. A Spellchecker for DyslexiaA Spellchecker for Dyslexia
    Rello, Luz, Ballesteros, Miguel, Bigham, Jeffrey P. ASSETS 2015.
    @inproceedings {realcheck,
      author={Rello, Luz and Ballesteros, Miguel and Bigham, Jeffrey P.},
      title={A Spellchecker for Dyslexia},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the 17th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers \& Accessibility},
      series={ASSETS '15},
      year={2015},
      location={Lisbon, Portugal},
      numpages={8},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={accessibility, dyslexia, spell checker},
      url={http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~jbigham/pubs/pdfs/2015/realcheck.pdf},
    }
  18. Using Keyword Spotting to Help Humans Correct Captioning FasterUsing Keyword Spotting to Help Humans Correct Captioning Faster
    Gaur, Y., Metze, F., Miao, Y., Bigham, J.P. INTERSPEECH 2015.
    @inproceedings {keywordspotting,
      author={Gaur, Y. and Metze, F. and Miao, Y. and Bigham, J.P.},
      title={Using Keyword Spotting to Help Humans Correct Captioning Faster},
      booktitle={Proceedings of INTERSPEECH 2015},
      series={INTERSPEECH '15},
      year={2015},
      location={Dresden, Germany},
      numpages={5},
      publisher={INTERSPEECH},
      keywords={keyword spotting, automatic speech recognition, asr, scribe, captioning, transcription},
      url={http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~jbigham/pubs/pdfs/2015/keywordspotting.pdf},
    }
  19. WearWrite: Orchestrating the Crowd to Complete Complex Tasks from Wearables (We Wrote This Paper on a Watch)WearWrite: Orchestrating the Crowd to Complete Complex Tasks from Wearables (We Wrote This Paper on a Watch)
    Nebeling, M., Guo, A., Murray, K., Tostengard, A., Giannopoulos, A., Mihajlov, M., Dow, S., Teevan, J., Bigham, J.P. arXiv 2015.
    @article {wearwrite,
      author={Nebeling, M. and Guo, A. and Murray, K. and Tostengard, A. and Giannopoulos, A. and Mihajlov, M. and Dow, S. and Teevan, J. and Bigham, J.~P.},
      title={WearWrite: Orchestrating the Crowd to Complete Complex Tasks from Wearables (We Wrote This Paper on a Watch)},
      journal={arXiv},
      volume={1508.02982},
      year={2015},
      month={July},
      url={http://arxiv.org/pdf/1508.02982v1},
      ee={http://arxiv.org/abs/1508.02982},
      keywords={wearwrite, crowdsourcing, human computation, writing, wearables},
    }
  20. A Plug-in to Aid Online Reading in SpanishA Plug-in to Aid Online Reading in Spanish
    Rello, Luz, Carlini, Roberto, Baeza-Yates, Ricardo, Bigham, Jeffrey P. W4A 2015.
    @inproceedings {dyslexiaplugin,
      author={Rello, Luz and Carlini, Roberto and Baeza-Yates, Ricardo and Bigham, Jeffrey P.},
      title={A Plug-in to Aid Online Reading in Spanish},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the 12th Web for All Conference},
      series={W4A '15},
      year={2015},
      isbn={978-1-4503-3342-9},
      location={Florence, Italy},
      pages={7:1--7:4},
      articleno={7},
      numpages={4},
      url={http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2745555.2746661},
      doi={10.1145/2745555.2746661},
      acmid={2746661},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={Chrome, definitions, lexical simplification, plug-in, readability, synonyms, text simplification, accessibility, dyslexia},
    }
  21. Creating Accessible PDFs for Conference ProceedingsCreating Accessible PDFs for Conference Proceedings
    Brady, Erin, Zhong, Yu, Bigham, Jeffrey P. W4A 2015.
    @inproceedings {accessibleconferences,
      author={Brady, Erin and Zhong, Yu and Bigham, Jeffrey P.},
      title={Creating Accessible PDFs for Conference Proceedings},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the 12th Web for All Conference},
      series={W4A '15},
      year={2015},
      isbn={978-1-4503-3342-9},
      location={Florence, Italy},
      pages={34:1--34:4},
      articleno={34},
      numpages={4},
      url={http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2745555.2746665},
      doi={10.1145/2745555.2746665},
      acmid={2746665},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
    }
  22. Measuring Text Simplification with the CrowdMeasuring Text Simplification with the Crowd
    Lasecki, Walter S., Rello, Luz, Bigham, Jeffrey P. W4A 2015.
    @inproceedings {measuringsimplicity,
      author={Lasecki, Walter S. and Rello, Luz and Bigham, Jeffrey P.},
      title={Measuring Text Simplification with the Crowd},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the 12th Web for All Conference},
      series={W4A '15},
      year={2015},
      isbn={978-1-4503-3342-9},
      location={Florence, Italy},
      pages={4:1--4:9},
      articleno={4},
      numpages={9},
      url={http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~jbigham/pubs/pdfs/2015/measuringsimplicity.pdf},
      doi={10.1145/2745555.2746658},
      acmid={2746658},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={NLP, accessibility, crowdsourcing, text simplification},
    }
  23. CAN: Composable Accessibility Infrastructure via Data-driven CrowdsourcingCAN: Composable Accessibility Infrastructure via Data-driven Crowdsourcing
    Huang, Yun, Dobreski, Brian, Deo, Bijay Bhaskar, Xin, Jiahang, Barbosa, Nat\{a} Miccael, Wang, Yang, Bigham, Jeffrey P. W4A 2015.
    @inproceedings {can,
      author={Huang, Yun and Dobreski, Brian and Deo, Bijay Bhaskar and Xin, Jiahang and Barbosa, Nat\~{a} Miccael and Wang, Yang and Bigham, Jeffrey P.},
      title={CAN: Composable Accessibility Infrastructure via Data-driven Crowdsourcing},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the 12th Web for All Conference},
      series={W4A '15},
      year={2015},
      isbn={978-1-4503-3342-9},
      location={Florence, Italy},
      pages={2:1--2:10},
      articleno={2},
      numpages={10},
      url={http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2745555.2746651},
      doi={10.1145/2745555.2746651},
      acmid={2746651},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={accessibility, crowdsourcing, web, end user},
    }
  24. Enhancing Android Accessibility for Users with Hand Tremor by Reducing Fine Pointing and Steady TappingEnhancing Android Accessibility for Users with Hand Tremor by Reducing Fine Pointing and Steady Tapping
    Zhong, Yu, Weber, Astrid, Burkhardt, Casey, Weaver, Phil, Bigham, Jeffrey P. W4A 2015.
    @inproceedings {steadytapping,
      author={Zhong, Yu and Weber, Astrid and Burkhardt, Casey and Weaver, Phil and Bigham, Jeffrey P.},
      title={Enhancing Android Accessibility for Users with Hand Tremor by Reducing Fine Pointing and Steady Tapping},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the 12th Web for All Conference},
      series={W4A '15},
      year={2015},
      isbn={978-1-4503-3342-9},
      location={Florence, Italy},
      pages={29:1--29:10},
      articleno={29},
      numpages={10},
      url={http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2745555.2747277},
      doi={10.1145/2745555.2747277},
      acmid={2747277},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={Android, accessibility, disambiguation, fine pointing, magnification, motor space, steady tapping, visual space},
    }
  25. Gauging Receptiveness to Social MicrovolunteeringGauging Receptiveness to Social Microvolunteering
    Brady, Erin, Morris, Meredith R., Bigham, Jeffrey P. CHI 2015.
    @inproceedings {socialmicrovolunteering,
      author={Brady, Erin and Morris, Meredith R. and Bigham, Jeffrey P.},
      title={Gauging Receptiveness to Social Microvolunteering},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems},
      series={CHI '15},
      year={2015},
      location={Seoul, Republic of Korea},
      numpages={10},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={volunteering, SNS, friendsourcing, crowdsourcing},
      url={http://research.microsoft.com/pubs/238319/socialmicrovolunteering_chi2015.pdf},
    }
  26. Zensors: Adaptive, Rapidly Deployable, Human-Intelligent Sensor FeedsZensors: Adaptive, Rapidly Deployable, Human-Intelligent Sensor Feeds
    Laput, G., Lasecki, W.S., Wiese, J., Xiao, R., Bigham, J.P., Harrison, C. CHI 2015.
    @inproceedings {zensors,
      author={Laput, G. and Lasecki, W.~S. and Wiese, J. and Xiao, R. and Bigham, J.~P. and Harrison, C.},
      title={Zensors: Adaptive, Rapidly Deployable, Human-Intelligent Sensor Feeds},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems},
      series={CHI '15},
      year={2015},
      location={Seoul, Republic of Korea},
      numpages={10},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={smart environments, sensing, human computation, computer vision, machine learning, end-user programming},
      url={http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~jbigham/pubs/pdfs/2015/zensors.pdf},
      movie={https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VVP9emuFsQI},
    }
  27. Apparition: Crowdsourced User Interfaces That Come To Life As You Sketch ThemApparition: Crowdsourced User Interfaces That Come To Life As You Sketch Them
    Lasecki, W.S., Kim, J., Rafter, N., Sen, O., Bigham, J.P., Bernstein, M.S. CHI 2015.
    @inproceedings {apparition,
      author={Lasecki, W.~S. and Kim, J. and Rafter, N. and Sen, O. and Bigham, J.~P. and Bernstein, M.~S.},
      title={Apparition: Crowdsourced User Interfaces That Come To Life As You Sketch Them},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems},
      series={CHI '15},
      year={2015},
      location={Seoul, Republic of Korea},
      numpages={10},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={Rapid prototyping, crowdsourcing, human computation},
      url={http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~jbigham/pubs/pdfs/2015/apparition.pdf},
    }
  28. RegionSpeak: Quick Comprehensive Spatial Descriptions of Complex Images for Blind UsersRegionSpeak: Quick Comprehensive Spatial Descriptions of Complex Images for Blind Users
    Zhong, Y., Lasecki, W.S., Brady, E., Bigham, Jeffrey P. CHI 2015.
    @inproceedings {regionspeak,
      author={Zhong, Y. and Lasecki, W.~S. and Brady, E. and Bigham, Jeffrey P.},
      title={RegionSpeak: Quick Comprehensive Spatial Descriptions of Complex Images for Blind Users},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Works-in-Progress},
      series={CHI '15},
      year={2015},
      location={Seoul, Republic of Korea},
      pages={2353--2362},
      numpages={10},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={visual questions, crowdsourcing, stitching, accessibility, computer vision, vizwiz},
      url={http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~jbigham/pubs/pdfs/2015/regionspeak.pdf},
    }
  29. The Effects of Sequence and Delay on Crowd WorkThe Effects of Sequence and Delay on Crowd Work
    Lasecki, W.S., Rzeszotarski, J.M., Marcus, A., Bigham, J.P. CHI 2015.
    @inproceedings {sequenceanddelay,
      author={Lasecki, W.~S. and Rzeszotarski, J.~M. and Marcus, A. and Bigham, J.~P.},
      title={The Effects of Sequence and Delay on Crowd Work},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems},
      series={CHI '15},
      year={2015},
      location={Seoul, Republic of Korea},
      numpages={10},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={Crowdsourcing, human computation, workflows, continuity, interruptions, efficiency},
      url={http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~jbigham/pubs/pdfs/2015/sequenceanddelay.pdf},
    }
  30. Exploring Privacy and Accuracy Trade-Offs in Crowdsourced Behavioral Video CodingExploring Privacy and Accuracy Trade-Offs in Crowdsourced Behavioral Video Coding
    Lasecki, W.S., Gordon, M., Leung, W., Lim, E., Bigham, Jeffrey P., Dow, S.P. CHI 2015.
    @inproceedings {privacy_accuracy,
      author={Lasecki, W.~S. and Gordon, M. and Leung, W. and Lim, E. and Bigham, Jeffrey P. and Dow, S.~P.},
      title={Exploring Privacy and Accuracy Trade-Offs in Crowdsourced Behavioral Video Coding},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Works-in-Progress},
      series={CHI '15},
      year={2015},
      location={Seoul, Republic of Korea},
      numpages={6},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={data analysis, subjective coding, crowdsourcing, video},
      url={http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~jbigham/pubs/pdfs/2015/privacy_accuracy.pdf},
    }
  31. ApplianceReader: A Wearable, Crowdsourced, Vision-based System to Make Appliances AccessibleApplianceReader: A Wearable, Crowdsourced, Vision-based System to Make Appliances Accessible
    Guo, Anhong, Chen, Xiang 'Anthony', Bigham, Jeffrey P. CHI 2015.
    @inproceedings {appliancereader,
      author={Guo, Anhong and Chen, Xiang 'Anthony' and Bigham, Jeffrey P.},
      title={ApplianceReader: A Wearable, Crowdsourced, Vision-based System to Make Appliances Accessible},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Works-in-Progress},
      series={CHI '15},
      year={2015},
      location={Seoul, Republic of Korea},
      numpages={6},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={Non-visual interfaces, visually impaired, blind, accessibility, crowdsourcing, computer vision, wearable computers, vizwiz},
      url={http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~jbigham/pubs/pdfs/2015/appliancereader.pdf},
    }
  32. Accessible Crowdwork? Understanding the Value in and Challenge of Microtask
                Employment for People with DisabilitiesAccessible Crowdwork? Understanding the Value in and Challenge of Microtask Employment for People with Disabilities
    Kathryn Zyskowski, Meredith Ringel Morris, Jeffrey P. Bigham, Mary L. Gray, Shaun Kane. CSCW 2015.
    @inproceedings {accessiblecrowdwork,
      abstract={We present the first formal study of crowdworkers who have disabilities via in-depth open-ended interviews of 17 people (disabled crowdworkers and job coaches for people with disabilities) and a survey of 631 adults with disabilities. Our findings establish that people with a variety of disabilities currently participate in the crowd labor marketplace, despite challenges such as crowdsourcing workflow designs that inadvertently prohibit participation by, and may negatively affect the worker reputations of, people with disabilities. Despite such challenges, we find that crowdwork potentially offers different opportunities for people with disabilities relative to the normative office environment, such as job flexibility and lack of a need to rely on public transit. We close by identifying several ways in which crowd labor platform operators and/or individual task requestors could improve the accessibility of this increasingly important form of employment.},
      author={Kathryn Zyskowski and Meredith Ringel Morris and Jeffrey P. Bigham and Mary L. Gray and Shaun Kane},
      month={March},
      publisher={ACM – Association for Computing Machinery},
      title={Accessible Crowdwork? Understanding the Value in and Challenge of Microtask Employment for People with Disabilities},
      url={http://research.microsoft.com/apps/pubs/default.aspx?id=228714},
      year={2015},
    }
  33. Human-Computer Interaction and Collective IntelligenceHuman-Computer Interaction and Collective Intelligence
    Bigham, Jeffrey. P., Bernstein, Michael, Adar, Eytan. CIHandbook 2015.
    @chapter {hciandci,
      author={Bigham, Jeffrey. P. and Bernstein, Michael and Adar, Eytan},
      title={Human-Computer Interaction and Collective Intelligence},
      booktitle={Collective Intelligence Handbook},
      publisher={MIT Press},
      year={2015},
      url={https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B4-bDrtyS3lXdFJIRXk2bGdpQzg/edit},
    }
  34. 2014

  35. Architecting Real-Time Crowd-Powered SystemsArchitecting Real-Time Crowd-Powered Systems
    Lasecki, Walter S., Homan, Chris, Jeffrey P. Bigham. HCJournal 2014.
    @article {realtimecrowdarchitecture,
      author={Lasecki, Walter S., Homan, Chris, and Jeffrey P. Bigham},
      title={Architecting Real-Time Crowd-Powered Systems},
      journal={Human Computation Journal},
      month={September},
      year={2014},
    }
  36. Making the Web Easier to See with Opportunistic Accessibility ImprovementMaking the Web Easier to See with Opportunistic Accessibility Improvement
    Bigham, Jeffrey P. UIST 2014.
    @inproceedings {oppaccess,
      author={Bigham, Jeffrey P.},
      title={Making the Web Easier to See with Opportunistic Accessibility Improvement},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the 27th Annual ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology},
      series={UIST '14},
      year={2014},
      isbn={978-1-4503-3069-5},
      location={Honolulu, Hawaii, USA},
      pages={117--122},
      numpages={6},
      url={http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2642918.2647357},
      doi={10.1145/2642918.2647357},
      acmid={2647357},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={accessibility, low vision, magnification, zoom},
      movie={https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SSvy66-og5s},
    }
  37. Glance: Rapidly Coding Behavioral Video with the CrowdGlance: Rapidly Coding Behavioral Video with the Crowd
    Lasecki, Walter S., Gordon, Mitchell, Koutra, Danai, Jung, Malte F., Dow, Steven P., Bigham, Jeffrey P. UIST 2014.
    @inproceedings {glance,
      author={Lasecki, Walter S. and Gordon, Mitchell and Koutra, Danai and Jung, Malte F. and Dow, Steven P. and Bigham, Jeffrey P.},
      title={Glance: Rapidly Coding Behavioral Video with the Crowd},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the 27th Annual ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology},
      series={UIST '14},
      year={2014},
      isbn={978-1-4503-3069-5},
      location={Honolulu, Hawaii, USA},
      pages={551--562},
      numpages={12},
      url={http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2642918.2647367},
      doi={10.1145/2642918.2647367},
      acmid={2647367},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={crowdsourcing, data analysis, subjective coding, video},
    }
  38. How Companies Engage Customers Around Accessibility on Social MediaHow Companies Engage Customers Around Accessibility on Social Media
    Brady, Erin, Bigham, Jeffrey P. ASSETS 2014.
    @inproceedings {companiessocialmedia,
      author={Brady, Erin and Bigham, Jeffrey P.},
      title={How Companies Engage Customers Around Accessibility on Social Media},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the 16th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers \& Accessibility},
      series={ASSETS '14},
      year={2014},
      isbn={978-1-4503-2720-6},
      location={Rochester, New York, USA},
      pages={51--58},
      numpages={8},
      url={http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2661334.2661355},
      doi={10.1145/2661334.2661355},
      acmid={2661355},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={accessibility, corporations, social media, twitter},
    }
  39. Crowdsourcing Medical Expertise in Near RealtimeCrowdsourcing Medical Expertise in Near Realtime
    Sims, M., Bigham, Jeffrey P., Kautz, Henry, Halterman, Mark W. JHM 2014.
    @article {chirp,
      author={Sims, M. and Bigham, Jeffrey P. and Kautz, Henry and Halterman, Mark W.},
      title={Crowdsourcing Medical Expertise in Near Realtime},
      journal={Journal of Hospital Medicine},
      abstract={Given the pace of discovery in medicine, accessing the literature to make informed decisions at the point of care has become increasingly difficult. Although the Internet creates unprecedented access to information, gaps in the medical literature and inefficient searches often leave healthcare providers' questions unanswered. Advances in social computation and human computer interactions offer a potential solution to this problem. We developed and piloted the mobile application DocCHIRP, which uses a system of point-to-multipoint push notifications designed to help providers problem solve by crowdsourcing from their peers. Over the 244-day pilot period, 85 registered users logged 1544 page views and sent 45 consult questions. The median initial first response from the crowd occurred within 19 minutes. Review of the transcripts revealed several dominant themes, including complex medical decision making and inquiries related to prescription medication use. Feedback from the post-trial survey identified potential hurdles related to medical crowdsourcing, including a reluctance to expose personal knowledge gaps and the potential risk for "distracted doctoring." Users also suggested program modifications that could support future adoption, including changes to the mobile interface and mechanisms that could expand the crowd of participating healthcare providers.},
      month={April},
      day={17},
      year={2014},
      url={http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24740747},
      fixedicon={http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~jbigham/pubs/icons/chirp.png},
    }
  40. JustSpeak: Enabling Universal Voice Control on AndroidJustSpeak: Enabling Universal Voice Control on Android
    Zhong, Yu, Raman, T. V., Burkhardt, Casey, Biadsy, Fadi, Bigham, Jeffrey P. W4A 2014.
    @inproceedings {justspeak,
      author={Zhong, Yu and Raman, T. V. and Burkhardt, Casey and Biadsy, Fadi and Bigham, Jeffrey P.},
      title={JustSpeak: Enabling Universal Voice Control on Android},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the 11th Web for All Conference},
      series={W4A '14},
      year={2014},
      isbn={978-1-4503-2651-3},
      location={Seoul, Korea},
      pages={36:1--36:4},
      articleno={36},
      numpages={4},
      url={http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2596695.2596720},
      doi={10.1145/2596695.2596720},
      acmid={2596720},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={Android, accessibility, mobile, universal voice control},
    }
  41. Helping Students Keep Up with Real-time Captions by Pausing and HighlightingHelping Students Keep Up with Real-time Captions by Pausing and Highlighting
    Lasecki, Walter S., Kushalnagar, Raja, Bigham, Jeffrey P. W4A 2014.
    @inproceedings {pausinghighlighting,
      author={Lasecki, Walter S. and Kushalnagar, Raja and Bigham, Jeffrey P.},
      title={Helping Students Keep Up with Real-time Captions by Pausing and Highlighting},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the 11th Web for All Conference},
      series={W4A '14},
      year={2014},
      isbn={978-1-4503-2651-3},
      location={Seoul, Korea},
      pages={39:1--39:8},
      articleno={39},
      numpages={8},
      url={http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2596695.2596701},
      doi={10.1145/2596695.2596701},
      acmid={2596701},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={accessibility, caption readability, human factors, inclusive classrooms, real-time captioning},
      award={Best Paper},
    }
  42. Introducing Shared Control to Existing Video GamesIntroducing Shared Control to Existing Video Games
    Loparev, Anna, Lasecki, Walter S., Murray, Kyle I., Bigham, Jeffrey P. FDG 2014.
    @inproceedings {wegame,
      author={Loparev, Anna, and Lasecki, Walter S. and Murray, Kyle I., and Bigham, Jeffrey P.},
      title={Introducing Shared Control to Existing Video Games},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the Foundations of Digital Games (FDG 2014)},
      location={Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, USA},
      year={2014},
    }
  43. Crowd Storage: Storing Information on Existing MemoriesCrowd Storage: Storing Information on Existing Memories
    Bigham, Jeffrey P., Lasecki, Walter S. CHI 2014.
    @inproceedings {crowdstorage,
      author={Bigham, Jeffrey P. and Lasecki, Walter S.},
      title={Crowd Storage: Storing Information on Existing Memories},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems},
      series={CHI '14},
      year={2014},
      isbn={978-1-4503-2473-1},
      location={Toronto, Ontario, Canada},
      pages={601--604},
      numpages={4},
      url={http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2556288.2557159},
      doi={10.1145/2556288.2557159},
      acmid={2557159},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={crowdsourcing, memory, storage},
      movie={https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TNbitv35P8A},
    }
  44. Finding Dependencies Between Actions Using the CrowdFinding Dependencies Between Actions Using the Crowd
    Lasecki, Walter S., Weingard, Leon, Ferguson, George, Bigham, Jeffrey P. CHI 2014.
    @inproceedings {actiondependencies,
      author={Lasecki, Walter S. and Weingard, Leon and Ferguson, George and Bigham, Jeffrey P.},
      title={Finding Dependencies Between Actions Using the Crowd},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the 32Nd Annual ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems},
      series={CHI '14},
      year={2014},
      isbn={978-1-4503-2473-1},
      location={Toronto, Ontario, Canada},
      pages={3095--3098},
      numpages={4},
      url={http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2556288.2557176},
      doi={10.1145/2556288.2557176},
      acmid={2557176},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={activity recognition, constraint finding, crowdsourcing},
    }
  45. Tracking @Stemxcomet: Teaching Programming to Blind Students via 3D Printing, Crisis Management, and TwitterTracking @Stemxcomet: Teaching Programming to Blind Students via 3D Printing, Crisis Management, and Twitter
    Kane, Shaun K., Bigham, Jeffrey P. SIGCSE 2014.
    @inproceedings {stemx,
      author={Kane, Shaun K. and Bigham, Jeffrey P.},
      title={Tracking @Stemxcomet: Teaching Programming to Blind Students via 3D Printing, Crisis Management, and Twitter},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the 45th ACM Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education},
      series={SIGCSE '14},
      year={2014},
      isbn={978-1-4503-2605-6},
      location={Atlanta, Georgia, USA},
      pages={247--252},
      numpages={6},
      url={http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2538862.2538975},
      doi={10.1145/2538862.2538975},
      acmid={2538975},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={3D printing, accessibility, crisis informatics, education, fabrication, programming, visual impairments},
    }
  46. Accessibility Evaluation of Classroom CaptionsAccessibility Evaluation of Classroom Captions
    Kushalnagar, Raja S., Lasecki, Walter S., Bigham, Jeffrey P. TACCESS 2014.
    @article {classroomcaptions,
      author={Kushalnagar, Raja S. and Lasecki, Walter S. and Bigham, Jeffrey P.},
      title={Accessibility Evaluation of Classroom Captions},
      journal={ACM Trans. Access. Comput.},
      issue_date={January 2014},
      volume={5},
      number={3},
      month={January},
      year={2014},
      issn={1936-7228},
      pages={7:1--7:24},
      articleno={7},
      numpages={24},
      url={http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2543578},
      doi={10.1145/2543578},
      acmid={2543578},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={Real-time captioning, crowdsourcing, deaf, hard of hearing, accessibility},
    }
  47. 2013

  48. Real Time Object Scanning Using a Mobile Phone and Cloud-based Visual Search EngineReal Time Object Scanning Using a Mobile Phone and Cloud-based Visual Search Engine
    Zhong, Yu, Garrigues, Pierre J., Bigham, Jeffrey P. ASSETS 2013.
    @inproceedings {objectscanning,
      author={Zhong, Yu and Garrigues, Pierre J. and Bigham, Jeffrey P.},
      title={Real Time Object Scanning Using a Mobile Phone and Cloud-based Visual Search Engine},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the 15th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility},
      series={ASSETS '13},
      year={2013},
      isbn={978-1-4503-2405-2},
      location={Bellevue, Washington},
      pages={20:1--20:8},
      articleno={20},
      numpages={8},
      url={http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2513383.2513443},
      doi={10.1145/2513383.2513443},
      acmid={2513443},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={accessibility, blind user, mobile, real time object scanning, vizwiz, computer vision},
    }
  49. Answering Visual Questions with Conversational Crowd AssistantsAnswering Visual Questions with Conversational Crowd Assistants
    Lasecki, Walter S., Thiha, Phyo, Zhong, Yu, Brady, Erin, Bigham, Jeffrey P. ASSETS 2013.
    @inproceedings {view,
      author={Lasecki, Walter S. and Thiha, Phyo and Zhong, Yu and Brady, Erin and Bigham, Jeffrey P.},
      title={Answering Visual Questions with Conversational Crowd Assistants},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the 15th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility},
      series={ASSETS '13},
      year={2013},
      isbn={978-1-4503-2405-2},
      location={Bellevue, Washington},
      pages={18:1--18:8},
      articleno={18},
      numpages={8},
      url={http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2513383.2517033},
      doi={10.1145/2513383.2517033},
      acmid={2517033},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={assistive technology, crowdsourcing, human computation, accessibility, chorus, vizwiz},
    }
  50. Chorus: A Crowd-powered Conversational AssistantChorus: A Crowd-powered Conversational Assistant
    Lasecki, Walter S., Wesley, Rachel, Nichols, Jeffrey, Kulkarni, Anand, Allen, James F., Bigham, Jeffrey P. UIST 2013.
    @inproceedings {chorus,
      author={Lasecki, Walter S. and Wesley, Rachel and Nichols, Jeffrey and Kulkarni, Anand and Allen, James F. and Bigham, Jeffrey P.},
      title={Chorus: A Crowd-powered Conversational Assistant},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the 26th Annual ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology},
      series={UIST '13},
      year={2013},
      isbn={978-1-4503-2268-3},
      location={St. Andrews, Scotland, United Kingdom},
      pages={151--162},
      numpages={12},
      url={http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2501988.2502057},
      doi={10.1145/2501988.2502057},
      acmid={2502057},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={conversational assistants, crowd-powered systems, crowdsourcing, dialog systems, human computation, chorus},
    }
  51. Text Alignment for Real-Time Crowd Captioning.Text Alignment for Real-Time Crowd Captioning.
    Naim, Iftekhar, Gildea, Daniel, Lasecki, Walter S., Bigham, Jeffrey P. HLT-NAACL 2013.
    @inproceedings {naim2013text,
      title={Text Alignment for Real-Time Crowd Captioning.},
      author={Naim, Iftekhar and Gildea, Daniel and Lasecki, Walter S. and Bigham, Jeffrey P.},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics Conference (NAACL 2013)},
      pages={201--210},
      year={2013},
      keywords={nlp, multiple sequence alignment, msa, alignment, scribe, captioning},
    }
  52. Captions Versus Transcripts for Online Video ContentCaptions Versus Transcripts for Online Video Content
    Kushalnagar, Raja S., Lasecki, Walter S., Bigham, Jeffrey P. W4A 2013.
    @inproceedings {captionvstranscripts,
      author={Kushalnagar, Raja S. and Lasecki, Walter S. and Bigham, Jeffrey P.},
      title={Captions Versus Transcripts for Online Video Content},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the 10th International Cross-Disciplinary Conference on Web Accessibility},
      series={W4A '13},
      year={2013},
      isbn={978-1-4503-1844-0},
      location={Rio de Janeiro, Brazil},
      pages={32:1--32:4},
      articleno={32},
      numpages={4},
      url={http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2461121.2461142},
      doi={10.1145/2461121.2461142},
      acmid={2461142},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={captions, deaf education, online education, transcripts},
    }
  53. Warping Time for More Effective Real-time CrowdsourcingWarping Time for More Effective Real-time Crowdsourcing
    Lasecki, Walter S., Miller, Christopher D., Bigham, Jeffrey P. CHI 2013.
    @inproceedings {timewarp,
      author={Lasecki, Walter S. and Miller, Christopher D. and Bigham, Jeffrey P.},
      title={Warping Time for More Effective Real-time Crowdsourcing},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems},
      series={CHI '13},
      year={2013},
      isbn={978-1-4503-1899-0},
      location={Paris, France},
      pages={2033--2036},
      numpages={4},
      url={http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2470654.2466269},
      doi={10.1145/2470654.2466269},
      acmid={2466269},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={captioning, human computation, real-time crowdsourcing, scribe},
      award={Best Paper Nomination},
    }
  54. Visual Challenges in the Everyday Lives of Blind PeopleVisual Challenges in the Everyday Lives of Blind People
    Brady, Erin, Morris, Meredith Ringel, Zhong, Yu, White, Samuel, Bigham, Jeffrey P. CHI 2013.
    @inproceedings {visualchallenges,
      author={Brady, Erin and Morris, Meredith Ringel and Zhong, Yu and White, Samuel and Bigham, Jeffrey P.},
      title={Visual Challenges in the Everyday Lives of Blind People},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems},
      series={CHI '13},
      year={2013},
      isbn={978-1-4503-1899-0},
      location={Paris, France},
      pages={2117--2126},
      numpages={10},
      url={http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2470654.2481291},
      doi={10.1145/2470654.2481291},
      acmid={2481291},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={accessibility, blind users, crowdsourcing, mobile, questions, accessibility, vizwiz},
    }
  55. Real-time Crowd Labeling for Deployable Activity RecognitionReal-time Crowd Labeling for Deployable Activity Recognition
    Lasecki, Walter S., Song, Young Chol, Kautz, Henry, Bigham, Jeffrey P. CSCW 2013.
    @inproceedings {legionar,
      author={Lasecki, Walter S. and Song, Young Chol and Kautz, Henry and Bigham, Jeffrey P.},
      title={Real-time Crowd Labeling for Deployable Activity Recognition},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the 2013 Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work},
      series={CSCW '13},
      year={2013},
      isbn={978-1-4503-1331-5},
      location={San Antonio, Texas, USA},
      pages={1203--1212},
      numpages={10},
      url={http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2441776.2441912},
      doi={10.1145/2441776.2441912},
      acmid={2441912},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={activity recognition, crowdsourcing, human computation},
    }
  56. Investigating the Appropriateness of Social Network Question Asking As a Resource for Blind UsersInvestigating the Appropriateness of Social Network Question Asking As a Resource for Blind Users
    Brady, Erin L., Zhong, Yu, Morris, Meredith Ringel, Bigham, Jeffrey P. CSCW 2013.
    @inproceedings {socialnetworkappropriateness,
      author={Brady, Erin L. and Zhong, Yu and Morris, Meredith Ringel and Bigham, Jeffrey P.},
      title={Investigating the Appropriateness of Social Network Question Asking As a Resource for Blind Users},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the 2013 Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work},
      series={CSCW '13},
      year={2013},
      isbn={978-1-4503-1331-5},
      location={San Antonio, Texas, USA},
      pages={1225--1236},
      numpages={12},
      url={http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2441776.2441915},
      doi={10.1145/2441776.2441915},
      acmid={2441915},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={blind users, friendsourcing, social networks, visual impairment, vizwiz, accessibility},
    }
  57. 2012

  58. Real-time Captioning by Groups of Non-expertsReal-time Captioning by Groups of Non-experts
    Lasecki, Walter, Miller, Christopher, Sadilek, Adam, Abumoussa, Andrew, Borrello, Donato, Kushalnagar, Raja, Bigham, Jeffrey. UIST 2012.
    @inproceedings {scribe,
      author={Lasecki, Walter and Miller, Christopher and Sadilek, Adam and Abumoussa, Andrew and Borrello, Donato and Kushalnagar, Raja and Bigham, Jeffrey},
      title={Real-time Captioning by Groups of Non-experts},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the 25th Annual ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology},
      series={UIST '12},
      year={2012},
      isbn={978-1-4503-1580-7},
      location={Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA},
      pages={23--34},
      numpages={12},
      url={http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2380116.2380122},
      doi={10.1145/2380116.2380122},
      acmid={2380122},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={captioning, crowdsourcing, deaf, hard of hearing, real-time, text alignment, transcription, accessibility, scribe},
      award={Best Paper Nomination},
    }
  59. Crowdsourcing Subjective Fashion Advice Using VizWiz: Challenges and OpportunitiesCrowdsourcing Subjective Fashion Advice Using VizWiz: Challenges and Opportunities
    Burton, Michele A., Brady, Erin, Brewer, Robin, Neylan, Callie, Bigham, Jeffrey P., Hurst, Amy. ASSETS 2012.
    @inproceedings {vizwiz-fashion,
      author={Burton, Michele A. and Brady, Erin and Brewer, Robin and Neylan, Callie and Bigham, Jeffrey P. and Hurst, Amy},
      title={Crowdsourcing Subjective Fashion Advice Using VizWiz: Challenges and Opportunities},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the 14th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility},
      series={ASSETS '12},
      year={2012},
      isbn={978-1-4503-1321-6},
      location={Boulder, Colorado, USA},
      pages={135--142},
      numpages={8},
      url={http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2384916.2384941},
      doi={10.1145/2384916.2384941},
      acmid={2384941},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={blind users, crowdsourcing, fashion, vizwiz},
    }
  60. Crowd Memory: Learning in the CollectiveCrowd Memory: Learning in the Collective
    Walter S. Lasecki, Samuel White, Kyle I. Murray, Jeffrey P. Bigham. CI 2012.
    @article {crowdmemory,
      author={Walter S. Lasecki and Samuel White and Kyle I. Murray and Jeffrey P. Bigham},
      title={Crowd Memory: Learning in the Collective},
      journal={Collective Intelligence},
      volume={abs/1204.3678},
      year={2012},
      url={http://arxiv.org/abs/1204.3678},
      timestamp={Wed, 10 Oct 2012 21:28:50 +0200},
      biburl={http://dblp.uni-trier.de/rec/bib/journals/corr/abs-1204-3678},
      bibsource={dblp computer science bibliography, http://dblp.org},
    }
  61. Finding Your Friends and Following Them to Where You AreFinding Your Friends and Following Them to Where You Are
    Sadilek, Adam, Kautz, Henry, Bigham, Jeffrey P. WSDM 2012.
    @inproceedings {findingyourfriends,
      author={Sadilek, Adam and Kautz, Henry and Bigham, Jeffrey P.},
      title={Finding Your Friends and Following Them to Where You Are},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the Fifth ACM International Conference on Web Search and Data Mining},
      series={WSDM '12},
      year={2012},
      isbn={978-1-4503-0747-5},
      location={Seattle, Washington, USA},
      pages={723--732},
      numpages={10},
      url={http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2124295.2124380},
      doi={10.1145/2124295.2124380},
      acmid={2124380},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={graphical models, link prediction, location modeling, machine learning, social networks, visualization},
      award={Best Paper},
    }
  62. 2011

  63. The Design of Human-powered Access TechnologyThe Design of Human-powered Access Technology
    Bigham, Jeffrey P., Ladner, Richard E., Borodin, Yevgen. ASSETS 2011.
    @inproceedings {designofat,
      author={Bigham, Jeffrey P. and Ladner, Richard E. and Borodin, Yevgen},
      title={The Design of Human-powered Access Technology},
      booktitle={The Proceedings of the 13th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility},
      series={ASSETS '11},
      year={2011},
      isbn={978-1-4503-0920-2},
      location={Dundee, Scotland, UK},
      pages={3--10},
      numpages={8},
      url={http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2049536.2049540},
      doi={10.1145/2049536.2049540},
      acmid={2049540},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={access technology, crowdsourcing, human computation},
    }
  64. Supporting Blind PhotographySupporting Blind Photography
    Jayant, Chandrika, Ji, Hanjie, White, Samuel, Bigham, Jeffrey P. ASSETS 2011.
    @inproceedings {blindphotography,
      author={Jayant, Chandrika and Ji, Hanjie and White, Samuel and Bigham, Jeffrey P.},
      title={Supporting Blind Photography},
      booktitle={The Proceedings of the 13th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility},
      series={ASSETS '11},
      year={2011},
      isbn={978-1-4503-0920-2},
      location={Dundee, Scotland, UK},
      pages={203--210},
      numpages={8},
      url={http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2049536.2049573},
      doi={10.1145/2049536.2049573},
      acmid={2049573},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={blind, camera, photography, visually impaired},
    }
  65. Real-time Crowd Control of Existing InterfacesReal-time Crowd Control of Existing Interfaces
    Lasecki, Walter S., Murray, Kyle I., White, Samuel, Miller, Robert C., Bigham, Jeffrey P. UIST 2011.
    @inproceedings {legion,
      author={Lasecki, Walter S. and Murray, Kyle I. and White, Samuel and Miller, Robert C. and Bigham, Jeffrey P.},
      title={Real-time Crowd Control of Existing Interfaces},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the 24th Annual ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology},
      series={UIST '11},
      year={2011},
      isbn={978-1-4503-0716-1},
      location={Santa Barbara, California, USA},
      pages={23--32},
      numpages={10},
      url={http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2047196.2047200},
      doi={10.1145/2047196.2047200},
      acmid={2047200},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={crowdsourcing, real-time crowd control, real-time human computation, remote control},
    }
  66. Multimodal Summarization of Complex SentencesMultimodal Summarization of Complex Sentences
    UzZaman, Naushad, Bigham, Jeffrey P., Allen, James F. IUI 2011.
    @inproceedings {multimodal_summarization,
      author={UzZaman, Naushad and Bigham, Jeffrey P. and Allen, James F.},
      title={Multimodal Summarization of Complex Sentences},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces},
      series={IUI '11},
      year={2011},
      isbn={978-1-4503-0419-1},
      location={Palo Alto, CA, USA},
      pages={43--52},
      numpages={10},
      url={http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1943403.1943412},
      doi={10.1145/1943403.1943412},
      acmid={1943412},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={AAC, MMS, ROC MMS, augmentative and alternative communication, automatic illustration, illustration, multimodal summarization, pictorial representation, picture, sentence compression, summarization, text-to-picture, visualization},
    }
  67. 2010

  68. VizWiz: Nearly Real-time Answers to Visual QuestionsVizWiz: Nearly Real-time Answers to Visual Questions
    Bigham, Jeffrey P., Jayant, Chandrika, Ji, Hanjie, Little, Greg, Miller, Andrew, Miller, Robert C., Miller, Robin, Tatarowicz, Aubrey, White, Brandyn, White, Samual, Yeh, Tom. UIST 2010.
    @inproceedings {vizwiz,
      author={Bigham, Jeffrey P. and Jayant, Chandrika and Ji, Hanjie and Little, Greg and Miller, Andrew and Miller, Robert C. and Miller, Robin and Tatarowicz, Aubrey and White, Brandyn and White, Samual and Yeh, Tom},
      title={VizWiz: Nearly Real-time Answers to Visual Questions},
      booktitle={Proceedings of the 23Nd Annual ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology},
      series={UIST '10},
      year={2010},
      isbn={978-1-4503-0271-5},
      location={New York, New York, USA},
      pages={333--342},
      numpages={10},
      url={http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1866029.1866080},
      doi={10.1145/1866029.1866080},
      acmid={1866080},
      publisher={ACM},
      address={New York, NY, USA},
      keywords={blind users, non-visual interfaces, crowdsourcing, human computation, accessibility},
      award={Best Paper},
    }
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